Advances in Biological and Medical Physics

Author: John H. Lawrence,Joseph G. Hamilton

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483281760

Category: Science

Page: 496

View: 4102


Advances in Biological and Medical Physics, Volume 1, provides an overview of the state of knowledge in biological and medical physics. The book contains 10 chapters and opens with a discussion of methods by which isotopes can be employed in medical and biological problems, and the factors that influence the choice of isotopes that have been and may be used in biological work. This is followed by separate chapters on the applications of nitrogen and carbon isotopes to in vivo studies of the animal organism; the nature and production of artificial radioactivity; the interaction of radioactivity with matter and instruments for detecting ionizing radiation; and the scope of health physics. Subsequent chapters deal with the use of radioactive isotopes to study iron and hemoglobin metabolism and the physiology of the erythrocyte; applications of radioactive phosphorus as a tracer in intermediary metabolism of fat; effects of the atomic bomb irradiation on the Japanese; and nucleic acid metabolism.

Biology of Metabolism in Growing Animals

Author: Douglas G. Burrin,Harry J. Mersmann

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0444510133

Category: Medical

Page: 483

View: 4797


The book is intended to provide in-depth reviews of the recent advances in major areas of metabolism in growing domestic animals. The study of metabolism represents a nexus of biological phenomenon that integrates the impact of nutrition, physiology, endocrinology, immunology, biochemistry, and cell biology in an organism. The development of new methodological techniques and experimental approaches have provide scientists with a greater understanding of how key nutrients or substrates are metabolized at the cellular, organ, and whole animal level. This book presents contributions from leading scientists in nutrition and physiology that highlight important new developments in interorgan and tissue-specific metabolism of protein and amino acids, lipids and fatty acids, and carbohydrates in monogastric and runinant species. Authors will describe the impact of specific biochemical pathways and expression of critical enzymes, routes of nutrient or substrate input, and anatomical or structural influences on the rates of metabolism in a given tissue or cell type. Major substrates/ fuels for oxidative metabolism, key signaling pathways, and intracellular molecules that regulate the major metabolic processes will be described. Also included is how the metabolism of growing animals is influenced by ontogeny, stage of differentiation, and major changes in diet, or the environment. The concepts and specific findings in each area are discussed in the context of their impact on the nutrient requirements, growth, environmental impact, healt and well-being of animals. The book will be a useful reference for research scientists, teachers and students interested in and advanced understanding of metabolism in growing animals. The book is written by leading experts and highlights some of the most recent advances in the field of metabolism. It is a useful reference for researchers and advanced level graduate students in nutrition, physiology and animal science. Presents recent advances in the field of metabolism.

Handbook of Radiobiology

Author: Kedar N. Prasad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849325014

Category: Medical

Page: 352

View: 4191


This handbook presents the most current information on the effects of ionizing radiation on mammalian cells, with emphasis on human tissues. The dose-effect relationship is emphasized in a quantitative manner. The book contains up-to-date data on the late effects of low levels of radiation on humans. It also provides some of the late consequences of radiation therapy detected among cancer survivors.

Applications of Nuclear and Radiochemistry

Author: Richard M. Lambrecht,Nabil Morcos

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483162303

Category: Medical

Page: 600

View: 8301


Applications of Nuclear and Radiochemistry is a collection of articles focusing on contemporary applied research on radioactive isotopes. The monograph is based on the Second Chemical Congress of the North American Continent, held at Las Vegas, Nevada in August 1980. The book contains articles on developments in nuclear chemistry and radiochemistry, emphasizing the topic of radiopharmaceutical chemistry. The text is composed of two parts, wherein the first part is comprised of papers dealing with advances in the production of radionuclides for nuclear medicine, in the synthesis of labeled pharmaceuticals, and in the design and use of specific diagnostic agents. These sections cover research areas on machines used for research, such as compact accelerators, positron emission, and single photon tomographs. Emphasis is given to the radiochemistry and design of radiopharmaceuticals for receptor studies and for determining physiological function and metabolism of the brain, heart, and tumors. The second part examines contemporary advances including the impact of radiochemistry in China pertaining to the fallout from Chinese nuclear tests. This part also contains a section covering a list of uncommon topics. The text is of interest to nuclear scientists, academicians in the field of radiology and radiochemistry, researchers in nuclear medicine, nuclear engineers, and environmental researchers.