When Things Become Property

Land Reform, Authority and Value in Postsocialist Europe and Asia

Author: Thomas Sikor,Stefan Dorondel,Johannes Stahl,Phuc Xuan To

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785334522

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 7927

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Governments have conferred ownership titles to many citizens throughout the world in an effort to turn things into property. Almost all elements of nature have become the target of property laws, from the classic preoccupation with land to more ephemeral material, such as air and genetic resources. When Things Become Property interrogates the mixed outcomes of conferring ownership by examining postsocialist land and forest reforms in Albania, Romania and Vietnam, and finds that property reforms are no longer, if they ever were, miracle tools available to governments for refashioning economies, politics or environments.
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Market Frictions

Trade and Urbanization at the Vietnam-China Border

Author: Kirsten W. Endres

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1789202450

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 170

View: 1858

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Based on ethnographic research conducted during several years, Market Frictions examines the tensions and frictions that emerge from the interaction of global market forces, urban planning policies, and small-scale trading activities in the Vietnamese border city of Lào Cai. Here, it is revealed how small-scale traders and market vendors experience the marketplace, reflect upon their trading activities, and negotiate current state policies and regulations. It shows how “traditional” Vietnamese marketplaces have continually been reshaped and adapted to meet the changing political-economic circumstances and civilizational ideals of the time.
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Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism

Precarity, Class, and the Neoliberal Subject

Author: Chris Hann,Jonathan Parry

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785336797

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 8880

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Bringing together ethnographic case studies of industrial labor from different parts of the world, Industrial Labor on the Margins of Capitalism explores the increasing casualization of workforces and the weakening power of organized labor. This division owes much to state policies and is reflected in local understandings of class. By exploring this relationship, these essays question the claim that neoliberal ideology has become the new ‘commonsense’ of our times and suggest various propositions about the conditions that create employment regimes based on flexible labor.
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Economy and Ritual

Author: Stephen Gudeman,Chris Hann

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785335197

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 2182

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According to accepted wisdom, rational practices and ritual action are opposed. Rituals drain wealth from capital investment and draw on a mode of thought different from practical ideas. The studies in this volume contest this view. Comparative, historical, and contemporary, the six ethnographies extend from Macedonia to Kyrgyzstan. Each one illuminates the economic and ritual changes in an area as it emerged from socialism and (re-)entered market society. Cutting against the idea that economy only means markets and that market action exhausts the meaning of economy, the studies show that much of what is critical for a people's economic life takes place outside markets and hinges on ritual, understood as the negation of the everyday world of economising.
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