Turing A Novel about Computation

Turing  A Novel about Computation

In this unusual novel, Turing's idiosyncratic version of intellectual history from a computational point of view unfolds in tandem with the story of a love affair involving Ethel, a successful computer executive, Alexandros, a melancholy ...

Author: Christos H. Papadimitriou

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262250780

Category: Fiction

Page: 296

View: 970

The world of computation according to Turing, an interactive tutoring program, as told to star-crossed lovers: a novel. Our hero is Turing, an interactive tutoring program and namesake (or virtual emanation?) of Alan Turing, World War II code breaker and father of computer science. In this unusual novel, Turing's idiosyncratic version of intellectual history from a computational point of view unfolds in tandem with the story of a love affair involving Ethel, a successful computer executive, Alexandros, a melancholy archaeologist, and Ian, a charismatic hacker. After Ethel (who shares her first name with Alan Turing's mother) abandons Alexandros following a sundrenched idyll on Corfu, Turing appears on Alexandros's computer screen to unfurl a tutorial on the history of ideas. He begins with the philosopher-mathematicians of ancient Greece—"discourse, dialogue, argument, proof... can only thrive in an egalitarian society"—and the Arab scholar in ninth-century Baghdad who invented algorithms; he moves on to many other topics, including cryptography and artificial intelligence, even economics and developmental biology. (These lessons are later critiqued amusingly and developed further in postings by a fictional newsgroup in the book's afterword.) As Turing's lectures progress, the lives of Alexandros, Ethel, and Ian converge in dramatic fashion, and the story takes us from Corfu to Hong Kong, from Athens to San Francisco—and of course to the Internet, the disruptive technological and social force that emerges as the main locale and protagonist of the novel. Alternately pedagogical and romantic, Turing (A Novel about Computation) should appeal both to students and professionals who want a clear and entertaining account of the development of computation and to the general reader who enjoys novels of ideas.
Categories: Fiction

The Turing Guide

The Turing Guide

Robert Harris's excellent 1995 codebreaking novel Enigma was inspired by Turing, and the character Tom ... In 2005 the theme of Turing-as-AI appeared again, this time in Christos Papadimitriou's Turing (A Novel About Computation).

Author: Jack Copeland

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191065002

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 799

Alan Turing has long proved a subject of fascination, but following the centenary of his birth in 2012, the code-breaker, computer pioneer, mathematician (and much more) has become even more celebrated with much media coverage, and several meetings, conferences and books raising public awareness of Turing's life and work. This volume will bring together contributions from some of the leading experts on Alan Turing to create a comprehensive guide to Turing that will serve as a useful resource for researchers in the area as well as the increasingly interested general reader. The book will cover aspects of Turing's life and the wide range of his intellectual activities, including mathematics, code-breaking, computer science, logic, artificial intelligence and mathematical biology, as well as his subsequent influence.
Categories: Science

The Annotated Turing

The Annotated Turing

A Guided Tour Through Alan Turing's Historic Paper on Computability and the Turing Machine Charles Petzold ... Science professor Christos H. Papadimitriou has weighed in with Turing (A Novel About Computation) (MIT Press, 2003).

Author: Charles Petzold

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470229057

Category: Computers

Page: 388

View: 817

Programming Legend Charles Petzold unlocks the secrets of the extraordinary and prescient 1936 paper by Alan M. Turing Mathematician Alan Turing invented an imaginary computer known as the Turing Machine; in an age before computers, he explored the concept of what it meant to be computable, creating the field of computability theory in the process, a foundation of present-day computer programming. The book expands Turing’s original 36-page paper with additional background chapters and extensive annotations; the author elaborates on and clarifies many of Turing’s statements, making the original difficult-to-read document accessible to present day programmers, computer science majors, math geeks, and others. Interwoven into the narrative are the highlights of Turing’s own life: his years at Cambridge and Princeton, his secret work in cryptanalysis during World War II, his involvement in seminal computer projects, his speculations about artificial intelligence, his arrest and prosecution for the crime of "gross indecency," and his early death by apparent suicide at the age of 41.
Categories: Computers

Color Monitors

Color Monitors

If Turing is a novel “about” computation, Blue Light might just be a computational Turing novel. We may perceive in this homology between book and program the implication that the effects of a work of code are no more predictable than ...

Author: Martin Kevorkian

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501727382

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 224

View: 656

"Color Monitors looks at a particular subset of imagined computer use, focusing on scenarios that demand from the person at the keyboard an intimate technical knowledge. My research has uncovered a peculiar pattern: race comes into sharp relief when computer use is depicted as difficult labor requiring special expertise. Time and again, in such scenarios, the helpful person of color is there to take the call—to provide technical support, to deal with the machines. In interpreting such images, Color Monitors analyzes the computer-fearing strain in American whiteness, an aspect of white identity that defines itself against information technology and the racial other imagined to love it and excel at it."—Martin Kevorkian Following up on Ralph Ellison's intimation that blacks serve as "the machines inside the machine," Color Monitors examines the designation of black bodies as natural machines for the information age. Martin Kevorkian shows how African Americans are consistently depicted as highly skilled, intelligent, and technologically savvy as they work to solve complex computer problems in popular movies, corporate advertising, and contemporary fiction. But is this progress? Or do such seemingly positive depictions have more disturbing implications? Kevorkian provocatively asserts that whites' historical "fear of a black planet" has in the age of microprocessing converged with a new fear of computers and the possibility that digital imperatives will engulf human creativity. Analyzing escapist fantasies from Mission: Impossible to Minority Report, Kevorkian argues that the placement of a black man in front of a computer screen doubly reassures audiences: he is nonthreatening, safely occupied—even imprisoned—by the very machine he attempts to control, an occupation that simultaneously frees the action heroes from any electronic headaches. The study concludes with some alternatives to this scheme, looking to a network of recent authors, with shared affinities for Ellison and Pynchon, willing to think inside the black box of technology. Connecting race, technology, and American empire, Color Monitors will attract attention from scholars working in emerging areas of race theory, African American studies, film studies, cultural studies, and technology and communication studies.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy 4 Volume Set

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy  4 Volume Set

“Intuition and ingenuity” Throughout Turing's career there are quite startling engagements with the computational world ... modeling of computation, we often detect Turing entertaining novel extensions of “machine computation” that, ...

Author: Jefferson D. Pooley

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118290736

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 2323

View: 278

The International Encyclopedia of Communication Theory and Philosophy is the definitive single-source reference work on the subject, with state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on key issues from leading international experts. It is available both online and in print. A state-of-the-art and in-depth scholarly reflection on the key issues raised by communication, covering the history, systematics, and practical potential of communication theory Articles by leading experts offer an unprecedented level of accuracy and balance Provides comprehensive, clear entries which are both cross-national and cross-disciplinary in nature The Encyclopedia presents a truly international perspective with authors and positions representing not just Europe and North America, but also Latin America and Asia Published both online and in print Part of The Wiley Blackwell-ICA International Encyclopedias of Communication series, published in conjunction with the International Communication Association. Online version available at Wiley Online Library
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

American Scientist

American Scientist

A Postmodern Romance Stuart M. Shieber C Turing ( A Novel about Computation ) . by reaction - diffusion , Arrow - Debreu Christos H. Papadimitriou . viii + 284 pp . economic equilibria , NP - completeness , MIT Press , 2003.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058777494

Category: Greek letter societies

Page:

View: 535

Categories: Greek letter societies

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind

For both Lovelace and Turing, and many who have followed in the computational tradition, a key consideration for the question of whether novel behavior may be generated purely through processes decomposable into simple mechanical ...

Author: Mark Sprevak

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317286714

Category: Philosophy

Page: 737

View: 222

Computational approaches dominate contemporary cognitive science, promising a unified, scientific explanation of how the mind works. However, computational approaches raise major philosophical and scientific questions. In what sense is the mind computational? How do computational approaches explain perception, learning, and decision making? What kinds of challenges should computational approaches overcome to advance our understanding of mind, brain, and behaviour? The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind is an outstanding overview and exploration of these issues and the first philosophical collection of its kind. Comprising thirty-five chapters by an international team of contributors from different disciplines, the Handbook is organised into four parts: History and future prospects of computational approaches Types of computational approach Foundations and challenges of computational approaches Applications to specific parts of psychology. Essential reading for students and researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of psychology, and philosophy of science, The Routledge Handbook of the Computational Mind will also be of interest to those studying computational models in related subjects such as psychology, neuroscience, and computer science.
Categories: Philosophy

Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics IV

Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics  IV

so-called interactive evolving recurrent neural networks are capable of super-Turing computational potentialities, ... models of computation will certainly contribute to the emergence of novel computational technologies and computers, ...

Author: Hans Liljenström

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401795487

Category: Medical

Page: 618

View: 793

This volume is the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics (ICCN2013) held in Sweden in 2013. The included papers reflect the large span of research presented and are grouped in ten parts that are organized essentially in a top-down structure. The first parts deal with social/interactive (I) and mental (II) aspects of brain functions and their relation to perception and cognition (III). Next, more specific aspects of sensory systems (IV) and neural network dynamics of brain functions (V), including the effects of oscillations, synchronization and synaptic plasticity (VI), are addressed, followed by papers particularly emphasizing the use of neural computation and information processing (VII). With the next two parts, the levels of cellular and intracellular processes (VIII) and finally quantum effects (IX) are reached. The last part (X) is devoted to the contributions invited by the Dynamic Brain Forum (DBF), which was co-organized with ICCN2013.
Categories: Medical

Turing s Connectionism

Turing   s Connectionism

Bio-Inspired Computing Machines: Towards Novel Computational Architectures. Presses Polytechniques et Universitaires Romandes, Lausanne, Switzerland, 1998. 114. D. Martland. Auto-associative pattern storage using synchronous boolean ...

Author: Christof Teuscher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447101611

Category: Computers

Page: 200

View: 693

Christof Teuscher revives, analyzes, and simulates Turing's ideas, applying them to different types of problems, and building and training Turing's machines using evolutionary algorithms. In a little known paper entitled 'Intelligent Machinery' Turing investigated connectionist networks, but his work was dismissed as a 'schoolboy essay'and it was left unpublished until 1968, 14 years after his death. This is not a book about today's (classical) neural networks, but about the neuron network-like structures proposed by Turing. One of its novel features is that it actually goes beyond Turing's ideas by proposing new machines. The book also contains a Foreward by B. Jack Copeland and D. Proudfoot.
Categories: Computers

Alan Turing Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker

Alan Turing  Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker

his survey on hypercomputation, Mike Stannett describes various approaches to constructing hypercomputational machines, while Eugene Eberbach, Dina Goldin, and Peter Wegner present new super-Turing models of computation – all basically ...

Author: Christof Teuscher

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783662056424

Category: Computers

Page: 542

View: 111

Written by a distinguished cast of contributors, Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker is the definitive collection of essays in commemoration of the 90th birthday of Alan Turing. This fascinating text covers the rich facets of his life, thoughts, and legacy, but also sheds some light on the future of computing science with a chapter contributed by visionary Ray Kurzweil, winner of the 1999 National Medal of Technology. Further, important contributions come from the philosopher Daniel Dennett, the Turing biographer Andrew Hodges, and from the distinguished logician Martin Davis, who provides a first critical essay on an emerging and controversial field termed "hypercomputation".
Categories: Computers