Winds Waves and Warriors

Winds  Waves  and Warriors

Winds, Waves, and Warriors examines the oceanographic conditions that U.S. military planners considered, or should have considered, when landing troops and vehicles on the beach at three historic amphibious assaults: Normandy, Tarawa, and ...

Author: Thomas M. Mitchell

Publisher: LSU Press

ISBN: 9780807172230

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 520

Winds, Waves, and Warriors examines the oceanographic conditions that U.S. military planners considered, or should have considered, when landing troops and vehicles on the beach at three historic amphibious assaults: Normandy, Tarawa, and Inchon. Oceanographer Thomas M. Mitchell brings welcome insight into a little-studied yet extraordinary aspect of ground warfare by explaining why certain tidal and weather conditions existed at those specific places and times, and how they affected the Army and Marine foot soldiers fighting to get ashore. Mitchell offers easy-to-understand descriptions of basic oceanographic concepts and applies them to actual amphibious operations. Winds and waves hampered the Allies’ efforts on D-Day but less than they would have had the soldiers attempted storming the beach at Normandy the day before or after. Coral reefs and tides contributed to high Marine casualties at Tarawa Atoll in the Pacific. General Douglas MacArthur used the element of surprise by attacking the North Koreans at Inchon despite treacherous soft mud bottoms and unfavorable tidal conditions. Mitchell details how wartime necessity led to the development of clever methods to estimate such factors as water depth, beach slope, and underwater shoals, all of which affected troops’ assaults and potentially changed the outcomes of key battles. An Army Air Corps lieutenant, for example, dug a hole on the beach at Normandy to help him predict tides more accurately. The Army’s Beach Erosion Board and research groups such as the Scripps Institution of Oceanography exploited elementary principles of physical oceanography to develop crude but effective instruments and techniques for ocean remote sensing and forecasting. Indeed, soldiers, Marines, staff planners, commanders, oceanographers, meteorologists, and researchers all contributed to some of the largest and most important military invasions in history. Winds, Waves, and Warriors tells of the U.S. military’s struggles with a foe that was sometimes just as formidable and unpredictable as the opposing army. When unheeded, unfavorable weather and ocean conditions could lead to tragic and avoidable deaths. The threat posed by the ocean at these three historic battles was an important factor not only in the outcomes of these operations but also to the survival of the troops who fought there.
Categories: History

Warriors in the Crossfire

Warriors in the Crossfire

The wind , the waves , even the ocean . ” But Kento sat like a stone in the middle
of the canoe . “ Fear is good unless it grows too big . Then it is more dangerous
than spilled blood . ” I echoed my father's words : “ Face your fear ; sail through it .

Author: Bo Flood

Publisher: Boyds Mills Press

ISBN: 9781590786611

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 142

View: 474

Twelve-year-old Joseph helps his family to survive when the natives of Saipan are caught in the crossfire between the Japanese soldiers and the American troops at the end of World War II.
Categories: Juvenile Fiction

The S S Warrior

The S  S  Warrior

Winds : The direction of the wind favored a passage faster than the average
because the wind was abaft the beam . ... In the case of the WARRIOR , waves
with a length in excess of 225 feet could cause pitching to begin , and because
the ship ...

Author: Maritime Cargo Transportation Conference (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015024490701

Category: Shipping

Page: 53

View: 922

Categories: Shipping

Antisubmarine Warrior in the Pacific

Antisubmarine Warrior in the Pacific

December arrived with shorter days, darker nights, and fierce winds. The harder
they blew, the more stragglers we had. December 2 turned out to be the roughest
day I'd yet encountered at sea. The waves were so high it took my ...

Author: John A. Williamson

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: 9780817360078

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 142

A first-hand account of the USS England's accomplishments, written by its commanding officer The USS England was a 1200-ton, 306-foot, long-hull destroyer escort. Commissioned into service in late 1943 and dispatched to the Pacific the following February, the England and its crew, in one 12-day period in 1944, sank more submarines than any other ship in U.S. naval history: of the six targets attacked, all six were destroyed. For this distinction, legendary in the annals of antisubmarine warfare, the ship and her crew were honored with the Presidential Unit Citation. After convoying in the Atlantic, John A. Williamson was assigned to the England—first as its executive officer, then as its commanding officer—from the time of her commissioning until she was dry-docked for battle damage repairs in the Philadelphia Naval Yard fifteen months later. Besides being a key participant in the remarkable antisubmarine actions, Williamson commanded the England in the battle of Okinawa, where she was attacked by kamikaze planes. Williamson narrates his memoir with authority and authenticity, describes naval tactics and weaponry precisely, and provides information gleaned from translations of the orders from the Japanese high command to Submarine Squadron 7. The author details the challenges of communal life aboard ship and explains the intense loyalty that bonds crew members for life. Ultimately, Williamson offers a compelling portrait of himself, an inexperienced naval officer who, having come of age in Alabama during the Depression, rose to become the most successful World War II antisubmarine warfare officer in the Pacific.
Categories: History

Journal and Transactions of the Wentworth Historical Society

Journal and Transactions of the Wentworth Historical Society

Builders and makers of homes were they , as well as tillers of the ground , delvers
of mines and warriors of the winds , waves and tides ; yet greater still than all this
courageous enterprise and physical conflict with and conquest of nation , they ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89077135424

Category: Hamilton-Wentworth (Ont.)

Page:

View: 134

Categories: Hamilton-Wentworth (Ont.)

The Naked Warriors

The Naked Warriors

Landing “ beaches ” ( often rock or coral ledges ) are selected after careful
consideration of thousands of aerial and submarine periscope photographs ; of
known or estimated winds , waves , currents , tides , water depths , and offshore
and ...

Author: Francis Douglas Fane

Publisher: Naval Inst Press

ISBN: UCSD:31822023215460

Category: History

Page: 308

View: 955

"Red Dog" Fane's blow-by-blow account of UDT operations in World War II and Korea is the classic frogmen story told by a legendary commander.
Categories: History

Chinese Literature

Chinese Literature

The young sea - warrior was over - optimistic . The old man had reason to worry .
The enemies of sea - warriors were not only cold , swift currents , winds , waves
and reefs but also the tigerish sharks . A fierce shark scurried into Flint Bay when
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015014281193

Category: Chinese literature

Page:

View: 833

Categories: Chinese literature

Storm Warriors Or Life boat Work on the Goodwin Sands

Storm Warriors  Or  Life boat Work on the Goodwin Sands

It overtook the tall vessels , and then the swelling sails garnered the force of the
wind and held it captive , and made it ... and the dying year , as its closing hours
sped away , had at sea the howling winds and seething waves to sing its dirge ...

Author: John Gilmore

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433006540821

Category: Goodwin Sands (England).

Page: 358

View: 477

Categories: Goodwin Sands (England).

The History of England from the Accession of James II

The History of England from the Accession of James II

Such were the chiefs would pay prompt and respectful obedience to in whose
rude school were formed those sturdy a chief who knew no more of winds and
waves warriors from whom Smollett , in the next age , than could be learned in a
 ...

Author: Thomas Babington Macaulay Baron Macaulay

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HN2VGB

Category: Great Britain

Page:

View: 967

Categories: Great Britain

The History of England from the Accession of James the Second

The History of England from the Accession of James the Second

Such were the chiefs would pay prompt and respectful obedience to in whose
rude school were formed those sturdy a chief who knew no more of winds and
waves warriors from whom Smollett , in the next age , than could be learned in a
 ...

Author: Thomas Babington Macaulay Baron Macaulay

Publisher:

ISBN: HARVARD:HN31AL

Category: Great Britain

Page:

View: 419

Categories: Great Britain

Afranius and The Idumean

Afranius  and The Idumean

Ye Christian warriors go — your standard raise , Till over earth millennial glories
blaze ! ... hail the Gospel angel as he flies ; Life's pages shall disperse at her
command Like seeds which Autumn wings across the land : Winds , waves she
rules ...

Author: John McDowell Leavitt

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0018662387

Category:

Page: 255

View: 614

Categories:

Excavating Waves and Winds of ex change

Excavating Waves and Winds of  ex change

The terracotta head of a bearded warrior appears to indicate influence of the
Eastern Mediterranean of the 7th - 8th century BC while the button seal indicates
influence of the Mediterranean area in general . Also worth noting are the seals
and ...

Author: Shahnaj Husne Jahan

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: UOM:39015069199746

Category: Social Science

Page: 235

View: 517

A study of maritime trade in Bengal from the earliest times up to the first half of the 16th century AD.
Categories: Social Science

Rogue Warrior

Rogue Warrior

We were facing not only icy weather , but the roughest combination of sea and
wind I'd ever encountered . ... German coast , the massive North Sea waves ,
treacherous currents , and powerful winds flipped and / or rolled our Boston
whalers ...

Author: Richard Marcinko

Publisher: Pocket Books

ISBN: 0671795937

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 913

A brilliant virtuoso of violence, Richard Marcinko rose through Navy ranks to create and command one of this country's most elite and classified counterterrorist units, SEAL TEAM SIX. Now this thirty-year veteran recounts the secret missions and Special Warfare madness of his worldwide military career -- and the riveting truth about the top-secret Navy SEALs. Marcinko was almost inhumanly tough, and proved it on hair-raising missions across Vietnam and a war-torn world: blowing up supply junks, charging through minefields, jumping at 19,000 feet with a chute that wouldn't open, fighting hand-to-hand in a hellhole jungle. For the Pentagon, he organized the Navy's first counterterrorist unit: the legendary SEAL TEAM SIX, which went on classified missions from Central America to the Middle East, the North Sea, Africa and beyond. Then Marcinko was tapped to create Red Cell, a dirty-dozen team of the military's most accomplished and decorated counterterrorists. Their unbelievable job was to test the defenses of the Navy's most secure facilities and installations. The result was predictable: all hell broke loose. Here is the hero who saw beyond the blood to ultimate justice -- and the decorated warrior who became such a maverick that the Navy brass wanted his head on a pole, and for a time, got it. Richard Marcinko -- ROGUE WARRIOR.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

The Siege of Candia An Epic Poem

The Siege of Candia  An Epic Poem

... mortals ' good to find ; Let now thy hand the smaller winds discharge , And set
the struggling waves awhile at large . ... on boat the rolling surges ride , And dash
to fragments at the vessels side : To planks and boats the struggling warriors ...

Author: Richard Harris

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0018617436

Category:

Page:

View: 700

Categories:

Mariners Weather Log

Mariners Weather Log

The VAN WARRIOR was about 150 mi south of the 974 - mb center with 45 - kn
southwesterly winds . At 0600 the ... The ORIENTAL EDUCATOR was 350 mi
southwest of the center with 46 - kn southwesterly winds and 18 - ft waves . As
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822009145210

Category: Marine meteorology

Page:

View: 668

November issue includes abridged index to yearly volume, -1981.
Categories: Marine meteorology

Collections of the State Historical Society of North Dakota

Collections of the State Historical Society of North Dakota

And though to the maidens who watched their braves embark on the great
morning , the shining waters seemed dangerously calm and their brightness
showed glints of treachery , to the warriors the stillness of wind and wave was but
another ...

Author: State Historical Society of North Dakota

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112002427141

Category: Indians of North America

Page:

View: 519

Vols. 1-4 include the annual report for 1906-[1910/12]
Categories: Indians of North America

Collections

Collections

And though to the maidens who watched their braves embark on the great
morning , the shining waters seemed dangerously calm and their brightness
showed glints of treachery , to the warriors the stillness of wind and wave was but
another ...

Author: State Historical Society of North Dakota

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101061734339

Category: North Dakota

Page:

View: 790

Categories: North Dakota

Selections from the Writings of the Late Thomas Hedges Genin

Selections from the Writings of the Late Thomas Hedges Genin

... Denmark, Austria and Prussia, Italy and France, Demands four hundred
thousand warriors arm'd To cross the Niemen. ... boisterous winds, Wave
following wave, white-edg'd o'er the dark deep ; While boding Russia circumveil'd
her realm, ...

Author: Thomas Hedges Genin

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076550931

Category: Slavery

Page: 615

View: 169

Categories: Slavery

A Lexical Concordance to the Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley

A Lexical Concordance to the Poetical Works of Percy Bysshe Shelley

Waves o'er a warrior's tomb . Mab , iv . 70 . ... Warriors , n . pl . of Warrior . the lust
of blood Which made our war . drunk , Hellas , 552 . Dark Priests and haughty ... (
2 ) opposing , contending . two warring winds Involve in fire , 11. xlvi . 2 . Clouds ...

Author: Frederick Startridge Ellis

Publisher: London, Quaritch

ISBN: STANFORD:36105035013734

Category: SHELLEY, PERCY BYSSHE, 1792-1822 CONCORDANCES

Page: 818

View: 856

Categories: SHELLEY, PERCY BYSSHE, 1792-1822 CONCORDANCES

Surfer

Surfer

Wave Warriors IV begins with the standard montage opener , before showing
Johnny - Boy Gomes and Dane Kealoha getting super - deep at Backdoor and
OffThe - Wall . These guys ... Wave Warriors IV winds down with a series of
profiles .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106009070571

Category: Surfing

Page:

View: 788

Categories: Surfing