This book takes chapters from volumes 3 and 4 of The Cambridge History of Japan to chronicle Japan's period of warrior rule.
Author: Marius Jansen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Japan was ruled by warriors for the better part of a millennium. From the twelfth to the nineteenth century its political history was dominated by the struggle of competing leagues of fighting men. This volume, comprised of chapters taken from Volumes 3 and 4 of The Cambridge History of Japan, traces the institutional development of warrior rule and dominance. Although samurai influence waned with the development of constitutional government, warrior values remained central to the ethical code of modern Japan.
Investigates some historically important political and social issues raised by the Genpei War (1180-1185).
Author: Elizabeth Oyler
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Investigates some historically important political and social issues raised by the Genpei War (1180-1185). This epic civil conflict, which ushered in Japan's age of the warriors, is famously articulated in the monumental narrative Heike monogatari (The Tale of the Heike).
As the essays in this book show, however, the period was notable for the coexistence of two centers of authority, the Bakufu military government at Kamakura and the civilian court in Kyoto, with the newer warrior government gradually ...
Author: Jeffrey P. Mass
Publisher: Stanford University Press
The Kamakura period, 1180-1333, is known as the era of Japan's first warrior government. As the essays in this book show, however, the period was notable for the coexistence of two centers of authority, the Bakufu military government at Kamakura and the civilian court in Kyoto, with the newer warrior government gradually gaining ascendancy.
The warrior had to be in constant readiness for attack , and so too did the other
adult males in his family and the ... and since influence with local government
authorities was frequently necessary to protect one ' s land , the warriors were
Author: Peter Duus
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
This book offers a systematic comparison between Japanese and Western political institutions in the premodern period. It offers a brief discussion of the meaning and significance of the term Feudalism, and it suggests ways in which the term might be used for explorations in comparative history. Because of its brevity, it can be used as one of many paper backs in the premodern Japanese history course, or as background reading for courses on modern Japanese history and modern Japanese politics. Given its comparative approach, it can also be used as supplement in Western or world civilization course.
Japan. IT DID NOT TAKE the Meiji leaders long to begin dismantling the system
of punishments they inherited from the Tokugawa. Within a month of announcing
the “Restoration of Imperial Rule” they had already ordered the compilation of a
new set of provisional penal regulations (kari keiritsu) for ... see the existing
system of punishments as one of the fundamental cornerstones of warrior
Author: Daniel V. Botsman
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The kinds of punishment used in a society have long been considered an important criterion in judging whether a society is civilized or barbaric, advanced or backward, modern or premodern. Focusing on Japan, and the dramatic revolution in punishments that occurred after the Meiji Restoration, Daniel Botsman asks how such distinctions have affected our understanding of the past and contributed, in turn, to the proliferation of new kinds of barbarity in the modern world. While there is no denying the ferocity of many of the penal practices in use during the Tokugawa period (1600-1868), this book begins by showing that these formed part of a sophisticated system of order that did have its limits. Botsman then demonstrates that although significant innovations occurred later in the period, they did not fit smoothly into the "modernization" process. Instead, he argues, the Western powers forced a break with the past by using the specter of Oriental barbarism to justify their own aggressive expansion into East Asia. The ensuing changes were not simply imposed from outside, however. The Meiji regime soon realized that the modern prison could serve not only as a symbol of Japan's international progress but also as a powerful domestic tool. The first English-language study of the history of punishment in Japan, the book concludes by examining how modern ideas about progress and civilization shaped penal practices in Japan's own colonial empire.
Second , Kuroda questioned the view ibat the establishment of the Kamakura
Bakufu in 1185 marked the transition from court rule to warrior rule , or from the
ancient to the feudal era . 30 Indeed , scholars have recently realized that there
9 ) ; and “ the ambiguous place of China and the warrior in the medieval
imaginary ” ( p . 187 ) . ... Swords , Oaths , and Prophetic Visions : Authoring Warrior Rule in Medieval Japan ( Honolulu : University of Hawai ' i Press , 2006 )
. 1 . “ Out of ...
The works translated in Samurai Wisdom for the very first time are as timeless and important today as the works of Sun Tzu, Musashi and Clausewitz.
Author: Thomas Cleary
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
Category: Sports & Recreation
The ancient warrior culture of Japan produced a sophisticated martial philosophy that we know today as Bushido—the Way of the Warrior. In Samurai Wisdom, author Thomas Clearly provides five important new translations of major Japanese works on Bushido. The writings of the scholar Yamaga Soko and his disciples are among the clearest expositions we have of the core ideals and philosophy underlying the Samurai's disciplined way of life and outlook. Together they provide an in-depth, practical guide to character building and conduct according to the precepts of Bushido—a code for professional warriors that retains as much relevance in today's world as it had when these works were written 400 years ago. Yamaga's writings inspired the transformation of the Samurai from a feudal class of warriors under the command of the Shogun to a group of powerful individuals with great intellectual, political and moral leadership and influence. The works translated in Samurai Wisdom for the very first time are as timeless and important today as the works of Sun Tzu, Musashi and Clausewitz. The five Japanese works on Bushido translated in Samurai Wisdom are: The Way of the Knight by Yamaga Soko The Warrior's Rule by Tsugaru Kodo-shi Essentials of Military Matters compiled by Yamaga Takatsune The Education of Warriors by Yamaga Soko Primer of Martial Education by Yamaga Soko
The Experience of Warrior Rule A significant element in the Japanese outlook
comes from a history of roughly 700 years of control of government and culture by
an elite warrior class during the feudal period, which ended only a hundred years
BECOMING THOSE WHO SERVED Farris, William W. Heavenly Warriors: The
Evolution of Japan's Military, 500– 1300. Cambridge, MA: ... Oyler, Elizabeth.
Swords, Oaths, and Prophetic Visions: Authoring Warrior Rule 113 Further
Author: Michael Wert
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
"A book about the samurai from their origins to their disappearance. It dispels a lot of myths about the samurai one might encounter in popular culture. It describes samurai life, work, philosophy, and warfare as it changed over time from the eighth to the nineteenth century. It covers what samurai were doing when they weren't fighting, and how women and families played a role in forming the samurai class. I also describe how samurai struggled with the crisis of becoming sword-wearing bureaucrats instead of mighty warriors from the seventeenth through nineteenth centuries"--
The warriors who struggled to unite Japan under their military rule during the late
sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries understood that their ability to govern
effectively meant controlling the nation's powerful Buddhist institutions and ...
Author: Patricia J. Graham
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Explores the transformation of Buddhism from the premodern to the contemporary era in Japan and the central role its visual culture has played in this transformation. Although Buddhism is generally regarded as peripheral to modern Japanese society, this book demonstrates otherwise.
In other words, to a new warrior ruler of Japan that consolidated Muromachi Japan's rule, the Japanese imperial institution itself had been on the other side of
the war and was therefore a political rival. Under Yoshimitsu's rule, Japan was ...
Author: Ji-Young Lee
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Political Science
Many have viewed the tribute system as China's tool for projecting its power and influence in East Asia, treating other actors as passive recipients of Chinese domination. China's Hegemony sheds new light on this system and shows that the international order of Asia's past was not as Sinocentric as conventional wisdom suggests. Instead, throughout the early modern period, Chinese hegemony was accepted, defied, and challenged by its East Asian neighbors at different times, depending on these leaders' strategies for legitimacy among their populations. This book demonstrates that Chinese hegemony and hierarchy were not just an outcome of China's military power or Confucian culture but were constructed while interacting with other, less powerful actors' domestic political needs, especially in conjunction with internal power struggles. Focusing on China-Korea-Japan dynamics of East Asian international politics during the Ming and High Qing periods, Ji-Young Lee draws on extensive research of East Asian language sources, including records written by Chinese and Korean tributary envoys. She offers fascinating and rich details of war and peace in Asian international relations, addressing questions such as: why Japan invaded Korea and fought a major war against the Sino-Korean coalition in the late sixteenth century; why Korea attempted to strike at the Ming empire militarily in the late fourteenth century; and how Japan created a miniature tributary order posing as the center of Asia in lieu of the Qing empire in the seventeenth century. By exploring these questions, Lee's in-depth study speaks directly to general international relations literature and concludes that hegemony in Asia was a domestic, as well as an international phenomenon with profound implications for the contemporary era.
Examining local politics in three Japanese domains (Yonezawa, Tokushima, and Hirosaki), this book shows how warlords (daimyo) and their samurai adapted the theory and practice of warrior rule to the peacetime challenges of demographic ...
Author: Mark Ravina
Publisher: Stanford University Press
Category: Political Science
Examining local politics in three Japanese domains (Yonezawa, Tokushima, and Hirosaki), this book shows how warlords (daimyo) and their samurai adapted the theory and practice of warrior rule to the peacetime challenges of demographic change and rapid economic growth in the mid-Tokugawa period. The author has a dual purpose. The first is to examine the impact of shogunate/domain relations on warlord legitimacy. Although the shogunate had supreme power in foreign and military affairs, it left much of civil law in the hands of warlords. In this civil realm, Japan resembled a federal union (or "compound state"), with the warlords as semi-independent sovereigns, rather than a unified kingdom with the shogunate as sovereign. The warlords were thus both vassals of the shogun and independent lords. In the process of his analysis, the author puts forward a new theory of warlord legitimacy in order to explain the persistence of their autonomy in civil affairs. The second purpose is to examine the quantitative dimension of warlord rule. Daimyo, the author argues, struggled against both economic and demographic pressures. It is in these struggles that domains manifested most clearly their autonomy, developing distinctive regional solutions to the problems of protoindustrialization and peasant depopulation. In formulating strategies to promote and control economic growth and to increase the peasant population, domains drew heavily on their claims to semisovereign authority and developed policies that anticipated practices of the Meiji state.
3 THE BEGINNINGS OF WARRIOR RULE The blows delivered to imperial
officialdom by warrior families were decisive. After achieving political and social
leadership in the 1100's the warriors retained their paramount position for seven
Author: Hyman Kublin
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt (HMH)
Tracing the history of Japan from its earliest settlements to its present-day position as a modern state.
Pirate-warriors in Northwestern Kyushu, Japan, 1150-1350 Hyungsub Moon. "
The Structure of the Heian Court : Some Thoughts on the Nature of ' Familial
Authority ' in Heian Japan . ” in John ... Marius B. Jansen , ed . , Warrior Rule in Japan .
Author: Museum of Fine Arts, BostonPublish On: 2008
According to Japan ' s oldest historical records , imperial refined lifestyle of
imperial authority was mandated by the Sun ... Warrior rule continued until the
Meiji Restoration of 1868 , when imperial government was restored with the
emperor as ...
Hall , John W . “ The Bakuhan System . ” In Marius B . Jansen , ed . , Warrior Rule in Japan . Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1995 . - . “ Feudalism in
Japan - A Reassessment ” and “ The New Look of Tokugawa History . " In John W
Author: Elizabeth Lillehoj
In the West, classical art - inextricably linked to concerns of a ruling or dominant class - commonly refers to art with traditional themes and styles that resurrect a past golden era. Although art of the early Edo period (1600-1868) encompasses a spectrum of themes and styles, references to the past are so common that many Japanese art historians have variously described this period as a classical revival, era of classicism, or a renaissance. How did seventeenth-century artists and patrons imagine the past? Why did they so often select styles and themes from the court culture of the Heian period (794-1185)? Were references to the past something new, or were artists and patrons in previous periods equally interested in manners that came to be seen as classical? How did classical manners relate to other styles and themes found in Edo art? In considering such questions, the contributors to this volume hold that classicism has been an amorphous, changing concept in Japan - just as in the West. Troublesome in its ambiguity and implications, it cannot be separated from the political and ideological interests of those who have employed it over the years. The modern writers who firs
178 Minamoto no Raiko -G . Cameron Hurst , Insei : Abdicated Sovereigns in the
Politics of Late Heian Japan ( 1976 ) . Jeffrey P. Mass , Warrior Government in
Early Medieval Japan ( 1974 ) . Minoru Shinoda , The Founding of the Kamakura
95 The Emergence of Meiji Japan Marius Jansen , Editor Selected chapters from
Volume 5 of The Cambridge History of Japan chronicle the transition from
Tokugawa rule , and the political process that finally ended centuries of warrior rule .