The Vulnerability of Cities

Natural Disasters and Social Resilience

Author: Mark Pelling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136551468

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

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When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.
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Mapping Vulnerability

Disasters, Development, and People

Author: Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks,Dorothea Hilhorst

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849771928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 9614

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Raging floods, massive storms and cataclysmic earthquakes: every year up to 340 million people are affected by these and other disasters, which cause loss of life and damage to personal property, agriculture, and infrastructure. So what can be done? The key to understanding the causes of disasters and mitigating their impacts is the concept of 'vulnerability'. Mapping Vulnerability analyses 'vulnerability' as a concept central to the way we understand disasters and their magnitude and impact. Written and edited by a distinguished group of disaster scholars and practitioners, this book is a counterbalance to those technocratic approaches that limit themselves to simply looking at disasters as natural phenomena. Through the notion of vulnerability, the authors stress the importance of social processes and human-environmental interactions as causal agents in the making of disasters. They critically examine what renders communities unsafe - a condition, they argue, that depends primarily on the relative position of advantage or disadvantage that a particular group occupies within a society's social order. The book also looks at vulnerability in terms of its relationship to development and its impact on policy and people's lives, through consideration of selected case studies drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Mapping Vulnerability is essential reading for academics, students, policymakers and practitioners in disaster studies, geography, development studies, economics, environmental studies and sociology.
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Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability

Author: N. S. Robins

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 5808

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The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into an aquifer is an understanding of recharge. This allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. This text provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Ireland. There are keynote overviews for each topic.
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Caring for the Vulnerable

Perspectives in Nursing Theory, Practice, and Research

Author: Mary De Chesnay

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 9780763747640

Category: Medical

Page: 473

View: 8090

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Vulnerability is explored from the prespective of individuals, groups, and communities. The chapters address the many private faces of vulnerability and the implication of that vulnerability for nurses, and nursing care.
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Resilience and Vulnerability

Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities

Author: Dante Cicchetti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521001618

Category: Medical

Page: 574

View: 765

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This book explores positive adaptation in at-risk children, providing suggestions for intervention and social policy.
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Victim Vulnerability

An Existential-Humanistic Interpretation of a Single Case Study

Author: Eric Anton Kreuter

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600212826

Category: Psychology

Page: 159

View: 640

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An examination of the psychological literature on victimisation shows disproportionately that we know more about the predator than we do the victim. Moreover, almost all the literature on the victim is presented from either a reductionistic or cognitive-behavioural point of view. This book examines the psychology of a victim of repeated criminal acts from the existential-humanistic perspective. The method used is the single case study. The subject, currently age 51, a pilot, was the victim of identity theft, extortion, and duress. These crimes, some of which are treated under federal law as violent by their nature or effect, resulted in a large, unrecoverable financial loss, suspension of the pilot's medical certification required to operate aircraft, abrupt termination of his chosen career, a continuing governmental record of being delusional despite overwhelming proof to the contrary, lasting emotional and physical distress, as well as other consequences. Meanwhile, the predator has harmed dozens of individuals, forming a diverse cohort. chronology of events defining his victimisation, which is followed by an existential interpretation. Interviews and archival data, including written and audio forms of documentation, have been incorporated into the study. Seven criteria were selected from existential-humanistic psychology that have been applied in the exploration of the behaviour and personality of the victim such as: the interior life-world of the person; self-actualisation needs vs. adjustment to social norms; meaning through suffering; being in the face of non-being; attitudes toward death and annihilation; dreams, visions, and mythic experience; and, existential use of the void. The study found characteristics of the psyche of a particular victim that may have made him vulnerable. These characteristics include: being overly trusting; being under the influence of a hero-rescuer archetype; and being overly reliant on instruments due to training as a pilot. Mainstream psychology has ignored this dimension, which is needed to understand the total person.
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Vulnerability to Psychopathology

Risk Across the Lifespan

Author: Rick E. Ingram,Joseph M. Price

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1609181484

Category: Psychology

Page: 524

View: 4963

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This state-of-the-art work has been highly praised for bridging the divide between adult and developmental psychopathology. The volume illuminates the interplay of biological, cognitive, affective, and social-environmental factors that place individuals at risk for psychological disturbance throughout development. Childhood-onset and adult forms of major disorders are examined in paired chapters by prominent clinical researchers. An integrative third chapter on each disorder then summarizes what is known about continuity and change in vulnerability across the lifespan. Implications for assessment, treatment, and prevention are also considered.
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