Why Muslims Participate in Jihad

Why Muslims Participate in Jihad

In the aftermath of September 11, statesmen, laymen, political pundits, scholars and researchers have struggled to explain and understand why Muslims would be willing to participate in jihad. Is there some form of logic behind the decision?

Author: Dicky Sofjan

Publisher: ATF Imprint

ISBN: 9794333999

Category: Political Science

Page: 268

View: 662

Firmly embedded in the Islamic religious thought, practice and ethos, jihad (colloquially, 'Islamic holy war') is far from being an anachronism. In the aftermath of September 11, statesman, laymen and scholars and would be researchers have struggled to explain and understand why Muslims would be willing to participate in jihad. Is there some form of logic behind the decision? To what extent does rational instrumentalism determine the variation in the level of willingness to participate? Can socioeconomic status indicators tell us something about the profiles of the jihad participants and its prospective doers? Does identity politics have any significant bearing on the Muslims' level of participation? Based on empirical survey on Islamic religiosity in Indonesia and Iran, this study sets out to examine these pertinent issues. It delves into the various dimensions of religiosity, while explaining to what extent and how religious affection affects Muslim participation in jihad.
Categories: Political Science

Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam

Jihad in Classical and Modern Islam

A treatise on Jihad by the late rector of the famous al-Azhar University in Cairo, Mahmud Shaltut (d. 1963), rounds out the collection.

Author: Professor of Islamic Studies Rudolph Peters

Publisher: Markus Wiener Pub

ISBN: UOM:49015002480813

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 567

The notion of Jihad ("Holy War") is very much alive in the Islamic world, and plays a prominent political role. In the West, Jihad is often associated with violence and fanaticism. Muslims, however, emphasize that the real meaning is "effort toward a religiously commendable aim" and that it can be applied to both defensive warfare and peaceful activities for the sake of religion. The aim of the present book is to elucidate the concept of Jihad. It provides basic reading materials translated from Arabic and Turkish, an introduction, and two essays on modernist and fundamentalist interpretations and the significance of Jihad nowadays. The translations include hadiths (sayings and deeds of the Prophet Mohammed), excerpts from al-Muwatta' of Malik Ibn Anas (d. 796) exhorting Muslims to participate in Jihad, the legal doctrine of Jihad as expounded by the famous philosopher and jurist Averroes (d. 1198), and a treatment of its religious and moral aspects by Ibn Tamiyya (d. 1328). A treatise on Jihad by the late rector of the famous al-Azhar University in Cairo, Mahmud Shaltut (d. 1963), rounds out the collection.
Categories: Religion

Islamic Jihad

Islamic Jihad

In this groundbreaking book, Khan demonstrates that Prophet Muhammad meticulously followed these misguided principles and established the ideal template of Islamic Jihad for his future followers to pursue, and that Muslims have been ...

Author: M. A. Khan

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781440118463

Category: Religion

Page: 364

View: 857

The attacks of September 11, 2001, changed the way the world looks at Islam. And rightfully so, according to M.A. Khan, a former Muslim who left the religion after realizing that it is based on forced conversion, imperialism, and slavery: the primary demands of Jihad, commanded by the Islamic God Allah. In this groundbreaking book, Khan demonstrates that Prophet Muhammad meticulously followed these misguided principles and established the ideal template of Islamic Jihad for his future followers to pursue, and that Muslims have been perpetuating the cardinal principles of Jihad ever since. Find out the true nature of Islam, particularly its doctrine of Jihad, and what it means to the modern world, and also learn about The core tenets of Islam and its history The propagation of Islam by force and other means Islamic propaganda Arab-Islamic imperialism Islamic slavery and slave-trade And much more! The commands of Allah are perpetual in nature, so are the actions of Prophet Muhammad. Jihad has been the way to win converts to Islam since its birth fourteen centuries ago, and it won't change anytime soon. Find out why in Islamic Jihad.
Categories: Religion

Jihad and Death

Jihad and Death

Jihad and Death is a concise dissection of the highly sophisticated narrative mobilized by IS: the myth of the caliphate recast into a modern story of heroism and nihilism.

Author: Olivier Roy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190843632

Category: Political Science

Page: 136

View: 911

How has Islamic State been able to muster support far beyond its initial constituency in the Arab world and attract tens of thousands of foreign volunteers, including converts to Islam, and seemingly countless supporters online? In this compelling intervention into the debate about Islamic State's origins and future prospects, the renowned French political scientist, Olivier Roy, argues that while terrorism and jihadism are familiar phenomena, the group's deliberate pursuit of death has produced a new kind of radical violence. In other words, we're facing not a radicalization of Islam, but the Islamization of radicalism. Indeed, Roy argues, young European Muslims drawn to IS are attracted to the organization's violent means rather than utopian dreams of a caliphate. He places IS in the context of other radical millenialist groups such as China's Red Guards, Cambodia's Khmer Rouge, and Uganda's Lord's Resistance Army. In doing so, he shows that violence, not religious fundamentalism, is the central thread connecting young people who are drawn to radical groups. Jihad and Death is a concise dissection of the highly sophisticated narrative mobilized by IS: the myth of the caliphate recast into a modern story of heroism and nihilism.
Categories: Political Science

Arguing the Just War in Islam

Arguing the Just War in Islam

Arguing the Just War in Islam provides a systematic account of how Islam's central texts interpret jihad, guiding us through the historical precedents and Qur'anic sources upon which today's claims to doctrinal truth and legitimate ...

Author: John Kelsay

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067402639X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 263

View: 409

Jihad, with its many terrifying associations, is a term widely used today, though its meaning is poorly grasped. Few people understand the circumstances requiring a jihad, or "holy" war, or how Islamic militants justify their violent actions within the framework of the religious tradition of Islam. How Islam, with more than one billion followers, interprets jihad and establishes its precepts has become a critical issue for both the Muslim and the non-Muslim world. John Kelsay's timely and important work focuses on jihad of the sword in Islamic thought, history, and culture. Making use of original sources, Kelsay delves into the tradition of shari'a--Islamic jurisprudence and reasoning--and shows how it defines jihad as the Islamic analogue of the Western "just" war. He traces the arguments of thinkers over the centuries who have debated the legitimacy of war through appeals to shari'a reasoning. He brings us up to the present and demonstrates how contemporary Muslims across the political spectrum continue this quest for a realistic ethics of war within the Islamic tradition. Arguing the Just War in Islam provides a systematic account of how Islam's central texts interpret jihad, guiding us through the historical precedents and Qur'anic sources upon which today's claims to doctrinal truth and legitimate authority are made. In illuminating the broad spectrum of Islam's moral considerations of the just war, Kelsay helps Muslims and non-Muslims alike make sense of the possibilities for future war and peace.
Categories: Philosophy

Islam and Society

Islam and Society

Author: Christine Schirrmacher

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000122965241

Category: Islam

Page: 129

View: 732

Categories: Islam

Jih d

Jih  d

The cauldron in which this mixture produced its new product was Medina, where various forces came together to produce the religious community of Muslims known as the Umma."--BOOK JACKET.

Author: Reuven Firestone

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195125801

Category: History

Page: 195

View: 533

"Firestone's historical reconstruction of Islamic holy war challenges the traditional "evolutionary theory" of war that was first established by medieval Muslim scholars and subsequently accepted uncritically by Western scholarship. In its place, he offers a far more nuanced understanding, based on careful philological analysis of Islamic texts in conjunction with the application of contemporary methodologies in anthropology, history, and the study of religion. The result is a text that will be of interest to students of religion, ethics, history, the ancient and modern Middle East, anthropology, Islam, the Bible, and the medieval world."--BOOK JACKET.
Categories: History

Warrant for Terror

Warrant for Terror

In the conclusion, the author raises a number of provocative questions relating to the 'religious policy' of the West in the face of the threat of Islamic extremism. This book is published in cooperation with the Hoover Institution

Author: Shmuel Bar

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9781461646853

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 400

Since September 11, 2001 much has been written about 'Islamist terrorism,' arguing that it is a perversion that has 'hijacked Islam' in the service of social, political and economic grievances. However, such accounts cannot explain why other people that can lay claim to similar or more serious grievances have not developed such devastating religious terrorist ideologies. Moreover, many of the terrorists themselves have attested to their own religious motivation and their belief that they acted in accordance with the precepts of Islam. In Warrant for Terror Shmuel Bar examines fatwas—legal opinions declaring whether a given act under Islam is obligatory, permitted, or forbidden. Fatwas serve as a major instrument by which religious leaders impel believers to engage in acts of jihad. Bar argues that fatwas, particularly those that come from the Arab world, should not be dismissed as a cynical use of religious terminology in political propaganda. Many terrorists testify that they were motivated to act by them. Indeed, this book shows that Islamic law plays a central role in determining for believers the practical meaning of the duty to jihad. Bar examines the underlying religious, legal, and moral logic of fatwas and the depth of their influence, particularly in contrast to alternative moderate Islamic interpretations. He explores the wide scope of issues that fatwas deal with, covering almost all facets of Islamic 'law of war': the justification for declaring jihad; the territory in which the jihad should be fought; whether women and children may participate in jihad; the legality of killing women, children and other non-combatants; the justification for killing hostages and mutilating their bodies; and the permissibility of diverse tactics and weapons, including suicide attacks and even nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction. Warrant for Terror also delves into the contradictions between the radical and the mainstream narratives and the sources of the weakness of the latter in the face of the former. In the conclusion, the author raises a number of provocative questions relating to the 'religious policy' of the West in the face of the threat of Islamic extremism. This book is published in cooperation with the Hoover Institution
Categories: Political Science

The New Frontiers of Jihad

The New Frontiers of Jihad

Alison Pargeter delves into the causes, motivations, and diverse forms of Islamic extremism in Europe.

Author: Alison Pargeter

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812241460

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 993

Alison Pargeter delves into the causes, motivations, and diverse forms of Islamic extremism in Europe. Drawing on original research and interviews conducted with moderates and radicals from across the continent, she shows how the lexicon of the war on terror has succeeded in distorting the complexities and peculiarities of the movement.
Categories: Social Science

Understanding Jihad

Understanding Jihad

This book will help readers find their way through the vast literature by Muslims and non-Muslim scholars on what we can't seem to get away from calling 'holy war.'"—Richard C. Martin, Professor of Islamic Studies, Emory University "This ...

Author: David Cook

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520287327

Category: Religion

Page: 309

View: 530

"First published in 2005, Understanding Jihad unraveled the tangled historical, intellectual, and political meanings of jihad within the context of Islamic life. In this revised and expanded second edition, author David Cook has included new material in light of pivotal events over of the past ten years, such as the revolutionizing events of the Arab Spring, the death of Osama bin Laden, and the rise of new Islamic factions such as ISIL. Jihad is one of the most loaded and misunderstood terms in the news today. Contrary to popular understanding, the term does not mean "holy war." This judiciously balanced, accessibly written, and highly relevant book looks closely at a range of sources from sacred Islamic texts to modern interpretations of the term, opening a critically important perspective on the role of Islam in the contemporary world. As David Cook traces the practical and theoretical meanings of jihad, he cites from scriptural, legal, and newly translated texts to give readers a taste of the often ambiguous information that is used to construct Islamic doctrine. He looks closely at the life and teaching of the Prophet Muhammad and at the ramifications of the great Islamic conquests in 634 to 732 A.D. He sheds light on legal developments relevant to fighting and warfare, and places the internal, spiritual jihad within the larger context of Islamic religion. He describes some of the conflicts that occur in radical groups and shows how the more mainstream supporters of these groups have come to understand and justify violence. He has also included a special appendix of relevant documents including materials related to the September 11 attacks and published manifestos issued by Osama bin Laden and Palestinian suicide-martyrs"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Religion

Encyclopaedia of Jihad

Encyclopaedia of Jihad

Thus In Preparing This Work We Have Incurred Indebtedness And Gratitude Of Many Scholars.The Present Work Attempts To Bring Together The Vital Information On The Concepts, Issues And Practices Pertaining To Jihad.

Author: Raj Pruthi

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105026116561

Category: Islam

Page: 1580

View: 540

Attacks On The World Trade Centre In New York And On The Indian Parliament Have Created Serious Misunderstanding About The Concept Of Jihad Or Holy War. Terrorists Use The Name Of Islam For Their Political Goals. Many Muslims And Non-Muslims Think That What These Terrorists Are Doing Is Part Of An Islamic Jihad Against Non-Believers In Islam. Does The Qur An Use The Word Jihad For War And Does It Urge Muslims To Fight Against All Non-Believers? The Qur Anic Injunction Is To Live In Peace With All Those Non-Believers Who Extend The Hand Of Friendship To Muslims And Let Them Live With Honour And Dignity With Their Religious Beliefs. The Qur An Not Only Does Not Require Forcing Others To Believe But Also Preaches Doctrine Of For You Is Your Religion And For Me Is My Religion .The Holy Qur An Emphasizes That A Faithful Should Never Transcend The Limit Set Out By Allah And Should Never Commit An Act Of Aggression. Since Purification Of Self Is Quite Central To The Transformation Of The World Self Reliance Becomes Very Essential At Every Step Of Life. The Project Of Transformation Of The World Would Be Marred If One Transcends The Limits Set By Allah And Resorts To Violence Or Aggression Thus Terrorist Attack Have No Place In Islam.A Real Jihad Should Have Many Layers Of Deeper Understanding Of Objective Conditions, Proper Insights Into Human Psychology, Patience And Steadfastness. All This Put Together Constitutes The Real Concept Of Jihad In The Qur An.An Attempt Has Been Made To Collate Some Of Important Works On The Subject And Place Them In Proper Perspective To Enable The Readers To Form Their Own Assessment About Jihad. Thus In Preparing This Work We Have Incurred Indebtedness And Gratitude Of Many Scholars.The Present Work Attempts To Bring Together The Vital Information On The Concepts, Issues And Practices Pertaining To Jihad. By Analytical Interpretation It Is Tried To Distinguish Between Religious Fundamentalism And Jihad. This Most Timely Publication Will Prove A Veritable Mine Of Information On The Theme.
Categories: Islam

The Legacy of Jihad

The Legacy of Jihad

In this unique compilation, Bostom examines Muslim theological and juridical texts, along with essays by preeminent scholars, to analyze jihad war and the ruling conditions imposed upon the non-Muslim peoples conquered by jihad campaigns.

Author: Andrew G. Bostom

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114565117

Category: Law

Page: 759

View: 478

In this unique compilation, Bostom examines Muslim theological and juridical texts, along with essays by preeminent scholars, to analyze jihad war and the ruling conditions imposed upon the non-Muslim peoples conquered by jihad campaigns.
Categories: Law

Islamic Economics and the Final Jihad

Islamic Economics and the Final Jihad

Jonsson presents the history and Islamist strategy for achieving world domination without terrorism through gradual Islamization of the West by controlling currency, oil resources, free trade zones, transportation, media, and financial ...

Author: David Jonsson

Publisher: Xulon Press

ISBN: 9781597819800

Category: Religion

Page: 620

View: 301

Jonsson presents the history and Islamist strategy for achieving world domination without terrorism through gradual Islamization of the West by controlling currency, oil resources, free trade zones, transportation, media, and financial markets. (Social Issues)
Categories: Religion

Political Islam

Political Islam

As the topic of political Islam gains increased visibility in international politics and current affairs, it has become more difficult to navigate the vast literature that is devoted to explaining this phenomenon.

Author: Frederic Volpi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134722075

Category: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Page: 488

View: 507

As the topic of political Islam gains increased visibility in international politics and current affairs, it has become more difficult to navigate the vast literature that is devoted to explaining this phenomenon. This reader provides the student with an accessible and comprehensive introduction to the study of political Islam. Offering a clear route to the most influential literature in the field, the diverse range of viewpoints presented allows students to obtain a detailed, authoritative and critical perspective on the most pressing questions of the post-9/11 era. With detailed introductory chapters and clear presentation of existing literature, thematically-arranged sections cover: modern understandings and explanations of Islamism the emergence and development of Islamist groups political responses to the phenomenon democracy and democratization multiculturalism political violence and terrorism globalization the future of political Islam. This overview of political Islam will help students at all levels to appreciate its many manifestations and dimensions. A relevant text to introductory courses on history, international affairs, government and sociology, this reader is an essential tool for students of the Middle East, Muslim politics, religion in politics and Islamism.
Categories: POLITICAL SCIENCE

Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza

Islamic Fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza

As the Palestinian Liberation Organization engages in negotiations with Israel toward an interim period of limited Palestinian self-rule, this timely book provides an insider's view of how the growing hold of Islamic fundamentalism in the ...

Author: Ziyād Abū ʻAmr

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253208661

Category: History

Page: 169

View: 552

As the Palestinian Liberation Organization engages in negotiations with Israel toward an interim period of limited Palestinian self-rule, this timely book provides an insider's view of how the growing hold of Islamic fundamentalism in the West Bank and Gaza challenges the peace process. Working from interviews with leaders of the movement and from primary documents, Ziad Abu-Amr traces the origin and evolution of the fundamentalist organizations Muslim Brotherhood (Hamas) and Islamic Jihad and analyzes their ideologies, their political programs, their sources of support, and their impact on Palestinian society. With a solid grasp of the dynamics of these movements, Abu-Amr charts the struggle between the fundamentalists and the PLO to define the identity of Palestinian society, its direction, and its leadership.
Categories: History

Militant Islam vs Islamic Militancy

 Militant Islam  vs   Islamic Militancy

This edited volume provides a collection of contributions that due to their respective academic cultures and disciplinary locations display a multifaceted variety of approaches to the research field and its subject.

Author: Klaus Hock

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643912756

Category:

Page:

View: 769

Categories:

Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad

Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad

Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad provides unique insights into the philosophical foundations, strategic vision, organizational dynamics, and tactics of the modern jihadist movement—with specific attention to its primary driver, Al ...

Author: Devin R. Springer

Publisher: Georgetown University Press

ISBN: 9781589015784

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 185

Jihadist ideology inspires a diverse and decentralized collection of radical groups to fight alleged enemies of Islam and to attempt to “restore” a holy caliphate to unite Muslim peoples across the Middle East, Africa, and Asia. Islamic Radicalism and Global Jihad provides unique insights into the philosophical foundations, strategic vision, organizational dynamics, and tactics of the modern jihadist movement—with specific attention to its primary driver, Al-Qa’ida. Springer, Regens, and Edger draw heavily on Arabic language sources seldom seen in the West to explain what jihadists want and how radical thinkers have distorted the teachings of Islam to convince followers to pursue terrorism as a religious duty. With sophisticated and systematic analysis, the authors lead their readers on a fascinating intellectual journey through the differing ideas, goals, and vulnerabilities of the jihadist movement as it has evolved over time. The authors also impart wisdom from their own professional experience with terrorism, counterinsurgency, and intelligence to provide scholars, students, counterterrorism professionals, and general readers with this accessible overview of key radical Islamic thinkers and today’s jihadists.
Categories: Political Science

War and Peace in the Law of Islam

War and Peace in the Law of Islam

Majid Khadduri [1909-2007] was a Professor of Middle East Studies at the School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University and Director of Research and Education at the Middle East Institute in Washington, D. C. He ...

Author: Majid Khadduri

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781584776956

Category: History

Page: 321

View: 483

Khadduri presents a lucid analysis of classical Islamic doctrine concerning war and peace and its adaptation to modern conditions. Working primarily with original Muslim sources, he examines the nature of the Islamic state, Islamic law and the influence of Western law.Other chapters consider classical Muslim attitudes toward foreign policy, international trade, warfare, treaties and how these have developed during the twentieth century. Majid Khadduri [1909-2007] was a Professor of Middle East Studies at the School of Advanced International Studies of The Johns Hopkins University and Director of Research and Education at the Middle East Institute in Washington, D. C. He was the author of several books in English and Arabic on Middle Eastern affairs. Contents: Fundamental Concepts of Muslim Law I Theory of the State II Nature and Sources of Law III The Muslim Law of Nations The Law of War IV Introduction V The Doctrine of the Jihad VI Types of Jihad VII Military Methods VIII The Initiation of War IX Land Warfare X Maritime Warfare XI Spoils of War XII Termination of Fighting The Law of Peace XIII Introduction XIV Jurisdiction XV Foreigners in Muslim Territory: Harbis and Musta'mins XVI Muslims in Non-Muslim Territory XVII Status of the Dhimmis XVIII Treaties XIX Commercial Relations XX Arbitration XXI Diplomacy XXII Neutrality XXIII Epilogue Glossary of Terms Bibliography Index
Categories: History

After Jihad

After Jihad

A lucid and compelling case for a new American stance toward the Islamic world. What comes after jihad? Outside the headlines, believing Muslims are increasingly calling for democratic politics in their undemocratic countries.

Author: Noah Feldman

Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux

ISBN: 0374708177

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 364

A lucid and compelling case for a new American stance toward the Islamic world. What comes after jihad? Outside the headlines, believing Muslims are increasingly calling for democratic politics in their undemocratic countries. But can Islam and democracy successfully be combined? Surveying the intellectual and geopolitical terrain of the contemporary Muslim world, Noah Feldman proposes that Islamic democracy is indeed viable and desirable, and that the West, particularly the United States, should work to bring it about, not suppress it. Encouraging democracy among Muslims threatens America's autocratic Muslim allies, and raises the specter of a new security threat to the West if fundamentalists are elected. But in the long term, the greater threat lies in continuing to support repressive regimes that have lost the confidence of their citizens. By siding with Islamic democrats rather than the regimes that repress them, the United States can bind them to the democratic principles they say they support, reducing anti-Americanism and promoting a durable peace in the Middle East. After Jihad gives the context for understanding how the many Muslims who reject religious violence see the world after the globalization of democracy. It is also an argument about how American self-interest can be understood to include a foreign policy consistent with the deeply held democratic values that make America what it is. At a time when the encounter with Islam has become the dominant issue of U.S. foreign policy, After Jihad provides a road map for making democracy work in a region where the need for it is especially urgent.
Categories: Political Science

Why Muslims Rebel

Why Muslims Rebel

Rejecting theories of economic deprivation and psychological alienation, Mohammed Hafez offers a provocative analysis of the factors that contribute to protracted violence in the Muslim world today.

Author: Mohammed M. Hafez

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1588263029

Category: Political Science

Page: 253

View: 674

Rejecting theories of economic deprivation and psychological alienation, Mohammed Hafez offers a provocative analysis of the factors that contribute to protracted violence in the Muslim world today. Hafez combines a sophisticated theoretical approach and detailed case studies to show that the primary source of Islamist insurgencies lies in the repressive political environments within which the vast majority of Muslims find themselves. Highlighting when and how institutional exclusion and indiscriminate repression contribute to large-scale rebellion, he provides a crucial dimension to our understanding of Islamic politics.
Categories: Political Science