Unequal City

Race, Schools, and Perceptions of Injustice

Author: Carla Shedd

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610448529

Category: Social Science

Page: 241

View: 1359

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Chicago has long struggled with racial residential segregation, high rates of poverty, and deepening class stratification, and it can be a challenging place for adolescents to grow up. Unequal City examines the ways in which Chicago’s most vulnerable residents navigate their neighborhoods, life opportunities, and encounters with the law. In this pioneering analysis of the intersection of race, place, and opportunity, sociologist and criminal justice expert Carla Shedd illuminates how schools either reinforce or ameliorate the social inequalities that shape the worlds of these adolescents. Shedd draws from an array of data and in-depth interviews with Chicago youth to offer new insight into this understudied group. Focusing on four public high schools with differing student bodies, Shedd reveals how the predominantly low-income African American students at one school encounter obstacles their more affluent, white counterparts on the other side of the city do not face. Teens often travel long distances to attend school which, due to Chicago’s segregated and highly unequal neighborhoods, can involve crossing class, race, and gang lines. As Shedd explains, the disadvantaged teens who traverse these boundaries daily develop a keen “perception of injustice,” or the recognition that their economic and educational opportunities are restricted by their place in the social hierarchy. Adolescents’ worldviews are also influenced by encounters with law enforcement while traveling to school and during school hours. Shedd tracks the rise of metal detectors, surveillance cameras, and pat-downs at certain Chicago schools. Along with police procedures like stop-and-frisk, these prison-like practices lead to distrust of authority and feelings of powerlessness among the adolescents who experience mistreatment either firsthand or vicariously. Shedd finds that the racial composition of the student body profoundly shapes students’ perceptions of injustice. The more diverse a school is, the more likely its students of color will recognize whether they are subject to discriminatory treatment. By contrast, African American and Hispanic youth whose schools and neighborhoods are both highly segregated and highly policed are less likely to understand their individual and group disadvantage due to their lack of exposure to youth of differing backgrounds.
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Racial Reconciliation and the Healing of a Nation

Beyond Law and Rights

Author: Charles J. Ogletree, Jr.,Austin Sarat

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479843539

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 8818

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The work at hand for bridging the racial divide in the United States From Baltimore and Ferguson to Flint and Charleston, the dream of a post-racial era in America has run up against the continuing reality of racial antagonism. Current debates about affirmative action, multiculturalism, and racial hate speech reveal persistent uncertainty and ambivalence about the place and meaning of race – and especially the black/white divide – in American culture. They also suggest that the work of racial reconciliation remains incomplete. Racial Reconciliation and the Healing of a Nation seeks to assess where we are in that work, examining sources of continuing racial antagonism among blacks and whites. It also highlights strategies that promise to promote racial reconciliation in the future. Rather than revisit arguments about the importance of integration, assimilation, and reparations, the contributors explore previously unconsidered perspectives on reconciliation between blacks and whites. Chapters connect identity politics, the rhetoric of race and difference, the work of institutions and actors in those institutions, and structural inequities in the lives of blacks and whites to our thinking about tolerance and respect. Going beyond an assessment of the capacity of law to facilitate racial reconciliation, Racial Reconciliation and the Healing of a Nation challenges readers to examine social, political, cultural, and psychological issues that fuel racial antagonism, as well as the factors that might facilitate racial reconciliation.
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The Real School Safety Problem

The Long-Term Consequences of Harsh School Punishment

Author: Aaron Kupchik

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520959841

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 7676

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Schools across the U.S. look very different today than they did a generation ago. Police officers, drug-sniffing dogs, surveillance cameras, and high suspension rates have become commonplace. The Real School Safety Problem uncovers the unintended but far-reaching effects of harsh school discipline climates. Evidence shows that current school security practices may do more harm than good by broadly affecting the entire family, encouraging less civic participation in adulthood, and garnering future financial costs in the form of high rates of arrests, incarceration, and unemployment. This text presents a blueprint for reform that emphasizes problem-solving and accountability while encouraging the need to implement smarter school policies.
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Local places in the age of the global city

Author: Roger Keil,Gerda R. Wekerle,David V. J. Bell

Publisher: Black Rose Books Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 272

View: 9614

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The ugly grey heap of cement and asphalt that makes up much of the urban sprawl is something most of us wish would just go away. And yet, more than half the world's population will live in urban centres by the turn of the millennium and most will be exposed to degraded urban environments. The contributors to Local Places look at the complex social, economic and political contexts of cities in the 1990s and suggest that cities and urbanity, while part of the problem, also need to be considered as part of the solution. This volume brings together clear and critical analyses and practical proposals that bring us closer to that reality. A primer for urban ecologists who seek to sustain the local places but in the larger political context. Local Places provides planners, community activists, students and the general reader with a cross section of current debates and proposals surrounding urban sustainability.
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Multicultural Education of Children and Adolescents, MyLabSchool Edition

Author: M. Lee Manning,Leroy G. Baruth

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205464692

Category: Education

Page: 408

View: 2754

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Multicultural Education of Children and Adolescents is unique in that it looks at both cultural groups and ways in which to teach multicultural education. This text expands the definition of multicultural to include gender, disability, and sexual orientation. It is an invaluable resource providing suggestions for working with families of culturally diverse backgrounds, as well as with school administration and special school personnel.
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Environmental injustices, political struggles

race, class, and the environment

Author: David Enrique Cuesta Camacho

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 5377

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An important response to the question -- do negative environmental impacts fall disproportionately on minorities and disadvantaged groups.
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