Why Does Inequality Matter

Why Does Inequality Matter

Inequality is widely regarded as morally objectionable: T. M. Scanlon investigates why it matters to us.

Author: Thomas Scanlon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198812692

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 337

Inequality is widely regarded as morally objectionable: T. M. Scanlon investigates why it matters to us. He considers the nature and importance of equality of opportunity, whether the pursuit of greater equality involves objectionable interference with individual liberty, and whether the rich can be said to deserve their greater rewards.
Categories: Philosophy

Combating Inequality

Combating Inequality

5 Why Does Inequality Matter ? T. M. Scanlon Why does inequality matter ? In
other words , what reason do we have for being concerned with the difference
between what some have and what others have , as opposed to just trying to
make ...

Author: Olivier Blanchard

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780262045612

Category: Equality

Page: 312

View: 675

"Edited collection with contributions from notable economists on policy solutions to the problem of economic inequality in advanced economies"--
Categories: Equality

Social Inequality

Social Inequality

does. inequality. matter? 1. Inequality. results. in. health. and. social. problems.
Wilkinson and Pickett (2009) argue that within all societies both health and social
problems are strongly associated with income. So ill health and social problems ...

Author: Louise Warwick-Booth

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446293119

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 540

"What makes this book stand out for me is that, as well as being theoretically informed and clearly written, its structure lends itself unmistakeably to teaching... If our aim is to teach truly engaged students, it should be our job to provide truly engaging materials. This is what you will find with this particular book. It will help to inform your disciplinary teaching of social inequality across the social sciences and it will provide a solid basis for your seminar work with students." - Helen Jones, Higher Education Academy "Warwick-Booth has provided a highly readable introductory text that will be accessible to everyone interested in this area of study, and I highly recommend it for those embarking on studies of social inequality." - LSE Review of Books What is the state of social inequality today? How can you situate yourself in the debates? This is an essential book that not only introduces you to the key areas, definitions and debates within the field, but also gives you the opportunity to reflect upon the roots of inequality and to critically analyse power relations today. With international examples and a clear interdisciplinary approach throughout, the book encourages you to look at social inequality as a complex social phenomenon that needs to be understood in a global context. This book: Looks at social divisions across societies Explores global processes and changes that are affecting inequalities Discusses social inequality in relation to class, gender and race Examines current social policy approaches to explore how these relate to inequality Reflects upon the potential solutions to inequalities This engaging and accessible introduction to social inequality is an invaluable resource for students across the social sciences. Louise Warwick-Booth is Senior Lecturer in Health Policy at Leeds Metropolitan University, UK.
Categories: Social Science

Health Inequalities and Global Justice

Health Inequalities and Global Justice

to the 2000 World Health Report, the disability adjusted life expectancy of Benin
was best at 42, followed by 40 for Togo and 38 for ... Tan never tells us how the
luck egalitarian answers the question, 'Why does distributive inequality matter?' 7
.

Author: Patti Tamara Lenard

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748656523

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 239

Explores the moral dilemmas posed by disparities in health across nations
Categories: Political Science

Ecological Economics

Ecological Economics

If an individuals ' peers are experiencing the same income and consumption
growth as he is , his own income and consumption growth do not do much to
increase his happiness / satisfaction . ... 6.6.3 Does inequality matter ? We saw in
 ...

Author: Michael Common

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521816459

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 663

A comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of ecological economics assuming no prior knowledge of economics.
Categories: Business & Economics

God Is Here to Stay

God Is Here to Stay

Right after the Big Bang, matter and antimatter appeared in nearly equal amounts
. An unanswered question today is this: Why were not the amounts exactly equal
and why does this small inequality matter? As far away into the universe as can ...

Author: Thomas R. McFaul

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781630871802

Category: Religion

Page: 212

View: 434

God Is Here to Stay offers new insights into one of humankind's most profound questions: Does God exist? During the past ten years, theists and new atheists have argued to prove or disprove God's existence. Examining the pros and cons of each side leads to one overarching conclusion: The existence of God can be neither proven nor disproven with complete certainty, even though both sides draw on modern science to support their views. Drs. Thomas R. McFaul and Al Brunsting approach the question of God's existence from an entirely fresh perspective. They examine scientific knowledge in several areas ranging across the physical sciences and human experience to explain how the universe operates within very narrow and highly structured boundaries. Most importantly, they create an innovative "L-M Confidence Scale" to establish confidence levels, not proofs, on how scientific discoveries impact belief in God. McFaul and Brunsting describe the three stages of scientific evolution. In stage 1, the world's religions developed divergent pre-scientific views. Modern science started with stage 2, during which atheists predicted that science would eventually eradicate religion. In stage 3, the authors show how science, evolution, and belief in God have become increasingly integrated and mutually supportive.
Categories: Religion

Should Differences in Income and Wealth Matter Volume 19 Part 1

Should Differences in Income and Wealth Matter   Volume 19  Part 1

DOES INEQUALITY MATTER - FOR ITS OWN SAKE ? BY ALAN RYAN I.
INTRODUCTION This is a simple essay . It raises a familiar question about
equality , adduces a very small amount of empirical evidence about the social
consequences ...

Author: Ellen Frankel Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521005353

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 824

The essays in this volume assess the empirical and theoretical questions raised by inequalities of income and wealth. Some of the essays consider empirical claims about the amount of equality in modern market economies, assessing the allegation that income and wealth have become more unequally distributed in the past quarter-century. Other essays consider the extent to which various government initiatives can ameliorate the problems inequality putatively poses. Some of the essays consider which standards of equality meet the requirements of distributive justice. Still others ask if inequality is intrinsically immoral regardless of its consequences.
Categories: Business & Economics

The New Geography of Global Income Inequality

The New Geography of Global Income Inequality

Massive Global Income Inequality: When Did It Arise and Why Does It Matter? ...
A century earlier Thomas Hobbes had warned that a powerful sovereign was
needed lest life be "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short" (Hobbes 1962 [1651],
p.

Author: Glenn Firebaugh

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674036891

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 936

The surprising finding of this book is that, contrary to conventional wisdom, global income inequality is decreasing. Critics of globalization and others maintain that the spread of consumer capitalism is dramatically polarizing the worldwide distribution of income. But as the demographer Glenn Firebaugh carefully shows, income inequality for the world peaked in the late twentieth century and is now heading downward because of declining income inequality across nations. Furthermore, as income inequality declines across nations, it is rising within nations (though not as rapidly as it is declining across nations). Firebaugh claims that this historic transition represents a new geography of global income inequality in the twenty-first century. This book documents the new geography, describes its causes, and explains why other analysts have missed one of the defining features of our era--a transition in inequality that is reducing the importance of where a person is born in determining his or her future well-being.
Categories: Business & Economics

Inequality Power and Development

Inequality  Power  and Development

60 The subject of corporate influence in electoral campaigns will be taken up in
the next chapter in further detail . CONCLUSION : WHY DOES INEQUALITY
MATTER ? The last three chapters have all dealt mainly with economic inequality
and ...

Author: Jerry Kloby

Publisher: Prometheus Books

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114394112

Category: Social Science

Page: 417

View: 618

The growth of transnational corporations, the dominance of worldwide financial and political institutions, and the extensive influence of media that are nearly monopolized by corporate interests are key factors shaping our global society today. What are the consequences of these developments for the great masses of people throughout the world? One clearly emerging pattern is the growing disparity between the developed nations and the rest of the world. In this excellent analysis of power distribution and its effects, sociologist Jerry Kloby presents data on the increase of wealth and income inequality, and argues that many of the policies pursued by the developed nations and international corporations have led to a deterioration of living standards and the environment in many parts of the world. He also discusses a power shift in the United States that has weakened the working class. One of the great strengths of Kloby's work is the comprehensive picture he creates from many diverse events and trends--local and international, contemporary and historical. The many graphs and tables containing supporting data add a visual element that guides the reader to a clear understanding of the complex forces underlying contemporary developments. He also clearly explains the meaning and relevance of such sophisticated but important terms as neoliberalism, dependency, civil society, and social capital. This fully revised and updated edition will have enduring value for students and scholars of sociology, political science, economics, and international relations.
Categories: Social Science

Gender and Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Gender and Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Successful government policies have created a generation of young educated
women who are increasingly on a par with their ... and women's participation in
the labor force , the chapter concludes that Why Does Gender Inequality Matter in
 ...

Author: World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821356763

Category: Electronic books

Page: 198

View: 514

Categories: Electronic books

How Inequality Influences Individuals Through the Built Food Environment

How Inequality Influences Individuals Through the Built Food Environment

However , it does aim to change the environment in which people are acting .
Rather , a structural approach to understanding the role of poverty or
disadvantage would not be attributed from individual ... Why Does Inequality
Matter ? Wilkinson ...

Author: Jennifer Gregson

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X83570

Category:

Page: 456

View: 872

Categories:

Making Growth Inclusive

Making Growth Inclusive

Box 1: Measuring growth and poverty as if inequality mattered There are more
and more initiatives looking at alternative measurements of well-being other than
simple GDP ... Does inequality matter in the growth and poverty reduction debate
?

Author: Elizabeth Stuart

Publisher: Oxfam

ISBN: 9781848148604

Category: Economic development

Page: 42

View: 279

Categories: Economic development

Overcoming Inequality

Overcoming Inequality

Children in France are twice as likely to enter tertiary education as children in
Benin or the Niger are to complete primary ... Iceland Netherlands United
Kingdom Philippines2 Share of the relevant population ( % ) Why does inequality
matter ?

Author: Unesco

Publisher:

ISBN: 0199544190

Category: Education

Page: 463

View: 187

Gaping inequalities confront education today. Simply put, not all children have access to a good quality education and large numbers of youth and adults are excluded from participation in their societies. Deeply entrenched disparities based on wealth, gender, ethnic or cultural belonging, disability and geographical residence represent tall obstacles to achieving Education for All, a set of six goals to which over 160 governments committed themselves in 2000. Overcoming inequality--why governance matters is the seventh edition of the Education for All Global Monitoring Report. It maps the complex and multiple facets of inequality and examines some of the key questions that national governments and donors must address in attempting to ensure that the benefits of education are shared by the poor, disadvantaged groups and regions that are being left behind. It shows that public policy and governance reform, together with sustained financial commitment, can break the cycle of disadvantage, improve access, raise quality and enhance participation and accountability. Prepared by an independent team of researchers based at UNESCO, this report is based on case studies, commissioned research and extensive data analysis relating to early childhood care and education programmes, primary and secondary education, gender, life skills, adult literacy and quality. It includes an analysis of aid to basic education, crucial to supporting educational development, especially in fragile states, where conflict and weak governance have severely undermined the provision of education.
Categories: Education

Ending Global Poverty

Ending Global Poverty

... Todaro and Stephen C. Smith, Economic Development, 9th Edition, Reading,
MA: AddisonWesley, 2005, chap. 5. Gary Fields, Poverty, Inequality, and
Development, New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980. Does Inequality
Matter?

Author: Stephen C. Smith

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 9781466892323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 384

Over 800 million people suffer from chronic hunger, and over ten million children die each year from preventable causes. These may seem like overwhelming statistics, but as Stephen Smith shows in this call to arms, global poverty is something that we can and should solve within our lifetimes. Ending Global Poverty explores the various traps that keep people mired in poverty, traps like poor nutrition, illiteracy, lack of access to health care, and others and presents eight keys to escaping these traps. Smith gives readers the tools they need to help people overcome poverty and to determine what approaches are most effective in fighting it. For example, celebrities in commercials who encourage viewers to "adopt" a poor child really seem to care, but will sending money to these organizations do the most good? Smith explains how to make an informed decision. Grass-roots programs and organizations are helping people gain the capabilities they need to escape from poverty and this book highlights many of the most promising of these strategies in some of the poorest countries in the world, explaining what they do and what makes them effective.
Categories: Business & Economics

Global Wage Report 2008 09 Minimum wages and collective bargaining towrds policy coherence

Global Wage Report  2008 09 Minimum wages and collective bargaining towrds policy coherence

Does wage inequality matter ? Average wages and the wage share are
aggregate measures of wages and therefore do not help us to understand how
wages are distributed among workers . As the wage share is declining in many
countries ...

Author: Academic Foundation

Publisher: Academic Foundation

ISBN: 8171887457

Category:

Page:

View: 165

The first in a new series of ILO reports focusing on wage developments, this volume reviews major trends in the level and distribution of wages around the world since 1995. It considers the effects of economic growth and globalization on wage trends, looking closely at the role of minimum wages and collective bargaining, and suggests ways to improve wage levels and to enable more equal distribution. Wages are a major component of decent work, yet there is a serious knowledge gap in this increasingly important area which this report begins to address. Part one summarizes the main trends in average wages and distribution of wages, providing a statistical analysis of the links between wages and economic growth, along with wage forecasts for 2008 and 2009. Part two examines the relationship between minimum wage policies and collective bargaining, highlighting the effects of institutions on wage outcomes and the importance of coherent policy articulation. Part three concludes with concrete policy recommendations and identifies key issues for further research. The report includes full technical and statistical annexes.
Categories:

The New Inequality

The New Inequality

Growing economic inequality in the United States is , in our view , the most
pressing problem of domestic politics . So when we initiated the Forum in Fall
1996 , we put inequality at the top of our list of topics . Why does inequality matter
so ...

Author: Richard Barry Freeman

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015046498864

Category: Political Science

Page: 85

View: 995

Argues that despite record prosperity, America's poor have become poorer, and suggests raising wages and reinvesting in cities
Categories: Political Science

Key Indicators

Key Indicators

2 Why Does Inequality Matter ? Mexico 1 . 4 1 . 3 1 . 2 74 . 8 2002 Income 51 . 2
Argentina 1 . 0 1 . 0 74 . 0 2001 Income 52 . 3 Indonesia 0 . 9 0 . 7 0 . 7 76 . 3
2002 Expenditure 34 . 3 Increasing Inequality and its Impact Thailand 0 . 5 0 . 2
70 .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131933314

Category: Economic indicators

Page:

View: 155

Categories: Economic indicators

Rich and Poor

Rich and Poor

McGill-Queens, 177-207. Hagerty, M.R., J. Vogel & V. Møller (2002): Assessing
Quality of Life and Living Conditions to Guide National Policy. Dordrecht, Boston,
London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Jencks, C. (2002): Does Inequality Matter
 ...

Author: Wolfgang Glatzer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401002578

Category: Social Science

Page: 277

View: 459

This book is concerned with the question of inequality - which points to a major structural problem in intra-national and inter-national respect. It covers the tension between the rich and poor in less developed countries as well as within richer countries in the process of globalisation. The main topics are the scope of disparities between the rich and poor, people's perception of wealth and poverty, and the concomitants of inequality which shape this relationship and influence its socio-economic consequences. In the tradition of social reporting, the book brings together authors from 15 countries, documenting a broad range of the international inequality debate. The results are related to the trends of socio-economic development, to statistical problems of measuring inequality, and to socio-political problems of integrating society in the facing the challenge of dividing forces. The book is of interest for everybody who wants to understand the tensions of modern world.
Categories: Social Science

Solutions to Social Problems

Solutions to Social Problems

AND CHUCK COLLINS The inequality gap — the economic distance between
the rich and the poor — has negative ... But inequality does matter , because
concentrations of wealth and power distort our democratic institutions and
economic ...

Author: D. Stanley Eitzen

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 0205468853

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 198

This text/reader focuses on laws and government solutions (“top-down” solutions) in the U.S that have been effective in solving problems. The readings explore specific examples of progressive legislation and social policies, and also examines historical trends and future prospects.
Categories: Political Science

Income Inequality

Income Inequality

( 2 ) If so , why has it increased ? ( 3 ) Should we care about the rise in inequality
? ( 4 ) What can be done to reduce inequality ? ( 5 ) Does inequality matter for
monetary policy ? ( 6 ) What should central banks do about inequality ?

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105029106890

Category: Income distribution

Page: 399

View: 895

Categories: Income distribution