Understanding the Gut Microbiota

Understanding the Gut Microbiota

Approximately one‐third of these were composed of products produced by the
bowel microbiota. Grains, nuts, and berries, prominent in the vegan diet, contain
phenolic phytochemicals, such as hydroxybenzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic acids,
 ...

Author: Gerald W. Tannock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118801420

Category: Science

Page: 184

View: 192

This book discusses the community of microbial species (the microbiota, microbiome), which inhabits the large bowel of humans. Written from the perspective of an academic who has been familiar with the topic for 40 years, it provides a long-term perspective of knowledge about this high profile and fast-moving topic. Building on general ecological principles, the book aims to help the reader to understand how the microbiota is formed, how it works, and what the consequences are to humans. Understanding the Gut Microbiota focuses on conceptual progress made from studies of the human bowel microbiota. Where appropriate, it draws on knowledge obtained from other animal species to provide conceptual enlightenment, but this is essentially a book about humans and their bowel microbes. Particular research approaches are recommended to fill knowledge gaps so that fundamental ecological theory and information about the microbiota can be translated into benefits for human health. The relationship between food for humans and resulting food for bowel bacteria emerges as an important topic for consideration. This concise scholarly treatise of the microbiota of the human bowel will be of great interest and use as a text and reference work for professionals, teachers and students across a wide range of disciplines, including the health sciences, general biology, and food science and technology. The provision of handy ‘explanation of terms’ means that those with a general interest in science can also read the book with enjoyment. About the Author Gerald W. Tannock, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
Categories: Science

Gut Microbiota

Gut Microbiota

Addressing topics such as gut microbiota throughout the lifespan, gut microbiota in health and disease, and genetic and environmental influences on gut microbiota, this book will provide scientists and clinicians who have an interest in the ...

Author: Edward Ishiguro

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128105429

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 260

Gut Microbiota: Interactive Effects on Nutrition and Health provides a detailed account of gut microbiota research, an exploration of how diet influences gut microbiota and the implications of gut microbiota for health. The book provides a summary of how diet interacts with the gut microbiome and presents practical applications focused on food, supplements and safety. This book provides scientists and clinicians who have an interest in the microbiome with an understanding of the future potential—and limitations—of this tool, as they strive to make use of evidence-based diet information for the maintenance of good health. Consolidates new research on how gut microbiota affects nutrition Identifies how the research applies to food, supplements and safety Provides diet recommendations to improve health Includes case studies from clinical populations Explores how diet influences gut microbiota
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Human Microbiota and Microbiome

The Human Microbiota and Microbiome

This book presents a review of the current understanding of human microbiomes, the functions that they bring to the host, how we can model them, their role in health and disease and the methods used to explore them.

Author: Julian R Marchesi

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780640495

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 745

Thousands of different microbial species colonize the human body, and are essential for our survival. This book presents a review of the current understanding of human microbiomes, the functions that they bring to the host, how we can model them, their role in health and disease and the methods used to explore them. Current research into areas such as the long-term effect of antibiotics makes this a subject of considerable interest. This title is essential reading for researchers and students of microbiology.
Categories: Medical

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

The Gut Microbiome in Health and Disease

The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology. The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health.

Author: Dirk Haller

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319905457

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 487

The book provides an overview on how the gut microbiome contributes to human health. The readers will get profound knowledge on the connection between intestinal microbiota and immune defense systems. The tools of choice to study the ecology of these highly-specialized microorganism communities such as high-throughput sequencing and metagenomic mining will be presented. In addition the most common diseases associated to the composition of the gut flora are discussed in detail. The book will address researchers, clinicians and advanced students working in biomedicine, microbiology and immunology.
Categories: Medical

Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease

Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease

This book provides a comprehensive overview of metabonomics and gut microbiota research from molecular analysis to population-based global health considerations.

Author: Sunil Kochhar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781447165392

Category: Medical

Page: 375

View: 933

This book provides a comprehensive overview of metabonomics and gut microbiota research from molecular analysis to population-based global health considerations. The topics include the discussion of the applications in relation to metabonomics and gut microbiota in nutritional research, in health and disease and a review of future therapeutical, nutraceutical and clinical applications. It also examines the translatability of systems biology approaches into applied clinical research and to patient health and nutrition. The rise in multifactorial disorders, the lack of understanding of the molecular processes at play and the needs for disease prediction in asymptomatic conditions are some of the many questions that system biology approaches are well suited to address. Achieving this goal lies in our ability to model and understand the complex web of interactions between genetics, metabolism, environmental factors and gut microbiota. Being the most densely populated microbial ecosystem on earth, gut microbiota co-evolved as a key component of human biology, essentially extending the physiological definition of humans. Major advances in microbiome research have shown that the contribution of the intestinal microbiota to the overall health status of the host has been so far underestimated. Human host gut microbial interaction is one of the most significant human health considerations of the present day with relevance for both prevention of disease via microbiota-oriented environmental protection as well as strategies for new therapeutic approaches using microbiota as targets and/or biomarkers. In many aspects, humans are not a complete and fully healthy organism without their appropriate microbiological components. Increasingly, scientific evidence identifies gut microbiota as a key biological interface between human genetics and environmental conditions encompassing nutrition. Microbiota dysbiosis or variation in metabolic activity has been associated with metabolic deregulation (e.g. obesity, inflammatory bowel disease), disease risk factor (e.g. coronary heart disease) and even the aetiology of various pathologies (e.g. autism, cancer), although causal role into impaired metabolism still needs to be established. Metabonomics and Gut Microbiota in Nutrition and Disease serves as a handbook for postgraduate students, researchers in life sciences or health sciences, scientists in academic and industrial environments working in application areas as diverse as health, disease, nutrition, microbial research and human clinical medicine.
Categories: Medical

The Gut Microbiome Exploring the Connection between Microbes Diet and Health

The Gut Microbiome  Exploring the Connection between Microbes  Diet  and Health

This accessibly written, comprehensive summary of research findings on the gut microbiome and its implications for health and disease—a topic of growing interest and concern—serves as an essential resource for teachers and students. • ...

Author: Ana Maria R. Moise

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781440842658

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 198

View: 596

This accessibly written, comprehensive summary of research findings on the gut microbiome and its implications for health and disease—a topic of growing interest and concern—serves as an essential resource for teachers and students. • Presents the most recent gut microbiome research in a way that is accessible to students interested in biological sciences and nutrition studies • Includes engaging sidebars and case studies that serve to better illustrate the connections between gut microbiota, human physiology, and chronic disease • Provides insight into the role of nutrition in shaping the gut microbiota and suggestions for improving human health
Categories: Health & Fitness

The Food Mood Connection

The Food Mood Connection

These are just some of the questions that are answered in The Food-Mood Connection: A Holistic Approach to Understanding the Gut-Brain-Microbiome Relationship.

Author: Lynne Potter Lord

Publisher:

ISBN: 1777154642

Category:

Page: 182

View: 403

What is a microbiome? Why is nurturing yours so important? Can you improve your mood by simply eating healthier foods? What types of foods should you eat and what will they do for your body? What do your brainwave patterns and parts of your mind have to do with your stomach and gut microbiome? These are just some of the questions that are answered in The Food-Mood Connection: A Holistic Approach to Understanding the Gut-Brain-Microbiome Relationship. Understanding the gut-brain-microbiome relationship will help you reboot your mental health, improve your immune system, and overcome obesity. This book will teach you how to feed and care for your microbiome, help you understand the interconnection of the relationships found in the Human Ecological Model, and explain how making changes in your habits at the individual level can accumulate to the point where we can actually realize and achieve a global vision of health as well as improve the health of the planet. This book will also teach you what you can do to reduce or eliminate diseases in your body and how to improve your good gut bacteria... and it provides you with recipes you can use to do both!
Categories:

Why Gut Microbes Matter

Why Gut Microbes Matter

Given the at times confusing new information concerning the human microbiome released over the last few years, this book seeks to put the research field into perspective for non-specialists.

Author: Harry J. Flint

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030432459

Category: Medical

Page: 163

View: 689

Given the at times confusing new information concerning the human microbiome released over the last few years, this book seeks to put the research field into perspective for non-specialists. Addressing a timely topic, it breaks down recent research developments in a way that everyone with a scientific background can understand. The book discusses why microorganisms are vital to our lives and how our nutrition influences the interaction with our own gut bacteria. In turn, it goes into more detail on how microbial communities are organised and why they are able to survive in the unique environment of our intestines. Readers will also learn about how their personal microbial profile is as unique as their fingerprint, and how it can be affected by a healthy or unhealthy lifestyle. Thanks to the open and easy-to-follow language used, the book offers an overview for all readers with a basic understanding of biology, and sheds new light on this fascinating and important part of our bodies.
Categories: Medical

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology

The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification.

Author: Martin H. Floch

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128040621

Category: Medical

Page: 442

View: 163

The Microbiota in Gastrointestinal Pathophysiology: Implications for Human Health, Prebiotics, Probiotics and Dysbiosis is a one-stop reference on the state-of-the-art research on gut microbial ecology in relation to human disease. This important resource starts with an overview of the normal microbiota of the gastrointestinal tract, including the esophagus, stomach, Ileum, and colon. The book then identifies what a healthy vs. unhealthy microbial community looks like, including methods of identification. Also included is insight into which features and contributions the microbiota make that are essential and useful to host physiology, as is information on how to promote appropriate mutualisms and prevent undesirable dysbioses. Through the power of synthesizing what is known by experienced researchers in the field, current gaps are closed, raising understanding of the role of the microbiome and allowing for further research. Explains how to modify the gut microbiota and how the current strategies used to do this produce their effects Explores the gut microbiota as a therapeutic target Provides the synthesis of existing data from both mainstream and non-mainstream sources through experienced researchers in the field Serves as a ‘one-stop’ shop for a topic that’s currently spread across a number of various journals
Categories: Medical

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology  The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the ...

Author: Mark Lyte

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781493908974

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 182

The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​
Categories: Science

A Psychology of the Human Brain gut microbiome Axis

A Psychology of the Human Brain   gut   microbiome Axis

In this review, we outline the role psychology has to play in understanding the brain–gut–microbiome axis, with a focus on human psychology and the use of research in laboratory animals to model human psychology.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1051874860

Category:

Page:

View: 406

Abstract: In recent years, we have seen increasing research within neuroscience and biopsychology on the interactions between the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract, and the bidirectional relationship between these systems: the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Although research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota can impact upon cognition and a variety of stress‐related behaviours, including those relevant to anxiety and depression, we still do not know how this occurs. A deeper understanding of how psychological development as well as social and cultural factors impact upon the brain–gut–microbiome axis will contextualise the role of the axis in humans and inform psychological interventions that improve health within the brain–gut–microbiome axis. Interventions ostensibly aimed at ameliorating disorders in one part of the brain–gut–microbiome axis (e.g., psychotherapy for depression) may nonetheless impact upon other parts of the axis (e.g., microbiome composition and function), and functional gastrointestinal disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome represent a disorder of the axis, rather than an isolated problem either of psychology or of gastrointestinal function. The discipline of psychology needs to be cognisant of these interactions and can help to inform the future research agenda in this emerging field of research. In this review, we outline the role psychology has to play in understanding the brain–gut–microbiome axis, with a focus on human psychology and the use of research in laboratory animals to model human psychology.
Categories:

Follow Your Gut

Follow Your Gut

Details the tiny word of microbes living inside our bodies and how they affect our health, asserting that proper regulation of these microbes through diet choices, probiotics and more can help battle allergies, asthma, obesity, acne, ...

Author: Rob Knight

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781476784748

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 128

View: 113

Details the tiny word of microbes living inside our bodies and how they affect our health, asserting that proper regulation of these microbes through diet choices, probiotics and more can help battle allergies, asthma, obesity, acne, stomachaches and more.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Understanding Host Microbiome Interactions An Omics Approach

Understanding Host Microbiome Interactions   An Omics Approach

This book offers up-to-date information on different microbiomes, their community composition and interactive functions with the host, bringing together information from diverse research reports to provide an overview of the rapid ...

Author: Ravindra Pal Singh

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811050503

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 744

This book offers up-to-date information on different microbiomes, their community composition and interactive functions with the host, bringing together information from diverse research reports to provide an overview of the rapid developments in meta-omics technologies. It is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, postgraduate and graduate students interested in understanding the impact and importance of next generation sequencing technologies on different hosts and their microbiomes.
Categories: Medical

Healing the Gut Microbiome and Toxic Brain

Healing the Gut Microbiome and Toxic Brain

Plus a FREE bonus inside. Through an easy to follow step-by-step system this book will teach you how to gain a NEW life by achieving a healthier gut -- that is, of course, if you scroll up ^^^ and hit the 'Add to Cart' button now.

Author: Pureture HHP

Publisher:

ISBN: 9798677265594

Category:

Page: 132

View: 946

Have you ever felt like your gut health is bogging you down and as if you are not in control of the way you feel one moment to the next? You feel a sudden spring of energy as though you can just about tackle any task thrown at you, and then somehow, in the next moment you feel completely under the weather or uninspired? How about controlling the things you want to eat? The truth is; if you have ever felt like you were fighting to control your eating habits and your emotional states, that is because you are. We're not exactly fighting ourselves, but more specifically our microbiota, which comprises trillions of different bacteria who influence our behavior. More truth: DIS - EASES of unknown origins such as depression, obesity, fibromyalgia, arthritis, and diabetes now plague our everyday life. What could these dis-eases possibly have in common? The war of infectious pathogens has taken its toll on our beneficial microflora. These organisms influence the way our immune system develops, our motivational and emotional states, and even how much we crave specific foods. Do you want to take back control of your life? Achieve a healthier gut? Stop making the same mistakes on a daily basis and have a remarkable life again? For far too long, the gut has been the body's most ignored and least appreciated organ. It does more than just dirty work; it's at the core of who we are. Accompany us while we use a holistic approach to explore the findings that have emerged in microbiological research these past two decades - this journey does not come without reward. "Healing the Gut Microbiome & Toxic Brain"reveals the secrets of gut health for you to learn and discover: How to heal the gut and understand its influence on the brain Understanding of the good and bad bacteria 9 warning signs your gut health needs healing Top 5 triggering components causing poor gut health Top 5 foods to naturally heal the gut Top 5 supplements recommended for better gut health The 4 simple steps to heal the gut health The ultimate protocol to achieve a healthier gut Recommended meals and snacks for your journey And much more. Plus a FREE bonus inside. Through an easy to follow step-by-step system this book will teach you how to gain a NEW life by achieving a healthier gut -- that is, of course, if you scroll up ^^^ and hit the 'Add to Cart' button now.
Categories:

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

The plant microbiome and its importance for plant and human health

The study of plant-microbe associations by new techniques has significantly improved our understanding of the structure and specificity of the plant microbiome.

Author: Martin Grube

Publisher: Frontiers E-books

ISBN: 9782889193783

Category:

Page:

View: 989

The study of plant-microbe associations by new techniques has significantly improved our understanding of the structure and specificity of the plant microbiome. Yet, microbiome function and the importance of the plant’s microbiome in the context of human and plant health are largely unexplored. Comparable with our human microbiome, millions of microbes inhabit plants, forming complex ecological communities that influence plant growth and health through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions. Viewing the microbiota from an ecological perspective can provide insight into how to promote plant health and stress tolerance of their hosts or how to adapt to a changing climate by targeting this microbial community. Moreover, the plant microbiome has a substantial impact on human health by influencing our gut microbiome by eating raw plants such as lettuce and herbs but also by influencing the microbiome of our environment through airflow. This research topic comprising reviews, original and opinion articles highlights the current knowledge regarding plant microbiomes, their specificity, diversity and function as well as all aspects studying the management of plant microbiomes to enhance plant growth, health quality and stress tolerance.
Categories:

Gut Microbiome and Its Impact on Health and Diseases

Gut Microbiome and Its Impact on Health and Diseases

This book provides a comprehensive examination of the role of gut microbiome/microflora in nutrition, metabolism, disease prevention and health issues, including farm animal health and food value, and human gastrointestinal health and ...

Author: Debabrata Biswas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 303047383X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 742

This book provides a comprehensive examination of the role of gut microbiome/microflora in nutrition, metabolism, disease prevention and health issues, including farm animal health and food value, and human gastrointestinal health and immunity. Indigenous microbiotas, particularly the gut microflora/microbiome, are an essential component in the modern concept of human and animal health. The diet and lifestyle of the host and environment have direct impact on gut microflora and the patterns of gut microbial colonization associated with health and diseases have been documented. Contributing authors cover the impact of gut microbiome in farm animal health, and explore the possibility of modulating the human gut microbiome with better animal products to prevent human diseases, including endemic and emerging diseases such as obesity, cancer and cardiac diseases. Dieting plan and control methods are examined, with attention paid to balance dieting with natural food and drink components. In addition, the role of gut microbiota in enteric microbial colonization and infections in farm animals is also discussed. The volume also explores the possibility of improving human health by modulating the microbiome with better food, including bio-active foods and appropriate forms of intake. Throughout the chapters, authors examine cutting edge research and technology, as well as future directions for better practices regarding emerging issues, such as the safety and production of organic food.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Microbiota

Microbiota

Essential reading for everyone working with human microbiota, probiotics and prebiotics.

Author: Takashi Matsumoto

Publisher:

ISBN: 1910190934

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 886

Essential reading for everyone working with human microbiota, probiotics and prebiotics.
Categories: Medical

Characterization of the Swine Gut Microbiome Dynamics Culturomics and Probiotics

Characterization of the Swine Gut Microbiome Dynamics  Culturomics and Probiotics

Besides, in the current market swine-specific probiotic options are very limited due to the shortage of swine cultivable strains. This is also due to the missing knowledge of practical cultureomic methods in swine research.

Author: Xiaofan Wang

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1164710285

Category: Gastrointestinal system

Page: 310

View: 712

The gastrointestinal tract is a critical place where the immune system concentrates many of its protective functions. It exerts both physical and biochemical defenses against invading foodborne pathogens and other hazards. In pigs, the gut microbiota community assembled postnatal plays a very important role in the development of multiple physiologic aspects, such as development of the gastrointestinal tract, nutrient exchange, immune defense against foreign pathogens and growth performance. Microbiome-host communication changes with age. Despite recent advances in understanding the swine gut microbiome at different growth stages, a comprehensive longitudinal study of the lifelong dynamics of the swine gut microbiome is lacking. Besides, in the current market swine-specific probiotic options are very limited due to the shortage of swine cultivable strains. This is also due to the missing knowledge of practical cultureomic methods in swine research. Large scale probiotic screening can be performed using cell models to reduce cost and increase consistency. Establishing a stable, rapid and dependable model that can facilitate probiotic screening and practical investigations. In this dissertation, we characterized the longitudinal swine gut microbiome from a total of 18 pigs and determined that gut microbiome structures change with age (Chapter III). A validation trial also confirmed the stage-related microbiome composition and disclosed the difficulty of colonizing the gut of young piglets with an adult pig microbiome. We examined how the gut microbiome amassed and changed with age, how growth stage and diet composition affected the microbiome community, and how this ultimately affects animal health and growth performance. Next, through swine gut microbiome cultureomic techniques (Chapter IV), we established a basic understanding of the number of culturable swine gut bacteria there are through the use of 53 culturing methods applied to fecal samples from each growth stage. Also, we investigated which of these methods is most efficient for the cultivation of certain bacterial species of interest. Finally, an in vitro model was established using IPEC-J2 cells (Chapter V) to screen for useful probiotics and to study their beneficial biological functions. Overall, this dissertation provides valuable insights into swine microbiome research that can lead to meaningful industrial applications.
Categories: Gastrointestinal system