Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds

Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds

coyote (Canis latrans)] would encounter more than one nest with a camera. From the mid-1990s through the early 2000s, these or similar camera systems were used in a variety of grassland bird studies (Winter et al.

Author: Christine Ann Ribic

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520273139

Category: Science

Page: 223

View: 292

"Until recently, inferring identities of predators and monitoring cryptic behaviors at the nest was time-consuming, often with anecdotal results. No more. Video nest surveillance, so aptly revealed in this volume, has ushered in a new era of data collection that allows field workers to link environmental factors with such aspects as the temporal dynamics of predator communities in relation to what the birds are doing at their nests, thus removing much of the guesswork of earlier studies."--Spencer G. Sealy, University of Manitoba ""Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds" shatters earlier beliefs about how birds interact with nest predators. Much of what we thought we knew about nesting and its hazards was flat-out wrong, as authors in this book discovered by using modern technology in the field. As simple as we would like our models of animal behavior to be, this book shows that reality is far more complex and nuanced."--Douglas H. Johnson, University of Minnesota
Categories: Science

Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds

Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds

Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds highlights the use of miniature video cameras and recording equipment yielding new important and some unanticipated insights into breeding bird biology, including previously undocumented observations of ...

Author: Christine Ann Ribic

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520954090

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 690

Declining bird populations, especially those that breed in North American grasslands, have stimulated extensive research on factors that affect nest failure and reduced reproductive success. Until now, this research has been hampered by the difficulties inherent in observing nest activities. Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds highlights the use of miniature video cameras and recording equipment yielding new important and some unanticipated insights into breeding bird biology, including previously undocumented observations of hatching, incubation, fledging, diurnal and nocturnal activity patterns, predator identification, predator-prey interactions, and cause-specific rates of nest loss. This seminal contribution to bird reproductive biology uses tools capable of generating astonishing results with the potential for fresh insights into bird conservation, management, and theory.
Categories: Science

Nests Eggs and Incubation

Nests  Eggs  and Incubation

In secondary cavity-nesting species, such as western bluebirds (Sialia mexicana), birds will utilize nestboxes that contain custom-built video cameras mounted inside (Wang and Weathers 2009; Figure 15.1d). In primary cavity-nesters that ...

Author: S. James Reynolds

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198718666

Category: Birds

Page: 312

View: 760

Nests, Eggs, and Incubation brings together a global team of leading authorities to provide a comprehensive overview of the fascinating and diverse field of avian reproduction. Starting with a new assessment of the evolution of avian reproductive biology in light of recent research, the book goes on to cover four broad areas: the nest, the egg, incubation, and the study of avian reproduction. New research on nest structures, egg traits, and life history is incorporated, whilst contemporary methodologies such as self-contained temperature probes and citizen science are also discussed. Applied chapters describe how biological knowledge can be applied to challenges such as urbanisation and climate change. The book concludes by suggesting priorities for future research. This book builds upon the foundations laid down by Charles Deeming's 2002 work Avian Incubation (available for readers of this book to access online for free), much of which remains relevant today. Read in conjunction with this previous volume, it provides an up-to-date and thorough review of egg biology, nest function, and incubation behaviour, which will be an essential resource for students of avian biology, as well as both professional and amateur ornithologists working in the field of avian reproduction.
Categories: Birds

Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation

Urban Bird Ecology and Conservation

Ecology and Conservation of Birds of the Salton Sink: An Endangered Ecosystem. Carmen, W. J. 2004. Noncooperative Breeding in the California Scrub-Jay. Ralph, C. J., and E. H. Dunn, editors. ... Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: Christopher A. Lepczyk

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520273092

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 890

"This is the book to have on urban bird ecology. It summarizes the state of the science, highlighting the strength and breadth of the growing body of urban bird research around the world. More importantly, it documents how the field of urban bird ecology is moving beyond the study of pattern to address the ecological and evolutionary processes that impact birds in complex urban mosaics."—Steward T.A. Pickett, Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies "Urban ecosystems are under-studied environments offering unique opportunities to study species adaptability, persistence, and assembly. This book presents creative contributions from leading researchers who explore how urbanization affects avian ecology and how birds and people interact."—Steven Beissinger, UC Berkeley
Categories: Science

Arctic Shorebirds in North America

Arctic Shorebirds in North America

A Decade of Monitoring Jonathan Robert Bart, Victoria Helen Johnston ... Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Birds in Western Landscapes: Contrasts with Paradigms from the Eastern United States. ... Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: Jonathan Robert Bart

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520953499

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 112

Each year shorebirds from North and South America migrate thousands of miles to spend the summer in the Arctic. There they feed in shoreline marshes and estuaries along some of the most productive and pristine coasts anywhere. With so much available food they are able to reproduce almost explosively; and as winter approaches, they retreat south along with their offspring, to return to the Arctic the following spring. This remarkable pattern of movement and activity has been the object of intensive study by an international team of ornithologists who have spent a decade counting, surveying, and observing these shorebirds. In this important synthetic work, they address multiple questions about these migratory bird populations. How many birds occupy Arctic ecosystems each summer? How long do visiting shorebirds linger before heading south? How fecund are these birds? Where exactly do they migrate and where exactly do they return? Are their populations growing or shrinking? The results of this study are crucial for better understanding how environmental policies will influence Arctic habitats as well as the far-ranging winter habitats used by migratory shorebirds.
Categories: Science

Molt in Neotropical Birds

Molt in Neotropical Birds

Boreal Birds of North America: A Hemispheric View of Their Conservation Links and Significance. Wells, J. V., editor. 2011. Emerging Avian Disease. Paul, E., editor. 2012. Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: Erik I. Johnson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351646079

Category: Nature

Page: 400

View: 928

Molt is an important avian life history event in which feathers are shed and replaced. The timing, duration, seasonality, extent and pattern of molt follows certain strategies and this book reviews and describes these strategies for nearly 190 species based on information gathered from a 30-year study of Central Amazonian birds. Most species accounts are illustrated with several color photos focusing on wing and tail feather molt, molt limits, and how to use these patterns to accurately age birds. Published in collaboration with and on behalf of the American Ornithological Society, this volume in the highly-regarded Studies in Avian Biology series is a rich source of life history information for ornithologists working on tropical birds.
Categories: Nature

Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie Chickens

Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie Chickens

Beyond Mayfield: Measurements of Nest-Survival Data. Jones, S. L., and G. R. Geupel, ... Birds of the US–Mexico Borderland: Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation. Ruth, J. M., T. Brush, ... Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: David A. Haukos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482240238

Category: Nature

Page: 376

View: 678

Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category Lesser Prairie-Chickens have experienced substantial declines in terms of population and the extent of area that they occupy. While they are an elusive species, making it difficult at times to monitor them, current evidence indicates that they have been persistently decreasing in number since the Dust Bowl of the 1930s dramatically affected their core range. In May of 2014, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service listed Lesser Prairie-Chickens as a threatened species, granting them federal protection under the Endangered Species Act, which included a special rule recognizing significant conservation planning efforts made by state and federal wildlife agencies within the geographical range of the species. Although the listing was vacated by judicial ruling in September 2015, concern for persistence of the species persists. These actions illustrate the uncertain legal status and future conservation challenges for Lesser Prairie-Chickens. Ecology and Conservation of Lesser Prairie-Chickens provides a compendium of data, analytical results, and synthesis generated among expert wildlife biologists, conservation biologists, and ornithologists. It thoroughly reviews the life history, genetics, and ecology of the species, and is ultimately directed toward developing and establishing appropriate conservation management strategies. It presents a detailed analysis of the issues and risks relative to conservation as well as an overview of potential conservation tools. It also addresses the challenges that natural resource managers continue to face in their current conservation efforts. While dealing with immediate and short-term issues in Lesser Prairie-Chicken conservation, this book is also a useful starting point for guiding future research, management, and conservation of the species. Published in collaboration with and on behalf of The American Ornithological Society, this volume in the highly-regarded Studies in Avian Biology series provides a definitive reference for researchers, managers, and policy makers as well as those with interests in environmental science, avian biology, game bird management, or Great Plains ecology.
Categories: Nature

Golden winged Warbler Ecology Conservation and Habitat Management

Golden winged Warbler Ecology  Conservation  and Habitat Management

Beyond Mayfield: Measurements of Nest-Survival Data. Jones, S. L., and G. R. Geupel, ... Birds of the US–Mexico Borderland: Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation. Ruth, J. M., T. Brush, ... Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: Henry M. Streby

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315355634

Category: Nature

Page: 238

View: 952

Golden-winged Warblers (Vermivora chrysoptera) are migratory songbirds that breed in temperate North America, primarily in the Great Lakes region with remnant populations throughout the Appalachian Mountains, and winter in Central and northern South America. Their breeding range has contracted dramatically in the Appalachian Mountains and many populations have dramatically declined, likely due to habitat loss, competition and interbreeding with Blue-winged Warblers (Vermivora pinus), andglobal climate change.. As a result of population declines in much of the eastern portion of their breeding range, Golden-winged Warblers are listed as endangered or threatened in 10 U.S. states and in Canada and have been petitioned for protection under the U.S. Endangered Species Act. Published in collaboration with and on behalf of The American Ornithological Society, this volume in the highly-regarded Studies in Avian Biology series compiles extensive, current research on Golden-winged Warblers and summarizes what is known and identifies many remaining unknowns, providing a wealth of peer-reviewed science on which future research and listing decisions can be based.
Categories: Nature

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks

Beyond Mayfield: Measurements of Nest-Survival Data. Jones, S. L., and G. R. Geupel, ... Birds of the US–Mexico Borderland: Distribution, Ecology, and Conservation. Ruth, J. M., T. Brush, ... Video Surveillance of Nesting Birds.

Author: Jean-Pierre L. Savard

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781482248982

Category: Nature

Page: 610

View: 230

The past decade has seen a huge increase in the interest and attention directed toward sea ducks, the Mergini tribe. This has been inspired, in large part, by the conservation concerns associated with numerical declines in several sea duck species and populations, as well as a growing appreciation for their interesting ecological attributes. Reflecting the considerable research recently conducted on this tribe, Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks examines the 15 extant species of sea ducks from North America. Chapters are organized conceptually to focus on, compare, and contrast the ecological attributes of the tribe. Experts provide in-depth treatments of a range of topics, including: Population dynamics and genetics Infectious diseases and parasites Breeding costs and cross-seasonal affects Contaminant burdens Foraging behavior and energetics Migration strategies, molt ecology, and habitat affinities and dynamics Breeding systems and reproductive behavior Harvest history The book presents a comprehensive synthesis of sea duck ecology, documents factors that have caused population declines of some species, and provides managers with measures to enhance recovery of depressed populations of sea ducks in North America. Capturing the current state of knowledge of this unique tribe, it provides a benchmark for where we are in conservation efforts and suggests future directions for researchers, managers, students, conservationists, and avian enthusiasts.
Categories: Nature

Secrets of the Snake Charmer

Secrets of the Snake Charmer

Blouin-Demers report that six of eight studies using video cameras to monitor bird nest in the Western Hemisphere ... and co-workers used surveillance cameras to continuously monitor 17 nests of two different species of antbirds on ...

Author: John C. Murphy

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 9781450221276

Category: Science

Page: 420

View: 116

Note that there is a companion website for this book and it can be seen at: http://secretsofthesnakecharmer.blogspot.com/ Humans and snakes have an intimate and ancient relationship that often revolves around either love or hate. Snakes can be seen as gods, spiritual messengers, symbols of fertility, and guardians of resources in virtually all cultures. But to those that fear them, snakes are seen as venomous creatures that cannot be trusted. In Secrets of the Snake Charmer, John Murphy, a research associate of the Division of Amphibians and Reptiles in the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago, provides an in-depth, twenty-first century look at snakes utilizing the published research of other herpetologists as well as his own personal experiences and speculations. Murphy covers a wide range of topics such as the adaptability of snakes, the ways in which evolution has tinkered with snakes during the last 160 million years, and the impact snakes have on the ecological communities they live in. While sharing ideas about the origin of snakes, rattlesnake rattles, and spitting in cobras, Murphy presents an innovative portrayal of snakes that proves they co-evolve with their prey, predators, and parasites in order to fulfill a significant and novel role in the web of life.
Categories: Science

Conservation Biology of Hawaiian Forest Birds

Conservation Biology of Hawaiian Forest Birds

and nesting adults (Sockman 1997, At' wood and Bontrager 2001, Peterson et al. ... Remote video surveillance of 23 nests documented nestling depreda' tion by feral cats on three occasions dur' ing the day, when cats are typically less ...

Author: Thane K. Pratt

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300141085

Category: Science

Page: 707

View: 346

Hawaii’s forest bird community is the most insular and most endangered in the world and serves as a case study for threatened species globally. Ten have disappeared in the past thirty years, nine are critically endangered, and even common species are currently in decline. Thane K. Pratt, his coeditors, and collaborators, all leaders in their field, describe the research and conservation efforts over the past thirty years to save Hawaii’s forest birds. They also offer the most comprehensive look at the reasons for these extinctions and attempts to overcome them in the future. Among the topics covered in this book are trends in bird populations, environmental and genetic factors limiting population size, avian diseases, predators, and competing alien bird species. Color plates by award-winning local photographer Jack Jeffrey illustrate all living species discussed or described.
Categories: Science

From Visual Surveillance to Internet of Things

From Visual Surveillance to Internet of Things

(2012) [35] Floating wood detection River videos Ali et al. (2013) [36] 5.2.1 Visual Observation of Birds The importance in the constant monitoring of birds lies in the migratory phenomenon of the different species, their protection, ...

Author: Lavanya Sharma

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000708448

Category: Computers

Page: 260

View: 770

From Visual Surveillance to Internet of Things: Technology and Applications is an invaluable resource for students, academicians and researchers to explore the utilization of Internet of Things with visual surveillance and its underlying technologies in different application areas. Using a series of present and future applications – business insights, indoor-outdoor securities, smart grids, human detection and tracking, intelligent traffic monitoring, e-health department and many more – this book will support readers to obtain a deeper knowledge in implementing IoT with visual surveillance. The book offers comprehensive coverage of the most essential topics, including: The rise of machines and communications to IoT (3G, 5G) Tools and technologies of IoT with visual surveillance IoT with visual surveillance for real-time applications IoT architectures Challenging issues and novel solutions for realistic applications Mining and tracking of motion-based object data Image processing and analysis into the unified framework to understand both IOT and computer vision applications This book will be an ideal resource for IT professionals, researchers, under- or post-graduate students, practitioners, and technology developers who are interested in gaining a deeper knowledge in implementing IoT with visual surveillance, critical applications domains, technologies, and solutions to handle relevant challenges. Dr. Lavanya Sharma is an Assistant Professor in the Amity Institute of Information Technology at Amity University UP, Noida, India. She is a recipient of several prestigious awards during her academic career. She is an active nationally-recognized researcher who produces dozens of papers in her field. She has contributed as an Organizing Committee member and session chair at Springer and IEEE conferences. Prof. Pradeep K. Garg worked as a Vice Chancellor, Uttarakhand Technical University, Dehradun. Presently he is working in the department of Civil Engineering, IIT Roorkee as a professor. Prof. Garg has published more than 300 technical papers in national and international conferences and journals. He has completed 26 research projects funded by various government agencies, guided 27 PhD candidates, and provided technical services to 84 consultancy projects on various aspects of Civil Engineering.
Categories: Computers

Whooping Cranes Biology and Conservation

Whooping Cranes  Biology and Conservation

The majority of nest sites were found in freshwater marshes of moderate size (mean = 1.17 km2 in area, ... Through video surveillance, cranes were observed standing with spread wings and giving alarm calls as Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128035856

Category: Science

Page: 538

View: 606

Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation covers one of the most endangered birds in North America, and the subject of intense research and highly visible conservation activity. The volume summarizes current biological information on Whooping Cranes and provides the basis for future research necessary for conservation of this species. This edited volume concentrates on work completed in the past 20 years in the areas of population biology, behavior and social structure, habitat use, disease and health, captive breeding, and Whooping Crane conservation. Much of the information presented comes from the study and management of remnant and reintroduced populations of Whooping Cranes in the field; some information is from experimentation and breeding of captive Whooping Cranes. Whooping Cranes: Biology and Conservation seeks to inform and galvanize action dedicated to meeting the challenges faced by Whooping Crane managers and conservationists. Thus, it describes one model of endangered species conservation and restoration that will interest a wide audience: professionals that work on cranes; researchers in the fields of small population biology, endangered species, and avian ecology; wildlife veterinarians and those involved in avian husbandry; administrators of management agencies or conservation organizations; conservationists in other fields; teachers of conservation biology or ornithology and their students; and the educated general public. Presents a comprehensive treatment of the biology and ecology of Whooping Cranes, including biology of both remnant and reintroduced populations of Whooping Cranes Describes efforts over the past 45 years on conservation and the challenges of reintroducing an endangered species Includes chapters from a variety of disciplinary and scale perspectives, ranging from evolution, to population ecology, behavior, habitat use, large landscape conservation, conflict, and conservation efforts Features contributions that are readable, yet technically complete and fully referenced Provides an example of partnership and collegial action that integrates information produced by scientific research and operational wildlife management Edited and written by the leading Whooping Crane scholars and practitioners focused on this high-profile species of conservation concern
Categories: Science

Webless Migratory Game Bird Research Program Project Abstracts

Webless Migratory Game Bird Research Program  Project Abstracts

Nesting ecology data for next year ( 2000 ) will be collected using the SentinelTM Surveillance Video System . Blood samples will be collected from birds captured and banded from November through March as a part of the regular banding ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D019634712

Category: Birds

Page:

View: 605

Categories: Birds

The Handbook of New Zealand Mammals

The Handbook of New Zealand Mammals

... down to almost total failure in some years.493 Video surveillance of little shearwater burrows on Lady Alice I. documented predation of eggs by kiore, the probable cause of up to 75% of nest failures.70,494 On Little Barrier I., ...

Author: Carolyn King

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 9781486306305

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 346

The Handbook of New Zealand Mammals is the only definitive reference on all the land-breeding mammals recorded in the New Zealand region (including the New Zealand sector of Antarctica). It lists 65 species, including native and exotic, wild and feral, living and extinct, residents, vagrants and failed introductions. It describes their history, biology and ecology, and brings together comprehensive and detailed information gathered from widely scattered or previously unpublished sources. The description of each species is arranged under standardised headings for easy reference. Because the only native land-breeding mammals in New Zealand are bats and seals, the great majority of the modern mammal fauna comprises introduced species, whose arrival has had profound effects both for themselves and for the native fauna and flora. The book details changes in numbers and distribution for the native species, and for the arrivals it summarises changes in habitat, diet, numbers and size in comparison with their ancestral stocks, and some of the problems they present to resource managers. For this third edition, the text and references have been completely updated and reorganised into Family chapters. The colour section includes 14 pages of artwork showing all the species described and their main variations, plus two pages of maps.
Categories: Science

The Emu

The Emu

Acknowledgments This study was funded by the Birds for Biodiversity Program of the Conservation Council of South ... Thus , without further work using video surveillance of nests , for mple , we cannot infer that nest predators are ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112086007033

Category: Birds

Page:

View: 651

Categories: Birds

BBC Wildlife

BBC Wildlife

Macaws also make popular pets , so young birds are often stolen from nests and sold for considerable sums . ... Using video surveillance , the team prevents chick theft and also gains insight into macaw breeding behaviour .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123122983

Category: Animals

Page:

View: 926

Categories: Animals

Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Urban Wildlife Conservation May 1 5 1999

Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Urban Wildlife Conservation  May 1 5  1999

Once foraging behavior of these birds in urban landscapes . a predation event is recorded , we relocate the entire ... For observing their behavior at nests ( video surveillance example , American Robins showed consistently poor works ...

Author: Lisa K. Harris

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D021865599

Category: City planning

Page: 362

View: 460

Categories: City planning

Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

Wildlife Conservation on Farmland Volume 2

... eggs of ground-nesting birds, respectively. We also demonstrated the importance of understanding behaviour in devising wildlife management methods (see discussion of this in Baker et al. 2007b), the benefits of video surveillance ...

Author: David W. Macdonald

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198745501

Category:

Page: 336

View: 691

Many of the encounters between farming and wildlife, especially vertebrates, involve some level of conflict which can cause disadvantage to both the wildlife and the people involved. Through a series of WildCRU case-studies, this volume investigates the sources of the problems, and ultimately of the threats to conservation, discussing a variety of remedies and mitigations, and demonstrating the benefits of evidence-based, inter-disciplinary policy.
Categories: