University Physics

Arfken Griffing Kelly Priest

Author: T. William Houk,James Poth,John W. Snider

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483213935

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 9363

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University Physics: Arfken Griffing Kelly Priest covers the concepts upon which the quantitative nature of physics as a science depends; the types of quantities with which physics deals are defined as well as their nature; and the concepts of units and dimensions. The book describes the concepts of scalars and vectors; the rules for performing mathematical operations on vector quantities; the concepts of force, torque, center of gravity, and types of equilibrium. The text also describes the concepts and quantities required to describe motion; the linear kinematical relationships to describe motion; as well as the interrelationship between forces, which effect motion, and the motion itself. The concepts of mechanical work, kinetic energy and power; conservative and nonconservative forces; and the conservation of linear momentum are also considered. The book further tackles the concept of the center of mass; the rotational analogs of translational dynamics; and the mechanics of rotating systems. The text then demonstrates the motion of a rigid body; oscillatory motion, the mechanical properties of matter; and hydrodynamics. Thermodynamics, electricity, electromagnetism, and geometric and physical optics are also encompassed. Quantum and nuclear physics are also looked into. Students taking physics courses will find the book useful.
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University Physics

Author: George Arfken

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0323142028

Category: Science

Page: 918

View: 9555

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University Physics provides an authoritative treatment of physics. This book discusses the linear motion with constant acceleration; addition and subtraction of vectors; uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion; and electrostatic energy of a charged capacitor. The behavior of materials in a non-uniform magnetic field; application of Kirchhoff's junction rule; Lorentz transformations; and Bernoulli's equation are also deliberated. This text likewise covers the speed of electromagnetic waves; origins of quantum physics; neutron activation analysis; and interference of light. This publication is beneficial to physics, engineering, and mathematics students intending to acquire a general knowledge of physical laws and conservation principles.
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New Developments in Ferromagnetism Research

Author: V. N. Murray

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781594544613

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 4837

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Ferromagnetism is a form of magnetism that can be acquired in an external magnetic field and usually retained in its absence, so that ferromagnetic materials are used to make permanent magnets. A ferromagnetic material may therefore be said to have a high magnetic permeability and susceptibility (which depends upon temperature). Examples are iron, cobalt, nickel, and their alloys. Ultimately, ferromagnetism is caused by spinning electrons in the atoms of the material, which act as tiny weak magnets. They align parallel to each other within small regions of the material to form domains, or areas of stronger magnetism. In an unmagnetised material, the domains are aligned at random so there is no overall magnetic effect. If a magnetic field is applied to that material, the domains align to point in the same direction, producing a strong overall magnetic effect. Permanent magnetism arises if the domains remain aligned after the external field is removed. Ferromagnetic materials exhibit hysteresis. In 2004, it was discovered that a certain allotrope of carbon, nanofoam, exhibited ferromagnetism. The effect dissipates after a few hours at room temperature, but lasts longer at cold temperatures. The material is also a semiconductor. It is thought that other similarly formed materials, of boron and nitrogen, may also be ferromagnetic. This new book rings together leading research from throughout the world.
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University Physics

Author: Kenneth E. Jesse

Publisher: Harcourt College Pub

ISBN: 9780156016681

Category: Science

Page: 306

View: 8587

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Covers motion, Newton's laws, work, kinetic energy, conservation of energy, harmonic motion, conservation of momentum, gravitation, relativity, fluid dynamics, sound, and thermodynamics
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The Origin of the Universe - Case Closed

Author: Robert Amneus,Tim Scapillato

Publisher: eBookIt.com

ISBN: 1456602632

Category: Science

Page: 155

View: 5025

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"The Origin of the Universe" brings the elegance of creation to the grasp of the reader using simple language, over 78 illustrations and many examples. No math skills are required. Easy to follow mathematical proofs of key points are presented in the Appendix. Complex math is excluded from the main text. "The Origin of the Universe" explores: Why we have something rather than nothing The state of nothing How something can be created from nothing without violating the law of conservation of energy The trigger mechanism of the Big Bang explosion The creation of mass and gravity The creation of the elements, the galaxies and the solar system The progression of matter up to the starting point of life A development path for the eye And much more
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Expanding Humanitys Vision Of God

Author: Robert Herrmann

Publisher: Templeton Foundation Press

ISBN: 1599470977

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 1566

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How has our understanding of our world and our place in the universe changed in recent decades through the momentous discoveries of science? Do recent developments in the philosophy of science, which place limitations on scientific knowing, provide a more level playing field? This collection of essays and sermons, which have not been readily available before, address these thought-provoking questions. The John Templeton Foundation sponsored an essay and sermon contest to convey an expanded vision of God, one that is informed by recent discoveries of science on the nature of the universe and the place we have in the world. These selections are the winners of that competition. The book is divided into three sections: “Contemporary Science Raising Theological Questions,” “New Visions of Theology,” and “Historical and Philosophical Perspectives on the Science-Religion Dialogue.” The essays cover such areas as physics, theology, cosmology, origins, and artificial intelligence. “There is another way to conceive our life together. There is another way to conceive of our life in God, but it requires a different worldview—not a clockwork universe in which individuals function as discrete springs and gears, but one that looks more like a luminous web, in which the whole is far more than the parts. In this universe, there is no such thing as an individual apart from his or her relationships. Every interaction—between people and people, between people and things, between things and things—changes the face of history. Life on earth cannot be reduced to four sure-fire rules. It is an ever-unfolding mystery that defies precise prediction. Meanwhile, in this universe, there is no such thing as 'parts‚' The whole is the fundamental unit of reality.” —Barbara Brown Taylor, “Physics and Faith,”
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Macmillan Encyclopedia of Physics: S-Z. Index

Author: John S. Rigden

Publisher: MacMillan Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780028645896

Category: Reference

Page: 1881

View: 1487

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Offers clear explanations of the basic concepts, history, philosophy, fundamental theories and laws of physics, as well as biographical entries featuring physicists who have contributed to our knowledge of the physical world. The set will be useful for physics students from high school through graduate school and for general readers exploring the mysteries of everyday life, such as: What causes earthquakes?; How do CAT Scans work?; or, How do clouds form? Articles are arranged in alphabetical order and include cross-references and bibliographic references as recent as 1996. Volume one contains a Reader's Guide which identifies some key entries in the encyclopedia's plan. A table of symbols and abbreviations is included at the beginning of each volume to assist readers unfamiliar with any mathematical or scientific notation that might arise. The 4-volume set offers readers clear explanations for the phenomena, concepts, and laws that are the foundation of every other branch of science from astronomy to zoology. The entries are written to let readers satisfy their curiosity without becoming lost in high-level jargon. Specifically written to supplement the high school physics curriculum, the Encyclopedia satisfies the informational needs of a broad range of readers.
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