Vulnerability

New Essays in Ethics and Feminist Philosophy

Author: Catriona Mackenzie,Wendy Rogers,Susan Dodds

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199316651

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 5093

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This volume breaks new ground by investigating the ethics of vulnerability. Drawing on various ethical traditions, the contributors explore the nature of vulnerability, the responsibilities owed to the vulnerable, and by whom.
Release

Mapping Vulnerability

Disasters, Development, and People

Author: Greg Bankoff,Georg Frerks,Dorothea Hilhorst

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849771928

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1340

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Raging floods, massive storms and cataclysmic earthquakes: every year up to 340 million people are affected by these and other disasters, which cause loss of life and damage to personal property, agriculture, and infrastructure. So what can be done? The key to understanding the causes of disasters and mitigating their impacts is the concept of 'vulnerability'. Mapping Vulnerability analyses 'vulnerability' as a concept central to the way we understand disasters and their magnitude and impact. Written and edited by a distinguished group of disaster scholars and practitioners, this book is a counterbalance to those technocratic approaches that limit themselves to simply looking at disasters as natural phenomena. Through the notion of vulnerability, the authors stress the importance of social processes and human-environmental interactions as causal agents in the making of disasters. They critically examine what renders communities unsafe - a condition, they argue, that depends primarily on the relative position of advantage or disadvantage that a particular group occupies within a society's social order. The book also looks at vulnerability in terms of its relationship to development and its impact on policy and people's lives, through consideration of selected case studies drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America. Mapping Vulnerability is essential reading for academics, students, policymakers and practitioners in disaster studies, geography, development studies, economics, environmental studies and sociology.
Release

Groundwater Pollution, Aquifer Recharge and Vulnerability

Author: N. S. Robins

Publisher: Geological Society of London

ISBN: 9781897799987

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 224

View: 4399

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The primary groundwater management issue in many countries today is pollution. The key to understanding the transport of a pollutant from the ground surface or near surface into an aquifer is an understanding of recharge. This allows the vulnerability of aquifers to pollution to be classified and appropriate land zones to be defined. This text provides an up-to-date description of the relationship between pollution, recharge and vulnerability set against the current groundwater protection policies of the UK and Ireland. There are keynote overviews for each topic.
Release

Vulnerability

Reflections on a New Ethical Foundation for Law and Politics

Author: Martha Albertson Fineman,Anna Grear

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317000900

Category: Law

Page: 236

View: 2493

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Martha Albertson Fineman’s earlier work developed a theory of inevitable and derivative dependencies as a way of problematizing the core assumptions underlying the ’autonomous’ subject of liberal law and politics in the context of US equality discourse. Her ’vulnerability thesis’ represents the evolution of that earlier work and situates human vulnerability as a critical heuristic for exploring alternative legal and political foundations. This book draws together major British and American scholars who present different perspectives on the concept of vulnerability and Fineman's ’vulnerability thesis’. The contributors include scholars who have thought about vulnerability in different ways and contexts prior to encountering Fineman’s work, as well as those for whom Fineman’s work provided an introduction to thinking through a vulnerability lens. This collection demonstrates the broad and intellectually exciting potential of vulnerability as a theoretical foundation for legal and political engagements with a range of urgent contemporary challenges. Exploring ways in which vulnerability might provide a new ethical foundation for law and politics, the book will be of interest to the general reader, as well as academics and students in fields such as jurisprudence, philosophy, legal theory, political theory, feminist theory, and ethics.
Release

Climate Change and Vulnerability

Author: Cecilia Conde,Jyoti Kulkarni,Neil Leary,Anthony Nyong,Juan Pulhin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136569456

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 1334

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Sound and solid case studies on vulnerability and adaptation have been woefully lacking in the international discourse on climate change. This set of books begins to bridge the gap. Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and Executive Director of United Nations Environment Programme Important reading for students and practitioners alike. Martin Parry, Co-Chair, Working Group II (Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability), Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) This book fills an important gap in our understanding ... It is policy-relevant and deserves to be widely read. Richard Klein, Senior Research Fellow, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), Sweden The award of the Nobel Peace Prize for 2007 to the IPCC brings needed attention to the threats from climate change for highly vulnerable regions of the developing world. This authoritative volume (along with its companion covering adaptation) resulting from the work of the Assessments of Impacts and Adaptations to Climate Change (AIACC) project launched with the IPCC in 2002, is the first to provide an in-depth investigation of the stakes in developing countries. It discusses who is vulnerable and the nature and causes of their vulnerability for parts of the world that have been poorly researched till now. It also provides researchers with new examples of applications of vulnerability assessment methods, an approach that is of growing interest in the climate change area but for which there are relatively few applications in the literature. Published with TWAS and START
Release

Victim Vulnerability

An Existential-Humanistic Interpretation of a Single Case Study

Author: Eric Anton Kreuter

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781600212826

Category: Psychology

Page: 159

View: 1059

DOWNLOAD NOW »

An examination of the psychological literature on victimisation shows disproportionately that we know more about the predator than we do the victim. Moreover, almost all the literature on the victim is presented from either a reductionistic or cognitive-behavioural point of view. This book examines the psychology of a victim of repeated criminal acts from the existential-humanistic perspective. The method used is the single case study. The subject, currently age 51, a pilot, was the victim of identity theft, extortion, and duress. These crimes, some of which are treated under federal law as violent by their nature or effect, resulted in a large, unrecoverable financial loss, suspension of the pilot's medical certification required to operate aircraft, abrupt termination of his chosen career, a continuing governmental record of being delusional despite overwhelming proof to the contrary, lasting emotional and physical distress, as well as other consequences. Meanwhile, the predator has harmed dozens of individuals, forming a diverse cohort. chronology of events defining his victimisation, which is followed by an existential interpretation. Interviews and archival data, including written and audio forms of documentation, have been incorporated into the study. Seven criteria were selected from existential-humanistic psychology that have been applied in the exploration of the behaviour and personality of the victim such as: the interior life-world of the person; self-actualisation needs vs. adjustment to social norms; meaning through suffering; being in the face of non-being; attitudes toward death and annihilation; dreams, visions, and mythic experience; and, existential use of the void. The study found characteristics of the psyche of a particular victim that may have made him vulnerable. These characteristics include: being overly trusting; being under the influence of a hero-rescuer archetype; and being overly reliant on instruments due to training as a pilot. Mainstream psychology has ignored this dimension, which is needed to understand the total person.
Release

Resilience and Vulnerability

Adaptation in the Context of Childhood Adversities

Author: Dante Cicchetti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521001618

Category: Medical

Page: 574

View: 5202

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This book explores positive adaptation in at-risk children, providing suggestions for intervention and social policy.
Release

The Vulnerability of Cities

Natural Disasters and Social Resilience

Author: Mark Pelling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136551468

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 1080

DOWNLOAD NOW »

When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.
Release