Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology

A Practical Introduction

Author: Jeremy Miles,Philip Banyard

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446239470

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 7370

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`There are few people who can write about research methods in a lively and engaging way, but Miles and Banyard are amongst them. As well as being an exceptionally clear introduction to research methods, it is full of amusing asides and anecdotes that make you want to read more. A hugely enjoyable book' - Dr Andy Field, University of Sussex Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology takes the fear out of psychological statistics to help students understand why statistics are carried out, how to choose the best test and how to carry out the tests and understand them. Taking a non-technical approach, it encourages the reader to understand why a particular test is being used and what the results mean in the context of a psychological study, focusing on meaning and understanding rather than mindless numerical calculation. Key features include: - A light and accessible style - Descriptions of the most commonly used statistical tests and the principles that underlie them - Real world examples to aid the understanding of why statistics are valuable - Boxes on common errors, tips and quotes - Test yourself questions The perfect introductory resource, Understanding and Using Statistics in Psychology will guide any student new to statistics effortlessly through the process of test selection and analysis. (Read Jeremy Miles's blog and access other useful information on statistics now at www.jeremymiles.co.uk)
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Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations

The Coalescence Model of Organizational Identification

Author: S. Fuchs

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137033975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 821

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In Understanding Psychological Bonds between Individuals and Organizations the author integrates different theoretical perspectives on how individuals form deep, meaningful, and self-defining relationships with their employing organization and proposes a novel and comprehensive take on key triggers and processes associated with such relationships.
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Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics

A Practical Guide for Students

Author: Jeremy J Foster,Emma Barkus,Christian Yavorsky

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412900131

Category: Social Science

Page: 178

View: 6418

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The spread of sophisticated computer packages and the machinery on which to run them has meant that procedures which were previously only available to experienced researchers with access to expensive machines and research students can now be carried out in a few seconds by almost every undergraduate. Understanding and Using Advanced Statistics provides the basis for gaining an understanding of what these analytic procedures do, when they should be used, and what the results provided signify. This comprehensive textbook guides students and researchers through the transition from simple statistics to more complex procedures with accessible language and illustration.
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A Practical Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology

Author: Eugene B. Zechmeister,John J. Shaughnessy,Jeanne S. Zechmeister

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social

ISBN: 9780070727052

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 4883

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This workbook designed to accompany Shaughnessy/Zechmeister, RESEARCH METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 4/e provides students with concrete examples of abstract ideas and gives students the kinds of practical experiences that aid understanding of research methods. The workbook offers instructors brief descriptions of published research in psychology related to the methods covered in each chapter of the text. The brief descriptions are then used as the basis for related questions, problems, and exercises. Instructors can use these exercises as homework assignments or as the basis for in-class discussion.
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Using and Interpreting Statistics

A Practical Text for the Behavioral, Social, and Health Sciences

Author: Eric W. Corty

Publisher: Macmillan Higher Education

ISBN: 131902890X

Category: Psychology

Page: 650

View: 8857

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Eric Corty’s engaging textbook is exceptionally well suited for behavioral science students studying statistical practice in their field for the first time. An award-winning master teacher, Corty speaks to students in their language, with an approachable voice that conveys the basics of collecting and understanding statistical data step by step. Examples come from the behavioral and social sciences, as well as from recognizable aspects of everyday life to help students see the relevance of what they are studying.
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Understanding The New Statistics

Effect Sizes, Confidence Intervals, and Meta-Analysis

Author: Geoff Cumming

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136659188

Category: Psychology

Page: 536

View: 1607

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This is the first book to introduce the new statistics - effect sizes, confidence intervals, and meta-analysis - in an accessible way. It is chock full of practical examples and tips on how to analyze and report research results using these techniques. The book is invaluable to readers interested in meeting the new APA Publication Manual guidelines by adopting the new statistics - which are more informative than null hypothesis significance testing, and becoming widely used in many disciplines. Accompanying the book is the Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals (ESCI) package, free software that runs under Excel and is accessible at www.thenewstatistics.com. The book’s exercises use ESCI's simulations, which are highly visual and interactive, to engage users and encourage exploration. Working with the simulations strengthens understanding of key statistical ideas. There are also many examples, and detailed guidance to show readers how to analyze their own data using the new statistics, and practical strategies for interpreting the results. A particular strength of the book is its explanation of meta-analysis, using simple diagrams and examples. Understanding meta-analysis is increasingly important, even at undergraduate levels, because medicine, psychology and many other disciplines now use meta-analysis to assemble the evidence needed for evidence-based practice. The book’s pedagogical program, built on cognitive science principles, reinforces learning: Boxes provide "evidence-based" advice on the most effective statistical techniques. Numerous examples reinforce learning, and show that many disciplines are using the new statistics. Graphs are tied in with ESCI to make important concepts vividly clear and memorable. Opening overviews and end of chapter take-home messages summarize key points. Exercises encourage exploration, deep understanding, and practical applications. This highly accessible book is intended as the core text for any course that emphasizes the new statistics, or as a supplementary text for graduate and/or advanced undergraduate courses in statistics and research methods in departments of psychology, education, human development , nursing, and natural, social, and life sciences. Researchers and practitioners interested in understanding the new statistics, and future published research, will also appreciate this book. A basic familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.
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Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Practical Introduction

Author: Rand Wilcox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439834563

Category: Mathematics

Page: 862

View: 5366

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In addition to learning how to apply classic statistical methods, students need to understand when these methods perform well, and when and why they can be highly unsatisfactory. Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences illustrates how to use R to apply both standard and modern methods to correct known problems with classic techniques. Numerous illustrations provide a conceptual basis for understanding why practical problems with classic methods were missed for so many years, and why modern techniques have practical value. Designed for a two-semester, introductory course for graduate students in the social sciences, this text introduces three major advances in the field: Early studies seemed to suggest that normality can be assumed with relatively small sample sizes due to the central limit theorem. However, crucial issues were missed. Vastly improved methods are now available for dealing with non-normality. The impact of outliers and heavy-tailed distributions on power and our ability to obtain an accurate assessment of how groups differ and variables are related is a practical concern when using standard techniques, regardless of how large the sample size might be. Methods for dealing with this insight are described. The deleterious effects of heteroscedasticity on conventional ANOVA and regression methods are much more serious than once thought. Effective techniques for dealing heteroscedasticity are described and illustrated. Requiring no prior training in statistics, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a graduate-level introduction to basic, routinely used statistical techniques relevant to the social and behavioral sciences. It describes and illustrates methods developed during the last half century that deal with known problems associated with classic techniques. Espousing the view that no single method is always best, it imparts a general understanding of the relative merits of various techniques so that the choice of method can be made in an informed manner.
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Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings

Author: George A. Morgan,Jeffrey A. Gliner,Robert J. Harmon

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1135604533

Category: Education

Page: 382

View: 4565

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Clinically oriented professionals and students need to understand and evaluate the research and statistics in professional articles, especially given today's emphasis on evidence-based practice. This book demonstrates how the research approach and design help determine the appropriate statistical analysis. Understanding and Evaluating Research in Applied and Clinical Settings features: *short, independent, chapters that do not have to be read in order; *a guide to understanding why a particular statistic was selected; *an emphasis on effects sizes including measures of risk potency; *numerous cross-disciplinary examples to illustrate the material; and *methods to help determine practical and clinical significance and their relation to meta-analysis and evidence-based practice. This book is intended for practitioners and students in psychology, education, counseling, mental and allied health, nursing, and medicine, and as a text for courses on understanding research methods and statistics.
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Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R

Author: Rand R. Wilcox

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119061393

Category: Mathematics

Page: 504

View: 3542

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Features a straightforward and concise resource for introductory statistical concepts, methods, and techniques using R Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R uniquely bridges the gap between advances in the statistical literature and methods routinely used by non-statisticians. Providing a conceptual basis for understanding the relative merits and applications of these methods, the book features modern insights and advances relevant to basic techniques in terms of dealing with non-normality, outliers, heteroscedasticity (unequal variances), and curvature. Featuring a guide to R, the book uses R programming to explore introductory statistical concepts and standard methods for dealing with known problems associated with classic techniques. Thoroughly class-room tested, the book includes sections that focus on either R programming or computational details to help the reader become acquainted with basic concepts and principles essential in terms of understanding and applying the many methods currently available. Covering relevant material from a wide range of disciplines, Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R also includes: Numerous illustrations and exercises that use data to demonstrate the practical importance of multiple perspectives Discussions on common mistakes such as eliminating outliers and applying standard methods based on means using the remaining data Detailed coverage on R programming with descriptions on how to apply both classic and more modern methods using R A companion website with the data and solutions to all of the exercises Understanding and Applying Basic Statistical Methods Using R is an ideal textbook for an undergraduate and graduate-level statistics courses in the science and/or social science departments. The book can also serve as a reference for professional statisticians and other practitioners looking to better understand modern statistical methods as well as R programming. Rand R. Wilcox, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Southern California, Fellow of the Association for Psychological Science, and an associate editor for four statistics journals. The author of more than 320 articles published in a variety of statistical journals, he is also the author eleven other books on statistics. Dr. Wilcox is creator of WRS (Wilcox’ Robust Statistics), which is an R package for performing robust statistical methods. His main research interest includes statistical methods, particularly robust methods for comparing groups and studying associations.
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Statistical Analysis for Education and Psychology Researchers

Tools for Researchers in Education and Psychology

Author: Ian Peers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135717524

Category: Education

Page: 436

View: 4195

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Basic statistical concepts such as probability, estimation and inference, and their role in research design and analysis are presented in this volume. The author demonstrates which statistical test to use in given circumstances and how to use it, drawing on data from psychology and education.; Written for those without a strong mathematical background, the book's examples can be worked using a pocket calculator. "Real life" data are analyzed using statistical software (SAS), output is interpreted, and a decision chart is presented which summarizes considerations when choosing a statistical test.
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