Victimology

Author: Paul Elliott Rock

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781855214057

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2385

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International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice

Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham,Ori Beck,Martin Kett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420053883

Category: Law

Page: 800

View: 7920

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At the outset of the twenty-first century, more than 9 million people are held in custody in over 200 countries around the world. --from the essay "Prisons and Jails" by Ron King The first comparative study of this increasingly integral social subject, International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive and balanced review of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the expertise of scholars and researchers from around the world, this book covers the theory, practice, history, and empirical evidence surrounding crime prevention, identification, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of both traditional methods and thinking as well as novel concepts and approaches. Beginning with a study of the changing attitude of penal practice in Florida from one of offender transformation to one of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and control, this volume embarks on an objective and sober appraisal of every aspect of the field. Contributions consider the sociology of incarcerated prisoners including the increasing prevalence of prison suicides. The book evaluates arguments regarding the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from moral, utilitarian, and practical positions. It examines non-incarcerative and alternative punishments such as financial restoration and restrictions of liberty, as well as the positive effects of Victim Offender Mediation. It also considers several methods aimed at achieving measurable crime prevention including identifying at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of opportunity, as well as the pros and cons of employing the coercive power of police. Further essays consider subjects such as international policing, the roles of prosecution and defense attorneys, current discretionary sentencing practices, and the role and treatment of victims. The volume concludes with two chapters of case studies that provide a "hands-on" feel for the interplay of the concepts discussed. This volume is the first in a three-part trilogy. See also The International Handbook of Victimology and The International Handbook of Criminology.
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Crime and the risk society

Author: Pat O'Malley

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 490

View: 4200

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The International library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology is an important publishing initiative that brings together the most significant contemporary published journal essays in current criminology, criminal justice and penology.
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Professional Criminals

Author: Dick Hobbs

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781855214149

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 2208

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The International library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology is an important publishing initiative that brings together the most significant contemporary published journal essays in current criminology, criminal justice and penology.
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Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention

Author: Bonnie S. Fisher,Steven P. Lab

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412960479

Category: Social Science

Page: 1174

View: 1495

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Victimology and crime prevention are growing, interrelated areas cutting across several disciplines. Victimology examines victims of all sorts of criminal activity, from domestic abuse, to street violence, to victims in the workplace who lose jobs and pensions due to malfeasance by corporate executives. Crime prevention is an important companion to victimology because it offers insight and techniques to prevent situations that lead to crime and attempts to offer ideas and means for mitigating or minimizing the potential for victimization. .In many ways, the two fields have developed along parallel yet separate paths, and the literature on both has been scattered across disciplines as varied as sociology, law and criminology, public health and medicine, political science and public policy, economics, psychology and human services, and more. The Encyclopedia of Victimology and Crime Prevention provides a comprehensive reference work bringing together such dispersed knowledge as it outlines and discusses the status of victims within the criminal justice system and topics of deterring and preventing victimization in the first place and responding to victims' needs. Two volumes containing approximately 375 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and comprehensive reference resource available on victimology and crime prevention, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. In addition to standard entries, leading scholars in the field have contributed Anchor Essays that, in broad strokes, provide starting points for investigating the more salient victimology and crime prevention topics. A representative sampling of general topic areas covered includes: interpersonal and domestic violence, child maltreatment, and elder abuse; street violence; hate crimes and terrorism; treatment of victims by the media, courts, police, and politicians; community response to crime victims; physical design for crime prevention; victims of nonviolent crimes; deterrence and prevention; helping and counseling crime victims; international and comparative perspectives, and more.
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The Fear of Crime

Author: N.A

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351544632

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 7182

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Studies of the fear of crime have constituted what is undeniably the fastest growing research area within criminology in the last decade and this shows no sign of diminishing. The editors have a distinguished record of innovative research in the field, being responsible for a number of seminal empirical and theoretical articles. In this volume, they have collected together and for the first time, all the most significant contributions to the field. The collection includes an introductory essay by the editors and articles reflecting: an overview of the field; the causes of vulnerability; the sources of information on victimisation; the methods used to survey fear; the theoretical models employed to explain it; and the nature of policies designed to reduce fear.
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The Fear of Crime

Author: N.A

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351544624

Category: Social Science

Page: 584

View: 2834

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Studies of the fear of crime have constituted what is undeniably the fastest growing research area within criminology in the last decade and this shows no sign of diminishing. The editors have a distinguished record of innovative research in the field, being responsible for a number of seminal empirical and theoretical articles. In this volume, they have collected together and for the first time, all the most significant contributions to the field. The collection includes an introductory essay by the editors and articles reflecting: an overview of the field; the causes of vulnerability; the sources of information on victimisation; the methods used to survey fear; the theoretical models employed to explain it; and the nature of policies designed to reduce fear.
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Occupational Crime

Author: Gerald Mars

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351759329

Category: Social Science

Page: 438

View: 5282

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This title was first publishde in 2001. Occupational crime is found in the whole range of occupations and at all levels. Despite the fact that activities are widespread and well known, the area is blurred by contradictory perceptions, denials and arguments over definition. This volume presents influential essays on the topic.
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Victimology

A Canadian Perspective

Author: Jo-Anne M. Wemmers

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442634855

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 5036

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Victimology is a relatively new and emerging interdisciplinary area that crosses the fields of criminology, law, sociology, and justice. Written by one of the world’s leading experts on victimology, this book is designed to offer a broad introduction to the subject. Unlike other texts that are organized around different types of victimization, this book is informed by a victim-centred approach that treats victims’ rights as human rights.
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Social Control

Aspects of Non-State Justice

Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 356

View: 8658

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This book brings together a collection of articles that examine different terms of the total range of organized justice systems in society. By highlighting private systems of rule making and sanctioning such as workplace discipline, organizational tribunals and other quasi -courts. These contributors demonstrate that consideration of criminal justice needs to be expanded to include all of its various manifestations, whether these be public or privately sponsored. Without such consideration any attempts to bring due process justice and accountability to the formal system are futile in the context of the total justice picture.
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