Varieties of Capitalism in Asia

Beyond the Developmental State

Author: David Hundt,Jitendra Uttam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349589748

Category: Political Science

Page: 283

View: 4170

This book devises an innovative new way of explaining how socioeconomic orders shape capitalism in Asia. Hundt and Uttam go beyond both the ‘varieties of capitalism’ approach, which is mainly used to analyse Western capitalism, and the 'developmental state' thesis, which is the primary framework for analysing capitalism in Asia, and propose a new and innovative approach to the emergence of capitalist systems. Rather than focusing solely or predominantly on the state, they argue, it is necessary to bring society back in to an analysis of capitalism. The authors apply this approach to case studies from across the region: Japan; South Korea and Taiwan; Hong Kong and Singapore; Malaysia and Thailand; and India and China. This volume will appeal to historians, political scientists and economists, as well as policymakers, who are interested in the transformation of the Asian region since World War II.
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Varieties of Capitalism in Southeast Asia

Author: Joel David Moore

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319537008

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 1766

This book explains the political origins and evolution of capitalist institutions in developing countries by looking at distinct patterns in the electronics industry in three Southeast Asian countries: Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore. An analysis of the political determinants of these patterns has a number of theoretical and practical implications. It includes a new explanation for family business behavior, a unified framework for explaining capitalist varieties, a guide for institutional reform, and a comparative examination of three dynamic Asian economies that provides important insights to students, scholars, and people in business.
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Varieties of Secularism in Asia

Anthropological Explorations of Religion, Politics and the Spiritual

Author: Nils Ole Bubandt,Martijn Van Beek

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136668640

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 3749

Varieties of Secularism is an ethnographically rich, theoretically well-informed, and intellectually coherent volume which builds off the work of Talal Asad, Charles Taylor, and others who have engaged the issue of secularism(s) and in socio-political life. The volume seeks to examine theories of secularism/secularity and examine concrete ethnographic cases in order to further the theoretical discussion. Whereas Taylor’s magisterial work draws up the conditions and problems of a belief in God in Western modernity, it leaves unexplored the challenges posed by the spiritual in modernity outside of the North Atlantic rim. This anthology seeks to begin that task. It does so by suggesting that the kind of secularity described by Taylor is only one amongst others. By attending to the shifting relationship between proper religion and ‘bad faiths’; between politically valorised and embarrassing spiritual phenomena; between the new visibilities and silences of magic, ancestors, and religion in democratic politics, this book seeks to outline the particular formations of secularism that have become possible in Asia from China to Indonesia and from Bahrain to Timor-Leste. This book will appeal to students and scholars of Asian religion, politics and anthropology.
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The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems

Author: Michael A. Witt,Gordon Redding

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626554

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 752

View: 2345

Much of the existing literature within the "varieties of capitalism " (VOC) and "comparative business systems " fields of research is heavily focused on Europe, Japan, and the Anglo-Saxon nations. As a result, the field has yet to produce a detailed empirical picture of the institutional structures of most Asian nations and to explore to what extent existing theory applies to the Asian context. The Oxford Handbook of Asian Business Systems aims to address this imbalance by exploring the shape and consequences of institutional variations across the political economies of different societies within Asia. Drawing on the deep knowledge of 32 leading experts, this book presents an empirical, comparative institutional analysis of 13 major Asian business systems between India and Japan. To aid comparison, each country chapter follows the same consistent outline. Complementing the country chapters are eleven contributions examining major themes across the region in comparative perspective and linking the empirical picture to existing theory on these themes. A further three chapters provide perspectives on the influence of history and institutional change. The concluding chapters spell out the implications of all these chapters for scholars in the field and for business practitioners in Asia. The Handbook is a major reference work for scholars researching the causes of success and failure in international business in Asia.
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Emerging Capitalism in Central Europe and Southeast Asia

A Comparison of Political Economies

Author: F. Bafoil

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137383062

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 925

This book examines the emergence of different forms of capitalism in Central-Eastern states in Europe and Mekong states within the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). All of them (but Thailand) have historically disappeared from the regional maps for long periods of time due to colonial or imperial rule. Most of them were previously members of a soviet-type economy, and they all joined ASEAN or the European Union in the 1990s or in the 2000s. These states are characterized by a strong urge toward feelings of national sovereignty due to their experiences with colonialism and imperialism. But, due to the regional economic pressures and the globalization dynamic, these states cannot articulate protectionist policies. They are forced to open their economies in order to attract Foreign Direct Investments. This results in less regulated and more political forms of capitalism than in some more developed capitalist countries. This book analyzes forms of capitalism as the arising from a combination of three conditions: the legacy of the foreign occupations, the national construction process of the sovereign state, and lastly, the dynamics of regional integration. These states' claims to national sovereignty and the manner in which they developed suggests a causative link between the forms of political domination that have presided over these transformations and the forms of capitalism that have resulted.
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The China Crisis

How China's Economic Collapse Will Lead to a Global Depression

Author: James R. Gorrie

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118470788

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 372

A controversial look at the impending Chinese economiccollapse—the history behind it, its contemporary causes, andits dire implications for the global economy All the experts agree: the 21st century belongs to China. GivenAmerica's looming insolvency and the possibility of the collapse ofthe U.S. dollar, who can doubt that China is poised to take overthe role of economic superpower? Written by political economist andleading financial journalist James Gorrie, this book offers ahighly controversial, contrarian view of contemporary China.Drawing upon a wealth of historical and up-to-the-minute data,Gorrie makes a strong case that China, itself, is on the verge ofan economic crisis of epic proportions. He explains how, caught ina recurrent boom/bust cycle that has played itself out severaltimes over the past sixty years, China is again approaching totaleconomic and social collapse. But with one important differencethis time: they may very well take the entire global economy downwith them. Explores the Chinese communist party's unfortunate history ofmaking costly and very bloody mistakes on an enormous scale One-by-one Gorrie analyzes those critical mistakes and explainshow they may lead to economic collapse in China and globaldepression Describes Chinese "cannibal capitalism," and where its massiveabuse of the country's environment, people, and arable lands isleading that country and the world economy Chronicles China's history of recurring economic crisis andexplains why all the evidence suggests that history is about torepeat itself
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Asian Capitalism and the Regulation of Competition

Towards a Regulatory Geography of Global Competition Law

Author: Michael W. Dowdle,John Gillespie,Imelda Maher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107355265

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9107

Asian Capitalism and the Regulation of Competition explores the implications of Asian forms of capitalism and their regulation of competition for the emerging global competition law regime. Expert contributors from a variety of backgrounds explore the topic through the lenses of formal law, soft law and transnational regulation, and make extensive comparisons with Euro-American and global models. Case studies include Japan, China and Vietnam, and thematic studies include examinations of competition law's relationship with other regulatory terrains such as public law, market culture, regulatory geography and transnational production networks.
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Law, Capitalism and Power in Asia

The Rule of Law and Legal Institutions

Author: Kanishka Jayasuriya

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134738250

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 4260

A challenging and provocative book that contests the liberal assumption that the rule of law will go hand in hand with a transition to market-based economies and even democracy in East Asia. Using case studies from Hong Kong, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Japan and Vietnam, the authors argue that the rule of law is in fact more likely to provide political elites with the means closely to control civil society. It is essential, therefore, to locate conceptions of judicial independence and the rule of law more generally within the ideological vocabulary of the state.
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Are There Varieties of Capitalism in African Political Economies?

Author: Christoph Vogel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3656047766

Category:

Page: 64

View: 3129

Seminar paper from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Africa, grade: 1,7, University of Cologne (Forschungsinstitut fur Politische Wissenschaft und Europaische Fragen), course: Comparative Political Economy: Varieties of Capitalism, language: English, abstract: Since the last decade scientific research on capitalism has experienced a noticeably grown attention among scholars as well as politicians. One of the most discussed approaches in this field of comparative analysis of political economy is the 'varieties of capitalism' theory1 developed by Peter Hall and David Soskice. Their approach basically focuses on how different actors may behave in a certain politico-economic state configuration and on how far this configuration can determine a national type or variety of capitalism as well as the economic success of a political economy. This approach, though, has been designed with a view to the so-called 'developed economies', which are to be found in Western and Central Europe as well as in North America. In the era of globalization other economies have come into play, with their performances ranging from real success stories, as in several Asian economies, to considerable failure, as in most marginalized Sub-Saharan African economies. After presenting Hall and Soskice's approach and some of its criticisms in order to give a conceptual framework, this paper will provide a very brief overview of the political economy of colonialism, followed by a case-study analysis of the contemporary political economies of Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The main research question is to identify to which extent varieties of capitalism imported from colonial powers have fashioned today's economies in the chosen cases as 'economic models' or how far the empirically established colonial economic systems are responsible for post-colonial developments. The former colonial power in Uganda, Great Britain, will be considered as a Libe
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Globalization and Employment Relations in the Auto Assembly Industry

A Study of Seven Countries

Author: Roger Blanpain,Russell D. Lansbury

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041126988

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 152

View: 5340

Describes work organization, skill formation, remuneration systems, staffing arrangements and employment security, and enterprise governance and employee-management relations in seven countries: the United States, Australia, Germany, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, and China.
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