Urban Forest Acoustics

Urban Forest Acoustics

Trees can reduce noise by sound reflection and absorption and this is the first book bringing together the widely scattered literature on noise abatement by urban trees.

Author: Voichita Bucur

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540307891

Category: Science

Page: 181

View: 146

Trees can reduce noise by sound reflection and absorption and this is the first book bringing together the widely scattered literature on noise abatement by urban trees. The book will interest those concerned with environmental management, noise control, and urban forestry. It is an invaluable source of information for environmental managers, foresters, acousticians, engineers, architects, scientists, and students.
Categories: Science

Urban Forestry

Urban Forestry

“Effects of Vegetation on Human Response to Sound.” Journal of Arboriculture 10(2):45–49. Appleyard, D. 1978. “Urban Trees, Urban Forests: What Do They Mean ...

Author: Robert W. Miller

Publisher: Waveland Press

ISBN: 9781478629498

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 560

View: 702

Fully updated and greatly enhanced, the Third Edition of Urban Forestry addresses current issues in planning, establishing, and managing trees, forests, and other elements of nature in urban and community ecosystems. The authors discuss why we have trees in cities and how we use them, clarify the appraisal and inventory of urban vegetation, and extensively delve into the planning and management of public as well as private vegetation. As urban forestry continues to evolve as a profession, foresters and arborists can expect many challenges as well as opportunities. The continuing development of cities has become linked to a much greater emphasis on urban vegetation, the growing demand for recreation amenities within the urban environment, and the careful and successful management of vegetation in an urban ecosystem. New ways to incorporate the highly versatile urban forest resource into the urban fabric will undoubtedly benefit the lives of its residents.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Abstracts of Urban Forestry Research in Progress 1979

Abstracts of Urban Forestry Research in Progress  1979

12 Noise AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF FORESTS ON THE CONTROL OF THE URBAN ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT ( 1 . 12 ) REETHOFF , Professor Gerhard 213D Engineering Unit ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112104066573

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: 72

View: 215

Categories: Forests and forestry

Guidelines on urban and peri urban forestry

Guidelines on urban and peri urban forestry

Urban forest acoustics. Heidelberg, Germany, Springer. Campbell, P., James, S. & Edwards, C. 2011. The canopy: London's urban forest: a guide for designers, ...

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251094426

Category: Nature

Page: 172

View: 217

These guidelines - intended for a global audience of decision-makers, civil servants, policy advisors and other stakeholders - promote urban and peri-urban forests as a way of meeting the needs of cities for environmental services. They will also raise community awareness on the positive contributions that urban and peri-urban forests can make to city life and their essential role in global sustainability.
Categories: Nature

Urban Tree Management

Urban Tree Management

Recreation use of urban forests: an inter‐area comparison. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening 4, ... Urban Forest Acoustics. Springer, Berlin/Heidelberg.

Author: Andreas Roloff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118954584

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 692

Urban tree management is the key basis for greener cities of the future. It is a practical discipline which includes tree selection, planting, care and protection and the overall management of trees as a collective resource. Urban Tree Management aims to raise awareness for the positive impacts and benefits of city trees and for their importance to city dwellers. It describes their advantages and details their effects on quality of urban life and well-being – aspects that are increasingly important in these times of progressing urbanisation. With this book you will learn: - fundamentals, methods and tools of urban tree management - state of the art in the fields of urban forestry and tree biology - positive effects and uses of urban trees - features, requirements and selection criteria for urban trees - conditions and problems of urban trees - governance and management aspects - environmental education programs. Edited by the leading expert Dr Andreas Roloff, Urban Tree Management is an excellent resource for plant scientists, horticulturists, dendrologists, arborists and arboriculturists, forestry scientists, city planners, parks department specialists and landscape architects. It will be an essential addition to all students and libraries where such subjects are taught. About the editor Dr Andreas Roloff is Chair of Forest Botany, Dresden University of Technology, Germany. He is the author/editor of other Wiley publications: Enzyklopädie der Holzgewächse (Encyclopedia of Woody Plants), Bäume Nordamerikas (North American Trees), Bäume Mitteleuropas (Trees in Central Europe), Bäume: Lexikon der Praktischen Baumbiologie, (Trees: Encyclopedia of Applied Tree Biology).
Categories: Science

Forest Service General Technical Report NE

Forest Service General Technical Report NE

1.12 Noise AN ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF FORESTS ON THE CONTROL OF THE URBAN ACOUSTIC ENVIRONMENT ( 1.12 ) REETHOFF , Professor Gerhard 213D Engineer ing ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:26025141

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 708

Categories: Forests and forestry

The Practice of Silviculture

The Practice of Silviculture

Assessing the benefits and costs of the urban forest. Journal of Arboriculture, 18: 227–234. Eyring, C. F. 1946. Jungle acoustics. Journal of the Acoustical ...

Author: Mark S. Ashton

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9781119270959

Category: Science

Page: 776

View: 915

The most up-to-date, comprehensive resource on silviculture that covers the range of topics and issues facing today’s foresters and resource professionals The tenth edition of the classic work, The Practice of Silviculture: Applied Forest Ecology, includes the most current information and the results of research on the many issues that are relevant to forests and forestry. The text covers such timely topics as biofuels and intensive timber production, ecosystem and landscape scale management of public lands, ecosystem services, surface drinking water supplies, urban and community greenspace, forest carbon, fire and climate, and much more. In recent years, silvicultural systems have become more sophisticated and complex in application, particularly with a focus on multi-aged silviculture. There have been paradigm shifts toward managing for more complex structures and age-classes for integrated and complementary values including wildlife, water and open space recreation. Extensively revised and updated, this new edition covers a wide range of topics and challenges relevant to the forester or resource professional today. This full-color text offers the most expansive book on silviculture and: Includes a revised and expanded text with clear language and explanations Covers the many cutting-edge resource issues that are relevant to forests and forestry Contains boxes within each chapter to provide greater detail on particular silvicultural treatments and examples of their use Features a completely updated bibliography plus new photographs, tables and figures The Practice of Silviculture: Applied Forest Ecology, Tenth Edition is an invaluable resource for students and professionals in forestry and natural resource management.
Categories: Science

Promoting Healthy and Supportive Acoustic Environments Going beyond the Quietness

Promoting Healthy and Supportive Acoustic Environments  Going beyond the Quietness

Bucur, V. Urban Forest Acoustics; Springer: Berlin, Germany, 2006. 66. Van Renterghem, T. Towards explaining the positive effect of vegetation on the ...

Author: Francesco Aletta

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039282722

Category: Medical

Page: 334

View: 592

This book gathers 14 original contributions published in an IJERPH Special Issue that deal with the perception of environmental sounds and how such sounds are likely to affect human quality of life and well-being and the experience of a place. The research focus over the years has been gradually shifting from treating sound simply as “noise” and something that cities should get rid of to a potential “resource” to promote and support community life in public spaces. Three main topics or “needs” to be addressed by researchers and practitioners emerged from this Special Issue: (1) the need to re-think “quietness” in cities as something that goes beyond the mere “pursuit of silence”, (2) the need to integrate additional contextual factors in the characterization and management of urban acoustic environments for public health, and (3) the need to consider the acoustic quality of indoor spaces as opposed to an outdoor-only perspective. The contributions collected in this book will hopefully trigger new questions and inform the agenda of future researchers and practitioners in the environmental acoustics domain.
Categories: Medical

Predicting Outdoor Sound

Predicting Outdoor Sound

[48] V. Bucur, Urban Forest Acoustics. Springer-Verlag, Berlin (2006). [49] O. Umnova, K. Attenborough and C. Linton, Effects of porous covering on sound ...

Author: Keith Attenborough

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429894831

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 208

The second edition of Predicting Outdoor Sound is an up-to-date reference on the propagation of sound close to the ground and its prediction. New content includes comparisons between predictions and data for road traffic, railway and wind turbine noise; descriptions of source characteristics in the HARMONOISE model; propagation over rough seas, parallel low walls, and lattices; outlines of numerical methods; gabion (caged stones) and sonic crystal noise barriers; meteorological effects on noise barrier performance; and the prediction requirements for auralization. The book brings together relevant theories, prediction schemes, and data, thereby providing a basis for determining what model or scheme might be applicable for any situation. It also offers a background on useful analytical approximations and the restrictions, as well as difficulties and limitations associated with engineering prediction schemes. The text should be of considerable interest to researchers in outdoor sound propagation and, more generally, it should provide a comprehensive primer on the topic for lecturers, consultants and students in acoustics and noise control.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Urban Forests and Trees

Urban Forests and Trees

Acoustics and the urban forest . In : Hopkins , G. ( ed . ) . Proceedings of the National Urban Forestry Conference . USDA Forest Service , State University ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D01940804S

Category: Trees in cities

Page: 328

View: 955

Categories: Trees in cities

Proceedings of the National Urban Forestry Conference

Proceedings of the National Urban Forestry Conference

Research in forest acoustics began with the pioneering work of Eyring ( 1946 ) in tropical forests of Panama . Eyring concluded that the sound attenuation ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015007534731

Category: Trees in cities

Page:

View: 161

Categories: Trees in cities

Ecoacoustics

Ecoacoustics

Au, WWL and Green, M (2000) Acoustic interaction of humpback whales and whale‐watching boats. ... Bucur, V (2006) Urban Forest Acoustics, Springer, Berlin.

Author: Almo Farina

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119230700

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 428

The sounds produced by geophonic, biophonic and technophonic sources are relevant to the function of natural and human modified ecosystems. Passive recording is one of the most non-invasive technologies as its use avoids human intrusion during acoustic surveys and facilitates the accumulation of huge amounts of acoustical data. For the first time, this book collates and reviews the science behind ecoaucostics; illustrating the principles, methods and applications of this exciting new field. Topics covered in this comprehensive volume include; the assessment of biodiversity based on sounds emanating from a variety of environments the best technologies and methods necessary to investigate environmental sounds implications for climate change and urban systems the relationship between landscape ecology and ecoacoustics the conservation of soundscapes and the social value of ecoacoustics areas of potential future research. An invaluable resource for scholars, researchers and students, Ecoacoustics: The Ecological Role of Sounds provides an unrivalled set of ideas, tools and references based on the current state of the field.
Categories: Science

General Technical Report WO

General Technical Report WO

Acoustics and the urban forest . In Proceedings National Urban Forestry Conference . State University of New York , College of Environmental Science and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015018194707

Category: Forests and forestry

Page:

View: 901

Categories: Forests and forestry

Urban and Community Forestry in the Northeast

Urban and Community Forestry in the Northeast

Reethof, G., and McDaniel, O. H., 1978, Acoustics and the urban forest, in Proceedings of the National Urban Forestry Conference (G. Hopkins, ed.) ...

Author: John E. Kuser

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402042898

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 487

View: 454

This book is a textbook for Urban/Community Forestry courses and a handbook for Shade Tree Commissions, tree wardens, State and National Forestry Services, and professional societies. It is the most complete text in this field because it addresses both culture and management, and the chapters have been written by experts who are active practitioners. The book provides observations and examples relevant to every urban center in the U.S. and elsewhere.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Soundscape Ecology

Soundscape Ecology

Appl Acoust 72:387–392 Bucur V (2006) Urban forest acoustics. Springer, Berlin Carles JL, Lopez Barrio I, de Lucio JV (1999) Sound influence on landscape ...

Author: Almo Farina

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400773745

Category: Science

Page: 315

View: 716

Soundscape Ecology represents a new branch of ecology and it is the result of the integration of different disciplines like Landscape ecology, Bioacoustics, Acoustic ecology, Biosemiotics, etc. The soundscape that is the object of this discipline, is defined as the acoustic context resulting from natural and human originated sounds and it is considered a relevant environmental proxy for animal and human life. With Soundscape Ecology Almo Farina means to offer a new cultural tool to investigate a partially explored component of the environmental complexity. For this he intends to set the principles of this new discipline, to delineate the epistemic domain in which to develop new ideas and theories and to describe the necessary integration with all the other ecological/environmental disciplines. The book is organized in ten chapters. The first two chapters delineate principles and theory of soundscape ecology. Chapters three and four describe the bioacoustic and communication theories. Chapter five is devoted to the human dimension of soundscape. Chapters six to eight regard the major sonic patterns like noise, choruses and vibrations. Chapter nine is devoted to the methods in soundscape ecology and finally chapter ten describes the application of the soundscape analysis.
Categories: Science

Handbook on Green Infrastructure

Handbook on Green Infrastructure

Bucur, V. (2006), Urban Forestry Acoustics, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. Coppin, N.J. and Richards, I.G. (eds) (2007), Use of Vegetation in Civil ...

Author: Danielle Sinnett

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781783474004

Category: Architecture

Page: 496

View: 695

Green infrastructure encompasses many features in the built environment. It is widely recognised as a valuable resource in our towns and cities and it is therefore crucial to understand, create, protect and manage this resource. This Handbook sets the context for green infrastructure as a means to make urban environments more resilient, sustainable, liveable and equitable. Including state-of-the-art reviews that summarise the existing knowledge as well as research findings, this Handbook provides current evidence for the beneficial impact of green infrastructure on health, environmental quality and the economy. It discusses the planning and design of green infrastructure as a strategic network down to the individual features in a neighbourhood and looks at the process of green infrastructure implementation, emphasising the importance of collaboration across multiple professions and sectors. This comprehensive volume operates at multiple spatial scales, from strategic networks at the regional level to individual features in neighbourhoods, with international case studies used throughout to illustrate key examples of good practice. This collection of expert contributions will be invaluable to students and academics in the fields of planning, urban studies and geography. Practitioners and policy-makers will also find the policy discussion and examples enlightening.
Categories: Architecture

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America

E Interaction of sound with ground surfaces , ground cover and topography ... and ground effect on sound propagation through a pine forest Michelle E.

Author: Acoustical Society of America

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105131885282

Category: Acoustical engineering

Page:

View: 253

Categories: Acoustical engineering

Urban Forestry

Urban Forestry

Author: University of Minnesota. Forestry Library

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951001205034D

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: 30

View: 299

Categories: Forests and forestry

Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration

Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration

Forestry Commission Information Note 69. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. Bucur, V. (2006) Urban Forest Acoustics, p. 191. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Author: Tim Dixon

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470691403

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 200

Sustainable Brownfield Regeneration presents a comprehensive account of UK policies, processes and practices in brownfield regeneration and takes an integrated and theoretically-grounded approach to highlight best practice. Brownfield regeneration has become a major policy driver in developed countries. It is estimated that there are 64,000 hectares of brownfield land in England, much of which presents severe environmental challenges and lies alongside some of the most deprived communities in the country. Bringing such land back into active use has taken on a new urgency among policymakers, developers and other stakeholders in the development process. Frequently, however, policy thinking and practice has been underpinned by ‘silo’ mentalities, in which integrated and multidisciplinary approaches to problem-solving have been limited. The book has two principal aims. The first is to examine the ways in which science and social science research disciplines can be brought together to help solve important brownfield regeneration issues, with a focus on the UK. The second is to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of different types of regeneration policy and practice, and to show how ‘liveable spaces’ can be produced from ‘problem places’. The Thames Gateway in the south of England and Greater Manchester in the North of England are shown as examples of how brownfield regeneration projects are developing in an era where sustainability is high on the policy agenda. From the Foreword by Paul Syms, National Brownfield Advisor, English Partnerships: ‘Ensuring the effective and efficient reuse of brownfield land is an essential part of the British Government’s land use policies in support of sustainable communities. [This book] recognises that reusing brownfield land is not just about over-coming technical issues to remove contamination or other physical problems with the ground. It highlights the importance of engaging with the many different stakeholders whose opinions and concerns need to be taken into account if sustainable outcomes are to be achieved. The authors also recognise that brownfield land reuse is not just about building new homes or places of employment – the creation of new green spaces can be just as important.’
Categories: Technology & Engineering