A cutting-edge introduction to a subject that was once on the border between physics and science fiction, this book shows how black holes are becoming routine objects of empirical scientific study.
Author: Charles D. Bailyn
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Emitting no radiation or any other kind of information, black holes mark the edge of the universe--both physically and in our scientific understanding. Yet astronomers have found clear evidence for the existence of black holes, employing the same tools and techniques used to explore other celestial objects. In this sophisticated introduction, leading astronomer Charles Bailyn goes behind the theory and physics of black holes to describe how astronomers are observing these enigmatic objects and developing a remarkably detailed picture of what they look like and how they interact with their surroundings. Accessible to undergraduates and others with some knowledge of introductory college-level physics, this book presents the techniques used to identify and measure the mass and spin of celestial black holes. These key measurements demonstrate the existence of two kinds of black holes, those with masses a few times that of a typical star, and those with masses comparable to whole galaxies--supermassive black holes. The book provides a detailed account of the nature, formation, and growth of both kinds of black holes. The book also describes the possibility of observing theoretically predicted phenomena such as gravitational waves, wormholes, and Hawking radiation. A cutting-edge introduction to a subject that was once on the border between physics and science fiction, this book shows how black holes are becoming routine objects of empirical scientific study.
Because a black hole is so small, you could fall much deeper into its gravitational
field and eventually cross the event horizon. ... Because of special effects in
movies and TV, some people think black holes should actually look like funnels.
Author: Michael Seeds
Publisher: Cengage Learning
With this newly revised 6th edition of ASTRONOMY: THE SOLAR SYSTEM AND BEYOND, Mike Seeds and Dana Backman's goal is to help students use astronomy to understand science and use science to understand what we are. Fascinating and engaging, this text illustrates the scientific method and guides students to answer these fundamental questions: What are we? and How do we know? In discussing the interplay between evidence and hypothesis, the authors provide not just facts, but a conceptual framework for understanding the logic of science. The book vividly conveys their love of astronomy, and illustrates how students can comprehend their place in the universe by grasping a small set of physical laws. Crafting a story about astronomy, The authors show students how to ask questions to gradually puzzle out the beautiful secrets of the physical world. The revision addresses new developments in astrophysics and cosmology, plus the latest discoveries, including evidence of a new world beyond Pluto and new evidence of dark energy and the acceleration of the universe. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Deborah Netburn, “Here it is, the first-ever image of a black hole. ... Dave Mosher,
“Like looking at the gates of Hell: Astronomers just revealed the first picture of a black hole, and it's a monster,” Business Insider, April 10, 2019, https:// ...
Author: Danielle Smith-Llera
Publisher: Compass Point Books
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
On-point historical photographs combined with strong narration bring the story of the first photograph of a black hole to life. Kids will learn why it was so hard to take a photo of something so dark it does not reflect light, and so far away it could barely be reached. Primary source quotations bring the amazing accomplishment to life.
Author: Eleftherios PapantonopoulosPublish On: 2009-01-28
On the other hand, it is always possible that there does exist a static black hole
solution, which asymptotically has the form of (7.35). Such a ... (7.59) This is the
only known exact solution looking like a black hole from the brane point of view.
Author: Eleftherios Papantonopoulos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Black Holes are still considered to be among the most mysterious and fascinating objects in our universe. Awaiting the era of gravitational astronomy, much progress in theoretical modeling and understanding of classical and quantum black holes has already been achieved. The present volume serves as a tutorial, high-level guided tour through the black-hole landscape: information paradox and blackhole thermodynamics, numerical simulations of black-hole formation and collisions, braneworld scenarios and stability of black holes with respect to perturbations are treated in great detail, as is their possible occurrence at the LHC. An outgrowth of a topical and tutorial summer school, this extensive set of carefully edited notes has been set up with the aim of constituting an advanced-level, multi-authored textbook which meets the needs of both postgraduate students and young researchers in the fields of modern cosmology, astrophysics and (quantum) field theory.
... from Yale University and the University of Washington in Seattle2'5 posed what
at that time appeared to be a mostly esoteric question, namely, "What would a black hole look like if we had the technology to actually be able to see it?
Author: Fulvio Melia
Publisher: Princeton University Press
A noted professor of physics and astronomy recalls the intellectual journey to understand the galaxy, and universe that contains it, in the twentieth century, looking at the unique features of the Milky Way, the technological advances that have allowed us to research it, and describing a black hole that exists at the very center of our galaxy. (Science & Mathematics)
Reveals how our comprehension of black holes is intrinsically linked to how we make sense of the universe and our place within it
Author: Chris Impey
Publisher: W. W. Norton
An astronomer answers questions on the cutting edge of astrophysics to explore the science of black holes and their role in theoretical physics, from Einstein's equations of general relativity to testing string theory.
This diagram, as is usual for embedding diagrams, idealizes our Universe as
having only two spatial dimensions ... In fact, the mouth would look something like the spherical horizon of a nonrotating black hole, with one key exception: The
Author: Kip Thorne
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
Winner of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physics Ever since Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity burst upon the world in 1915 some of the most brilliant minds of our century have sought to decipher the mysteries bequeathed by that theory, a legacy so unthinkable in some respects that even Einstein himself rejected them. Which of these bizarre phenomena, if any, can really exist in our universe? Black holes, down which anything can fall but from which nothing can return; wormholes, short spacewarps connecting regions of the cosmos; singularities, where space and time are so violently warped that time ceases to exist and space becomes a kind of foam; gravitational waves, which carry symphonic accounts of collisions of black holes billions of years ago; and time machines, for traveling backward and forward in time. Kip Thorne, along with fellow theorists Stephen Hawking and Roger Penrose, a cadre of Russians, and earlier scientists such as Oppenheimer, Wheeler and Chandrasekhar, has been in the thick of the quest to secure answers. In this masterfully written and brilliantly informed work of scientific history and explanation, Dr. Thorne, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and the Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics Emeritus at Caltech, leads his readers through an elegant, always human, tapestry of interlocking themes, coming finally to a uniquely informed answer to the great question: what principles control our universe and why do physicists think they know the things they think they know? Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time has been one of the greatest best-sellers in publishing history. Anyone who struggled with that book will find here a more slowly paced but equally mind-stretching experience, with the added fascination of a rich historical and human component. Winner of the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science.
John Michell, an English astronomer, first suggested in 1783 that a mass could
create a gravitational field so strong that light ... But when it comes to complicated
things like black holes, you have to start looking at what gravity does to space.
Author: Paul Heiney
Publisher: The History Press
What is ear wax for? Do bacteria have sex? How do they put stripes in toothpaste? Does your nose run in space? What are stars made of? This book answers those tantalising or perplexing questions for which you thought you'd never find an answer. A book for the naturally curious, as well as those seekers after scientific truths, it unravels both those things we take for granted, such as when you boil an egg, why does the yolk stay in the middle, or why is the sky blue, as well as questions which probe deeply, such as, what does an atom look like, or what was there before the beginning of time? if you were to write in the dust on the moon, how big would the letters have to be so you could see them from earth without a telescope? Drawing on the expertise of a team of enthusiastic scientists around the world, authoritative, entertaining, and often a touch humorous, it will appeal to anyone who's ever been curious about life on earth.
I thought his clothes looked a little strange.” “You saw a shepherd boy? Where did he go ?” “He followed that path over the hill,” Fritz said, his eyes fixed on the
top of the hill. “Come to think of it, he did look like a Biblical character.
Author: David Wilkey
Category: Juvenile Fiction
A mysterious package leads 10-year-old Justin Hart to the amazing laboratory of world-famous astrophysicist Dr. Frederick Von Fritz, who has just completed a fantastic invention - the Black Hole Traveler - Revision 5 (BHT5). The BHT5 has the power to create a black hole that can transport people to any point in the past. When Dr. Von Fritz is trapped in time, Justin must embark upon an incredible rescue adventure through the centuries. In his quest to rescue his friend, the young adventurer faces Nazi storm troopers, sword-wielding sultans, ferocious lions and Biblical giants. Through these incredible time adventures, Justin finds the courage to face his own past and the bullies of his present.
Author: Frank M. Conaway, Jr.Publish On: 2013-05-24
came to mind when I began to count the total number of sefirots and connecting
ribs or bars as feeding four number two sefirots at the same time. This could be
drawn as “a circle inside of a square”, or be called “squaring the circle” if you look
Author: Frank M. Conaway, Jr.
Based upon the mathematical principles built into the base of the Great Pyramid at Giza, I now theorize that the proportions imply four prime universal constants functioning as one singularity.
Author: Mary-Jane RubensteinPublish On: 2014-01-28
Black holes are one of the possible products of a dying star: as a star exhausts its
energy, it may collapse into a singularity, drawing all the matter, energy, ... But
from the inside of this black hole, the stellar explosion would look like a big bang.
Author: Mary-Jane Rubenstein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
A religion professor elucidates the theory of the multiverse, its history, and its reception in science, philosophy, religion, and literature. Multiverse cosmologies imagine our universe as just one of a vast number of others. Beginning with ancient Atomist and Stoic philosophies, Mary-Jane Rubenstein links contemporary models of the multiverse to their forerunners and explores the reasons for their recent appearance. One concerns the so-called fine-tuning of the universe: nature's constants are so delicately calibrated that it seems they have been set just right to allow life to emerge. For some thinkers, these "fine-tunings" are evidence of the existence of God; for others, however, and for most physicists, "God" is an insufficient scientific explanation. Hence the multiverse’s allure: if all possible worlds exist somewhere, then like monkeys hammering out Shakespeare, one universe is bound to be suitable for life. Of course, this hypothesis replaces God with an equally baffling article of faith: the existence of universes beyond, before, or after our own, eternally generated yet forever inaccessible to observation or experiment. In their very efforts to sidestep metaphysics, theoretical physicists propose multiverse scenarios that collide with it and even produce counter-theological narratives. Far from invalidating multiverse hypotheses, Rubenstein argues, this interdisciplinary collision actually secures their scientific viability. We may therefore be witnessing a radical reconfiguration of physics, philosophy, and religion in the modern turn to the multiverse. “Rubenstein’s witty, thought-provoking history of philosophy and physics leaves one in awe of just how close Thomas Aquinas and American physicist Steven Weinberg are in spirit as they seek ultimate answers.”—Publishers Weekly “A fun, mind-stretching read, clear and enlightening.”—San Francisco Book Review
Many stars in the universe are massive enough to become black holes . Stephen
... Some believe this black hole may be over 100 , 000 times as massive as our
sun ! ... Galaxies , like this one , often look like a big swirl of dust . 一一一- - - - -是
Author: Amanda Davis
Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Briefly describes the formation and composition of black holes and the forces connected with them.
Being able to look at the same object with both eyes would enable them, as it does us, to judge how far away that object is. If they did have both eyes on the
same side of their heads, however, they would not be able to look behind them
Author: Jim Al-Khalili
Publisher: CRC Press
Bringing the material up to date, Black Holes, Wormholes and Time Machines, Second Edition captures the new ideas and discoveries made in physics since the publication of the best-selling first edition. While retaining the popular format and style of its predecessor, this edition explores the latest developments in high-energy astroparticle physics and Big Bang cosmology. The book continues to make the ideas and theories of modern physics easily understood by anyone, from researchers to students to general science enthusiasts. Taking you on a journey through space and time, author Jim Al-Khalili covers some of the most fascinating topics in physics today, including: Black holes Space warps The Big Bang Time travel Wormholes Parallel universes Professor Al-Khalili explains often complex scientific concepts in simple, nontechnical terms and imparts an appreciation of the cosmos, helping you see how time traveling may not be so far-fetched after all.
24 Black holes Black holes litter space, as the relics of dead stars and the cores
of giant galaxies including our own. ... after Albert Einstein had proposed his
relativity theories, Karl Schwarzschild worked out what a black hole would look like.
Author: Joanne Baker
Publisher: Hachette UK
For millennia humanity has gazed in wonder at the night sky, tracked the motions of the planets and attempted to explain our place in the Universe. But only in our own time has the true scale, the astonishing variety and the remarkable strangeness of the cosmos come clearly into focus. The pace and sophistication of recent scientific discovery has been breathtaking, but breakthroughs are often difficult to understand and their impact is hard to fully appreciate. In 50 Ideas You Really Need to Know: Universe, Joanne Baker clearly and concisely explains all of the essential concepts, major discoveries and the very latest thinking in astrophysics, including: the basic principles of astronomy - from heliocentrism to Newton's theory of optics; the constituent parts of the Universe, its creation and evolution; the key concepts of cosmology including the theory of relativity, supermassive black holes and 'multiverses'; the very latest developments in our understanding of quasars, exoplanets and astrobiology. From dwarf planets to dark energy; and from the Big Bang to the death of stars, this book is the perfect introduction to the cutting-edge science that is shaping our understanding of our place in the Universe and that could lead to the next great discovery - the detection of life beyond Earth.
It does not look like that of a star or a collection of stars . The radiation emitted by
the surface of a star is very similar to that of an ideal ' black body ' ( see page 210
) and is characterised by its temperature ; it is called thermal radiation .
Author: Jean-Pierre Luminet
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Offers an accessible introduction to black holes requiring no mathematical background.
Parts of a Black Hole Scientists can't see black holes . But through research, they
have a good idea of what one might look like . Picture a pointy cone with a gum
ball at the bottom . The top of the cone is the event horizon . Like Earth's equator
Author: Joan Marie Galat
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
"Describes supernovas and black holes, including what they are, how they form, and how scientists research them"--
However one might hope that the picture would be qualitatively similar to the
spherical case for departures from spherical ... This makes it very difficult to study
singularities since one does not know what a " generic ” singularity would look like .
It has been shown in  that the saddle point value of the integral (63) gives the
leading order black hole entropy (46). ... one does not really get a good
understanding of the black hole microstates 'as such,' but only how they look like
in a ...
Author: Bertfried Fauser
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book provides the reader with an overview of the different mathematical attempts to quantize gravity written by leading experts in this field. Also discussed are the possible experimental bounds on quantum gravity effects. The contributions have been strictly refereed and are written in an accessible style. The present volume emerged from the 2nd Blaubeuren Workshop "Mathematical and Physical Aspects of Quantum Gravity".
What Q: hole? would happen if the Sun collapsed into a black If our Sun turned
intoa black hole, would the Earth be ... Physicists call this the “event horizon” of a black hole, and while we haven't yet taken a picture of one, it could look like a ...
Author: Anthony Fordham
BRAND NEW TOPIC AND TITLE IN FULL-COLOR Many people find science fascinating and there never seems to be an end to facts and figures that can be learned. Idiot's Guides: Science Mysteries Explained takes a question/answer-based approach to teach readers a variety of topics in Earth Science, Life Science, Chemistry, Physics, and Cosmology. Using helpful four-color illustrations and expert information, this book features 130 fascinating questions and answers to satisfy any armchair scientist.
However, black holes still exert influence on their surroundings, because their
gravitational effects on external bodies arise from the ... A co-moving observer could perform local experiments with the same outcomes as on Earth, although a
strong ... Black. Hole. We now take a brief look at how particles move inside a black hole. First, we shall see that there is no stationary particle inside a black hole.
Author: Tai L. Chow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Here it is, in a nutshell: the history of one genius’s most crucial work – discoveries that were to change the face of modern physics. In the early 1900s, Albert Einstein formulated two theories that would forever change the landscape of physics: the Special Theory of Relativity and the General Theory of Relativity. Respected American academic Professor Tai Chow tells us the story of these discoveries. He details the basic ideas of Einstein, including his law of gravitation. Deftly employing his inimitable writing style, he goes on to explain the physics behind black holes, weaving into his account an explanation of the structure of the universe and the science of cosmology.