Understanding the Digital World

What You Need to Know about Computers, the Internet, Privacy, and Security

Author: Brian W. Kernighan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400884802

Category: Computers

Page: 256

View: 4307

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The basics of how computer hardware, software, and systems work, and the risks they create for our privacy and security Computers are everywhere. Some of them are highly visible, in laptops, tablets, cell phones, and smart watches. But most are invisible, like those in appliances, cars, medical equipment, transportation systems, power grids, and weapons. We never see the myriad computers that quietly collect, share, and sometimes leak vast amounts of personal data about us. Through computers, governments and companies increasingly monitor what we do. Social networks and advertisers know far more about us than we should be comfortable with, using information we freely give them. Criminals have all-too-easy access to our data. Do we truly understand the power of computers in our world? Understanding the Digital World explains how computer hardware, software, networks, and systems work. Topics include how computers are built and how they compute; what programming is and why it is difficult; how the Internet and the web operate; and how all of these affect our security, privacy, property, and other important social, political, and economic issues. This book also touches on fundamental ideas from computer science and some of the inherent limitations of computers. It includes numerous color illustrations, notes on sources for further exploration, and a glossary to explain technical terms and buzzwords. Understanding the Digital World is a must-read for all who want to know more about computers and communications. It explains, precisely and carefully, not only how they operate but also how they influence our daily lives, in terms anyone can understand, no matter what their experience and knowledge of technology.
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Robotics, AI and the Future of Law

Author: Marcelo Corrales,Mark Fenwick,Nikolaus Forgó

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811328749

Category: Law

Page: 237

View: 3152

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Artificial intelligence and related technologies are changing both the law and the legal profession. In particular, technological advances in fields ranging from machine learning to more advanced robots, including sensors, virtual realities, algorithms, bots, drones, self-driving cars, and more sophisticated “human-like” robots are creating new and previously unimagined challenges for regulators. These advances also give rise to new opportunities for legal professionals to make efficiency gains in the delivery of legal services. With the exponential growth of such technologies, radical disruption seems likely to accelerate in the near future. This collection brings together a series of contributions by leading scholars in the newly emerging field of artificial intelligence, robotics, and the law. The aim of the book is to enrich legal debates on the social meaning and impact of this type of technology. The distinctive feature of the contributions presented in this edition is that they address the impact of these technological developments in a number of different fields of law and from the perspective of diverse jurisdictions. Moreover, the authors utilize insights from multiple related disciplines, in particular social theory and philosophy, in order to better understand and address the legal challenges created by AI. Therefore, the book will contribute to interdisciplinary debates on disruptive new AI technologies and the law.
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Millions, Billions, Zillions

Defending Yourself in a World of Too Many Numbers

Author: Brian W. Kernighan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691190135

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 2974

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An essential guide to recognizing bogus numbers and misleading data Numbers are often intimidating, confusing, and even deliberately deceptive—especially when they are really big. The media loves to report on millions, billions, and trillions, but frequently makes basic mistakes or presents such numbers in misleading ways. And misunderstanding numbers can have serious consequences, since they can deceive us in many of our most important decisions, including how to vote, what to buy, and whether to make a financial investment. In this short, accessible, enlightening, and entertaining book, leading computer scientist Brian Kernighan teaches anyone—even diehard math-phobes—how to demystify the numbers that assault us every day. With examples drawn from a rich variety of sources, including journalism, advertising, and politics, Kernighan demonstrates how numbers can mislead and misrepresent. In chapters covering big numbers, units, dimensions, and more, he lays bare everything from deceptive graphs to speciously precise numbers. And he shows how anyone—using a few basic ideas and lots of shortcuts—can easily learn to recognize common mistakes, determine whether numbers are credible, and make their own sensible estimates when needed. Giving you the simple tools you need to avoid being fooled by dubious numbers, Millions, Billions, Zillions is an essential survival guide for a world drowning in big—and often bad—data.
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Privacy

What Everyone Needs to Know®

Author: Leslie P. Francis,John G. Francis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190612282

Category: Law

Page: 224

View: 2512

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We live more and more of our lives online; we rely on the internet as we work, correspond with friends and loved ones, and go through a multitude of mundane activities like paying bills, streaming videos, reading the news, and listening to music. Without thinking twice, we operate with the understanding that the data that traces these activities will not be abused now or in the future. There is an abstract idea of privacy that we invoke, and, concrete rules about our privacy that we can point to if we are pressed. Nonetheless, too often we are uneasily reminded that our privacy is not invulnerable-the data tracks we leave through our health information, the internet and social media, financial and credit information, personal relationships, and public lives make us continuously prey to identity theft, hacking, and even government surveillance. A great deal is at stake for individuals, groups, and societies if privacy is misunderstood, misdirected, or misused. Popular understanding of privacy doesn't match the heat the concept generates. With a host of cultural differences as to how privacy is understood globally and in different religions, and with ceaseless technological advancements, it is an increasingly complex topic. In this clear and accessible book, Leslie and John G. Francis guide us to an understanding of what privacy can mean and why it is so important. Drawing upon their extensive joint expertise in law, philosophy, political science, regulatory policy, and bioethics, they parse the consequences of the forfeiture, however great or small, of one's privacy.
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Computer Security Literacy

Staying Safe in a Digital World

Author: Douglas Jacobson,Joseph Idziorek

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439856184

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 3089

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Computer users have a significant impact on the security of their computer and personal information as a result of the actions they perform (or do not perform). Helping the average user of computers, or more broadly information technology, make sound security decisions, Computer Security Literacy: Staying Safe in a Digital World focuses on practical security topics that users are likely to encounter on a regular basis. Written for nontechnical readers, the book provides context to routine computing tasks so that readers better understand the function and impact of security in everyday life. The authors offer practical computer security knowledge on a range of topics, including social engineering, email, and online shopping, and present best practices pertaining to passwords, wireless networks, and suspicious emails. They also explain how security mechanisms, such as antivirus software and firewalls, protect against the threats of hackers and malware. While information technology has become interwoven into almost every aspect of daily life, many computer users do not have practical computer security knowledge. This hands-on, in-depth guide helps anyone interested in information technology to better understand the practical aspects of computer security and successfully navigate the dangers of the digital world.
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Harmful Content on the Internet and in Video Games

Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, Vol. 2: Oral and Written Evidence

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons. Culture, Media and Sport Committee

Publisher: The Stationery Office

ISBN: 9780215523372

Category: Internet and children

Page: 409

View: 6076

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Harmful content on the Internet and in video Games : Tenth report of session 2007-08, Vol. 2: Oral and written Evidence
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How Computers Work

Author: Ron White

Publisher: Que Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 452

View: 7296

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The best illustrated look at the world of personal computing is back - newly revised and updated.
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Computer Security Basics

Computer Security

Author: Rick Lehtinen,G.T. Gangemi Sr.

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1449317057

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 3710

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This is the must-have book for a must-know field. Today, general security knowledge is mandatory, and, if you who need to understand the fundamentals, Computer Security Basics 2nd Edition is the book to consult. The new edition builds on the well-established principles developed in the original edition and thoroughly updates that core knowledge. For anyone involved with computer security, including security administrators, system administrators, developers, and IT managers, Computer Security Basics 2nd Edition offers a clear overview of the security concepts you need to know, including access controls, malicious software, security policy, cryptography, biometrics, as well as government regulations and standards. This handbook describes complicated concepts such as trusted systems, encryption, and mandatory access control in simple terms. It tells you what you need to know to understand the basics of computer security, and it will help you persuade your employees to practice safe computing. Topics include: Computer security concepts Security breaches, such as viruses and other malicious programs Access controls Security policy Web attacks Communications and network security Encryption Physical security and biometrics Wireless network security Computer security and requirements of the Orange Book OSI Model and TEMPEST
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Learning Bitcoin

Author: Richard Caetano

Publisher: Packt Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 1785286153

Category: Computers

Page: 236

View: 7252

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Embrace the new world of fiance by leveraging the power of crypto-currencies using Bitcoin and the Blockchain About This Book Set up your own wallet, buy and sell Bitcoin, and execute custom transactions on the Blockchain Leverage the power of Bitcoin to reduce transaction costs and eliminate fraud A practical step-by-step guide to break down the Bitcoin technology to ensure safe transactions Who This Book Is For If you are familiar with online banking and want to expand your finances into a resilient and transparent currency, this book is ideal for you. A basic understanding of online wallets and financial systems will be highly beneficial to unravel the mysteries of Bitcoin. What You Will Learn Set up your wallet and buy a Bitcoin in a flash while understanding the basics of addresses and transactions Acquire the knack of buying, selling, and trading Bitcoins with online marketplaces Secure and protect your Bitcoins from online theft using Brainwallets and cold storage Understand how Bitcoin's underlying technology, the Blockchain, works with simple illustrations and explanations Configure your own Bitcoin node and execute common operations on the network Discover various aspects of mining Bitcoin and how to set up your own mining rig Dive deeper into Bitcoin and write scripts and multi-signature transactions on the network Explore the various alt-coins and get to know how to compare them and their value In Detail The financial crisis of 2008 raised attention to the need for transparency and accountability in the financial world. As banks and governments were scrambling to stay solvent while seeking a sustainable plan, a powerfully new and resilient technology emerged. Bitcoin, built on a fundamentally new technology called “The Blockchain,” offered the promise of a new financial system where transactions are sent directly between two parties without the need for central control. Bitcoin exists as an open and transparent financial system without banks, governments, or corporate support. Simply put, Bitcoin is “programmable money” that has the potential to change the world on the same scale as the Internet itself. This book arms you with immense knowledge of Bitcoin and helps you implement the technology in your money matters, enabling secure transactions. We first walk through the fundamentals of Bitcoin, illustrate how the technology works, and exemplify how to interact with this powerful and new financial technology. You will learn how to set up your online Bitcoin wallet, indulge in buying and selling of bitcoins, and manage their storage. We then get to grips with the most powerful algorithm of all times: the Blockchain, and learn how crypto-currencies can reduce the risk of fraud for e-commerce merchants and consumers. With a solid base of Blockchain, you will write and execute your own custom transactions. Most importantly, you will be able to protect and secure your Bitcoin with the help of effective solutions provided in the book. Packed with plenty of screenshots, Learning Bitcoin is a simple and painless guide to working with Bitcoin. Style and approach This is an easy-to-follow guide to working with Bitcoin and the Blockchain technology. This book is ideal for anyone who wants to learn the basics of Bitcoin and explore how to set up their own transactions.
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Protect Your Digital Privacy!

Survival Skills for the Information Age

Author: Glee Harrah Cady,Pat McGregor

Publisher: Que Publishing

ISBN: 9780789726049

Category: Computers

Page: 652

View: 8091

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Discusses such electronic privacy concerns as what privacy is, how it relates to individuals, laws and regulations, identity theft, monitoring devices, and how to protect Internet transactions.
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