Unrest in China, from the dramatic events of 1989 to more recent stirrings, offers a rare opportunity to consider how popular contention unfolds in places where speech and assembly are tightly controlled. The contributors to this volume argue that ideas inspired by social movements elsewhere can help explain popular protest in China.
Unarmed and unsuspicious , he went to the door in his nigbt clothes . When he
opened it they seized him and by repeated blows over the head murdered him
while bravely defending him . self and calling to Nelson for his gun . But Nelson
Patricia Parkman , Nonviolent Insurrection in El Salvador : The Fall of
Maximiliano Hernández Martínez ( Tucson ... 1990 ) ; Kurt Schock , Unarmed Insurrections : People Power Movements in Nondemocracies ( Minneapolis , MN
: University of ...
He assured the people that he had come amongst them thus alone and unarmed
with no other design than that of clearing them of the calumnies heaped upon
them by their enemies , and pledged his honour that there was no body of
If it be suicide for an unarmed man to attack armed soldiers and throw himself
headlong upon their bayonets , it was something very like self - murder for
exhausted Poland , alone , unarmed , and without force of any kind , to provoke a
They are hanging our soldiers by the entrails , flaying the bodies of unarmed
generals whom they have killed , falling upon peaceable inhabitants , forcing to
revolt the Polish common people who loře our Czar and repulse with all their
By the mid - nineteenth century the nation had already faced six armed or unarmed insurrections -- in 1787 ( Shays ' Rebellion ) , 1794 ( the Whiskey
Rebellion ) , 1799 ( Fries Rebellion ) , 1824 ( the Hartford Convention ) , 1832 (
paign against the SLORC / SPDC as a form of low intensity warfare or an ' unarmed insurrection'.88 The most prominent exile groups were the National
Council of the Union of Burma ( NCUB ) , the Coalition Government of the Union
of Burma ...
Author: Robert H. Taylor
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
Statecraft in Myanmar, previously referred to as Burma, has a lineage going back ten centuries or more. While the state today is expected to provide many other services for a vastly larger population than were its pre-modern predecessors, its basic functions of maintaining order, controlling economic distribution, and ensuring the perpetuation of itself and its elite managers, remain much the same. The tools available now to do so may be different, and the challenges it faces may have grown, but the issues it addresses would be familiar to the predecessors of the modern rulers of Myanmar. Myanmar, with its estimated population of about 55 million, the 24th largest country in the world, is larger than England. With a territory as big as Texas, it is wedged between the two of the oldest civilizations and now dynamic economies on the globe, India and China. Having been influenced by both India and China for centuries, Myanmar has developed its own cultural distinctiveness in contrast with its near neighbors in Southeast Asia, especially Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam. Once governed as a British Indian province, Myanmar emerged from the colonial era and the Second World War an economically devastated but strongly nationalistic socialist state. Riven since independence by armed ethnic and ideological conflicts that lasted most of the years between 1948 and the 1990s, when ceasefire agreements were reached with multiple insurgent armies, Myanmar's little-studied politics contain elements common to many countries. However, in few have the complexity of forces, historical and contemporary, religious and secular, foreign and indigenous, come together in one place to create so many little understood, and seemingly irresolvable, political issues. The State in Myanmar attempts to draw the complex history of state-making and state perpetuation in Myanmar in one volume. The social and economic forces, as well as international and domestic issues, which have made Myanmar one of the poorest and least understood Asian countries, are discussed. The efforts of Myanmar's kings, British colonial officials, nationalist politicians, socialist ideologues, and army generals to preserve the state in Myanmar is a history worth attempting to understand on its own terms.
... these references are from an article on “ Nonviolent Interventions ” by Alberto L'
Abate in Peace Courier for March , 1994 , p . 2 . ENRILE AND RAMOS , page 251
: Zunes , Stephen . “ Unarmed insurrections against authoritarian governments ...
Author: Michael N. Nagler
Category: Political Science
Drawing from the experiences of such figures as Mahatma Gandhi, a major American scholar and activist describes the laws of nonviolence and the nonviolent actions of ordinary people, blending in an analysis of current events like the Columbine High School shooting.
Unarmed Resistance and Global Solidarity Howard Clark ... Prevention ( Uppsala
: Life and Peace Institute ) Schock , K. ( 2005 ) Unarmed Insurrections : People
Power Movements in Non - Democracies ( Minneapolis : University of Minnesota
Author: Howard Clark
Publisher: Pluto Press (UK)
Category: Political Science
Lively account of how people power has shaped British history -- from Peterloo to the Poll tax and beyond.
Although the causes of revolution are often internal, the occurrence of revolution has serious international consequences: existing alliances are upset, the importance of small and weak countries may be magnified, and serious efforts may be required to prevent the export of revolutions to other countries. Mark N. Katz brings together twelve readings from an impressive group of scholars that shed light on this important link between revolution and international relations. Katz introduces students to the ways in which revolution has impacted the international system and to key terms so they are better prepared to critically read and analyze the selections that follow. A distinctive feature of this collection-and one guaranteed to spark lively classroom discussion-is the inclusion of contending views in each part that explore a particular issue. The readings in Part I, for example, present differing arguments on why the link between revolution and international conflict exists or how it occurs. The authors excerpted in Part III disagree about the success or failure of democratization as a means to preempt revolution. And the final section offers opposing views as to the future impact of revolution on the international system. Abundant pedagogy throughout the volume guides students through each reading. Both a general and part introductions frame the readings while selection headnotes and critical thinking questions offer background information and underscore important cross-cutting themes. In addition, an annotated list of suggested readings points students toward resources for further study and research.
... MA : Albert Einstein Institution , 1990 ) ; Stephen Zunes , “ Unarmed insurrections against authoritarian governments in the ... Patricia Parkman ,
Nonviolent Insurrection in El Salvador : The Fall of Maximiliano Hernandez
Martinez ( Tucson ...
These protests , these organised movements , these unarmed insurrections of
labour , these strikes are the inevitable accompaniment of the capitalistic system
of society - they are the salient proofs that the Socialist alone knows what he is ...
Foreign war played its part in these revolutions but it was secondary to the
problems of civil war , the combined armed and unarmed insurrections faced at
home . For France , Greer has long established the relatively greater importance
for the ...
Author: Rosemary H. T. O'Kane
Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub
Category: Political Science
The Revolutionary Reign of Terror is an up-to-date study of the use of violence and the role played by ideology in the building of the new revolutionary state.Rosemary O'Kane demonstrates how the study of revolutionary reigns of terror provides a means to an understanding both of the nature of revolutionary governments and the outcomes of revolutions. By a close comparison of revolutions and the ideologies which prompt them - including the examples of France, Russia, China, Cuba, Mexico, Iran, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, Cambodia, England and America - the special significance of civil war is highlighted and an important distinction made between revolutionary governments brought to power through guerrilla warfare and those faced by civil war after taking power. In conclusion, gaining control of the revolutionary forces of coercion is seen to be pivotal to the establishment of the revolutionary state. The book has special relevance for courses on revolution and political violence in departments of politics, sociology and international relations.
5 Kurt Schock , Unarmed Insurrections : People Power Movements in
Nondemocracies ( Minneapolis , MN : Universiy Minnesota Press , 2005 ) . •
Walter Powell , “ Neither market nor Hierarchy : Network Forms of Organization , "
Research in ...
Zenes , Stephen , “ Unarmed Insurrections against authoritarian government in
the Third World : A new kind of revolution " , Third World Quarterly , Vol . 15 , No .
3 , 1994 , pp . 403 - 425 . Newspapers and Periodicals Asia Week ( Hong Kong )
In 1989 alone , unarmed insurrections took place in countries that held 32
percent of the world ' s population . The twentieth century saw such an outburst
that Walter Wink points out that if we added up the populations of all these
countries , it ...
Author: Rachel MacNair
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
This work explains an increasingly popular view dubbed the Consistent Life Ethic, which holds that all life deserves reverence, so all social support for actions that destroy life should be withdrawn. The call is for opposition to abortion, capital punishment, euthanasia and other forms of killing to be consistent. Supporters of this view, shared widely in these pages, include figures from the Dalai Lama and Nobel Peace Prize winner Malread Corrifon Maguire to actor Martin Sheen and Village Voice columnist Nat Hentoff. It is at once an ethical, religious and political ideology, explored here in its application to actions from treatment of unborn humans to infants, the disabled, the poverty-stricken, war combatants and animals. In the work at hand, contributors explain the history of the pro-life movement, its growth and expansion, how these types of seemingly disparate killing are all linked, why a Consistent Life Ethic is needed, and how individuals can take steps to assure this ethic is more widely accepted.
... Bosnia : beleaguered and betrayed Stephen Zunes , Unarmed insurrections
against authoritarian governments in the Third World : a new kind of revolution
Walden Bello , Trade warfare and regional integration in the Pacific : the US ,
People Power and Political Opportunities : Social Movement Mobilization and
Outcomes in the Philippines and Burma . " Social Problems 46 ( 3 ) : 355 - 375 .
2005 . Unarmed Insurrections : People Power Movements in Nondemocracies
One factor , however , that might have changed this would have been if the
example of Czechoslovakia at this point had provoked unarmed insurrections
across Eastern Europe - such as those that did occur in 1989 . As it was ,
resistance did ...