Understanding and Using Linear Programming

Author: Jiri Matousek,Bernd Gärtner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540307176

Category: Mathematics

Page: 226

View: 5670

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The book is an introductory textbook mainly for students of computer science and mathematics. Our guiding phrase is "what every theoretical computer scientist should know about linear programming". A major focus is on applications of linear programming, both in practice and in theory. The book is concise, but at the same time, the main results are covered with complete proofs and in sufficient detail, ready for presentation in class. The book does not require more prerequisites than basic linear algebra, which is summarized in an appendix. One of its main goals is to help the reader to see linear programming "behind the scenes".
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Approximation Algorithms and Semidefinite Programming

Author: Bernd Gärtner,Jiri Matousek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642220150

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 1881

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Semidefinite programs constitute one of the largest classes of optimization problems that can be solved with reasonable efficiency - both in theory and practice. They play a key role in a variety of research areas, such as combinatorial optimization, approximation algorithms, computational complexity, graph theory, geometry, real algebraic geometry and quantum computing. This book is an introduction to selected aspects of semidefinite programming and its use in approximation algorithms. It covers the basics but also a significant amount of recent and more advanced material. There are many computational problems, such as MAXCUT, for which one cannot reasonably expect to obtain an exact solution efficiently, and in such case, one has to settle for approximate solutions. For MAXCUT and its relatives, exciting recent results suggest that semidefinite programming is probably the ultimate tool. Indeed, assuming the Unique Games Conjecture, a plausible but as yet unproven hypothesis, it was shown that for these problems, known algorithms based on semidefinite programming deliver the best possible approximation ratios among all polynomial-time algorithms. This book follows the “semidefinite side” of these developments, presenting some of the main ideas behind approximation algorithms based on semidefinite programming. It develops the basic theory of semidefinite programming, presents one of the known efficient algorithms in detail, and describes the principles of some others. It also includes applications, focusing on approximation algorithms.
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Triangulations

Structures for Algorithms and Applications

Author: Jesus De Loera,Joerg Rambau,Francisco Santos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642129711

Category: Mathematics

Page: 535

View: 6882

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Triangulations presents the first comprehensive treatment of the theory of secondary polytopes and related topics. The text discusses the geometric structure behind the algorithms and shows new emerging applications, including hundreds of illustrations, examples, and exercises.
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The Multivariate Algorithmic Revolution and Beyond

Essays Dedicated to Michael R. Fellows on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday

Author: Hans L. Bodlaender,Rodney Downey,Fedor V. Fomin,Dániel Marx

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642308910

Category: Computers

Page: 506

View: 7880

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Parameterized complexity is currently a thriving field in complexity theory and algorithm design. A significant part of the success of the field can be attributed to Michael R. Fellows. This Festschrift has been published in honor of Mike Fellows on the occasion of his 60th birthday. It contains 20 papers that showcase the important scientific contributions of this remarkable man, describes the history of the field of parameterized complexity, and also reflects on other parts of Mike Fellows’s unique and broad range of interests, including his work on the popularization of discrete mathematics for young children. The volume contains several surveys that introduce the reader to the field of parameterized complexity and discuss important notions, results, and developments in this field.
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Geometric Methods and Applications

For Computer Science and Engineering

Author: Jean Gallier

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441999610

Category: Mathematics

Page: 680

View: 5726

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This book is an introduction to the fundamental concepts and tools needed for solving problems of a geometric nature using a computer. It attempts to fill the gap between standard geometry books, which are primarily theoretical, and applied books on computer graphics, computer vision, robotics, or machine learning. This book covers the following topics: affine geometry, projective geometry, Euclidean geometry, convex sets, SVD and principal component analysis, manifolds and Lie groups, quadratic optimization, basics of differential geometry, and a glimpse of computational geometry (Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations). Some practical applications of the concepts presented in this book include computer vision, more specifically contour grouping, motion interpolation, and robot kinematics. In this extensively updated second edition, more material on convex sets, Farkas’s lemma, quadratic optimization and the Schur complement have been added. The chapter on SVD has been greatly expanded and now includes a presentation of PCA. The book is well illustrated and has chapter summaries and a large number of exercises throughout. It will be of interest to a wide audience including computer scientists, mathematicians, and engineers. Reviews of first edition: "Gallier's book will be a useful source for anyone interested in applications of geometrical methods to solve problems that arise in various branches of engineering. It may help to develop the sophisticated concepts from the more advanced parts of geometry into useful tools for applications." (Mathematical Reviews, 2001) "...it will be useful as a reference book for postgraduates wishing to find the connection between their current problem and the underlying geometry." (The Australian Mathematical Society, 2001)
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Linear Programming

Methods and Applications

Author: G. V. Shenoy

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122410341

Category: Linear programming

Page: 223

View: 645

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Due To The Availability Of Computer Packages, The Use Of Linear Programming Technique By The Managers Has Become Universal. This Text Has Been Written Primarily For Management Students And Executives Who Have No Previous Background Of Linear Programming. The Text Is Oriented Towards Introducing Important Ideas In Linear Programming Technique At A Fundamental Level And Help The Students In Understanding Its Applications To A Wide Variety Of Managerial Problems. In Order To Strengthen The Understanding, Each Concept Has Been Illustrated With Examples. The Book Has Been Written In A Simple And Lucid Language And Has Avoided Mathematical Derivations So As To Make It Accessible To Every One.The Text Can Be Used In Its Entirely In A Fifteen Session Course At Programmes In Management, Commerce, Economics, Engineering Or Accountancy. The Text Can Be Used In One/Two Week Management/Executive Development Programmes To Be Supplemented With Some Cases. Practicing Managers And Executives, Computer Professionals, Industrial Engineers, Chartered And Cost Accountants And Economic Planners Would Also Find This Text Useful.
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Linear Programming and Network Flows

Author: Mokhtar S. Bazaraa,John J. Jarvis,Hanif D. Sherali

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470462728

Category: Mathematics

Page: 748

View: 5426

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The authoritative guide to modeling and solving complex problems with linear programming?extensively revised, expanded, and updated The only book to treat both linear programming techniques and network flows under one cover, Linear Programming and Network Flows, Fourth Edition has been completely updated with the latest developments on the topic. This new edition continues to successfully emphasize modeling concepts, the design and analysis of algorithms, and implementation strategies for problems in a variety of fields, including industrial engineering, management science, operations research, computer science, and mathematics. The book begins with basic results on linear algebra and convex analysis, and a geometrically motivated study of the structure of polyhedral sets is provided. Subsequent chapters include coverage of cycling in the simplex method, interior point methods, and sensitivity and parametric analysis. Newly added topics in the Fourth Edition include: The cycling phenomenon in linear programming and the geometry of cycling Duality relationships with cycling Elaboration on stable factorizations and implementation strategies Stabilized column generation and acceleration of Benders and Dantzig-Wolfe decomposition methods Line search and dual ascent ideas for the out-of-kilter algorithm Heap implementation comments, negative cost circuit insights, and additional convergence analyses for shortest path problems The authors present concepts and techniques that are illustrated by numerical examples along with insights complete with detailed mathematical analysis and justification. An emphasis is placed on providing geometric viewpoints and economic interpretations as well as strengthening the understanding of the fundamental ideas. Each chapter is accompanied by Notes and References sections that provide historical developments in addition to current and future trends. Updated exercises allow readers to test their comprehension of the presented material, and extensive references provide resources for further study. Linear Programming and Network Flows, Fourth Edition is an excellent book for linear programming and network flow courses at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable resource for applied scientists who would like to refresh their understanding of linear programming and network flow techniques.
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Operations Research (linear Programming)

Author: P Rama Murthy

Publisher: bohem press

ISBN: 9788122416190

Category: Operations research

Page: 274

View: 1482

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The Subject Operations Research Is A Branch Of Mathematics. Many Authors Have Written Books On Operations Research. Most Of Them Have Mathematical Approach Rather Than Decision-Making Approach. Actually The Subject Deals With Applied Decision Theory, So I Have Dealt With The Subject With Decision-Theory Approach. The Book Has Fifteen Chapters.The First Five Chapters Deal With Linear Programming Problems, Such As Resource Allocation Problem, Transportation Problem And Assignment Problem Both Maximization And Minimization Versions. In The First Chapter, The Historical Background Of Operations Research (O.R.) And Definition And Objective Of The Subject Matter Along With Model Building Is Discussed To Help The Learners To Have Basic Knowledge Of O.R. Typical Problems Of Mathematical Orientation And Decision Making Orientation Have Been Solved. In Transportation Model And In Assignment Model, Problems Useful To Production And Operations Management Have Been Solved To Make The Students To Know The Application Part Of The Subject.The Sixth Chapter Deals With Sequencing Model, Where The Importance And Application Of The Models Is Dealt In Detail. The Problem Of Replacement Is Discussed In Chapter-7. Inventory Model With Certain Topics Like Abc, Ved, Fsn, P-System And Q-System Is Discussed To Make The Students Aware Of The Importance Of Inventory Model.Chapter-9 Deals With Waiting Line Model And Its Application With Certain Useful Problems And Their Solutions. Game Theory Or Competitive Theory Is Discussed In Chapter-10 With Certain Problems, Which Have Their Application In Real World Situation.Dynamic Programming Is Dealt In Chapter-11. The Problems Worked Out Have Practical Significance. Chapter-12 Deals With Decision Theory Where The Usefulness Of Decision Tree Is Discussed. Non-Linear Programming Is Briefly Discussed In Chapter-14 With Certain Useful Problems. In Chapter -15, The Two Network Techniques I.E. Pert And Cpm Have Been Discussed With Typical Worked Out Examples.At The End Of The Book, Objective Type Questions, Which Are Helpful For Competitive Examinations Are Given To Help The Students To Prepare For Such Examinations.
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Linear Programming

An Introduction with Applications (Second Edition)

Author: Alan Sultan

Publisher: CreateSpace

ISBN: 9781463543679

Category: Mathematics

Page: 646

View: 6425

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A complete introduction to the theory and applications of linear programming. It emphasizes practical applications of the subject and is written to be accessible to individuals with a wide variety of backgrounds. It is one of the first linear programming books which does not require a linear algebra prerequisite, but which is mathematically honest. In addition, this volume discusses LINDO and includes a floppy disk containing the program SIMPLEX, designed to help students solve the problems on the computer.
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