The disorder with which the work ends is the logical conclusion and a real source of discontent, not an excuse for terminating a narrative in which its author had lost interest.
Author: Christopher Tuplin
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag
Current views of Xenophon's account of 404-362 BC under-play the fact that it is a chronological report of politico-military events which should be taken seriously and not seen merely as arbitrary pegs for didactic utterances. A reading of this idiosyncratic narrative is offered which shows how, by interplay of direct stress, allusiveness and telling silence, Xenophon invites a largely negative attitude to the major states and their leaders as they strive unsuccessfully for predominance. The record of Spartan aims and achievements is notably gloomy, but Thebes, Athens and Arcadia are also treated with scant respect. The disorder with which the work ends is the logical conclusion and a real source of discontent, not an excuse for terminating a narrative in which its author had lost interest.
This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original.
Publisher: Kessinger Publishing
Category: Literary Collections
This scarce antiquarian book is a facsimile reprint of the original. Due to its age, it may contain imperfections such as marks, notations, marginalia and flawed pages. Because we believe this work is culturally important, we have made it available as part of our commitment for protecting, preserving, and promoting the world's literature in affordable, high quality, modern editions that are true to the original work.
This is a large and important topic , which it will be our duty to consider when we
come to weigh the merits of Xenophon as a writer of history . But in order to deal
with 1 See Hellenica : A Collection of Essays , edited by Evelyn Abbott , p .
Beginning with the battle of Abydos in 411, this edition covers the Ionian or Dekeleian War, whose end in 404 also brings to a close the Peloponnesian War as a whole.
Publisher: Liverpool University Press
The Peloponnesian War, according to Thucydides, was the result of the growth of Athenian power. Beginning with the battle of Abydos in 411, this edition covers the Ionian or Dekeleian War, whose end in 404 also brings to a close the Peloponnesian War as a whole.
For the Ten Thousand and Anaxibius , Xenophon Anabasis vii , 1 . 7 – 17 . 69 . Xenophon Hellenica V , 1 . 13 – 24 . 70 . Xenophon Hellenica vi , 2 . 16 . Cf .
Hellenica v , 2 . 20 - 21 for the rate at which they were allowed to commute . 71 .
Author: Publius Aelius AristidesPublish On: 1986-01-01
Orationes I-XVI, with an appendix containing the fragments and inscriptions
Publius Aelius Aristides Charles Allison Behr. 426 . In 391 B . C . ; cf . Xenophon Hellenica IV 4 . 16 , who says nothing about going into Laconia . 427 . In 391 B .
Author: Publius Aelius Aristides
Publisher: Brill Archive
Aelius Aristides is one of the most important sources for the history of the social, cultural, and religious life of the second century of the Roman Empire. However, the difficulty of his style and the occasional obscurity of the material contained in his writings have effectively prevented modern historians from fully utilizing his works. To remedy this deficiency, in conjunction with the new edition of the Greek text of Aristides, which was earlier published by Brill, a translation of all of Aristides' works into a modern language has been prepared. The translation, which also includes the first collection of fragments of lost works of Aristides and inscriptions which pertain to him, has been made according to the new revision of the Greek text and is provided with a commentary and index, which will facilitate its use by both specialists and laymen alike.
involves using Xenophon's Hellenica as the basic document, supplemented by
additional historical information we can safely conclude that Xenophon must
know. In my opinion, this approach can be justified for the following two reasons.
Author: Houliang Lu
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Xenophon the Athenian, who is well known both as a historian and as a witness of Socratic philosophy, developed his own systematic thought on moral education from a social and mainly political perspective in his extant works. His discourse on moral education represents the view of an unusual historical figure; an innovative thinker, as well as a man of action, a mercenary general and a world citizen in his age. As such, it is therefore different from the discourse of contemporary pure philoso...
This is also the only edition of Xenophon's Hellennika that contains relevant passages from the contemporary histories of Ephorus/Diodorus Siculus and the Oxyrhynchus Historian, two sources whos accounts sometime confirm and sometime refute ...
Author: Robert B. Strassler
"Covering the years between 411 and 362 B.C.E., a particularly dramatic period during which the alliances among Athens, Sparta, Thebes, Persia, and other states were in constant flux ... Beautifully illustrated, heavily annotated, and filled with detailed, clear maps, this edition gives us a new, authoritative, and completely accessible translation by John Marincola, and a comprehensive introduction by David Thomas. This is also the only edition of Xenophon's Hellennika that contains relevant passages from the contemporary histories of Ephorus/Diodorus Siculus and the Oxyrhynchus Historian, two sources whos accounts sometime confirm and sometime refute that of Xenophon. With sixteen appendixes written by some of today's top scholars, including Paul Cartledge, Peter Krentz, Christopher Tuplin, and P.J. Rhodes. "The Landmark Xenophon's Hellenika" is the most readable and comprehensive edition available of an essential history"--Back cover
Before Xenophon left Athens in 401 B . C . he had probably completed the first
two books of his Hellenica or History of Greece , a continuation of the unfinished
work of Thucydides ( see p . xliii ) . These books describe the closing scenes of
In this original and rewarding combination of intellectual and political history, Ryan Balot offers a thorough historical and sociological interpretation of classical Athens centered on the notion of greed. Integrating ancient philosophy, poetry, and history, and drawing on modern political thought, the author demonstrates that the Athenian discourse on greed was an essential component of Greek social development and political history. Over time, the Athenians developed sophisticated psychological and political accounts of acquisitiveness and a correspondingly rich vocabulary to describe and condemn it. Greed figures repeatedly as an object of criticism in authors as diverse as Solon, Thucydides, and Plato--all of whom addressed the social disruptions caused by it, as well as the inadequacy of lives focused on it. Because of its ethical significance, greed surfaced frequently in theoretical debates about democracy and oligarchy. Ultimately, critiques of greed--particularly the charge that it is unjust--were built into the robust accounts of justice formulated by many philosophers, including Plato and Aristotle. Such critiques of greed both reflected and were inextricably knitted into economic history and political events, including the coups of 411 and 404 B.C. Balot contrasts ancient Greek thought on distributive justice with later Western traditions, with implications for political and economic history well beyond the classical period. Because the belief that greed is good holds a dominant position in modern justifications of capitalism, this study provides a deep historical context within which such justifications can be reexamined and, perhaps, found wanting.
Xenophon, Hellenica 3.3.4–6. Xenophon is our only source for the Cinadon case.
17. Xenophon, Hellenica 3.3.3–4; cf. Plutarch, Lysander 22.6, 10–13. Cartledge,
Agesilaos, 77: the “intervention” of Lysander was the “decisive factor” in ...
Author: John David Lewis
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The goal of war is to defeat the enemy's will to fight. But how this can be accomplished is a thorny issue. Nothing Less than Victory provocatively shows that aggressive, strategic military offenses can win wars and establish lasting peace, while defensive maneuvers have often led to prolonged carnage, indecision, and stalemate. Taking an ambitious and sweeping look at six major wars, from antiquity to World War II, John David Lewis shows how victorious military commanders have achieved long-term peace by identifying the core of the enemy's ideological, political, and social support for a war, fiercely striking at this objective, and demanding that the enemy acknowledges its defeat. Lewis examines the Greco-Persian and Theban wars, the Second Punic War, Aurelian's wars to reunify Rome, the American Civil War, and the Second World War. He considers successful examples of overwhelming force, such as the Greek mutilation of Xerxes' army and navy, the Theban-led invasion of the Spartan homeland, and Hannibal's attack against Italy--as well as failed tactics of defense, including Fabius's policy of delay, McClellan's retreat from Richmond, and Chamberlain's appeasement of Hitler. Lewis shows that a war's endurance rests in each side's reasoning, moral purpose, and commitment to fight, and why an effectively aimed, well-planned, and quickly executed offense can end a conflict and create the conditions needed for long-term peace. Recognizing the human motivations behind military conflicts, Nothing Less than Victory makes a powerful case for offensive actions in pursuit of peace.