Weaving the Web

The Original Design and Ultimate Destiny of the World Wide Web by Its Inventor

Author: Tim Berners-Lee,Mark Fischetti

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781439500361

Category: Computers

Page: 272

View: 3447


Discusses the origins and evolution of the Web, offers insights into the current state of the Web, and shares a blueprint for the future

Science in the Contemporary World

An Encyclopedia

Author: Eric Gottfrid Swedin

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851095241

Category: Reference

Page: 382

View: 9483


This work is a unique introductory A–Z resource detailing the scientific achievements of the contemporary world and analyzing the key scientific trends, discoveries, and personalities of the modern age. * Over 200 A–Z entries covering topics ranging from plate tectonics to the first Moon landings * More than 40 stunning photographs providing a unique pictorial chronicle of the achievements of modern science

An Introduction to Global Studies

Author: Patricia J. Campbell,Aran MacKinnon,Christy R. Stevens

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444329588

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 3808


Taking an interdisciplinary approach, An Introduction to Global Studies presents readers with a solid introduction to the complex, interconnected forces and issues confronting today's globalized world. Introduces readers to major theories, key terms, concepts, and notable theorists Equips readers with the basic knowledge and conceptual tools necessary for thinking critically about the complex issues facing the global community Includes a variety of supplemental features to facilitate learning and enhance readers' understanding of the material

The Future of the Web

Author: Rosen Publishing Group

Publisher: The Rosen Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781404209893

Category: Computers

Page: 118

View: 2673


Articles taken from Scientific Magazine on the evolution of the World Wide Web.

The Internet

An Introduction to New Media

Author: Lelia Green

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847887694

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7063


Life without the internet, a very new technology, seems almost unimaginable for most people in western nations. Today the internet is intrinsic to media and communications, entertainment, politics, defence, business, banking, education and administrative systems as well as to social interaction. The Internet disentangles this extraordinarily complex information and communication technology from its place in our daily lives, allowing it to be examined anew. Technology has historically been shaped by governmental, military and commercial requirements, but the development of the internet is increasingly driven by its users. YouTube, Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and many other emerging applications are shifting the way we express ourselves, communicate with our friends, and even engage with global politics. At the same time three-quarters of the worlds population remain effectively excluded from the internet. Packed with case studies drawn from around the world, The Internet presents a clear and up-to-date introduction to the social, cultural, technological and political worlds this new media form is creating.

Annihilation from Within

The Ultimate Threat to Nations

Author: Fred Charles Iklé

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023151140X

Category: Political Science

Page: 160

View: 5175


In this eloquent and impassioned book, defense expert Fred Iklé predicts a revolution in national security that few strategists have grasped; fewer still are mindful of its historic roots. We are preoccupied with suicide bombers, jihadist terrorists, and rogue nations producing nuclear weapons, but these menaces are merely distant thunder that foretells the gathering storm. It is the dark side of technological progress that explains this emerging crisis. Globalization guarantees the spread of new technologies, whether beneficial or destructive, and this proliferation reaches beyond North Korea, Iran, and other rogue states. Our greatest threat is a cunning tyrant gaining possession of a few weapons of mass destruction. His purpose would not be to destroy landmarks, highjack airplanes, or attack railroad stations. He would annihilate a nation's government from within and assume dictatorial power. The twentieth century offers vivid examples of tyrants who have exploited major national disasters by rallying violent followers and intimidating an entire nation. To explain how we have become so vulnerable, Iklé turns to history. Some 250 years ago, science was freed from political and religious constraints, causing a cultural split in which one part of our culture remained animated by religion and politics while the other became guided by science. Since then, technological progress and the evolving political order march to different drummers. Science advances at an accelerating pace while religion and politics move along a zigzag course. This divergence will widen and endanger the survival of all nations. Drawing on his experience as a Washington insider, Iklé outlines practical measures that could readily be implemented to help us avert the worst disaster.

Text Mining of Web-Based Medical Content

Author: Amy Neustein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 1614513902

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 4783


•Includes Text Mining and Natural Language Processing Methods for extracting information from electronic health records and biomedical literature. •Analyzes text analytic tools for new media such as online forums, social media posts, tweets and video sharing. •Demonstrates how to use speech and audio technologies for improving access to online content for the visually impaired. Text Mining of Web-Based Medical Content examines various approaches to deriving high quality information from online biomedical literature, electronic health records, query search terms, social media posts and tweets. Using some of the latest empirical methods of knowledge extraction, the authors show how online content, generated by both professionals and laypersons, can be mined for valuable information about disease processes, adverse drug reactions not captured during clinical trials, and tropical fever outbreaks. Additionally, the authors show how to perform infromation extraction on a hospital intranet, how to build a social media search engine to glean information about patients' own experiences interacting with healthcare professionals, and how to improve access to online health information. This volume provides a wealth of timely material for health informatic professionals and machine learning, data mining, and natural language researchers. Topics in this book include: •Mining Biomedical Literature and Clinical Narratives •Medication Information Extraction •Machine Learning Techniques for Mining Medical Search Queries •Detecting the Level of Personal Health Information Revealed in Social Media •Curating Layperson’s Personal Experiences with Health Care from Social Media and Twitter •Health Dialogue Systems for Improving Access to Online Content •Crowd-based Audio Clips to Improve Online Video Access for the Visually Impaired •Semantic-based Visual Information Retrieval for Mining Radiographic Image Data •Evaluating the Importance of Medical Terminology in YouTube Video Titles and Descriptions


A Historical and Technical Perspective

Author: Yoshihide Igarashi,Tom Altman,Mariko Funada,Barbara Kamiyama

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 148222741X

Category: Computers

Page: 350

View: 6812


Exploring a vast array of topics related to computation, Computing: A Historical and Technical Perspective covers the historical and technical foundation of ancient and modern-day computing. The book starts with the earliest references to counting by humans, introduces various number systems, and discusses mathematics in early civilizations. It guides readers all the way through the latest advances in computer science, such as the design and analysis of computer algorithms. Through historical accounts, brief technical explanations, and examples, the book answers a host of questions, including: Why do humans count differently from the way current electronic computers do? Why are there 24 hours in a day, 60 minutes in an hour, etc.? Who invented numbers, when were they invented, and why are there different kinds? How do secret writings and cryptography date back to ancient civilizations? Innumerable individuals from many cultures have contributed their talents and creativity to formulate what has become our mathematical and computing heritage. By bringing together the historical and technical aspects of computing, this book enables readers to gain a deep appreciation of the long evolutionary processes of the field developed over thousands of years. Suitable as a supplement in undergraduate courses, it provides a self-contained historical reference source for anyone interested in this important and evolving field.

Photography and September 11th

Spectacle, Memory, Trauma

Author: Jennifer Good

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472527798

Category: Photography

Page: 224

View: 4148


It is all but impossible to think of September 11th 2001 and not, at the same time, recall an image. The overwhelmingly visual coverage in the world's media pictured a spectacle of terror, from images of the collapsing towers, to injured victims and fatigued firefighters. In the days, weeks and months that followed, this vast collection of photographs continued to circulate relentlessly. This book investigates the psychological impact of those photographs on a stunned American audience. Drawing on trauma theory, this book asks whether the prolonged exposure of audience to photographs was cathartic or damaging. It explores how first the collective memory of the event was established in the American psyche and then argues that through repetitive use of the most powerful pictures, the culture industry created a dangerously simple 9/11 metanarrative. At the same time, people began to reclaim and use photography to process their own feelings, most significantly in 'communities' of photographic memorial websites. Such exercises were widely perceived as democratic and an aid to recovery. This book interrogates that assumption, providing a new understanding of how audiences see and process news photography in times of crisis.

A History of Communications

Media and Society from the Evolution of Speech to the Internet

Author: Marshall T. Poe

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139495577

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 330


A History of Communications advances a theory of media that explains the origins and impact of different forms of communication - speech, writing, print, electronic devices and the Internet - on human history in the long term. New media are 'pulled' into widespread use by broad historical trends and these media, once in widespread use, 'push' social institutions and beliefs in predictable directions. This view allows us to see for the first time what is truly new about the Internet, what is not, and where it is taking us.