Urban Planning Theory Since 1945

Author: Nigel Taylor

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761960935

Category: Science

Page: 184

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Following the Second World War, modern systems of urban and regional planning were established in Britain and most other developed countries. In this book, Nigel Taylor describes the changes in planning thought which have taken place since then. He outlines the main theories of planning, from the traditional view of urban planning as an exercise in physical design, to the systems and rational process views of planning of the 1960s; from Marxist accounts of the role of planning in capitalist society in the 1970s, to theories about planning implementation, and more recent views of planning as a form of `communicative action'.
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Planning and Urban Change

Author: Stephen Victor Ward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761943181

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 1088

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Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
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Planning Toronto

The Planners, The Plans, Their Legacies, 1940-80

Author: Richard White

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 0774829389

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 1188

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In this lavishly illustrated, meticulously researched book, Richard White analyzes the city's planning and how it contributed to Toronto becoming a functional, world-class city. Focusing on the critical period from 1940 to 1980, he examines how planners sought to shape the city and the region amid a maelstrom of local and international influences and obstacles. Planning Toronto offers the first comprehensive explanation of how Toronto's postwar plans -- city, metropolitan, and regional -- came to be, who devised them, and what impact they had. As this definitive history reveals, planning matters -- though perhaps not always as expected.
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Planning And Urban Change

Author: Stephen Ward

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781853962189

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 8447

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This book provides an entirely new and authoritative historical introduction to urban planning in Britain from its origins in the 1890s to the current directions of the 1990s and beyond. The author, an acknowledged expert in planning history, makes extensive use of recent research to provide a highly readable, evocatively illustrated and thoroughly comprehensive account. Three basic themes run through the book: ideas, policies and impacts. The first involves an examination of the origins and development of the major aspects of planning thought. Beginning with the early importance of radical and utopian ideas, the book charts the later advocacy of a comprehensive approach in the 1930s and 1940s, the rise and fall of rational ‘scientific’ planning in the 1960s and 1970s, and the more recent influence of ‘new right’ and green ideas. Second, the importance of ideas in shaping policies is discussed, tracing the growth of the planning system and detailing major policy initiatives. Throughout, the intensely political nature of planning is stressed, with frequent reference to the actions of key ministers, civil servants, local politicians and professional planners. Third, there is an overall assessment of the actual impacts of planning, showing how powerful economic and social forces have interacted with planning intentions in the actual patterns of urban change. Often these have subverted planning ideas so that the spatial, economic and social outcomes have been rather different to those originally intended. The book ends with a call for a renewed planning vision for the 21st century, embracing both the new concerns for sustainable development, and planning’s original, though often forgotten, project for radical reform.
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Social Town Planning

Author: Clara Greed

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134692404

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 4803

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Many issues such as access for the disabled, childcare facilities, environmental matters, and ethnic minority issues are excluded from town planning considerations by planning authorities. This book introduces the concept of `social town planning' to integrate planning policy and practices with the cultural and social issues of the people they are planning for. Part 1 provides background on the development of a social dimension to the predominantly physical, land use based, British town planning system. Part 2 investigates a representative selection of minority planning topics, in respect of gender, race, age and disability, cross-linked to the implications for mainstream policy areas such as housing, rural planning and transport. Part 3 discusses the likely influence of a range of global and European policy initiatives and organisations in changing the agenda of British town planning. Planning for healthy cities, sustainability, social cohesion, and equity are discussed. Part 4 looks at `the problem' from a cultural perspective, arguing that a great weakness in the British system, resulting in ugly and impractical urban design, has been the lack of concern among planners with social activities and cultural diversity. Alternative, more culturally inclusive approaches to planning are presented which might transcend the social/spatial dichotomy, such as urban time planning. Concluding that the process of planning must change, the authors ague that the culture and composition of the planning profession must particularly change to be more representative and reflective of the people they are `planning for', in terms of gender, race and minority composition.
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Urban and Regional Planning

Author: Peter Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134602944

Category: Architecture

Page: 248

View: 4183

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This is the fourth edition of the classic text for students of urban and regional planning. It gives a historical overview of the developments and changes in the theory and practice of planning, throughout the entiretwentieth century. This extensively revised edition follows the successful format of previous editions. Specific reference is made to the most important British developments in recent times, including the devolution of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, the establishment of the Mayor of London and the dominant urban sustainability paradigm. Planning in Western Europe, since 1945, now incorporates new material on EU-wide issues as well as updated country specific sections. Planning in the United States since 1945, now discusses the continuing trends of urban dispersal and social polarisation, as well as initiatives in land use planning and transportation policies. The book looks at the nature of the planning process at the end of the twentieth century and looks forward to the twenty-first century.
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The Planning Polity

Planning, Government and the Policy Process

Author: Mark Tewdwr-Jones

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134447892

Category: Architecture

Page: 352

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Planning is not a technical and value free activity. Planning is an overt political system that creates both winners and losers. The Planning Polity is a book that considers the politics of development and decision-making, and political conflicts between agencies and institutions within British town and country planning. The focus of assessment is how British planning has been formulated since the early 1990s, and provides an in-depth and revealing assessment of both the Major and Blair governments' terms of office. The book will prove to be an invaluable guide to the British planning system today and the political demands on it. Students and activists within urban and regional studies, planning, political science and government, environmental studies, urban and rural geography, development, surveying and planning, will all find the book to be an essential companion to their work.
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Planning in Taiwan

Spatial Planning in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Roger Bristow,Special Lecturer in Urban Studies Roger Bristow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136990542

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 2137

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Provides a history of planning in Taiwan and situates contemporary Taiwanese planning in the wider global context. The book then covers challenges to planning, urban change, legal planning, land problems, the development of industrial land, community planning, conservation, ecological land use, planning for natural disasters and transportation planning.
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