U S Engineering in a Global Economy

U S  Engineering in a Global Economy

Title: U.S. engineering in a global economy / edited by Richard B. Freeman and Hal Salzman. Other titles: National Bureau of Economic Research conference report. Description: Chicago; London : The University of Chicago Press, ...

Author: Richard B. Freeman

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226468471

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 938

Since the late 1950s, the engineering job market in the United States has been fraught with fears of a shortage of engineering skill and talent. U.S. Engineering in a Global Economy brings clarity to issues of supply and demand in this important market. Following a general overview of engineering-labor market trends, the volume examines the educational pathways of undergraduate engineers and their entry into the labor market, the impact of engineers working in firms on productivity and innovation, and different dimensions of the changing engineering labor market, from licensing to changes in demand and guest worker programs. The volume provides insights on engineering education, practice, and careers that can inform educational institutions, funding agencies, and policy makers about the challenges facing the United States in developing its engineering workforce in the global economy.
Categories: Business & Economics

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780226468334

Category:

Page:

View: 825

Categories:

Understanding the Educational and Career Pathways of Engineers

Understanding the Educational and Career Pathways of Engineers

Proceedings of the American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, June 14–17, Seattle. ... In: US Engineering in the Global Economy, eds Freeman R, Salzman H. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economics ...

Author: National Academy of Engineering

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309485609

Category: Education

Page: 223

View: 600

Engineering skills and knowledge are foundational to technological innovation and development that drive long-term economic growth and help solve societal challenges. Therefore, to ensure national competitiveness and quality of life it is important to understand and to continuously adapt and improve the educational and career pathways of engineers in the United States. To gather this understanding it is necessary to study the people with the engineering skills and knowledge as well as the evolving system of institutions, policies, markets, people, and other resources that together prepare, deploy, and replenish the nation's engineering workforce. This report explores the characteristics and career choices of engineering graduates, particularly those with a BS or MS degree, who constitute the vast majority of degreed engineers, as well as the characteristics of those with non-engineering degrees who are employed as engineers in the United States. It provides insight into their educational and career pathways and related decision making, the forces that influence their decisions, and the implications for major elements of engineering education-to-workforce pathways.
Categories: Education

Engineering Ethics for a Globalized World

Engineering Ethics for a Globalized World

Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research. Freeman, R. B. (2006). Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S. economic leadership?”. In Innovation policy and the economy (Vol. 6).

Author: Colleen Murphy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319182605

Category: Philosophy

Page: 282

View: 713

This volume identifies, discusses and addresses the wide array of ethical issues that have emerged for engineers due to the rise of a global economy. To date, there has been no systematic treatment of the particular challenges globalization poses for engineering ethics standards and education. This volume concentrates on precisely this challenge. Scholars and practitioners from diverse national and professional backgrounds discuss the ethical issues emerging from the inherent symbiotic relationship between the engineering profession and globalization. Through their discussions a deeper and more complete understanding of the precise ways in which globalization impacts the formulation and justification of ethical standards in engineering as well as the curriculum and pedagogy of engineering ethics education emerges. The world today is witnessing an unprecedented demand for engineers and other science and technology professionals with advanced degrees due to both the off-shoring of western jobs and the rapid development of non-Western countries. The current flow of technology and professionals is from the West to the rest of the world. Professional practices followed by Western (or Western-trained) engineers are often based on presuppositions which can be in fundamental disagreement with the viewpoints of non-Westerners. A successful engineering solution cannot be simply technically sound, but also must account for cultural, social and religious constraints. For these reasons, existing Western standards cannot simply be exported to other countries. Divided into two parts, Part I of the volume provides an overview of particular dimensions of globalization and the criteria that an adequate engineering ethics framework must satisfy in a globalized world. Part II of the volume considers pedagogical challenges and aims in engineering ethics education that is global in character.
Categories: Philosophy

Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy

Research and Innovation Policies in the New Global Economy

National Science Board , 1996 , Science and Engineering Indicators : 1996 , Washington , DC : US Government Printing ... Nelson , R. , 1959 , The Simple Economics of Basic Scientific Research , Journal of Politi- cal Economy , 297-306 .

Author: Philippe Larédo

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782543007

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 552

View: 243

'The book is quite valuable, with its broad international coverage of state activities in the area of research and innovation support. It should also foster serious debates on the balance between public and private efforts in research and innovation.' - Mats Benner, Journal of Economic Literature '. . . this book provides the reader with a valuable summary of national public policy approaches to research and innovation at the end of the twentieth century and is a useful addition to the shelves of industrial policy experts.' - David Gray, Entrepreneurship and Innovation The book analyses the evolution of research and innovation policies in the world's leading countries. The last decade has witnessed a radical transformation of the landscape shaped after World War II, as described in the seminal collection edited by Richard Nelson in the early 1990s. Even though national systems have inherited different institutional arrangements and trajectories, analyses show three major converging trends in their public policies. There has been a retraction from support to large firms and programmes and a shift toward small to medium enterprises and the innovation infrastructure; the focus on public research and training capabilities is growing; and there has been a redesign of public intervention with the growing role of regions and states on one hand and multinational authorities on the other, particularly in the European Union.
Categories: Business & Economics

Behind the Numbers

Behind the Numbers

U.S. Trade in the World Economy National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Commission on Behavioral ... A report of the National Academy of Engineering, Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309045902

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 764

America's international economic decisions rest to a large degree on the information available to policymakers. Yet the quality of international trade and financial data is in serious doubt. This book reveals how our systems for collecting and analyzing trade data have fallen behind the times-and presents recommendations for new approaches to accuracy and usefulness of these economic data. The volume traces the burgeoning use of international economic data by public and private analysts at a time when the United States is becoming increasingly integrated into the world economy. It also points out problems of capturing new transactions, comparing data from different sources, limited access to the data, and more. This is the first volume to review all three types of U.S. international data-merchandise trade, international services transactions, and capital flows. Highlights include: Specific steps for U.S. agencies to take. Special analyses on improving the accuracy of merchandise trade data, filling data gaps on the fast-growing international services transactions, and understanding structural changes in world capital markets. Comments, complaints, and suggestions from an original survey of more than 100 key users of trade data. This practical volume will be invaluable to policymakers, government officials, business executives, economists, statisticians, and researchers.
Categories: Political Science

Curricula 2015

Curricula 2015

Raju, V., “Role of Manufacturing Education in Engineering Workforce Development”, ASEE Annual Conference Proceedings, ... U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, “Industry Economic Accounts; Gross-Domestic-Product-by-Industry Accounts; ...

Author: Sme Education And Research Community

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781257915132

Category:

Page: 166

View: 903

Categories:

Science Technology and Global Economic Competitiveness

Science  Technology  and Global Economic Competitiveness

4 METHOD The charge to the Committee on Prospering in the Global Economy of the 21st Century constitutes a challenge both daunting and ... NBER Working Paper 11457 , Cambridge , MA : National Bureau of Economic Research , 2005 .

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000058162088

Category: Competition, International

Page: 630

View: 464

Categories: Competition, International

Capability Building and Global Innovation Networks

Capability Building and Global Innovation Networks

Freeman, R. (2006) Does globalization of the scientific/engineering workforce threaten U.S. economic leadership? NBER Innovation Policy & the Economy Working Paper (Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research).

Author: Michael Gastrow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317383758

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 136

View: 951

This book explores the dynamics of global innovation networks and their implications for development. Knowledge is often seen as the main determinant of economic growth, competitiveness and employment. There is a strong causal interaction between capability building and the growth in demand for, and supply of, technical and organizational innovation. This complex of skills, knowledge and innovation holds great potential benefit for development, particularly in the context of developing countries. However, despite evidence of the increasing importance of knowledge and innovation, there has been relatively little research to understand the distribution and coordination of innovation and knowledge-intensive economic activities on a global scale – and what this might mean for economic development. Each chapter – though sharing an underlying conception of innovation systems, innovation networks and their relation to capability-building and development – takes a different theoretical stance. The authors explore the emerging relationship between competence building and the structure of global innovation networks, thus providing a valuable new perspective from which to critically assess their development potential. This book was originally published as a special issue of Innovation and Development.
Categories: Business & Economics

Biotechnology in a Global Economy

Biotechnology in a Global Economy

Greenberg , D. , “ U.S. , EEC Leaders Ponder Impact on '92 on Science , " Science & Government Report , Mar. ... JPRS Report : Science & Technology , Europe , “ Germany : Government Funds Genetic Engineering Research Program , " JPRS ...

Author: DIANE Publishing Company

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0941375609

Category:

Page: 283

View: 154

Categories: