In Search of Biohappiness

In Search of Biohappiness

The other areas which will need attention are: widening the food basket by including local grain varieties like ragi, jowar and millets in the public distribution system; the promotion of community gene, seed, food and water banks in ...

Author: M S Swaminathan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814656955

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 435

In Search of Biohappiness deals with methods of converting agro-biodiversity hotspots into happy spots. This involves concurrent attention to conservation, and sustainable and equitable use. Bioresources constitute the feedstock for the biotechnology industry. The aim of the book is to promote an era of biohappiness based on the conversion of bioresources into jobs and income in an environmentally sustainable manner. The scope of Biohappiness extends to include all aspects of conservation such as in situ, ex situ and community conservation, and also covers conservation issues relating to mangroves and other coastal bioresources, whose importance has grown with the emerging possibility of significant sea-level increase from global warming. Concrete examples of how local tribal families have taken to the establishment of gene, seed, grain and water banks in villages — thus linking conservation, cultivation, consumption and commerce in a mutually-reinforcing manner — are provided in this book. Since the first edition, biohappiness is now universally considered to be the major objective of research and development in the field of biodiversity. This edition brings the position up-to-date, and furthers the cause of biohappiness through the inclusion of a new section on its latest developments. Foreword Foreword (40 KB) Contents:Conservation, Cultivation, Consumption and Commerce: Pathways to Biohappiness:Towards an Era of BiohappinessBiodiversity and Sustainable Food SecurityBiotechnology and BiohappinessIntegrated Gene ManagementMangrovesPlant Variety Protection and Genetic ConservationScience and Sustainable Food Security:The Tsunami and a New ChapterNow for the Evergreen RevolutionEvergreen Revolution and Sustainable Food SecurityPriorities in Agricultural Research and EducationAchieving Food Security in Times of CrisisSynergy between Food Security Act and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee ActCommon and Differentiated Entitlements: Pathway for Food Security for AllDesigning Architecture for a Learning RevolutionRole of Sustainability ScienceTowards Eliminating Hunger and PovertyFood Security in an Era of Climate Change and Civil Strife:Copenhagen, Tsunami and HungerMonsoon Management in an Era of Climate ChangeMedia and the Farm SectorResolving Asia's Contradictions: Growth versus InequitiesFrom Killing Fields to Smiling Gardens in Northern Sri LankaFinding Common International GoalsLooking Back and Looking AheadTowards Furthering Biohappiness:New Technologies for a Small Farm Productivity RevolutionOvercoming the Curse of MalnutritionTraditional Knowledge and Modern ScienceRole of International Years in Meeting the Zero Hunger ChallengeVision of a Food-Secure India Readership: Environmentalists and members of the general public interested in the environment and its various aspects such as sustainability, climate change and conservation.Keywords:Biodiversity;Biohappiness;Biotechnology
Categories: Science

Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology

Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology

The other areas which will need attention are: widening the food basket by including local grain varieties like ragi, jowar and millets in the public distribution system; the promotion of community gene, seed, food and water banks in ...

Author: Alexander W. Chao

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814340380

Category: Science

Page: 185

View: 950

Over the last half century we have witnessed tremendous progress in the production of high-quality photons by electrons in accelerators. This dramatic evolution has seen four generations of accelerators as photon sources. The 1st generation used the electron storage rings built primarily for high-energy physics experiments, and the synchrotron radiation from the bending magnets was used parasitically. The 2nd generation involved rings dedicated to synchrotron radiation applications, with the radiation again from the bending magnets. The 3rd generation, currently the workhorse of these photon sources, is dedicated advanced storage rings that employ not only bending magnets but also insertion devices (wigglers and undulators) as the source of the radiation. The 4th generation, which is now entering operation, is photon sources based on the free electron laser (FEL), an invention made in the early 1970s. Each generation yielded growths in brightness and time resolution that were unimaginable just a few years earlier. In particular, the progression from the 3rd to 4th generation is a true revolution; the peak brilliance of coherent soft and hard x-rays has increased by 7-10 orders of magnitude, and the image resolution has reached the angstrom (1  = 10-10 meters) and femto-second (1 fs = 10-15 second) scales. These impressive capabilities have fostered fundamental scientific advances and led to an explosion of numerous possibilities in many important research areas including material science, chemistry, molecular biology and the life sciences. Even more remarkably, this field of photon source invention and development shows no signs of slowing down. Studies have already been started on the next generation of x-ray sources, which would have a time resolution in the atto-second (1 as = 10-18 second) regime, comparable to the time of electron motion inside atoms. It can be fully expected that these photon sources will stand out among the most powerful future science research tools. The physics community as well as the entire scientific community will hear of many pioneering and groundbreaking research results using these sources in the coming years. This volume contains fifteen articles, all written by leading scientists in their respective fields. It is aimed at the designers, builders and users of accelerator-based photon sources as well as general audience who are interested in this topic.
Categories: Science

Agriculture Food Security Nutrition and Health in North East India

Agriculture  Food Security  Nutrition and Health in North East India

There is also need for widening the food security basket by incorporating many minor and underutilized crops in the country for reasons of both ecological and sustainable food and nutritional security . Many of these crops are rich in ...

Author: Debashis Basu

Publisher: Mittal Publications

ISBN: 8170999758

Category: Food supply

Page: 460

View: 731

Some papers presented at the Workshop on Food, Nutrition and Food Security in North-east India.
Categories: Food supply

Agrekon

Agrekon

The definite widening trend as indicated by the food marketing margins calculated in this manner for the basket . Both series have their limitations . The food years 1970 to 1977 vary from 46 % to 55 % as basket , for example , is based ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D000482261

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 487

Categories: Agriculture

Science and Sustainable Food Security

Science and Sustainable Food Security

The present need is to enlarge the food basket, not to shrink it further. A final aspect of GM foods and biodiversity relates to the equitable sharing of benefits between biotechnologists and the primary conservers of genetic resources ...

Author: Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814282116

Category: Science

Page: 439

View: 719

Section I. Food security and economic development - how science is applied to solve problems of poverty, drought and famine. 1. Key to third world prosperity / Swaminathan, M.S. 2. Changing nature of the food security challenge : implications for agricultural research and policy / Swaminathan, M.S. 3. Bridging the nutritional divide - building community centred nutrition security systems / Swaminathan, M.S. 4. Africa's rainbow revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 5. Hunger in Africa : the link between unhealthy people and unhealthy soils / Sanchez Pedro, A. and Swarninathan, M.S. 6. Cutting world hunger in half / Sanchez Pedro, A. and Swaminathan, M.S. 7. Can science and technology feed the world in 2025? / Swarninathan, M.S. 8. Effects of climate change on food production / Parry, Martin L. and Swaminathan, M.S. 9. Sustainable food security in Africa : lessons from India's green revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 10. Sustainable food and water security / Swaminathan, M.S. -- Section II. Science and food security - how science is used to generate efficient and optimal agricultural outputs. 11. Science and sustainable food security / Swaminathan, M.S. 12. Indian agriculture at the crossroads / Swaminathan, M.S. 13. Magnitude of hybrid vigor retained in double haploid lines of some heterotic rice hybrids / Bui Ba Bong and Swaminathan, M.S. 14. Development of monosomic series in an Indian wheat and isolation of a nullisomic lines / Swaminathan, M.S. [und weitere]. 15. Consanguineous marriages and the genetic load due to lethal genes in Kerala / Kumar, S., Pai, R.A. and Swaminathan, M.S. 16. The experimental manipulation of genes / Swaminathan, M.S. 17. Nature of polyploidy in some 48-chromosome species of the section Tuberarium Genus Solanum / Swaminathan, M.S. 18. Overcoming cross-incompatibility among some Mexican diploid species of solanum / Swaminathan, M.S. 19. Polyploidy and radiosensitivity / Swaminathan, M.S. and Natarajan, A.T. 20. Disomic and tetrosomic inheritance in a Solanum hybrid / Swaminathan, M.S. 21. The green revolution in Indian agriculture from an environmentally sound technology point of view / Swaminathan, M.S. 22. Science and shaping our agricultural future / Swaminathan, M.S. -- Section III. Food security and ecological balance - how the gains of green revolution are impacted by climate change, how science will be helpful in ensuring sustainable food security, green revolution to ever-green revolution - a roadmap. 23. An evergreen revolution / Swaminathan, M.S. 24. Agriculture and food systems / Swaminathan, M.S. 25. Managing extreme natural disasters in coastal areas / Kesavan, P.C. and Swaminathan M.S. 26. Ecological security - a prerequisite for food and livelihood security / Swaminathan, M.S. 27. Genetic conservation : microbes to Man. Presidential addres / Swaminathan, M.S. 28. Monsoon management in an era of climate change
Categories: Science

Public Relations in India

Public Relations in India

... to widening the food basket, agricultural scientists and social scientists have to promote the production of community gene, seed, food and water banks in each village, and the establishment of community kitchens.

Author: J. V. Vilanilam

Publisher: SAGE Publishing India

ISBN: 9788132119531

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 302

Public Relations in India is a review of the history of Public Relations (PR) in the world and India and an in-depth critical analysis of the value of PR as an essential feature of the management function. The key focus of this book is what PR means for India and other developing countries in the 21st century. Building a case for citizen-centric public relations, the author argues that in India, PR must be viewed as a development tool geared towards socioeconomic progress. This argument is backed by case studies and practical examples of PR writing, PR concepts applicable to India and the latest techniques and gadgets used in PR practice. The book covers topics like Internal and External PR, Satellite and International Communication and Cross-cultural Communication and blends theoretical arguments with management case studies. The book aims to sensitize general readers as well as PR professionals about the increasingly socially responsible role that the PR function has to play in developing nations to help in all-round social uplift.
Categories: Social Science

An Intersectional Gendered Discourse on Empowerment During Pre and Post COVID 19 Pandemic

An Intersectional Gendered Discourse on Empowerment During Pre and Post COVID 19 Pandemic

In terms of macro-economic measures, the role of the Government becomes crucial for fiscal widening. ... of PDS beyond the next six months, with special attention to migrant worker households and expansion of the food basket, ...

Author: Vibhuti Patel

Publisher: IMPRI Impact and Policy Research Institute

ISBN: 9788195126002

Category: Social Science

Page: 110

View: 231

This book, An Intersectional Gendered Discourse on Empowerment During Pre and Post COVID-19 Pandemic, contains a selection of the author’s recently published articles bearing contemporary relevance for gender discourse. The compilation discusses on the Sustainable Development Goals through the lens of gender equality and empowerment, intersectional gender justice and paid and unpaid work of women in the midst of COVID-19 pandemic, gender-responsive budgeting, among its myriad focus areas. The book is guided by commitments to gender justice, economic justice, social justice, environmental justice, and distributive justice. This compilation of articles aims to generate critical reflections among the readers to energise them to move in the direction of a gender-inclusive approach to societal empowerment.
Categories: Social Science

The Consuming Geographies of Food

The Consuming Geographies of Food

week on food as against 14 shillings for the wealthiest, a sum just 3.5 times greater (Ferguson, 1971: 74). The UK's 'health premium', the difference between a healthy and an unhealthy basket of food, has widened since the 1980s ...

Author: Hillary J. Shaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136679391

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 194

View: 582

The consumption and distribution of food, as well as its production, has become a major public policy issue over the past few decades; what we eat is no longer merely a private matter but carries significant externalities for wider society. Its increasing significance within the public arena implies a dissonance regarding the boundaries of food; where do we draw the line between food as private and food as public? What are the rights of society to impinge upon individual food consumption, and what conflicts will ensue when this boundary is disputed? The Consuming Geographies of Food explores these multiple issues of food across different regions of the world from the consumer’s perspective. It uniquely explicates the factors that lead customers towards certain typologies of consumption and towards certain types of retailing, offering a comprehensive review of the obesity problem, the phenomenon of food deserts and the issue of exclusion from a healthy diet. It then considers the effects of food on the consumer, the dynamic relationship between food and people, and the issue of food exclusion before concluding with possible futures for food consumption, from low-technology projects to high-technology scenarios. Based on original research into food access, ethics and consumption in both developed and less-developed countries this book will be of interest to students, researchers and academics in the fields of geography, economics, hospitality health, marketing, nutrition and sociology.
Categories: Business & Economics

FoodReview

FoodReview

Farm - to - Retail Price Spread Widened for All Food Groups in the Market Basket in 1990 Index ( 1982-84 = 100 ) 127.2 133.4 Source : Food Cost Review , 1991 , AER - 651 , USDA , ERS , June 1991 . Contact : Denis Dunham ( 202 ) 219-0870 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000002556599

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 272

Categories: Agriculture

Amaranthus A Promising Crop of Future

Amaranthus  A Promising Crop of Future

For the sustenance of livelihood through safeguarding food security and widening food basket, their role cannot be ignored. 5. They are the rich source of nutrients and can add nutrients to the diet. These nutrientenriched foods are ...

Author: Saubhik Das

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811014697

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 819

This book serves the larger community of plant researchers working on the taxonomy, species delimitation, phylogeny, and biogeography of pseudo-cereals, with a special emphasis on amaranths. It also provides extensive information on the nutritive value of underutilized pseudo-cereals, the goal being to broaden the vegetable list. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants. Most of the species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweed. Only a few are cultivated as vitamin-rich vegetables and ornamentals. The protein-rich seeds of a handful of species, known as grain amaranths, are consumed as pseudo-cereals. Amaranthusmanifests considerable morphological diversity among and even within certain species, and there is no general agreement on the taxonomy or number of species. Currently the genus Amaranthus is believed to include three recognized subgenera and 70 species. Amatanthus is considered to potentially offer an alternative crop in temperate and tropical climate. The classification of amaranths is ambiguous due to the lack of discrete and quantitative species-defining characteristics and the wide range of phenotypic plasticity, as well as introgression and hybridization involving weedy and crop species. It is a known fact that both vegetable and grain amaranths have evolved from their respective weed progenitors. There are more than 180 different weed species that are herbicide-resistant, and amaranths are considered to be leading members of the resistant biotypes. Amaranth species provide ample scope for investigating herbicide resistance mechanisms. Amaranths also show variability in terms of their mating behavior and germplasm, adaptability to different growing conditions, and wide range of variability in sexual systems, from monoecy to dioecy. A solid grasp of these parameters is essential to the future utilization of amaranths as super crops. There are quite a few amaranth research center and germplasm collections all over the world that maintain and evaluate working germplasms. To date, the genetic improvement of amaranths has primarily involved the application of conventional selection methods. But advances in genomics and biotechnology have dramatically enriched the potential to manipulate the amaranth genome, especially improving the amount and availability of nutrients. In conclusion, the book covers all aspects of amaranths, including their food value, significance as vegetables and pseudo-cereals, taxonomy, phylogeny, germplasm variability, breeding behavior and strategies, cultivation practices, and variability in terms of their sexual systems. It offers a valuable resource for all students, researchers and experts working in the field of plant taxonomy and diversity.
Categories: Science