Veto Players

Veto Players

"Tsebelis has produced what is today the most original theory for the understanding of the dynamics of contemporary regimes. . . . This book promises to remain a lasting contribution to political analysis.

Author: George Tsebelis

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400831458

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 714

Political scientists have long classified systems of government as parliamentary or presidential, two-party or multiparty, and so on. But such distinctions often fail to provide useful insights. For example, how are we to compare the United States, a presidential bicameral regime with two weak parties, to Denmark, a parliamentary unicameral regime with many strong parties? Veto Players advances an important, new understanding of how governments are structured. The real distinctions between political systems, contends George Tsebelis, are to be found in the extent to which they afford political actors veto power over policy choices. Drawing richly on game theory, he develops a scheme by which governments can thus be classified. He shows why an increase in the number of "veto players," or an increase in their ideological distance from each other, increases policy stability, impeding significant departures from the status quo. Policy stability affects a series of other key characteristics of polities, argues the author. For example, it leads to high judicial and bureaucratic independence, as well as high government instability (in parliamentary systems). The propositions derived from the theoretical framework Tsebelis develops in the first part of the book are tested in the second part with various data sets from advanced industrialized countries, as well as analysis of legislation in the European Union. Representing the first consistent and consequential theory of comparative politics, Veto Players will be welcomed by students and scholars as a defining text of the discipline. From the preface to the Italian edition: ? "Tsebelis has produced what is today the most original theory for the understanding of the dynamics of contemporary regimes. . . . This book promises to remain a lasting contribution to political analysis."--Gianfranco Pasquino, Professor of Political Science, University of Bologna
Categories: Political Science

The Politics of the European Union

The Politics of the European Union

many veto players (George Tsebelis, Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work
, Princeton University Press, 2002). Tsebelis dis- A veto player is an actor who
can prevent a cerns two types of veto players: institutional decision from being ...

Author: Herman Lelieveldt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139498395

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 585

A new introduction to the European Union which uses the lens of comparative politics. This approach helps students understand the EU through comparisons with domestic politics and links with broader debates in political science. The text is supported by numerous examples, and chapters include briefings, fact files and controversy boxes which highlight important information and controversial issues in EU politics to widen and deepen student understanding. The authors have developed online 'Navigating the EU' exercises that introduce students to useful sources of information on the internet and help them to analyse policy-making in the EU. This textbook is a comprehensive introduction to EU politics and covers history, theory, key institutions and participants, as well as policies and policy-making.
Categories: Political Science

From common market to European Union building

From common market to European Union building

According to Tsebelis , a veto player is an individual or collective player in a
political system with the ability or right to prevent a ... How Political Institutions
Work , New York 2002 , a convincing and inspiring adaptation of Tsebelis ' theory
into ...

Author: Michael Gehler

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien

ISBN: 3205777441

Category: Europe

Page: 772

View: 875

Categories: Europe

Direct Democracy s Impact on American Political Institutions

Direct Democracy   s Impact on American Political Institutions

Veto Players and Law Production in Parliamentary Democracies: An Empirical
Analysis. American Political Science Review 93:591–608. . 2002. Veto Players:
How Political Institutions Work. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Tsebelis ...

Author: S. Bowler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230612020

Category: Political Science

Page: 199

View: 687

In this volume a series of contributions look at the impact of direct democracy on those processes of representative democracy to raise – and answer – the question: Does direct democracy harm representative democracy?
Categories: Political Science

New Tools and New Tests in Comparative Political Economy

New Tools and New Tests in Comparative Political Economy

"Some say that democracy is more likely to survive under parliamentary governments.

Author:

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN:

Category: Comparative government

Page: 46

View: 561

"Some say that democracy is more likely to survive under parliamentary governments. That result is not robust to the use of different variables from the Database of Political Institutions, a large new cross-country database that may illuminate many other issues affecting and affected by political institutions"--Cover.
Categories: Comparative government

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies

Decision Making in Political Systems: Veto Players in Presidentialism,
Parliamentarism, Multicameralism and Multipartyism. British Journal of Political
Science, 25: 289–325. Tsebelis, G., 2002. Veto Players: How Political Institutions
Work.

Author: Shane Martin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191019074

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 221

Legislatures are political bodies essential to democracy and the rule of law. They present social scientists with numerous intriguing puzzles, with far-reaching implications for our understanding of political institutions. Why, and how, have these ancient assemblies, established in pre-democratic times, survived the transition to mass democracies? How have they adapted? How do they structure such processes as budgeting, legislation, and executive oversight? How do their members get selected, and what consequences flow from differences in these rules? What roles do committees and political parties play in contemporary legislatures? What functions do legislatures perform in autocratic, semi-democratic or recently democratized societies? What explains the similarities and differences in legislative rules, powers and recruitment? What are the policy and other consequences of variation in how legislatures are organized and function? The 33 chapters in The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies, written by 47 of the most distinguished legislative scholars, provide a comprehensive and up-to-date description and assessment of the state of the art in legislative studies. Key themes explored include theoretical paradigms and methodological approaches to the study of legislatures, representation and legislative careers, internal organization, the role of parties within legislatures and the role of legislatures in policy making and accountability. The Handbook also explores the emergence of parliaments in historical and contemporary contexts, including new democracies and trans-national institutions.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

The Oxford Handbook of Political Leadership

Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Tsebelis, G. (2002). Veto Players: How Political
Institutions Work. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Wagner, R. (1966). '
Pressure Groups and Political Entrepreneurs: A Review Article', Public Choice, 1/
1: 161–70.

Author: R. A. W. Rhodes

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191645860

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 325

Political leadership has made a comeback. It was studied intensively not only by political scientists but also by political sociologists and psychologists, Sovietologists, political anthropologists, and by scholars in comparative and development studies from the 1940s to the 1970s. Thereafter, the field lost its way with the rise of structuralism, neo-institutionalism, and rational choice approaches to the study of politics, government, and governance. Recently, however, students of politics have returned to studying the role of individual leaders and the exercise of leadership to explain political outcomes. The list of topics is nigh endless: elections, conflict management, public policy, government popularity, development, governance networks, and regional integration. In the media age, leaders are presented and stage-managed—spun—DDLas the solution to almost every social problem. Through the mass media and the Internet, citizens and professional observers follow the rise, impact, and fall of senior political officeholders at closer quarters than ever before. This Handbook encapsulates the resurgence by asking, where are we today? It orders the multidisciplinary field by identifying the distinct and distinctive contributions of the disciplines. It meets the urgent need to take stock. It brings together scholars from around the world, encouraging a comparative perspective, to provide a comprehensive coverage of all the major disciplines, methods, and regions. It showcases both the normative and empirical traditions in political leadership studies, and juxtaposes behavioural, institutional, and interpretive approaches. It covers formal, office-based as well as informal, emergent political leadership, and in both democratic and undemocratic polities.
Categories: Political Science

Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

Democracy and Islam in Indonesia

5. George Tsebelis, Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work (Princeton, N.J.:
Princeton University Press, 2002), 19. 6. Ulf Sundhaussen, The Road to Power:
Indonesian Military Politics, 1945–1967 (Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press,
 ...

Author: Mirjam Künkler

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231535052

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 613

Indonesia's military government collapsed in 1998, igniting fears that economic, religious, and political conflicts would complicate any democratic transition. Yet in every year since 2006, the world's most populous Muslim country has received high marks from international democracy-ranking organizations. In this volume, political scientists, religious scholars, legal theorists, and anthropologists examine the theory and practice of Indonesia's democratic transition and its ability to serve as a model for other Muslim countries. They compare the Indonesian example with similar scenarios in Chile, Spain, India, and Tunisia, as well as with the failed transitions of Yugoslavia, Egypt, and Iran. Essays explore the relationship between religion and politics and the ways in which Muslims became supportive of democracy even before change occurred, and they describe how innovative policies prevented dissident military groups, violent religious activists, and secessionists from disrupting Indonesia's democratic evolution. The collection concludes with a discussion of Indonesia's emerging "legal pluralism" and of which of its forms are rights-eroding and rights-protecting.
Categories: Political Science

Contemporary Japanese Politics

Contemporary Japanese Politics

Institutional Changes and Power Shifts Tomohito Shinoda. ———. “Japan's Top-
Down Policy Process to Dispatch the SDF to Iraq,” Japanese Journal of Political
Science 7, 1 (April 2006): 71–91. ... Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work.

Author: Tomohito Shinoda

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231528061

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 892

Decentralized policymaking power in Japan had developed under the reign of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP), yet in the1990s, institutional changes fundamentally altered Japan's political landscape. Tomohito Shinoda tracks these developments in the operation of and tensions between Japan's political parties and the public's behavior in elections, as well as in the government's ability to coordinate diverse policy preferences and respond to political crises. The selection of Junichiro Koizumi, an anti-mainstream politician, as prime minister in 2001 initiated a power shift to the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) and ended LDP rule. Shinoda details these events and Prime Minister Koizumi's use of them to practice strong policymaking leadership. He also outlines the institutional initiatives introduced by the DPJ government and their impact on policymaking, illustrating the importance of balanced centralized institutions and bureaucratic support.
Categories: Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

The Oxford Handbook of Political Science

Sigelman, L. 2006b. The coevolution of American political science and the
American Political Science Review. American Political Science Review, 100: 463
–78. et al. ... Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton, NJ:
Princeton ...

Author: Robert E. Goodin

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191619793

Category: Political Science

Page: 1312

View: 622

Drawing on the rich resources of the ten-volume series of The Oxford Handbooks of Political Science, this one-volume distillation provides a comprehensive overview of all the main branches of contemporary political science: political theory; political institutions; political behavior; comparative politics; international relations; political economy; law and politics; public policy; contextual political analysis; and political methodology. Sixty-seven of the top political scientists worldwide survey recent developments in those fields and provide penetrating introductions to exciting new fields of study. Following in the footsteps of the New Handbook of Political Science edited by Robert Goodin and Hans-Dieter Klingemann a decade before, this Oxford Handbook will become an indispensable guide to the scope and methods of political science as a whole. It will serve as the reference book of record for political scientists and for those following their work for years to come.
Categories: Political Science

Managing Institutional Complexity

Managing Institutional Complexity

Institutional Interaction in Global Environmental Governance: Synergy and
Conflict among International and EU Policies. ... Increasing Returns, Path
Dependence, and the Study of Politics. ... Veto Players: How Political Institutions
Work.

Author: Sebastian Oberthur

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262297431

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 813

Experts investigate how states and other actors can improve inter-institutional synergy and examine the complexity of overlapping environmental governance structures. Institutional interaction and complexity are crucial to environmental governance and are quickly becoming dominant themes in the international relations and environmental politics literatures. This book examines international institutional interplay and its consequences, focusing on two important issues: how states and other actors can manage institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption; and what forces drive the emergence and evolution of institutional complexes, sets of institutions that cogovern particular issue areas. The book, a product of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project (IDGEC), offers both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Chapters range from analytical overviews to case studies of institutional interaction, interplay management, and regime complexes in areas including climate change, fisheries management, and conservation of biodiversity. Contributors discuss such issues as the complicated management of fragmented multilateral institutions addressing climate change; the possible “chilling effect” on environmental standards from existing commitments; governance niches in Arctic resource protection; the relationships among treaties on conservation and use of plant genetic resources; causal factors in cross-case variation of regime prevalence; and the difficult relationship between the World Trade Organization and multilateral environmental agreements. The book offers a broad overview of research on interplay management and institutional complexes that provides important insights across the field of global environmental governance.
Categories: Political Science

Coalition Politics and Hindu Nationalism

Coalition Politics and Hindu Nationalism

Tsebelis, G. (1990) Nested Games: Rational Choice in Comparative Politics,
Berkeley: University of California Press. Tsebelis, G. (2002) Veto Players: How
Political Institutions Work, New York, Princeton: Russell Sage Foundation,
Princeton ...

Author: Katharine Adeney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134239788

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 128

This new collection examines the emergence of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) in India and the ways in which its Hindu nationalist agenda has been affected by the constraints of being a dominant member of a coalition government. Religious influence in contemporary politics offers a fertile ground for political-sociological analysis, especially in societies where religion is a very important source of collective identity. In South Asian societies religion can, and often has, provided legitimacy to both governments and those who oppose them. This book examines the emergence of the BJP and the ways in which its Hindu nationalist agenda has been affected by the constraints of being a dominant member of a coalition government. The collected authors take stock of the party's first full term in power, presiding over the diverse forces of the governing NDA coalition, and the 2004 elections. They assess the BJP's performance in relation to its stated goals, and more specifically how it has fared in a range of policy fields - centre-state relations, foreign policy, defence policies, the 'second generation' of economic reforms, initiatives to curb corruption and the fate of minorities. Explicitly linking the volume to literature on coalition politics, this book will be of great importance to students and researchers in the fields of South Asian studies and politics.
Categories: Political Science

The Economic Crisis in Social and Institutional Context

The Economic Crisis in Social and Institutional Context

Tsebelis, George 2002: Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. New York:
Russell Sage Foundation/Princeton University Press. Véron, Nicolas 2012:
Challenges of Europe's Union. Prepared Statement before the US Senate
Committee ...

Author: Sebastiano Fadda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317617419

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 226

View: 500

This book explores the foundations of the current economic crisis. Offering a heterodox approach to interpretation it examines the policies implemented before and during the crisis, and the main institutions that shaped the model of advanced economies, particularly in the last two decades. The first part of the book provides a theoretical analysis of the crisis. The roots of the ‘great recession’ are divided into fundamentals with origins in financial liberalisation, financial innovation and income distribution, and complementary or contributory factors such as the international imbalances, the monetary policy,and the role of credit rating agencies. Part II suggests various paths to recovery while emphasising that it will be necessary to develop alternative strategies for sustainable economic recovery and growth. These strategies will require genuine political support and a new 'great European vision' to address major issues concerning the EU such as unemployment, structural regional differences and federalism. Drawing on various schools of thought, this book explains the complexities of the crisis through a wider evolutionary-institutional and heterodox framework.
Categories: Business & Economics

Principles of International Politics

Principles of International Politics

Democracy in America, translated and edited by Harvey C. Mansfield and Delba
Winthrop. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Tsebelis, George. 2002. Veto
Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press
.

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781483304663

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 426

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition of Principles of International Politics, based on extensive reviewer feedback and newly guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Principles' coverage of the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics are given sustained treatment: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations and law, human rights, and the global environment. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn to mobilize the key concepts and models.
Categories: Political Science

The Contemporary House of Lords

The Contemporary House of Lords

Smith, E. A. (1992), The House of Lords in British Politics and Society 1815–1911
(New York: Longman). Smith, P. (2004 ... Tsebelis, G. (2002), Veto Players: How
Political Institutions Work (Princeton: Princeton University Press). —— and ...

Author: Meg Russell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191654732

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 547

As the second chamber of the Westminster parliament, the House of Lords has a central position in British politics. But it is far less well-studied and well understood than the House of Commons. This is in part because of constant expectations that it is about to be reformed - but most Lords reform plans fail, as the Coalition government's dramatically did in 2012. Meanwhile, following a landmark change in 1999 which removed most of its hereditary members, the Lords' role in the policy process has grown. Understanding the chamber is therefore now essential to understanding politics and parliament in Britain. This book provides the first detailed portrait of the post-1999 Lords, explaining who sits in the chamber, how it operates, and crucially what policy impact it has. Its membership is shown to be more diverse and modern than many would assume, and its influence on policy to be substantial. As a 'no overall control' chamber, in which no party has a majority, it has inflicted numerous defeats on the Blair, Brown and Cameron governments, and become an important site of negotiation. It has provided a power base for the Liberal Democrats, and includes a group of almost 200 independents who now play a pivotal role. Close study of today's House of Lords demolishes some common myths about British politics, and also about how two chamber parliaments work. This book, as well as focusing on the contemporary Lords, provides a historical and comparative context for British bicameralism, asks whether the Lords can be considered 'legitimate', and describes recent reform efforts and possible future reforms.
Categories: Law

The Politics of Trade and Tobacco Control

The Politics of Trade and Tobacco Control

Available at http://www.thestar.com/business/2008/11/03/treaty_consultation_
process_snubs_public.html. Tsebelis, G. 2002. Veto Players: How Political
Institutions Work. Princeton: Princeton University Press. UNCITRAL. 2010.
UNCITRAL ...

Author: H. Jarman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137384164

Category: Political Science

Page: 159

View: 377

This book uses the concept of political conflict to examine the effects of globalization on tobacco control policies. Analyzing a range of challenges to policies enacted by Australia, Canada, the United States, the European Union and Uruguay, the book examines how the global trading system has narrowed the scope of conflicts over tobacco control.
Categories: Political Science

Cohesion and Discipline in Legislatures

Cohesion and Discipline in Legislatures

Adaptation and Innovation in Special Rules (Washington, DC: The Brookings
Institution, 1988); G.W. Cox and M.D. ... Parliaments and Majority Rule in Western
Europe; G. Tsebelis, Veto Players. How Political Institutions Work (Princeton, NJ
and London: Princeton University Press, 2002), pp.84–5; C. Mershon and W.B. ...

Author: Reuven Y. Hazan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136797163

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 165

The existence of noticeable 'unified' parties is central to the theory and practice of democracy in general, and to parliamentary democracy in particular. However, legislative studies scholars have good reason to cease treating parties as monolithic, unitary actors, for they evidently are not. The first step in this direction is to ask why one of t
Categories: Political Science

Constructive Illusions

Constructive Illusions

Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton: Princeton University
Press. Turner, Jonathan. 2002. Face to Face: Toward a Sociological Theory of
Interpersonal Behavior. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Van Atta, Dale. 2008.

Author: Eric Grynaviski

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801454646

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 643

Are the best international agreements products of mutual understanding? The conventional wisdom in economics, sociology, and political science is that accurate perceptions of others’ interests, beliefs, and ideologies promote cooperation. Obstacles to international cooperation therefore emerge from misperception and misunderstanding. In Constructive Illusions, Eric Grynaviski challenges this conventional wisdom by arguing that when nations wrongly believe they share a mutual understanding, international cooperation is actually more likely, and more productive, than if they had a genuine understanding of each other’s position. Mutual understanding can lead to breakdowns in cooperation by revealing intractable conflicts of interest, identity, and ideology. Incorrectly assuming a mutual understanding exists, in contrast, can enhance cooperation by making actors confident that collaborative ventures are in both parties’ best interest and that both parties have a reliable understanding of the terms of cooperation. Grynaviski shows how such constructive misunderstandings allowed for cooperation between the United States and the Soviet Union between 1972 and 1979. During détente, the superpowers reached more than 150 agreements, established standing consultative committees, regularly held high-level summit meetings, and engaged in global crisis management. The turn from enmity to cooperation was so stark that many observers predicted a permanent end to the Cold War. Why did the superpowers move from confrontation to cooperation? Grynaviski’s theory of the role of misunderstanding in cooperation provides an explanation that is significantly different from liberal institutionalist and constructivist approaches. This book’s central claim is that states can form what French president Valéry Giscard d’Estaing called "a superb agreement based on complete misunderstanding."
Categories: Political Science

Labour Market Deregulation in Japan and Italy

Labour Market Deregulation in Japan and Italy

Veto Players: How Political Institutions Work. Princeton: Princeton University
Press. UNCTAD. 2005. UNCTAD World Investment Report 2005. Geneva:
UNCTAD. Urano, Edson and Paul Stewart. 2009. 'Beyond Organized Labour in
Japan: The ...

Author: Hiroaki Richard Watanabe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317689645

Category: Political Science

Page: 170

View: 437

Japan and Italy encountered severe economic problems in the early 1990s, and the governments had to deal with those issues effectively under the increasing neoliberal pressures of globalisation. In this context, labour market deregulation was considered an effective tool to cope with those economic problems. However, the forms and degrees of labour market deregulation in the two countries were quite different. This book seeks to explain the differences in labour market deregulation policies between Japan and Italy, despite the fact that the two countries shared a number of similar political, social and labour market (if not cultural) characteristics. Uniquely, it takes a political, rather than economic or sociological perspective to provide a theoretical and empirical analysis of the processes of labour market deregulation in the two countries. The precarious working conditions of an increasing number of non-regular workers has become a prominent social issue in many industrialised countries including Japan and Italy, but the level of the protection for these workers depends on a country’s labour market policies, which are affected by the power resources of labour unions and labour policy-making structures. This book provides a useful perspective for understanding the root causes of this phenomenon, such as the diffusion of ‘neoliberal’ ideas aimed at promoting labour-market flexibility under globalisation, and demonstrates that there is still room for politics to decide the extent of deregulation and maintain worker protection from management offensives even in an era of globalisation. Labour Market Deregulation in Japan and Italy: Worker Protection under Neoliberal Globalisation will appeal to students and scholars of Japanese politics, Italian politics, political economy and comparative politics.
Categories: Political Science