Another problem is that variety testing programs were often conducted on-station,
which does not represent farmers' fields. Moreover, conventional rice breeding
programs usually seek farmer input only at the very end of the process, when ...
Category: Agricultural development projects
The Green Revolution averted the threat of famine through the rapid adoption of improved rice varieties. However, despite this huge success, hundreds of millions of poor rice-farming families in rainfed areas still live in poverty and suffer from food (rice) insecurity. Despite many released improved rice varieties for rainfed conditions, farmers still use local varieties that can withstand drought and floods but have low yields or they use the same varieties for many years because of a lack of better varieties. Rainfed rice farmers are slow to adopt improved varieties because of several problems. One problem is more of extension than breeding - many farmers, particularly those living in remote rainfed areas, may not have access to or information about the seed of new varieties. Another problem is that variety testing programs are often conducted on-station, which does not represent farmers' fields. Moreover, conventional rice breeding programs usually seek farmers' input only at the very end of the process, when newly released varieties, usually one or two per year, are evaluated in on-farm demonstration trials. Often, in remote and unfavorable areas, subsistence farmers, who comprise the majority of the rural farming population in Asia, give importance to social and cultural dimensions aside from the agronomic performance of the new rice varieties. The complexities of developing acceptable varieties for variable and stressful rainfed environments require that breeders become deeply familiar with men and women farmers' needs and preferences. Since 1977, IRRI has been making efforts to improve communication among farmers, breeders, and extension workers so that men and women farmers' concerns and preferences are considered in plant breeding objectives. Participatory varietal selection (PVS) is a simple way for breeders and agronomists to learn which varieties perform well on-station and on-farm and to obtain feedback from the potential end users in the early phases of the breeding cycle. It is a means for social scientists to identify the varieties that most men and women farmers prefer, including the reasons for their preference and constraints to adoption. Based on IRRI's experience in collaboration with national agricultural research and extension system partners and farmers, PVS, which includes "researcher-managed" and "farmer-managed" trials, is an effective strategy for accelerating the dissemination of stress-tolerant varieties. PVS has also been instrumental in the fast release of stress-tolerant varieties through the formal varietal release system. This guide on PVS will complement the various training programs given by IRRI for plant breeders, agronomists, and extension workers engaged in rice varietal development and dissemination.
Composition and Quality of Grapes and Wine 6 Making Red Table Wines. The
home winemaker ... Varietal concentrate or the concentrated juice of different
wine grape varieties is also available for home wine making. A few firms in
Author: George M. Cooke
Publisher: UCANR Publications
If you've ever thought about making your own zinfandel, pinot noir, or chenin blanc this book can get you started. Organized into chapters that discuss ingredients and practices that make a good table wine, you'll learn how to bring those elements together in a home winery. Also covers quality, spoilage and stability, juice and wine analysis.
CONCLUSION This paper argues that the high rate of varietal diversity that has
been increasing in recent years has not translated into higher varietal turnover in
farmers' fields. The varietal turnover is far behind the optimal level recommended
Author: Vijesh Krishna
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category: Social Science
This paper addresses the challenge of increasing the rate of varietal turnover to prevent depreciation of improved cultivars over time. It examines the supply of and demand for improved cultivars of wheat in India to illustrate this challenge in a unique manner, combining national-level data on breeder seed production with primary data on cultivar adoption. The analyses show that the rate of varietal turnover for wheat has slowed in India from an average of 9-10 years a decade ago to 13-14 years in 2010. By focusing on a sample of farmers and villages in Haryana, where seed and information networks are relatively well developed, the study finds that wheat farmers still prefer cultivars that were released 9-10 years ago.
Earlier , varietal change in wheat was briefly examined to provide a contrast . Is varietal change in potatoes really that different from what one finds in other crops
? An inverse relationship between market quality and the scope for varietal ...
To what extent the desire to find disease - resistant varieties stimulated varietal
breeding , or the possibility of such breeding was seized on when disease first
assumed serious proportions , are matters of historical argument , the answer to ...
The most compelling of these efforts was J . P . Hunter ' s 1963 essay , “
Steinbeck ' s Wine of Affirmation in The Grapes of Wrath . " Hunter convincingly
demonstrates that in the novel ' s ending “ the Bible ' s three major symbols of a
Author: David Wyatt
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Literary Criticism
The four essays and introduction explore the issues raised by The Grapes of Wrath.
That book, of course, is The Grapes of Wrath, by John Steinbeck, and we are glad
to note that, according to our monthly tabulation of “current library favorites,” it is
the most popular title in our public libraries today. But there are some libraries ...
Author: Harold Bloom
Publisher: Infobase Publishing
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
John Steinbeck's compelling novel of social justice chronicles the suffering of migrant workers in Dust Bowl-era United States.
The vineyard at Lareto, and those of the other missions as the system spread
north into California proper, was based on a single cepa, or grape variety—a variety subsequently known appropriately as the Mission (Criolla,. * Junípero
Serra was ...
Author: Philip M. Wagner
As the first to write a basic book in English on winemaking from the winemaker’s point of view, Philip Wagner has long been considered an authority on the subject, and his book American Wines and Wine-Making has become a bible for small producers and home winemakers in this country. Now, in this completely new version of that classic, Mr. Wagner takes into account the many dramatic changes that in recent years have revolutionized the American wine scene. With the knowledge that comes from his own experimentation, Mr. Wagner discusses the new, successful hybrids that have now made it possible to grow wine-producing grapes in far more areas of the United States than used to be considered feasible. Once again he covers all the basic technical information, including recent developments important to the small commercial winery and to the home producer—from the choice of the right vines to the vintage itself, the care of the new wines, and finally the bottling of the wine: red, white, and rosé, sparkling and sweet. There is a new chapter on concentrates for the growing number of people who want to make wine but are not close to a source for suitable grapes, or haven’t the space to work with fresh materials. Mr. Wagner describes what concentrates are, how they are made, what the characteristics are of different types, and what to expect. There are specific instructions on procedure and on the necessary (and unnecessary) equipment. In addition, Philip Wagner’s introductory chapters on the evolution of the wine grape, on European winegrowing, and on the contemporary scene throughout the United States provide an excellent guide for the consumer, as does his concluding chapter on tasting and using wine. Peppered throughout with a wealth of historical and anecdotal material as well as down-to-earth experience—and full of the author’s appreciation of wine and winemaking as a way of life—this book is not only a useful guide but delightful and rewarding reading.
When Nuray Ayk n's only son left home for college, she wished to leave him a legacy that would provide insight into how he came to be. In this memoir, she narrates a colorful journey through Turkey and the United States as a mother, businesswoman, gardener, wife, ex-wife, daughter, sister, aunt, and stepmother. Pomegranates and Grapes tells stories of her loved ones and describes the places where she spent her childhood from a little Mediterranean town to the city of Ankara, Turkey's capital. She recalls her homes in the United States: Buffalo, where cold weather and a new culture posed great challenges; Washington, DC, where their lives were deeply affected by loneliness and illnesses; and New Jersey, where she ultimately settled and found happiness. With wit, Ayk n describes bitter moments with a sigh and happy moments with lyrical and delicious descriptions. A tribute to her family, Pomegranates and Grapes shares a memoir to be cherished.
Visualize the grapes. If you cannot see the grapes in your mind, you will not see
them in time. Your mind is a force that affects everything else in your life. The
renewing of your mind is the secret of transformation. “I beseech you therefore, ...
Author: Mike Murdock
Publisher: Wisdom International Inc
If You Are Seriously Interested In Understanding Your Gifts, Talents And Abilities, The Pages of This Book Reveal The Dynamic Truths That Fuel The Life of An Overcomer. Such As...11 Benefits From God / 7 Gates To The Grapes / The Grapes Are For The Hungry Not The Holy. Wake Up The Greatness Within You! Pocket-Sized For Easy Referencing!
The ancient beverage wine is the result of the fermentation of grape must. This n- urally and fairly stable product has been and is being used by many human societies as a common or enjoyable beverage, as an important means to improve the quality of drinking water in historical times, as therapeutical agent, and as a religious symbol. During the last centuries, wine has become an object of scientific interest. In this respect different periods may be observed. At first, simple observations were recorded, and subsequently, the chemical basis and the involvement of microorg- isms were elucidated. At a later stage, the scientific work led to the analysis of the many minor and trace compounds in wine, the detection and understanding of the biochemical reactions and processes, the diversity of microorganisms involved, and the range of their various activities. In recent years, the focus shifted to the genetic basis of the microorganisms and the molecular aspects of the cells, including metabolism, membrane transport, and regulation. These different stages of wine research were determined by the scientific methods that were known and available at the respective time. The recent “molecular” approach is based on the analysis of the genetic code and has led to significant results that were not even imaginable a few decades ago. This new wealth of information is being presented in the Biology of Microorganisms on Grapes, in Must, and in Wine.
... winemakers think, is a privilege they bestow on civilization. The thought of
having to ask someone to buy it is demeaning. This is a critical reason why wine
is an increasingly marginalized beverage in America, 22 THE WRATH OF GRAPES.
Author: Lewis Perdue
Publisher: Lewis Perdue
Category: Business & Economics
An exposee of the wine industry explores weaknesses in marketing and distribution, including restrictive laws, inter-industry squabbling, and a failure to captitalize on the health benefits of wine consumption
"It boils down to this: You will trust God only as much as you love him. You will love God, not because you have studied him, but because you have touched him and he has touched you. This does not mean an automatic end to all trouble in the future. Trust does not guarantee you will never again experience desolation, disappointment, or pain -- but it does mean you will never again go through it alone!" -- from the Proper 5 sermon "How long has it been since you heard a sermon about Elijah, Elisha, Melchizedek, and Amos? It was so exciting to write from these fresh passages. How they speak to our day -- and to us!" writes Barbara Brokhoff. "God's eyes are ever upon us; upon those who do evil and those who do good. God never sleeps. Nothing escapes him. He is not hoodwinked by our easy rationalizations for our sins. He misses nothing," says the author. "How happy we are when God can bless our lives as we try to follow him in obedience and integrity." The ten sermons in this book are based on First Lesson texts primarily from 1 Kings and 2 Kings. The sermons follow the Revised Common Lectionary. Barbara Brokhoff, Largo, Florida, is a general evangelist for the United Methodist Church. She preaches around the nation in revivals, pastor's schools, and at annual conferences. This is her second CSS lectionary-based sermon book.
... you mean to leave the thing just as it is ? “ And advise you to do so too . I think
we shall both of us be great fools if we don ' t . ” Then Mr . Hesketh looked at his
watch , and saw the pony - chaise which was to take 42 From Thistles - Grapes ?
When it comes to sassy private detectives, no one's bigger than Savannah Reid. The feisty, full-figured, steel magnolia of G. A. McKevett's acclaimed mysteries knows how to turn every investigation into a delicious romp, even when she's dealing with a bunch of waif-like beauty queen hopefuls who will kill to be crowned. . . Sour Grapes Things finally seem to be calm and peaceful in Savannah's life, but before she can celebrate by biting into a mouthful of juicy fried chicken, her spoiled baby sister, Atlanta, comes knocking. Atlanta's determined to become a star, and her first step is the Miss Gold Coast Beauty Pageant that's being held right in San Carmelita. Savannah is feeling pretty ornery about the impromptu visit, but she's more alarmed about Atlanta's growing obsession with her appearance. Savannah blames it all on the beauty pageant, where the competition has become so fierce that someone's been driven to murder. Desperate to keep her flighty sister out of harm's way, Savannah digs into a real beauty of a case--and discovers the ugly underside of the wave-pose-and-cry scene. And when it comes to a bevy of backstabbing, sequin-wearing, crown-coveting glam girls, the question isn't who would want to commit murder, but who wouldn't?
Next to the contraption sat a wagon filled with grapes. Ellen's eyes grew wide;
she looked over to Jo Jo. Jo Jo recognized the grapes, too. “My, my, Jarek, what
an interesting inven- tion! Can you tell us what it does?” asked Miss Emilyek.
Author: Scott Morse
Publisher: Scholastic Inc.
Category: Juvenile Fiction
Meet the Magic Pickle, a dilly of a superhero who's fighting the food fight against a brotherhood of evil fruits and vegetables who are plotting to take over the world! Scott Morse introduces one of the most hilarious superheroes ever: a flying, green Magic Pickle! Magic Pickle is a secret weapon developed in a secret military lab---under little JoJo Wigwam's bedroom floor. The fearless dill superhero meets his match in this feisty eight-year-old. Together they go after Ray Sin, a renegade raisin from the Brotherhood of Evil Produce. Ray Sin has a dastardly plan: to turn every human being on the planet into big, juicy, mindless grapes, so he can rule the world!
... have about $150 for the trip. Within a day or two, the family plans to leave for
the west. Commentary Ma's character is critical to both Tom's growth and Critical
Commentaries: Chapter Eight. 31. The Grapes of Wrath: Chapter Eight Summary.
Author: Kelly M Vlcek
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Category: Literary Criticism
The original CliffsNotes study guides offer a look into key elements and ideas within classic works of literature. The latest generation of titles in this series also features glossaries and visual elements that complement the familiar format. CliffsNotes on The Grapes of Wrath explores John Steinbeck's Pulitzer Prize-winning—and controversial—novel, a work based on the what the author saw for himself as a reporter covering migrant worker camps. Following the story of the Joad family as they travel from the Oklahoma Dust Bowl to California in search of farming opportunities and wealth, this study guide provides summaries and critical commentaries for each part within the novel. Other features that help you figure out this important work include Personal background on the author, including career highlights Introduction to and synopsis of the book In-depth character analyses Critical essays to take you into the author's personal philosophy Review section that features interactive questions and suggested essay topics and practice projects Resource Center with books, films, and Web sites that can help round out your knowledge Classic literature or modern-day treasure—you'll understand it all with expert information and insight from CliffsNotes study guides.
Author: Patricia Ellyn PowellPublish On: 2015-03-16
Author: Patricia Ellyn Powell
Publisher: Page Publishing Inc
Category: Juvenile Fiction
There are not many books written about poverty, and for good reasons. Who wants to read about it? Those suffering the most, probably can't read at all. Those educated enough to write about the dilemma, will often realize that a fairly small audience will respond to such a topic, especially in capitalistic America. Rarely does a poor person get the opportunity to have a voice. But that just changed! Sour Grapes: The Wrath of UNemployment follows the real-life attempts of a Louisiana child to make money, from rubbing her mother's feet for a nickel to rubbing Aladdin's lamp, in her dreams of a world where there is no more poverty. Gifted with a free spirit and detached from desire for material wealth, Patricia Ellyn Powell chronicles countless jobs, peppering them with personal philosophy and famous quotations. The result is a work (No pun intended.) that will make one reconsider all things monetary. This contemporary saga is the second in a trilogy that is likely to span decades. Rotten Apples: We've Made Wormsmeat of Education, published by the teacher in 2002, tells the tale of an education system ravaged by injustices. The calls for reform have only grown louder with the passage of time and Powell has proven herself prophetic. Top Banana: A Peel, A Peal and Appeal will surface in due time, the third book in what the author calls a trilogy of Forbidden Fruits. The court case ripens as the writer writes, and that final publication will offer actual documents from the pending litigation that has gripped educators and conspiracy theorists in one of the happiest cities in America.