Victimology: Theories and Applications

Author: Ann Wolbert Burgess,Cheryl Regehr,Albert R. Roberts

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449668844

Category: Law

Page: 436

View: 9943

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Victimology: Theories and Applications introduces readers to the study of victimization, crime typologies, and the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and society at large. Each chapter provides a typology of the offender to analyze motivation, and includes an overview of the issues related to people who become victims of a wide variety of traditional and contemporary crimes such as child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, elder abuse, cyber crime and hate crimes. The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas.
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Victimology

Author: Ann Wolbert Burgess,Cheryl Regehr,Albert R. Roberts

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 1449665330

Category: Law

Page: 590

View: 8181

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Thoroughly revised and updated to reflect the most current trends and developments in the field, Victimology: Theories and Applications, Second Edition provides a comprehensive introduction to the study of victimization, crime typologies, and the impact of crime on victims, offenders, and society at large. Each chapter provides an overview of the scope, law, and victim response to crime and concludes with a summary and discussion questions to ensure comprehension. An overview of the issues impacting victims of a wide variety of traditional and contemporary crimes are examined, including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, bullying, elder abuse, cybercrime and hate crimes. The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well as definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas. This Second Edition offers a balance between theory and application and will prepare readers to work with victims, offenders, and the justice system. New to the Second Edition: -Contains new contemporary case studies, including the cases of IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Khan, Casey Anthony, and the Senator Scott Brown case as illustrating non-disclosure of childhood abuse for 40 years. -Includes an analysis on the Casey Anthony case from the perspective of the jury in the chapter on justice systems. -A new chapter includes discussions on domestic and international databases and studies, including UCR, NCVS, StatsCan, Justice Canada, Interpol, and WHO reports on victimization. -Includes a new chapter on child abduction and exploitation including a discussion of child trafficking. -All tables and figures have been updated to reflect the most current data. -Every new printed copy is pacakaged with full student access to the companion website, which features a variety of engaging and interactive study tools. Key Features: -Offers a balance between theory and the research and practice-oriented tools to prepare readers to work with victims, offenders, and the justice system. -Covers current topics including: human trafficking, victims of gang violence, bullying, victims of terrorism, victims of cybercrime, property crimes, corporate crimes, workplace violence, racial profiling and disproportionate penalties.
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Victimology

Author: Burgess

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning

ISBN: 1284130193

Category: LAW

Page: 738

View: 1342

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Victimology explores all crimes impacting victims, including child maltreatment, intimate partner violence, elder abuse, cybercrime, and hate crimes. The history and theories of victimology are explored, as well as definitive laws and policies, strategies for intervention, and future research areas.
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Victimology

Crime Victimization and Victim Services

Author: Lisa Growette Bostaph

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 1454850965

Category: Law

Page: 572

View: 8519

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Victimology: Crime Victimization and Victim Services¿ is a text written for undergraduate students that provides a broad overview of the theoretical basis of victimology, and the role of victimology in today's criminal justice system. This multidisciplinary approach to crime victimization, crime victims, and victim services includes chapters written by authors from a variety of disciplines: criminal justice and criminology, counseling, nursing, social work, nonprofit organizations, law, student affairs, and public policy. Within each chapter, chapter highlights provide more in-depth information on a central concept, spotlights on pioneers in the field, and real world applications that demonstrate how the topic is currently being addressed in communities across the country. The authors' goal was to provide a more holistic perspective that is grounded in how theories arose from the real world experiences of victims in one cohesive text.
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Neurocriminology

Forensic and Legal Applications, Public Policy Implications

Author: Diana Concannon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351802437

Category: Psychology

Page: 204

View: 3459

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Neurocriminology: Forensic and Legal Applications, Public Policy Implications explores the dramatic impact of advances in neuroscience research and practice to our present understanding of criminality and crime control. Contemporary, cutting-edge research in neuroscience is cited and explained. Studies and cases are clearly and concisely outlined with potential uses for practical applications detailed. This will be framed in the context of criminological foundations, theory, and the notion of the nature of crime itself. This comprehensive and engaging book also delves into recent developments in modern neurology, and connections between neuroscience and its criminal, legal, and forensic implications and ramifications. The book poses various questions about what insight neurology can provide to human cognition, to motivation and—in particular—criminal motivation. From biological observations is there a pattern, or are there similarities, in what the brainscan of a criminal looks like? What are the treatment implications and are their valid assessments or treatments that can be used in a corrections environment to curb, or even modify, behavior definitively? And, ultimately, what are the moral, legal and social implications of all? Coverage throughout incorporates leading research that links neurological and biological factors to heightened risk for criminality. This includes coverage of suboptimal arousal (low heart rate), testosterone, neurotransmitters, and variations in MAOA—the so-called "warrior gene"—and more. Neurocriminology will offer a thought-provoking analysis of the broad-reaching implications of this science to better inform the prevention, investigation, monitoring, and control of crime. This includes the remarkable potential for neuroscience to serve as a resource and potential tool to criminology and penology researchers, psychologists, forensic psychologists, forensic scientists, legal professionals, and investigators of crime and criminal behavior.
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Global Criminology

Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era

Author: K. Jaishankar,Natti Ronel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439892504

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 2859

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Global criminology is an emerging field covering international and transnational crimes that have not traditionally been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era is a collection of rigorously peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV) that took place in Jaipur, India in 2011. Using a global yardstick as the basis for measurement, the fundamental goal of the conference was to determine criminological similarities and differences in different regions. Four dominant themes emerged at the conference: Terrorism. In a topic that operates at the intersection of international law, international politics, crime, and victimization, some questions remain unanswered. Is terrorism a crime issue or a national defense issue? Should terrorists be treated as war criminals, soldiers, or civil criminals? How can international efforts and local efforts work together to defeat terrorism? Cyber Crimes and Victimization. Cyber space provides anonymity, immediate availability, and global access. Cyber offenders easily abuse these open routes. As cyber space develops, cyber-crime develops and grows. To achieve better cyber security, global criminologists must explore cyber-crimes from a variety of perspectives, including law, the motivation of offenders, and the impact on victims. Marginality and Social Exclusion. Globalization is manifest in the fast transition of people between places, societies, social classes, and cultures. Known social constructions are destroyed for new ones, and marginalized people are excluded from important material, social, and human resources. This section examines how we can provide inclusion for marginalized individuals in the global era and protect them from victimization. Theoretical and Practical Models of Criminal Victimization. The process of globalization, as mentioned above, creates new elements of victimization. But globalization can also become an opportunity for confronting and defeating victimization through improved sharing of knowledge and increased understanding of the humanity of the weak. The emerging global criminology comprises diversity of attitudes, explanations, and perspectives. The editors of this volume recognize that in the global village, there is room for solid contributions to the field of criminology and criminal justice. This collection is a move in this direction. It is hoped that these articles will help to expand the boundaries of criminology, criminal justice, and victimology with a view towards reducing crime worldwide.
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Introduction to Criminology

Theories, Methods, and Criminal Behavior

Author: Frank E. Hagan,Leah E. Daigle

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544339046

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 7098

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Introduction to Criminology, Tenth Edition, is a comprehensive introduction to the study of criminology, focusing on the vital core areas of the field—theory, method, and criminal behavior. With more attention to crime typologies than most introductory texts, authors Frank E. Hagan and Leah Elizabeth Daigle investigate all forms of criminal activity, such as organized crime, white collar crime, political crime, and environmental crime. The methods of operation, the effects on society and policy decisions, and the connection between theory and criminal behavior are all explained in a clear, accessible manner. New to the Tenth Edition: New “Applying Theory” scenarios are included with the theory chapters in Part II. These application exercises encourage critical thinking by asking you to use criminological theory to explain the criminal behavior of Aileen Wuornos. Updated “Crime and the Media” boxes highlight the effect that the media has on public perception of crime. New topics include the #MeToo movement, media coverage of the opioid crisis, popular shows like Breaking Bad and The Wire, online dating fraud, and cyberbullying. Over 170 new “Learning Check” questions and answers have been added throughout the book to help you review your understanding of key concepts and increase reading comprehension. Examination of important new topics, like what works in criminology, the relationship between immigration and crime, the impact of neuroscience and genetic studies on criminology, recent shootings and terrorist attacks, and the continuing battle between over-criminalization and under-criminalization, deepens your understanding of the field. Updated figures, tables, and statistics throughout the book ensure that you have access to the most current information available.
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Victims and Victimology

Research, Policy and Practice

Author: Jo Goodey

Publisher: Longman

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 292

View: 3046

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This book provides an introduction to the key debates within the area of victims and victimology. While the mainstay of the text focuses on victim-centred criminal and social justice developments in England and Wales, examples from around the world are provided in order to explore the victims ¿place¿ in the context of wider political and policy debates. The book¿s eight chapters, together with its introduction and end comment, describe and comment on some of the most salient developments, in recent years, in so-called ¿victim-centred¿ justice. Victims and Victimology is suitable for courses at both undergraduate and postgraduate level.
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