Kämpferische Wissenschaft

Studien zur Universität Jena im Nationalsozialismus

Author: Uwe Hossfeld

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412041021

Category: National socialism and education

Page: 1160

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Natürliche Ordnungen und politische Allianzen

biologische und chemische Forschung an Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituten 1933-1945

Author: Bernd Gausemeier

Publisher: Wallstein Verlag

ISBN: 9783892449546

Category: Biochemistry

Page: 352

View: 9039

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Das nationalsozialistische Regime verstand die Biologie als ideologische Leitwissenschaft. Wie entwickelte sich vor diesem Hintergrund die biologische Forschung? Bernd Gausemeier untersucht mit den Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituten f¿r Biologie, f¿r Biochemie und der Genetischen Abteilung des Kaiser-Wilhelm-Instituts f¿r Hirnforschung drei auf diesem Gebiet f¿hrende deutsche Institute. Sie waren auf jungen Forschungsfeldern wie Virusforschung, Hormonforschung und Strahlengenetik aktiv, die sich durch neue Experimentiertechniken und interdisziplinère Arbeitsweisen auszeichneten. Welche Institutionen wirkten an diesen Projekten mit und welche Interessen verbanden sie mit ihrer Beteiligung? Bernd Gausemeier zeigt die vielfèltigen Beziehungsnetze, die sich durch die Eigendynamik der Forschungsvorhaben zwischen Wissenschaftlern, staatlichen Institutionen, Industrie und Militèr entwickelten. Vor dem Hintergrund der Entwicklungslinien der Biowissenschaften im 20. Jahrhundert bietet die Studie einen Einblick in die Wissenschaftspolitik im ÈDritten ReichÇ.
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Wissenschaft, Technologie und industrielle Entwicklung in Zentraleuropa im Kalten Krieg

Author: Wolfgang L. Reiter,Juliane Mikoletzky,Herbert Matis,Mitchell G. Ash

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643508409

Category: Industrialization

Page: 566

View: 1123

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Der vorliegende Band beleuchtet die Rolle von Wissenschaft und Technik im Kalten Krieg im zentraleuropaischen Raum. uBerblicksdarstellungen von Wissenschaft und Technik aus globaler und europaischer Perspektive folgen forschungspolitische und institutionengeschichtliche Fallstudien zu wissenschaftlichen, technologischen und industriellen Entwicklungen in Osterreich, Ungarn und der damaligen CSSR, sowie Beitrage zu wissenschaftlich und technisch relevanten, politisch orientierten Geschehnissen.
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Ludwig Prandtl

A Life for Fluid Mechanics and Aeronautical Research

Author: Michael Eckert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030056635

Category: Aerodynamics

Page: 368

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This is a comprehensive biography of Ludwig Prandtl (1875-1953), the father of modern aerodynamics. His name is associated most famously with the boundary layer concept, but also with several other topics in 20th century fluid mechanics, particularly turbulence (Prandtl's mixing length). Among his disciples are pioneers of modern fluid mechanics such as Heinrich Blasius, Theodore von Kármán and Walter Tollmien. Furthermore, Prandtl founded the Aerodynamische Versuchsanstalt (AVA) and the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut für Strömungsforschung in Göttingen, both of them seeds for the growth of fluid mechanics in Germany. Yet Prandtl was also a representative of aeronautical research - from Imperial Germany via the Weimar Republic to the "Third Reich". Although not a party member, he assumed the role of a goodwill ambassador for Nazi Germany. This objective treatment of his career will be of interest to all scientists and historians wanting to learn more about Prandtl's influence and the early development of fluid- and aerodynamics.
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A History of the University in Europe: Volume 4, Universities since 1945

Author: Walter Rüegg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139494252

Category: History

Page: 635

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This is the final volume in a four-part series covering the development of the university in Europe (east and west) from its origins to the present day, focusing on a number of major themes viewed from a European perspective. The originality of the series lies in its comparative, interdisciplinary, collaborative and transnational nature. It deals also with the content of what was taught at the universities, but its main purpose is an appreciation of the role and structures of the universities as seen against a backdrop of changing conditions, ideas and values. This volume deals with the reconstruction and epoch-making expansion of higher education after 1945, which led to the triumph of modern science. It traces the development of the relationship between universities and national states, teachers and students, their ambitions and political activities. Special attention is paid to fundamental changes in the content of teaching at the universities.
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Transitions Environments Translations

Feminisms in International Politics

Author: Joan W. Scott,Cora Kaplan,Debra Keates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135237638

Category: Political Science

Page: 556

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The essays in Transitions, Environments, Translations explore the varied meanings of feminism in different political, cultural, and historical contexts. They respond to the claim that feminism is Western in origin and universalist in theory, and to the assumption that feminist goals are self-evident and the same in all contexts. Rather than assume that there is a blueprint by which to measure the strength or success of feminism in different parts of the world, these essays consider feminism to be a site of local, national and international conflict. They ask: What is at stake in various political efforts by women in different parts of the world? What meanings have women given to their efforts? What has been their relationship to feminism--as a concept and as an international movement? What happens when feminist ideas are translated from one language, one political context, to another?
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The German Physical Society in the Third Reich

Physicists Between Autonomy and Accommodation

Author: Dieter Hoffmann,Mark Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006848

Category: History

Page: 458

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This book details the effects of the Nazi regime on the German Physical Society.
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The Kaiser Wilhelm Society Under National Socialism

Author: Susanne Heim,Carola Sachse,Mark Walker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052187906X

Category: History

Page: 477

View: 4391

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This book examines the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes under Hitler, illustrating the cooperation between scientists and National Socialists in service of autarky, racial hygiene, war, and genocide.
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