Zoned in the USA

The Origins and Implications of American Land-Use Regulation

Author: Sonia A. Hirt

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454700

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.
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Zoning

A Guide for 21st-Century Planning

Author: Elliott Sclar,Bernadette Baird-Zars,Lauren Ames Fischer,Valerie Stahl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429951256

Category: Architecture

Page: 276

View: 2299

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Zoning is at once a key technical competency of urban planning practice and a highly politicized regulatory tool. How this contradiction between the technical and political is resolved has wide-reaching implications for urban equity and sustainability, two key concerns of urban planning. Moving beyond critiques of zoning as a regulatory hindrance to local affordability or merely the rulebook that guides urban land use, this textbook takes an institutional approach to zoning, positioning its practice within the larger political, social, and economic conflicts that shape local access for diverse groups across urban space. Foregrounding the historical-institutional setting in which zoning is embedded allows planners to more deeply engage with the equity and sustainability issues related to zoning practice. By approaching zoning from a social science and planning perspective, this text engages students of urban planning, policy, and design with several key questions relevant to the realities of zoning and land regulation they encounter in practice. Why has the practice of zoning evolved as it has? How do social and economic institutions shape zoning in contemporary practice? How does zoning relate to the other competencies of planning, such as housing and transport? Where and why has zoning, an act of physical land use regulation, replaced social planning? These questions, grounded in examples and cases, will prompt readers to think critically about the potential and limitations of zoning. By reforging the important links between zoning practice and the concerns of the urban planning profession, this text provides a new framework for considering zoning in the 21st century and beyond.
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Infinite Suburbia

Author: MIT Norman B. Leventhal Center for Advanced Urbanism

Publisher: Chronicle Books

ISBN: 1616896701

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

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Infinite Suburbia is the culmination of the MIT Norman B. Leventhal Center for Advanced Urbanism's yearlong study of the future of suburban development. Extensive research, an exhibition, and a conference at MIT's Media Lab, this groundbreaking collection presents fifty-two essays by seventy-four authors from twenty different fields, including, but not limited to, design, architecture, landscape, planning, history, demographics, social justice, familial trends, policy, energy, mobility, health, environment, economics, and applied and future technologies. This exhaustive compilation is richly illustrated with a wealth of photography, aerial drone shots, drawings, plans, diagrams, charts, maps, and archival materials, making it the definitive statement on suburbia at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
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Planning in the USA

Policies, Issues, and Processes

Author: J. Barry Cullingworth,Roger Caves

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135976171

Category: Architecture

Page: 480

View: 3548

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This extensively revised and expanded third edition of Planning in the USA continues to provide a comprehensive introduction to the policies, theory and practice of planning. Discussing land use, urban planning and environmental protection policies, this fully illustrated book explains the nature of the planning process and the way in which policy issues are identified, defined and approached. New planning legislation and regulations at the state and federal layers of government are exemplified alongside examples of local ordinances in a variety of planning areas. New material includes: a new chapter on the Comprehensive Plan a new chapter on the use of technology in planning a discussion on planning in New Orleans after Katrina the implications and aftermath of Kelo v. New London a discussion on the Kyoto Protocol and Global Warming a discussion on form-based codes, performance zoning an enhanced discussion of financing urban development, including General Obligation Bonds and Revenue Bonds the implications of Oregon’s Measure 37 a discussion on congestion charging a discussion on wetlands a discussion of Big-Box stores and aesthetics a discussion on the Main Street Program and Business Improvement Districts. The text features numerous boxed case studies, illustrations, and photographs. This book offers a thoroughly detailed account of urbanization in the United States and reveals the problematic nature and limitations of the planning process, the fallibility of experts and the difficulties facing policy makers in their search for solutions. Planning in the USA is an essential book for students, planners and all who are concerned with the nature of contemporary urban and environmental problems. Both comprehensive and easily accessible this extensively revised third edition will be an invaluable resource for all students of planning and urban related research.
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The Politics of Place

A History of Zoning in Chicago

Author: Joseph P. Schwieterman,Dana M. Caspall

Publisher: Lake Claremont Press

ISBN: 9781893121263

Category: History

Page: 191

View: 9915

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Only in Chicago Can Zoning Be Epic... Chicago is renowned for its distinctive skyline, its bustling Loop business district, and its diverse neighborhoods. How the face of Chicago came to be is a story of enterprise, ingenuity, opportunity--and zoning. Until now, however, there has not been a book that focuses on the important, often surprising, role of zoning in shaping the 'The City that Works.' "The Politics of Place: A History of Zoning in Chicago" reviews the interplay among development, planning, and zoning in the growth of the Gold Coast, the Central Area, and, more recently, massive 'Planned Developments'; such as Marina City, Illinois Center, and Dearborn Park. It tells the story of bold visions compromised by political realities, battles between residents and developers, and occasional misfires from City Council and City Hall. What emerges is a fascinating, behind-the-scenes inspection of the evolving character of the city's landscape. Schwieterman and Caspall recount the many planning innovations that have originated in Chicago, the complexities and intrigue of its zoning debates, and the recent adoption of a new zoning ordinance that promises to affect the city's economy and image for years to come.
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Land Use Regulation

Cases and Materials

Author: Daniel P. Selmi,James A. Kushner,Edward H. Ziegler

Publisher: Aspen Law & Business

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 885

View: 2485

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This dynamic casebook focuses on the role of the lawyer in land use regulatory matters And The factors that influence land development decisions. it emphasizes the current practice of land use law and cutting-edge urban planning and sustainable development legal and policy issues. A wealth of materials, perspectives, and insights in a concise casebook that offers: clear and practice-based explanations of the lawyer’s role in land development a panoply of up-to-date materials from news articles, law reviews, essays, and case profiles that track developments in the field of land use emphasis on recent cases that convey the dynamic content of land use law discussion of the decision-making process in land development And The relative decision-making weight of the law, local government, and politics a thorough examination of third-party rights in land development exploration of ethical issues that arise in land use decisionmaking a logical structure that allows instructors to teach the basic tools of land use regulation and then choose to emphasize specific areas of modern land use law a comprehensive Teacher’s Manual New in the Third Edition: co-author Edward Ziegler — nationally recognized expert on zoning, urban planning law, and sustainable development recent takings cases: Chevron San Remo Kelo State takings legislation, esp., Oregon’s Measure 37 and MacPherson Hathcock Brevard County Continuing developments under Palazzolo Dolan, Lucas, and Penn Central updated coverage of growth management and sustainable development issues “ Smart Growth ” and “ New Urbanism ” Growth, sprawl, green development, peak oil, and global warming issues federal law and land use : The impact of the Religious Land Use and Institutionalized Persons Act (RLUIPA), The Federal Fair Housing Act , The Americans with Disabilities Act, And The Telecommunications Act of 1996 on local land use decisions use of negotiated development agreements current environmental issues: Rapanos And The jurisdictional wetlands issue under the Clean Water Act Use of land use planning to protect endangered species The debate over the increase in conservation easements The interplay of water supply planning and development approvals Land Use Regulation: Cases and Materials, Third Edition, Is equally well suited for courses in land use and land development as well as planning law classes in the urban planning school curriculum.
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Planning

Author: American Society of Planning Officials

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City planning

Page: N.A

View: 8756

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