Understanding the Brain: The Birth of a Learning Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264029125

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 8455

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This book provides new insights about learning. It synthesises existing and emerging findings from cognitive and brain science. It shows what the latest brain imaging techniques and other advances in the neurosciences actually reveal about how the brain develops and operates at different stages in life from birth to old age and how the brain is involved in acquiring skills such as reading and counting. It also presents scientific insights into what happens when the brain malfunctions in conditions such as dyslexia or Alzheimer's disease. This enlightening publication is essential reading for all those involved in education as parents, teachers, learners or policy makers. It may confirm and illuminate what they already know from experience, but there will be surprises too. One of the aims of Undertanding the Brain is to encourage dialogue among educators and neuroscientists about what each can contribute to the understanding of how and when we learn. An international and interdisciplinary effort will play a decisive role in resolving recurring problems in education.
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Explorations in Learning and the Brain

On the Potential of Cognitive Neuroscience for Educational Science

Author: Ton de de Jong,Tamara van Gog,Kathleen Jenks,Sarah Manlove,Janet van Hell,Jelle Jolles,Jeroen van Merrienboer,Theo van Leeuwen,Annemarie Boschloo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387895123

Category: Education

Page: 80

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This volume presents a short review study of the potential relationships between cognitive neuroscience and educational science. Conducted by order of the Dutch Programme Council for Educational Research of the Netherlands Organization for Scienti c Research (NWO; cf. the American NSF), the review aims to identify: (1) how educational principles, mechanisms, and theories could be extended or re ned based on ndings from cognitive neuroscience, and (2) which neuroscience prin- ples, mechanisms, or theories may have implications for educational research and could lead to new interdisciplinary research ventures. The contents should be seen as the outcome of the ‘Explorations in Learning and the Brain’ project. In this project, we started with a ‘quick scan’ of the lite- ture that formed the input for an expert workshop that was held in Amsterdam on March 10–11,2008. This expert workshopidenti ed additional relevant themesand issues that helped us to update the ‘quick scan’ into this nal document. In this way the input from the participants of the expert workshop (listed in Appendix A) has greatly in uenced the present text. We are therefore grateful to the participants for their scholarly and enthusiastic contributions. The content of the current volume, however, is the full responsibility of the authors.
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Education Today 2013 The OECD Perspective

The OECD Perspective

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264186816

Category:

Page: 132

View: 7812

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This book summarises what OECD has to say about the state of education today in eight key areas: early childhood education, schooling, transitions beyond initial education, higher education, adult learning, outcomes and returns, equity, and innovation.
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Networks of Mind: Learning, Culture, Neuroscience

Author: Kathy Hall,Alicia Curtin,Vanessa Rutherford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317913760

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 5955

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This ground breaking book is unique in bringing together two perspectives on learning - sociocultural theory and neuroscience. Drawing on both perspectives, it foregrounds important developments in our understanding of what learning is, where and how learning occurs and what we can do to understand learning as an everyday process. Leading experts from both disciplines demonstrate how sociocultural ideas (such as the relevance of experience, opportunity to learn, environment, personal histories, meaning, participation, memory, and feelings of belonging) align with and reflect upon new understandings emerging from neuroscience concerning plasticity and neural networks. Among the themes critically examined are the following: Mind and brain Culture Ability and talent Success and failure Memory Language Emotion Aimed at and accessible to a broad audience and drawing on both schools of thought, Networks of Mind employs case studies, vignettes and real life examples to demonstrate that, though the language of sociocultural theory and that of neuroscience appear very different, ultimately the concepts of both perspectives align and converge around some key ideas. The book shows where both perspectives overlap, collide and diverge in their assumptions and understanding of fundamental aspects of human flourishing. It shows how neuroscience confirms some of the key messages already well established by sociocultural theory, specifically the importance of opportunity to learn. It also argues that the ascendency of neuroscience may result in the marginalization of sociocultural science, though the latter, it argues, has enormous explanatory power for understanding and promoting learning, and for understanding how learning is afforded and constrained.
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The Revised EYFS in practice

Author: Ann Langston,Jonathan Doherty

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1408193205

Category: Education

Page: 208

View: 7463

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With the new EYFS in its infancy, this practical professional development title will take practitioners through the new policies and provide vital information and practical advice on how to implement it effectively. With their wealth of experience in the Early Years, Ann Langston and Dr Jonathan Doherty have all the expertise to make this an authoritative book that will be useful to anyone involved in Early Years education.
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Defending Childhood

Keeping the Promise of Early Education

Author: Beverly Falk

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 080777099X

Category: Education

Page: 289

View: 9646

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“These pages make clear that the way to foster effective teaching is not with curriculum mandates and pacing guides but with professional learning opportunities that prepare expert educators to take advantage of and create teachable moments.” —From the Foreword by Linda Darling-Hammond, Stanford University This book brings together a group of extraordinary educators and scholars who offer important insights about what we can do to defend childhood from societal challenges. The authors explain new findings from neuroscience and psychology, as well as emerging knowledge about the impact on child development of cultural and linguistic diversity, poverty, families and communities, and the media. Each chapter presents experiences and suggestions, from the perspectives of different disciplines, about what can be done to ensure that all children gain access to the supports they need for optimal physical, social, intellectual, and emotional development. Defending Childhood features: New knowledge about how children learn from the neurobiological, behavioral, and social sciences. Effective teaching strategies that support learning and provide for the needs of the whole child. Examination of a broad range of issues that affect childhood, including violence, media and technology saturation, and a school culture of endless testing. Suggestions for policies and practices for an equitable educational system. Contributors include: Barbara Bowman, Nancy Carlsson-Paige, Delis Cuéllar, Tiziana Filippini, Matia Finn-Stevenson, Eugene García, Howard Gardner, Roberta Michnick Golinkoff, James J. Heckman, Kathryn Hirsh-Pasek, Mara Krechevsky, George Madaus, Ben Mardell, Sonia Nieto, Valerie Polakow, Aisha Ray, Robert L. Selman, Jack P. Shonkoff, M.D., Edward Zigler Beverly Falk is professor and director of the Graduate Programs in Early Childhood Education at The School of Education, The City College of New York, and author of Teaching the Way Children Learn.
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Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Author: Judy Illes,Barbara J. Sahakian

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191620912

Category: Medical

Page: 976

View: 2637

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The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world- whether using brain images to establish guilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition. Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posed significant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions about what the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it. A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, The Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in the neurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.
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Five Big Ideas for Effective Teaching

Connecting Mind, Brain, and Education Research to Classroom Practice

Author: Donna Wilson,Marcus Conyers

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 0807771864

Category: Education

Page: 209

View: 9374

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As the 21st century ushers in the era of Common Core State Standards, the goal of teaching expands from a basic transmission of facts to the development of cognitive skills that equip students to achieve more of their unique potential. This seminal book focuses on five essential concepts from neuroeducation that should underlie all teaching decisions: (1) neuroplasticity, findings that the structure and function of the brain change in response to learning; (2) potential, the capacity for all students to make learning gains; (3) malleable intelligence, which stands in opposition to traditional views of fixed intellect; (4) the Body-Brain System, the role of physical fitness, healthy nutrition, and positive emotions in facilitating learning; and (5) metacognition, teaching students to think about their thinking. To support classroom implementation, these discussions include vignettes, examples, teaching strategies, reflective questions, and connections between brain-based learning principles and the Common Core. The text concludes by unmasking myths and misconceptions that may obscure these core concepts.
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