Truth Language and History

Truth  Language  and History

Continuing to explore the themes that have occupied him for more than 50 years, Donald Davidson looks at the philosophy of language, epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of the mind in order to make interconnections between his own ...

Author: Donald Davidson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198237563

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 350

View: 122

Continuing to explore the themes that have occupied him for more than 50 years, Donald Davidson looks at the philosophy of language, epistemology, metaphysics and the philosophy of the mind in order to make interconnections between his own views and some of the major philosophers of the past.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Heidegger and Unconcealment

Heidegger and Unconcealment

This book includes ten essays that trace the notion of unconcealment as it develops from Heidegger's early writings to his later work, shaping his philosophy of truth, language and history.

Author: Mark A. Wrathall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139492751

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 128

This book includes ten essays that trace the notion of unconcealment as it develops from Heidegger's early writings to his later work, shaping his philosophy of truth, language and history. 'Unconcealment' is the idea that what entities are depends on the conditions that allow them to manifest themselves. This concept, central to Heidegger's work, also applies to worlds in a dual sense: first, a condition of entities manifesting themselves is the existence of a world; and second, worlds themselves are disclosed. The unconcealment or disclosure of a world is the most important historical event, and Heidegger believes there have been a number of quite distinct worlds that have emerged and disappeared in history. Heidegger's thought as a whole can profitably be seen as working out the implications of the original understanding of unconcealment.
Categories: Philosophy

Dialogues with Davidson

Dialogues with Davidson

Notes 1. Donald Davidson, Truth, Language, and History (Oxford: Clarendon
Press, 2005), p. 251. 2. Donald Davidson, “Dialectic and Dialogue” (1994) and “
Gadamer and Plato's Philebus” (1997), both reprinted in Davidson, Truth,
Language, ...

Author: Jeff Malpas

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262294959

Category: Philosophy

Page: 512

View: 914

Leading scholars discuss Donald Davidson's work in relation to a wide range of contemporary philosophical issues and approaches. The work of the philosopher Donald Davidson (1917–2003) is not only wide ranging in its influence and vision, but also in the breadth of issues that it encompasses. Davidson's work includes seminal contributions to philosophy of language and mind, to philosophy of action, and to epistemology and metaphysics. In Dialogues with Davidson, leading scholars engage with Davidson's work as it connects not only with aspects of current analytic thinking but also with a wider set of perspectives, including those of hermeneutics, phenomenology, the history of philosophy, feminist epistemology, and contemporary social theory. They link Davidson's work to other thinkers, including Collingwood, Kant, Derrida, Heidegger, and Gadamer. The essays demonstrate the continuing significance of Davidson's philosophy, not only in terms of the philosophical relevance of the ideas he advanced, but also in the further connections and insights those ideas engender.
Categories: Philosophy

Truth and History in the Ancient World

Truth and History in the Ancient World

Berkeley, Los Angeles, Oxford: University of California Press. ——. (2012)
Meaning, Truth, and Reference in Historical Representation. Ithaca and London:
Cornell University Press. Ayer, A. J. (1946) Language, Truth and Logic, Second
Edition ...

Author: Lisa Hau

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317558040

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 281

This collection of essays investigates histories in the ancient world and the extent to which the producers and consumers of those histories believed them to be true. Ancient Greek historiographers repeatedly stressed the importance of truth to history; yet they also purported to believe in myth, distorted facts for nationalistic or moralizing purposes, and omitted events that modern audiences might consider crucial to a truthful account of the past. Truth and History in the Ancient World explores a pluralistic concept of truth – one in which different versions of the same historical event can all be true – or different kinds of truths and modes of belief are contingent on culture. Beginning with comparisons between historiography and aspects of belief in Greek tragedy, chapters include discussions of historiography through the works of Herodotus, Xenophon, and Ktesias, as well as Hellenistic and later historiography, material culture in Vitruvius, and Lucian’s satire. Rather than investigate whether historiography incorporates elements of poetic, rhetorical, or narrative techniques to shape historical accounts, or whether cultural memory is flexible or manipulated, this volume examines pluralities of truth and belief within the ancient world – and consequences for our understanding of culture, ancient or otherwise.
Categories: History

Self Construction and the Formation of Human Values Truth Language and Desire

Self Construction and the Formation of Human Values  Truth  Language  and Desire

Truth, Language, and Desire Teodros Kiros. differently. Thus, Kant agreed with
Descartes that the authority of reason is much more reliable than the authority of
tradition and historical experience. Experience can be useful to man if it is ...

Author: Teodros Kiros

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9780313390852

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 368

This volume presents a theoretical defense of the potential of ordinary individuals to construct values and through them to become self-empowering, responsible participants in a democratic community. Rather than conceiving of power as domination, the author identifies true power as self-empowerment, a notion based on self-construction. He proposes the vision of an authentically free self filled with a compassion that is a composite of reason and feeling. Such a composite self does not consciously manipulate language, truth, and desire to dominate and subordinate other individuals, but uses them to construct values and norms that can enrich others. To support his argument the author draws on both classical and contemporary philosophers, as well as on literary sources.
Categories: Philosophy

Language Truth and Democracy

Language  Truth and Democracy

In any case, in so far as it is politically relevant, the scientific argument must be
translated into a language that can be understood by all citizens. Science can
only play a ... Davidson, Donald, 2005, Truth, Language, and History. Oxford,
Oxford ...

Author: Margit Gaffal

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110697360

Category: Philosophy

Page: 346

View: 347

The aim of this volume is to investigate three fundamental issues of the new millennium: language, truth and democracy. The authors approach the themes from different philosophical perspectives. One group of authors examines the use of language and the meaning of concepts from an analytic point of view, the ontology of scientific terms and explores the nature of knowledge in general. Another group examines truth and types of relation. A third group of authors focuses on the current factors influencing our concept of democracy and its legal foundations and makes reference to moral aspects and the question of political responsibility. The chapters provide the reader with an overview of current philosophical problems and the answers to these questions will be decisive for future development.
Categories: Philosophy

History and Truth

History and Truth

This volume and the other new editions of Ricoeur's texts published by Northwestern University Press have joined the canon of contemporary continental philosophy and continue to contribute to emergent discussions in the twenty-first century ...

Author: Paul Ricoeur

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810105985

Category: Philosophy

Page: 333

View: 991

Incredible originality of thought in areas as vast as phenomenology, religion, hermeneutics, psychoanalysis, intersubjectivity, language, Marxism, and structuralism has made Paul Ricoeur one of the philosophical giants of the twentieth century. The way in which Ricoeur approaches these themes makes his works relevant to the reader today: he writes with honesty and depth of insight into the core of a problem, and his ability to mark for future thought the very path of philosophical inquiry is nearly unmatched. In History and Truth, Ricoeur investigates the antinomy between history and truth, or between historicity and meaning. He argues that history has meaning insofar as it approaches universality and system but no meaning insofar as this universality violates the singularity of individuals' lives. Imposing unity upon truth, or unifying the diversity of knowledge and opinion, creates a singular and universal history but destroys historicity and subjectivity. Allowing for singularities in history promotes a multiplicity of truths over a single, unique truth and thereby annihilates system. This volume and the other new editions of Ricoeur's texts published by Northwestern University Press have joined the canon of contemporary continental philosophy and continue to contribute to emergent discussions in the twenty-first century. Book jacket.
Categories: Philosophy

The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction

The Cognitive Value of Philosophical Fiction

Davidson, D. (2005a/1989), 'James Joyce and Humpty Dumpty', in Davidson,
Truth, Language, and History, pp. 143–57. —(2005b/1993), 'Locating Literary
Language', in Davidson, Truth, Language, and History, pp. 167–81. —(2005c/
1986) ...

Author: Jukka Mikkonen

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441129703

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 809

Can literary fictions convey significant philosophical views, understood in terms of propositional knowledge? This study addresses the philosophical value of literature by examining how literary works impart philosophy truth and knowledge and to what extent the works should be approached as communications of their authors. Beginning with theories of fiction, it examines the case against the prevailing 'pretence' and 'make-believe' theories of fiction hostile to propositional theories of literary truth. Tackling further arguments against the cognitive function and value of literature, this study illustrates how literary works can contribute to knowledge by making assertions and suggestions and by providing hypotheses for the reader to assess. Through clear analysis of the concept of the author, the role of the authorial intention and the different approaches to the 'meaning' of a literary work, this study provides an historical survey to the cognitivist-anti-cognitivist dispute, introducing contemporary trends in the discussion before presenting a novel approach to recognizing the cognitive function of literature. An important contribution to philosophical studies of literature and knowledge.
Categories: Philosophy

Interpretation in International Law

Interpretation in International Law

100 The concept of truth employed in Davidson's line of argument is markedly not
an epistemological one. Language offers no window onto the world. See Donald
Davidson, 'Seeing Through Language (1997)' in Truth, Language and History ...

Author: Andrea Bianchi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191038709

Category: Law

Page: 380

View: 641

International lawyers have long recognised the importance of interpretation to their academic discipline and professional practice. As new insights on interpretation abound in other fields, international law and international lawyers have largely remained wedded to a rule-based approach, focusing almost exclusively on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. Such an approach neglects interpretation as a distinct and broader field of theoretical inquiry. Interpretation in International Law brings international legal scholars together to engage in sustained reflection on the theme of interpretation. The book is creatively structured around the metaphor of the game, which captures and illuminates the constituent elements of an act of interpretation. The object of the game of interpretation is to persuade the audience that one's interpretation of the law is correct. The rules of play are known and complied with by the players, even though much is left to their skills and strategies. There is also a meta-discourse about the game of interpretation - 'playing the game of game-playing' - which involves consideration of the nature of the game, its underlying stakes, and who gets to decide by what rules one should play. Through a series of diverse contributions, Interpretation in International Law reveals interpretation as an inescapable feature of all areas of international law. It will be of interest and utility to all international lawyers whose work touches upon theoretical or practical aspects of interpretation.
Categories: Law

Media of Reason

Media of Reason

In Truth, Language, and History, 251–261. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
——. Expressing Evaluations (Lindley Lecture). Lawrence: University Press of
Kansas, 1982. ——. “How Is Weakness of the Will Possible?” In Essays on
Actions ...

Author: Matthias Vogel

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231527750

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 682

Matthias Vogel challenges the belief, dominant in contemporary philosophy, that reason is determined solely by our discursive, linguistic abilities as communicative beings. In his view, the medium of language is not the only force of reason. Music, art, and other nonlinguistic forms of communication and understanding are also significant. Introducing an expansive theory of mind that accounts for highly sophisticated, penetrative media, Vogel advances a novel conception of rationality while freeing philosophy from its exclusive attachment to linguistics. Vogel's media of reason treats all kinds of understanding and thought, propositional and nonpropositional, as important to the processes and production of knowledge and thinking. By developing an account of rationality grounded in a new conception of media, he raises the profile of the prelinguistic and nonlinguistic dimensions of rationality and advances the Enlightenment project, buffering it against the postmodern critique that the movement fails to appreciate aesthetic experience. Guided by the work of Jürgen Habermas, Donald Davidson, and a range of media theorists, including Marshall McLuhan, Vogel rebuilds, if he does not remake, the relationship among various forms of media—books, movies, newspapers, the Internet, and television—while offering an original and exciting contribution to media theory.
Categories: Philosophy

Language in History

Language in History

The English language, as perhaps never before, became subject to various kinds
of scrutiny, the object of the gaze of science, literature, politics and philosophy.
One pamphlet purporting to tell the truth about the history of the English language
 ...

Author: Dr Tony Crowley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134908219

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 738

In Language in History, Tony Crowley provides the analytical tools for answering such questions. Using a radical re-reading of Saussure and Bahktin, he demonstrates, in four case studies, the ways in which language has been used to construct social and cultural identity in Britain and Ireland. For example, he examines the ways in which language was employed to construct a bourgeois public sphere in 18th Century England, and he reveals how language is still being used in contemporary Ireland to articulate national and political aspirations and why the Irish language died. By bringing together linguistic and critical theory with his own sharp historical and political consciousness, Tony Crowley provides a new agenda for language study; one which acknowledges the fact that writing about history has always been determined by the historical context, and by issues of race, class and gender. Language in History represents a major contribution to the field, and an essential text for anyone interested in language, discourse and communication.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Quest for the Description of the Law

The Quest for the Description of the Law

Truth, language, and history. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Foucault, M. (1979).What
is an author?. In J. Hariri (Ed.), Textual strategies; Perspectives in post-
structuralist criticism. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press. Compilation of Law
Cases ...

Author: Reidar Edvinsson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540705024

Category: Philosophy

Page: 113

View: 905

My dissertation for LLD (or JSD) Att beskriva rätten (To Describe Law), which was written under my bachelor surname of Andréasson, was presented for public exa- nation on Nov 4, 2004. Since then the text has been developed in two separate directions. On the one hand, three of the chapters have been made more accessible to students of jurisprudence and have been included in the second edition of the te- book Rättsfilosofi, samhälle och moral genom tiderna edited by Joakim Nergelius. On the other hand, the whole dissertation has been revised, translated and published as the present book. In the time that has passed since my dissertation, many things have changed. On the personal level, my friend and tutor, Aleksander Peczenick, was sadly taken away from my circle of colleagues. In contrast to that sad event, I have spent two nine-month periods on paternity leave, raising my two children, Selma and Bernhard. This past year, I have decided to move from theory to practice and have started working in a court of law. During my work on the dissertation, I had the opportunity to spend a rewarding term at Rutgers University in Camden, NJ visiting Professor Dennis Patterson. Since this book is a continuation of that project, it feels appropriate to repeat my thanks to Professor Patterson and STINT (The Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education) for making that visit possible.
Categories: Philosophy

The Returns of History

The Returns of History

THE MUMMY: "THE MOST GLORIOUS VICTORY OF FORM" In his well-known
essay "On Truth and Lie in the ... The language of truth is always on the
borderline (the frontline?) of history, dividing and binding the moment in which
the ...

Author: Dragan Kujundzic

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791432343

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 219

View: 860

Examines the influence of Nietzsche on Russian Formalists, Russian Modernism, and Mikhail Bakhtin, reinforcing the importance of the modernist theoreticians by reading them in the contemporary theoretical context.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Language Authority and Indigenous History in the Comentarios Reales de Los Incas

Language  Authority  and Indigenous History in the Comentarios Reales de Los Incas

3 Language and history in the Comentarios reales Viktor Frankl has shown that
historiography is characterized by changes in the concept of historical truth and
its representation.' Thus, during the chivalrous Middle Ages historical discourse ...

Author: Margarita Zamora

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521350875

Category: History

Page: 209

View: 853

This study of the Comentarios is original both in adopting the perspective of discourse analysis and in its interdisciplinary approach.
Categories: History

The Truth of History

The Truth of History

Language can successfully refer to and describe the world. The inferences we
draw from our perceptions, according to our general beliefs about the world, often
yield descriptions of the world which are proven true in experience. Historical ...

Author: C. Behan McCullagh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134696253

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 469

Modern relativism and postmodern thought in culture and language challenge the 'truth' of history. This book considers how all historians, confined by the concepts and forms of argument of their own cultures, can still discover truths about the past. The Truth of History presents a study of various historical explanations and interpretations and evaluates their success as accounts of the past. C. Behan McCullagh contests that the variety of historical interpretations and subjectivity does not exclude the possibility of their truth. Through an examination of the constraints of history, the author argues that although historical descriptions do not mirror the past they can correlate with it in a regular and definable way. Far from debating in the abstract and philosophical only, the author beds his argument in numerous illuminating concrete historical examples. The Truth of History explores a new position between the two extremes of believing that history perfectly represents the past and that history can tell us nothing true of the past.
Categories: History

Donald Davidson

Donald Davidson

An extensive history of reprintings of Davidson's essays can be found at the end
of the volume on Davidson in the Library of Living Philosophers series, The ...
Inquiries into Truth and Interpretation. ... Volume 5, Truth, Language and History.

Author: Kirk Ludwig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521790437

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 102

This book, first published in 2003, is a comprehensive introduction to the full range of Donald Davidson's work.
Categories: Philosophy

Marxism and the Philosophy of Language

Marxism and the Philosophy of Language

One can study the generation of ideas , that is , the history of ideology in the exact
sense — the history of knowledge , as the history of the generation of truth ( since
truth is eternal only as eternally generated truth ) ; the history of literature , as ...

Author: V. N. Voloshinov

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674550986

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 205

View: 846

V. N. Volosinov's important work, first published in Russian in 1929, had to wait a generation for recognition. This first paperback edition of the English translation will be capital for literary theorists, philosophers, linguists, psychologists, and many others. Volosinov is out to undo the old disciplinary boundaries between linguistics, rhetoric, and poetics in order to construct a new kind of field: semiotics or textual theory. Ladislav Matejka and I. R. Titunik have provided a new preface to discuss Volosinov in relation to the great resurgence of interest in all the writing of the circle of Mikhail Bakhtin.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Bodied Mindfulness

Bodied Mindfulness

LOGIC IS ABOUT discerning truth. Language expresses particular logical
methods used throughout history to secure stable judgments about changing
circumstances. Logic is generally believed to be necessary for getting beyond
material ...

Author: Winnie Tomm

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 9781554588022

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 578

“I see spirituality and social change to be integrally related to each other. I believe that liberation efforts that are supported by spiritual experiences of integration promote human dignity as well as social equality.” Bodied Mindfulness combines spiritual, social and analytical perspectives to explore topics central to women’s development: spirituality, women’s bodies, cultural constructions of women’s sexuality in language, sexual ethics, the sexual contract in politics and at work, and the relation between nature and culture. It is Tomm’s deeply held conviction that women need to bring a vital spirituality to feminist social criticism in order to resolve these issues and increase their power to promote social justice and ecological balance. Tomm embraces a vast store of knowledge from diverse sources, including Buddhist, shamanist and feminist resources. In a move away from abstract theorizing, she explicitly connects theory with realities lived by women. Grounding theory in personal experience — her own and others — Tomm delivers a powerful and empowering account of women’s spirituality. The resulting ontological transformation allows women to live deeply in the body while strengthening their relation to human and non-human matter and energy. Bodied Mindfulness will be of great interest to feminist scholars in all disciplines, but most particularly to those in Women’s Studies and Religious Studies.
Categories: Social Science

Language Truth and Logic

Language  Truth and Logic

It will be said that the 'history of philosophy' is, almost entirely, a history of
metaphysics; and, consequently, that although there is no actual fallacy involved
in our using the word 'philosophy' in the sense in which philosophy is
incompatible ...

Author: A.J. Ayer

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 9780141911809

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 373

If you can't prove something, it is literally senseless - so argues Ayer in this irreverent and electrifying book. Statements are either true by definition (as in maths), or can be verified by direct experience. Ayer rejected metaphysical claims about god, the absolute, and objective values as completely nonsensical. Ayer was only 24 when he finished LANGUAGE, TRUTH & LOGIC, yet it shook the foundations of Anglo-American philosophy and made its author notorious. It became a classic text, cleared away the cobwebs in philosophical thinking, and has been enormously influential.
Categories: Philosophy

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

The Handbook of Historical Sociolinguistics

Many of them may contain grains of truth, and as such they are an eminently
useful means of accounting historically for present attitudes towards language.
For many, language myths may be represented as closer to truth than fiction,
whereas ...

Author: Juan Manuel Hernández-Campoy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118257265

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 704

View: 309

Written by an international team of leading scholars, this groundbreaking reference work explores the nature of language change and diffusion, and paves the way for future research in this rapidly expanding interdisciplinary field. Features 35 newly-written essays from internationally acclaimed experts that reflect the growth and vitality of the burgeoning area of historical sociolinguistics Examines how sociolinguistic theoretical models, methods, findings, and expertise can be used to reconstruct a language's past in order to explain linguistic changes and developments Bridges the gap between the past and the present in linguistic studies Structured thematically into sections exploring: origins and theoretical assumptions; methods for the sociolinguistic study of the history of languages; linguistic and extra-linguistic variables; historical dialectology, language contact and diffusion; and attitudes to language
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines