Youth Street Gangs

A critical appraisal

Author: David C. Brotherton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113500594X

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

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Gangs have been heavily pathologized in the last several decades. In comparison to the pioneering Chicago School's work on gangs in the 1920s we have moved away from a humanistic appraisal of and sensitivity toward the phenomenon and have allowed the gang to become a highly plastic folk devil outside of history. This pathologization of the gang has particularly negative consequences for democracy in an age of punishment, cruelty and coercive social control. This is the central thesis of David Brotherton’s new and highly contentious book on street gangs. Drawing on a wealth of highly acclaimed original research, Brotherton explores the socially layered practices of street gangs, including community movements, cultural projects and sites of social resistance. The book also critically reviews gang theory and the geographical trajectories of streets gangs from New York and Puerto Rico to Europe, the Caribbean and South America, as well as state-sponsored reactions and the enabling role of orthodox criminology. In opposition to the dominant gang discourses, Brotherton proposes the development of a critical studies approach to gangs and concludes by making a plea for researchers to engage the gang reflexively, paying attention to the contradictory agency of the gang and what gang members actually tell us. The book is essential reading for academics and students involved in the study of juvenile delinquency, youth studies, deviance, gang studies and cultural criminology.
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Silenced Communities

Legacies of Militarization and Militarism in a Rural Guatemalan Town

Author: Marcia Esparza

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785336886

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 6181

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Although the Guatemalan Civil War ended more than two decades ago, its bloody legacy continues to resonate even today. In Silenced Communities, author Marcia Esparza offers an ethnographic account of the failed demilitarization of the rural militia in the town of Santo Tomás Chichicastenango following the conflict. Combining insights from postcolonialism, subaltern studies, and theories of internal colonialism, Esparza explores the remarkable resilience of ideologies and practices engendered in the context of the Cold War, demonstrating how the lingering effects of grassroots militarization affect indigenous communities that continue to struggle with inequality and marginalization.
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Revitalizing Criminological Theory:

Towards a new Ultra-Realism

Author: Steve Hall,Simon Winlow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317800478

Category: Social Science

Page: 154

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This book provides a short, comprehensive and accessible introduction to Ultra-Realism: a unique and radical school of criminological thought that has been developed by the authors over a number of years. After first outlining existing schools of thought, their major intellectual flaws and their underlying politics in a condensed guide that will be invaluable to all undergraduate and postgraduate students, Hall and Winlow introduce a number of important new concepts to criminology and suggest a new philosophical foundation, theoretical framework and research programme. These developments will enhance the discipline’s ability to explain human motivations, construct insightful representations of reality and answer the fundamental question of why some human beings risk inflicting harm on others to further their own interests or achieve various ends. Combining new philosophical and psychosocial approaches with a clear understanding of the shape of contemporary global crime, this book presents an intellectual alternative to the currently dominant paradigms of conservatism, neoclassicism and left-liberalism. In using an advanced conception of "harm", Hall and Winlow provide original explanations of criminal motivations and make the first steps towards a paradigm shift that will help criminology to illuminate the reality of our times. This book is essential reading for academics and students engaged in the study of criminology, sociology, criminological theory, social theory, the philosophy of social sciences and the history of crime.
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Crime, Justice and Social Media

Author: Michael Salter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317419057

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 5261

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How is social media changing contemporary understandings of crime and injustice, and what contribution can it make to justice-seeking? Abuse on social media often involves betrayals of trust and invasions of privacy that range from the public circulation of intimate photographs to mass campaigns of public abuse and harassment using platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, 8chan and Reddit – forms of abuse that disproportionately target women and children. Crime, Justice and Social Media argues that online abuse is not discontinuous with established patterns of inequality but rather intersects with and amplifies them. Embedded within social media platforms are inducements to abuse and harass other users who are rarely provided with the tools to protect themselves or interrupt the abuse of others. There is a relationship between the values that shape the technological design and administration of social media, and those that inform the use of abuse and harassment to exclude and marginalise diverse participants in public life. Drawing on original qualitative research, this book is essential reading for students and scholars in the fields of cyber-crime, media and crime, cultural criminology, and gender and crime.
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Youth and Crime

Author: John Muncie

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761944645

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 1990

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`Muncie's book is a must-read for all criminologists interested in youth justice and youth crime. It is accessible, theoretically informed, empirically detailed and, thanks to the second edition, bang up-to-date' - Professor Tim Newburn, London School of Economics `The first edition of Youth and Crime – published in 1999 – struck an almost unique balance between accessibility and complex scholarship. This substantially revised and up-dated edition takes the depth and scope of the key debates further still. Muncie draws on a wide range of scholarly research, he engages with major theoretical questions and he interrogates the complexities and contradictions of policy formation.... Without doubt this is an indispensable source for sociology, criminology, social policy, social history, social work, youth justice and media and cultural studies students and tutors alike' - Dr Barry Goldson, Senior Lecturer in Sociology and Social Policy, The University of Liverpool. `The second edition of Youth and Crime is once again immensely scholarly and important for its insights into the shape of public, media and governmental responses to youth crime. The author produces new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs and surveillance as well as on risk assessment, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology to help make sense of developments..... As before, this is an excellent, accessible and lively introduction to youth crime and its regulation. It is a book that pushes debate forward in terms of questioning established knowledge and governmental responses to crime' - Dr Loraine Gelsthorpe, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. `Muncie observes, "the study of youth justice ultimately tells us more about social order, the state and political decision making than it does about the nature of young offending and the most effective ways to respond to it": the material he presents in this part of the book more than justifies the comment. Although this book is primarily a student text, it should interest magistrates and promote critical reflection' - Magistrate · How and why have certain aspects of young people's behaviour come to be perceived as `anti-social' and 'criminal'? · Are young people now more of a threat than ever before? · How can we make sense of New Labour's youth justice reforms? · Is the youth justice system soft on crime? · Are young people more in need of protection than disciplinary punishment? The Second Edition of this best-selling text provides a fully revised and up-to-date critical analysis of a wide range of issues surrounding young people, disorder and crime. To develop a comprehensive criminology of youth the book deliberately moves beyond traditional criminological concerns and draws insights from other academic disciplines such as cultural studies, gender studies, media studies, social policy, social work, political science and human geography. Now thoroughly updated, this second edition has been rewritten to include new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, youth gangs, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs, surveillance, crime prevention, policing and restoration as well as a sustained critical analysis of New Labour's youth, social and criminal justice reforms as they have emerged over the past five years. To make sense of these developments theories of risk management, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology are introduced and assessed. An original and accessible text, it provides invaluable support for further study by featuring key concepts, a glossary, summaries of the main arguments, study questions and guides to further reading. Building on the strengths of the first edition, this highly influential work remains the most integrated and comprehensive analysis of theory, research, policy and politics in this area. It is an essential text for students of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, youth studies, social policy and social work.
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Marginality and Condemnation

An Introduction to Critical Criminology

Author: Bernard Schissel,Carolyn Brooks

Publisher: Halifax, N.S. : Fernwood Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 451

View: 4426

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This introduction to criminology uses the ethics of social justice to confront traditional views of criminals. Key questions are addressed, including What is defined as criminal? How do we respond to crime? and Why do individuals behave in ways that reproduce social inequalities? Applied real-life scenarios address such realities as the prison experience, young men in the sex trade, race and crime in the media, and racial profiling. This text provides an alternative pedagogy for teaching criminology that discusses both the abstract theory and contemporary implications of the criminal justice system.
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Women, Crime, and the Canadian Criminal Justice System

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 7683

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Challenges myths about female crime in Canada. Early chapters present evidence that Canadian women and girls are not major criminal threats to safety, and later chapters explore why women and girls commit crime, feminist and other perspectives on crime by women and girls, progressive alternatives to correctional facilities, and alternative policies. Includes chapter summaries, discussion questions, and problem-solving scenarios. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Contemporary Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Martin D. Schwartz

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 6772

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A introduction to criminology text that emphasizes race, class, and gender.
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Handbook of social intervention

Author: Edward Seidman

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Community development

Page: 684

View: 8788

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What choices face middle managers when corporations engage in illegal behaviour? How do they balance pressures from top management against moral concerns? What happens to them when they must decide whether or not to report illegal practices to the government? Clinard examines these important questions in a fascinating book based on detailed interviews with retired middle managers from a number of large (Fortune 500) corporations. The book is organized well and highly readable...should inspire considerable theory and research in the future.' -- "Choice, January 1984 " Clinard's book is an important contribution to our understanding of corporate deviance and its control. It merits the attention of an in
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