Witch Hunts in Europe and America

Witch Hunts in Europe and America

Like its predecessors, the Third Edition provides a solid foundation for the study of the practice of safety in degree programs.

Author: William E. Burns

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313321426

Category: History

Page: 359

View: 758

Covering witch hunts from Germany to New England, this concise encyclopedia is a fascinating reference on the hunt to find and persecute those who practiced witchcraft.
Categories: History

The Witch Hunts

The Witch Hunts

Tens of thousands of people were persecuted and put to death as witches between 1400 and 1700 – the great age of witch hunts. Why did the witch hunts arise, flourish and decline during this period? What purpose did the persecutions serve?

Author: Robert Thurston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317865018

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 777

Tens of thousands of people were persecuted and put to death as witches between 1400 and 1700 – the great age of witch hunts. Why did the witch hunts arise, flourish and decline during this period? What purpose did the persecutions serve? Who was accused, and what was the role of magic in the hunts? This important reassessment of witch panics and persecutions in Europeand colonial America both challenges and enhances existing interpretations of the phenomenon. Locating its origins 400 years earlier in the growing perception of threats to Western Christendom, Robert Thurston outlines the development of a ‘persecuting society’ in which campaigns against scapegoats such as heretics, Jews, lepers and homosexuals set the scene for the later witch hunts. He examines the creation of the witch stereotype and looks at how the early trials and hunts evolved, with the shift from accusatory to inquisitorial court procedures and reliance upon confessions leading to the increasing use of torture.
Categories: History

The European Witch Hunt

The European Witch Hunt

A final chapter sets witch-hunting in the context of other episodes of modern persecution. This book is the ideal resource for students exploring the history of witch-hunting.

Author: Julian Goodare

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317198307

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 415

The European Witch-Hunt seeks to explain why thousands of people, mostly lower-class women, were deliberately tortured and killed in the name of religion and morality during three centuries of intermittent witch-hunting throughout Europe and North America. Combining perspectives from history, sociology, psychology and other disciplines, this book provides a comprehensive account of witch-hunting in early modern Europe. Julian Goodare sets out an original interpretation of witch-hunting as an episode of ideologically-driven persecution by the ‘godly state’ in the era of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Full weight is also given to the context of village social relationships, and there is a detailed analysis of gender issues. Witch-hunting was a legal operation, and the courts’ rationale for interrogation under torture is explained. Panicking local elites, rather than central governments, were at the forefront of witch-hunting. Further chapters explore folk beliefs about legendary witches, and intellectuals’ beliefs about a secret conspiracy of witches in league with the Devil. Witch-hunting eventually declined when the ideological pressure to combat the Devil’s allies slackened. A final chapter sets witch-hunting in the context of other episodes of modern persecution. This book is the ideal resource for students exploring the history of witch-hunting. Its level of detail and use of social theory also make it important for scholars and researchers.
Categories: History

Witch Wicce Mother Goose

Witch  Wicce  Mother Goose

This is an exciting new illustrated examination of witch-hunt panics and persecutions in colonial America and Europe.

Author: Robert W. Thurston

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN: UOM:39015053517192

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 366

This is an exciting new illustrated examination of witch-hunt panics and persecutions in colonial America and Europe. Examines the witch stereotype and the growth of torture to elicit confessions and challenges and enhances existing interpretations of the witch-hunt phenomenon. Explains the origins of the witch-hunts in reaction to the growing threats to Christendom 400 years earlier. Written for the general reader, jargon-free and accessible with thirty black and white illustrations, this book offers a fresh approach with new evidence. This is a compelling and contentious history of witches and witch-hunts in early modern Europe and America. Tens of thousands of people were persecuted and put to death as witches between 1400 and 1700 - the great age of witch-hunts. Why did the witch-hunts arise, flourish and decline during this period? What purpose did the persecutions serve? Who was accused, and what was the role of magic in the hunts? This important reassessment of witch panics and persecutions in Europe and colonial America both challenges and enhances existing interpretations of the phenomenon. Locating its origins 400 years earlier in the growing perception of threats to Western Christendom, Robert Thurston outlines the development of a 'persecuting society' in which campaigns against scapegoats such as heretics, Jews, lepers and homosexuals set the scene for the later witch hunts. He examines the creation of the witch stereotype and looks at how the early trials and hunts evolved, with the shift from accusatory to inquisitorial court procedures and reliance upon confessions leading to the increasing use of torture Robert Thurston is at the University of Miami.
Categories: History

The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe

The Witch Hunt in Early Modern Europe

A long-standing favourite with students and lecturers alike, this new edition of The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe will be essential reading for those embarking on or looking to advance their studies of the history of witchcraft

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317412410

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 930

The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe, now in its fourth edition, is the perfect resource for both students and scholars of the witch-hunts written by one of the leading names in the field. For those starting out in their studies of witch-beliefs and witchcraft trials, Brian Levack provides a concise survey of this complex and fascinating topic, while for more seasoned scholars the scholarship is brought right up to date. This new edition includes the most recent research on children, gender, male witches and demonic possession as well as broadening the exploration of the geographical distribution of witch prosecutions to include recent work on regions, cities and kingdoms enabling students to identify comparisons between countries. Now fully integrated with Brian Levack’s The Witchcraft Sourcebook, there are links to the sourcebook throughout the text, pointing students towards key primary sources to aid them in their studies. The two books are drawn together on a new companion website with supplementary materials for those wishing to advance their studies, including an extensive guide to further reading, a chronology of the history of witchcraft and an interactive map to show the geographical spread of witch-hunts and witch trials across Europe and North America. A long-standing favourite with students and lecturers alike, this new edition of The Witch-Hunt in Early Modern Europe will be essential reading for those embarking on or looking to advance their studies of the history of witchcraft
Categories: History

Witchcraze

Witchcraze

As the centuries since have shown escalating levels both of violence, general and sexual, and of state control, the witchcraze can be considered a portent, even a model, of some aspects of what modern Europe would be like.

Author: Anne L. Barstow

Publisher: Harper Collins

ISBN: 9780062510365

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 180

"In the sixteenth century, a rise in sexual violence in European society was exacerbated by pressure from church and state to change basic sexual customs...As the centuries since have shown escalating levels both of violence, general and sexual, and of state control, the witchcraze can be considered a portent, even a model, of some aspects of what modern Europe would be like." Over three centuries, approximately one hundred thousand persons, most of whom were women, were put to death under the guise of "witch hunts", particularly in Reformation Europe. The shocking annihilation of women from all walks of life is explored in this brilliant, authoritative feminist history Anne Llwellyn Barstow. Barstow exposes an unrecognized holocaust -- the "ethnic cleansing" of independent women in Reformation Europe -- and examines the residual attitudes that continue to influence our culture. Barstow argues that it is only with eyes sensitive to gender issues that we can discern what really happened in the persecution and murder of these women. Her sweeping chronicle examines the scapegoating of women from the ills of society, investigates how their subjugation to sexual violence and death sent a message of control to all women, and compares this persecution of women with the enslavement and slaughter of African slaves and Native Americans. Ultimately Barstow traces the current backlash against women to its gynophobic torture-filled origins. In the process, she leaves an indelible mark on our growing understanding of the legacy of violence against women around the world.
Categories: Social Science

The Witch hunt in Early Modern Europe

The Witch hunt in Early Modern Europe

The book: - Examines why witchcraft prosecutions took place, how many trials and victims there were, and why witch-hunting eventually came to an end. - Explores the beliefs of both educated and illiterate people regarding witchcraft.

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 0582419018

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 772

Fearlessly, Brian Levack tackles a vast, complex subject and reduces it to a concise and lucid synthesis with consummate skill, challenging old assumptions and casting light into the darkest corners. This, the revised third edition, offers student and expert alike immediate access to an overwhelming secondary literature, establishing it as the essential starting point for the study of early modern witch-beliefs and witchcraft trials. Dr Malcolm Gaskill, Universityof Cambridge "Now, at last, with Brian Levack's careful, scholarly and critical survey, a thoroughly reliable introduction to the whole literature is available. Levack appears to have read every significant work, both new and old and in most relevant languages, and has judiciously sifted out the information, pondered on it, and come up with balanced and sensible verdicts." Henry Kamen, History Today "Levack's logical sorting of a prodigious amount of material has resulted in one of the most informative and comprehensive works of its genre." Hans Sebald, American Historical Review An enthralling and exceptional study, Levack focuses on the great age of witch-hunting in Europe(and also in colonial America), between 1450 and 1750. He discusses how in these years more than 100,000 people - most of them women - were prosecuted for allegedly practising harmful magic and worshipping the Devil. He sets out to answer who the accused and accusers were but most importantly Why, after more than 200 years of vigorous activity, did the trials eventually dwindle away?
Categories: History

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America

A collection of essays from leading scholars in the field that collectively study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the ...

Author: Brian P. Levack

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199578160

Category: History

Page: 630

View: 197

A collection of essays from leading scholars in the field that collectively study the rise and fall of witchcraft prosecutions in the various kingdoms and territories of Europe and in English, Spanish, and Portuguese colonies in the Americas.
Categories: History

A Deed Without a Name

A Deed Without a Name

What is't you do? Three Witches: A deed without a name. Macbeth, Act 4, Scene I What lessons can we learn from witch beliefs and witch-hunts in traditional societies and in earlier times?

Author: Andrew Sanders

Publisher: Berg Publishers

ISBN: UOM:39015035315236

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 303

Macbeth: How now, you secret, black, and midnight hags? What is't you do? Three Witches: A deed without a name. Macbeth, Act 4, Scene I What lessons can we learn from witch beliefs and witch-hunts in traditional societies and in earlier times? This fascinating cross-cultural survey of witchcraft aims to provide undergraduate students of anthropology and history with a comprehensive introduction to the figure of the witch. Case studies of witch-hunts in a broad range of societies -- from medieval Europe to America and tribal Africa -- demonstrate how those individuals who are perceived as a threat to the existing power structure are most vulnerable to being labelled a witch. The author argues that the process of 'labelling' witches has not changed and is used in western societies even today for scapegoating minorities and other groups such as people with AIDS.
Categories: Social Science

Witch Hunt

Witch Hunt

Witch Hunt isn’t only an exploration of the horrors of history, but also uncovers how the archetype of the witch has been rehabilitated.

Author: Kristen J. Sollee

Publisher: Weiser Books

ISBN: 9781633411739

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 256

View: 100

“A transcendent travelogue with a wickedly delicious, feminist twist,” writes Pam Grossman (author of Waking the Witch)—Witch Hunt is a captivating guide to the historic witch hunts and how their legacy continues to impact us today.” Traveling through cities and sites across Italy, France, Germany, Ireland, the United Kingdom, and the United States, Kristen J. Sollée—a second-generation witch herself—explores the witch as a figure of female power and persecution. By infusing an adventurous first-person narrative with extensive research and imaginative historical fiction, Witch Hunt captures the magic of travel to make an often-overlooked period of history come alive. Between the 15th-17th centuries, a confluence of political, economic, and religious factors inspired witch hysteria to ignite like wildfire across Europe, and, later, parts of America. At the heart of the witch hunts were often dangerous misconceptions about femininity and female sexuality, and women were disproportionately punished as a result. Today, this lineage of oppression remains an important reference point through which we can contemplate women’s rights—and human rights—in the Western world and beyond. Witch Hunt isn’t only an exploration of the horrors of history, but also uncovers how the archetype of the witch has been rehabilitated. For witches are not just haunting figures of the past; the witch is also a liberatory icon and identity of the present.
Categories: Body, Mind & Spirit

Witches and Witch Hunts

Witches and Witch Hunts

This book will make essential reading for all those interested in the history and anthropology of witchcraft and magic. In this major new book, Wolfgang Behringer surveys the phenomenon of witchcraft past and present.

Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745627188

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 808

In this major new book, Wolfgang Behringer surveys the phenomenon of witchcraft past and present. Drawing on the latest historical and anthropological findings, Behringer sheds new light on the history of European witchcraft, while demonstrating that witch-hunts are not simply part of the European past. Although witch-hunts have long since been outlawed in Europe, other societies have struggled with the idea that witchcraft does not exist. As Behringer shows, witch-hunts continue to pose a major problem in Africa and among tribal people in America, Asia and Australia. The belief that certain people are able to cause harm by supernatural powers endures throughout the world today. Wolfgang Behringer explores the idea of witchcraft as an anthropological phenomenon with a historical dimension, aiming to outline and to understand the meaning of large-scale witchcraft persecutions in early modern Europe and in present-day Africa. He deals systematically with the belief in witchcraft and the persecution of witches, as well as with the process of outlawing witch-hunts. He examines the impact of anti-witch-hunt legislation in Europe, and discusses the problems caused in societies where European law was imposed in colonial times. In conclusion, the relationship between witches old and new is assessed. This book will make essential reading for all those interested in the history and anthropology of witchcraft and magic.
Categories: History

Religion Magic and Science in Early Modern Europe and America

Religion  Magic  and Science in Early Modern Europe and America

This fascinating study looks at how the seemingly incompatible forces of science, magic, and religion came together in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries to form the foundations of modern culture. • Illustrations • A bibliography

Author: Allison P. Coudert

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780275996741

Category: Religion

Page: 287

View: 598

This fascinating study looks at how the seemingly incompatible forces of science, magic, and religion came together in the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries to form the foundations of modern culture. • Illustrations • A bibliography
Categories: Religion

Puritans and Puritanism in Europe and America

Puritans and Puritanism in Europe and America

... Christina Larner , Enemies of God : The Witch - Hunt in Scotland ( Baltimore ,
1981 ) ; Brian Levack , The Witch - Hunt in Early Modern Europe ( London , 1995
) ; James Sharpe , Instruments of Darkness : Witchcraft in England , 1550 – 1750
 ...

Author: Francis J. Bremer

Publisher: Abc-Clio Incorporated

ISBN: 1576076784

Category: Reference

Page: 697

View: 436

This exhaustive treatment of the Puritan movement covers its doctrines, its people, its effects on politics and culture, and its enduring legacy in modern Britain and America.
Categories: Reference

The Routledge History of Witchcraft

The Routledge History of Witchcraft

This extensive collection covers the entire breadth of the history of witchcraft, from the witches of Ancient Greece and medieval demonology through to the victims of the witch hunts, and onwards to children’s books, horror films, and ...

Author: Johannes Dillinger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000765748

Category: History

Page: 412

View: 449

The Routledge History of Witchcraft is a comprehensive and interdisciplinary study of the belief in witches from antiquity to the present day, providing both an introduction to the subject of witchcraft and an overview of the on-going debates. This extensive collection covers the entire breadth of the history of witchcraft, from the witches of Ancient Greece and medieval demonology through to the victims of the witch hunts, and onwards to children’s books, horror films, and modern pagans. Drawing on the knowledge and expertise of an international team of authors, the book examines differing concepts of witchcraft that still exist in society and explains their historical, literary, religious, and anthropological origin and development, including the reflections and adaptions of this belief in art and popular culture. The volume is divided into four chronological parts, beginning with Antiquity and the Middle Ages in Part One, Early Modern witch hunts in Part Two, modern concepts of witchcraft in Part Three, and ending with an examination of witchcraft and the arts in Part Four. Each chapter offers a glimpse of a different version of the witch, introducing the reader to the diversity of witches that have existed in different contexts throughout history. Exploring a wealth of texts and case studies and offering a broad geographical scope for examining this fascinating subject, The Routledge History of Witchcraft is essential reading for students and academics interested in the history of witchcraft.
Categories: History

Religion in Social Context in Europe and America 1200 1700

Religion in Social Context in Europe and America  1200 1700

The Europeans ' sense that the natives had an intimate familiarity with the devil
makes itself felt in our sources , and most notably in those few which use the
language of the European witch hunt to understand these American religions .

Author: Richard C. Trexler

Publisher: Mrts

ISBN: UOM:39015055614625

Category: Europe

Page: 590

View: 888

This compilation should be of great interest to scholars of Italian, general European, and conquest American history."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: Europe

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record

4 ' 3094 The witch hunts : a history of the witch persecutions in Europe and North
America / Robert W . Thurston . New York : Pearson ... 4 ' 3097445 the Salem
witchcraft trials / edited by Lawrence Gain and Juliet H . Mofford . 2nd ed . Boston
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015066180442

Category: American literature

Page:

View: 179

Categories: American literature

Servants of Satan

Servants of Satan

This is the first book to consider the general course and significance of the European witch craze of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries since H.R. Trevor-Roper's classic and pioneering study appeared some fifteen years ago.

Author: Joseph Klaits

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253013323

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 264

This is the first book to consider the general course and significance of the European witch craze of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries since H.R. Trevor-Roper's classic and pioneering study appeared some fifteen years ago. Drawing upon the advances in historical and social-science scholarship of the past decade and a half, Joseph Klaits integrates the recent appreciations of witchcraft in regional studies, the history of popular culture, anthropology, sociology, and psychology to better illuminate the place of witch hunting in the context of social, political, economic and religious change. "In all, Klaits has done a good job. Avoiding the scandalous and sensational, he has maintained throughout, with sensitivity and economy, an awareness of the uniqueness of the theories and persecutions that have fascinated scholars now for two decades and are unlikely to lose their appeal in the foreseeable future." —American Historical Review "This is a commendable synthesis whose time has come.... fascinating... " —The Sixteenth Century Journal "... comprehensive and clearly written... An excellent book... " —Choice "Impeccable research and interpretation stand behind this scholarly but not stultifying account... " —Booklist "A good, solid, general treatment... " —Erik Midelfort "Servants of Satan is a well written, easy to read book, and the bibliography is a good source of secondary materials for further reading." —Journal of American Folklore
Categories: History

Witchcraft in Early North America

Witchcraft in Early North America

This fascinating topic and the book's broad geographic and chronological coverage make this book ideally suited for readers interested in new approaches to colonial history and the history of witchcraft.

Author: Alison Games

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442203587

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 207

Witchcraft in Early North America investigates European, African, and Indian witchcraft beliefs and their expression in colonial America. Alison Games's engaging book takes us beyond the infamous outbreak at Salem, Massachusetts, to look at how witchcraft was a central feature of colonial societies in North America. Her substantial and lively introduction orients readers to the subject and to the rich selection of documents that follows. The documents—some of which have never been published previously—include excerpts from trials in Virginia, New Mexico, and Massachusetts; accounts of outbreaks in Salem, Abiquiu (New Mexico), and among the Delaware Indians. This fascinating topic and the book's broad geographic and chronological coverage make this book ideally suited for readers interested in new approaches to colonial history and the history of witchcraft.
Categories: History

Academic American Encyclopedia

Academic American Encyclopedia

In the English colonies about 40 people were executed for witchcraft between
1650 and 1710, half of them in the famous Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Witch
trials declined in most parts of Europe after 1680; in England the death penalty
for ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105009606075

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 362

A twenty-one volume encyclopedia with 32,000 entries and more than 16,000 illustrations.
Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries