The tropical forestbird communityis stronglylinked to variables such as canopy opennessand the density ofvegetation in the understory(e.g. Barlow and Peres 2004a),and anychanges inforeststructure are likelytoresult inthe loss of primary ...
Author: Navjot S. Sodhi
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Conservation of Tropical Birds has been written by four conservation biologists whose expertise spans all the tropical regions of the world. It is the first book to cover all the major issues in tropical bird conservation. Current problems faced by tropical bird conservationists are summarised and potential solutions outlined based on the results of case studies. Birds are key indicators of ecosystem health, and such a well-studied group of organisms, that they provide an excellent lens through which to examine global conservation problems caused by phenomena such as climate change, declines in ecosystem services, habitat loss, fires, overexploitation, and invasive species. Therefore, the book also provides an engaging synopsis of the general issues in conservation and the problems faced by other wildlife. This book serves as an important resource and companion to all people interested in observing and conserving birds in the tropics and elsewhere.
This handsome bird is widely distributed throughout tropical Southeast Asia and can be fairly common locally. The male (shown below) has especially stunning plumage. The Black-naped Oriole is arboreal, but not a forest bird, ...
Publisher: Tuttle Publishing
This handy birdwatching field guide is an excellent introduction to the fantastic array of birds found in Southeast Asia. Southeast Asia is home to a remarkable array of bird species—the most diverse on Earth. These birds range in size from the tiny Orange-bellied Flowerpeckers living within the rainforest, to massive White-bellied Sea-Eagles. They vary in color from drab, olive babblers, to exquisitely-hued kingfishers. This bird guide features 96 typical species and clearly describes their special characteristics. Many are easy–to–find birds adapted to living around cities and towns, while others can be seen in nature reserves. Illustrated with over 100 beautiful color photographs, showing the birds in their natural habitats, this book will delight both keen bird watchers and beginners alike. Common as well as scientific names are given for each bird.
The Sixplumed (Parotia sexpennis) is a sable bird of paradise with yellow and green metallic gorget, but, also, it is called the Golden because its throat and breast feathers ... No collection of tropical birds can be complete without the.
Author: Sacheverell Sitwell
Publisher: Read Books Ltd
This early work is a fascinating read for any ornithologist or nature enthusiast. Sixteen beautiful plates by John Gould are accompanied by notes about the varied tropical birds featured. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions, using the original text and artwork.
Tropical Birds E.A. JAYSON , Division of Wildlife Biology , Kerala Forest Research Institute , Peechi - 680 653 , Kerala , India C. SIVAPERUMAN , Zoological Survey of India , Andaman & Nicobar Regional Centre , Port Blair - 744 102 ...
Author: E. A. Jayson
Publisher: New India Publishing
Community Ecology of Tropical Birds, the tropical ecosystems is one of the most biological diverse habitats on the earth. Seventy six per cent of all centers of avian endemism occur in tropical regions and the same is true for many plant and animal communities. Birds are important component of biological diversity and their ecological, cultural, recreational and economic benefits are recognized universally. They act as vital links in many food webs and often serve as highly visible biological indicators of ecosystem health. Many bird populations are declining all over the world due to habitat loss and fragmentation, predation, pesticide use, invasive exotic species and other factors. This book is about the ecology of tropical bird community, all together 12 chapters are described and divided into two parts. The first part of this book looks at the forest bird community including status and distribution, species-abundance relationship, seasonal changes, vertical distribution and habitat utilisation. The second part provides detailed ecology of wetland bird community. This book will be an invaluable resource for field scientist, researchers, students, and naturalists in the field of Ornithology.
These birds lay very small clutches of eggs and put a minimum of energy into each nesting attempt. Nest failures are frequent, but most tropical birds will have many more opportunities to succeed because they live toan oldage.
Author: Steven Hilty
Publisher: University of Texas Press
Birds of Tropical America was published by Chapters Publishing in 1994 and went out of print in 1997. UT Press is pleased to reissue it with a new epilogue and updated references.
... Belize , Guatemala , and El Salvador - is rich in bird life , readily accessible for the most part , and almost unique in its mixture of many typically temperate - zone species with many distinctively tropical birds .
Author: Ernest Preston Edwards
Publisher: University of Texas Press
More than a thousand species of birds occur in Mexico and in the adjacent countries of Belize, Guatemala, and El Salvador. Of these birds, a unique mixture of temperate-zone and tropical species, less than half are found in the United States, and many cross the border only a short distance into the southwestern states. This practical field guide contains detailed annotations for easy identification of all of Mexico's regular species. The descriptions include the English, Spanish, and Latin names; a general range statement for each bird, along with its specific occurrences in the region; its typical habitat(s) and abundance; and its physical characteristics, including size and plumage. Excellent color plates with drawings of over 850 species make this the most fully illustrated guide to the region. Published by the author in 1972 and 1989, this convenient take-along guide is now totally revised, updated, and re-designed to provide handy assistance and enjoyment to professional ornithologists and amateur birders alike.
Masses of tropical bird species perform nomadic migrations in accordance with such environmental changes . Large parts of the tropics also have regular seasons , not periods of winter cold and summer warmth like the northern temperate ...
Author: Thomas Alerstam
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
The most comprehensive book available on the phenomenon of bird migration.
The lack of extra - pair behavior in tropical birds is manifested by another major difference between latitudes . Not only do tropical passerines have smaller testes ( Figure 4.1 ) , they also differ dramatically from temperate zone ...
Author: Academic Press
Preface. -- Why are Tropical Birds Interesting? -- Breeding Seasons. -- Life History Traits. -- Mating Systems. -- Territoriality. -- Communication. -- Biotic Interactions. -- References. -- Index.
In China the man-made Society Finch, which knows no wild ancestors, struts and chirps as he rears numerous families. From the grassy plains and forests of tropical regions, many rare and beautiful birds have been delivered to American ...
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Pantropical region: Biogeographic region that encompasses all tropical regions of the major continents. Stopover: Areas within a bird's migration path used by these to rest and feed during migration. Bibliography Begon, M., Townsend, ...
Author: Kleber Del Claro
Publisher: EOLSS Publications
This Encyclopedia of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management is a component of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. Tropical environments cover the most part of still preserved natural areas of the Earth. The greatest biodiversity, as in terms of animals and plants, as microorganisms, is placed in these hot and rainy ecosystems spread up and below the Equator line. Additionally, the most part of food products, with vegetal or animal origin, that sustain nowadays human beings is direct or undirected dependent of tropical productivity. Biodiversity should be looked at and evaluated not only in terms of numbers of species, but also in terms of the diversity of interactions among distinct organisms that it maintains. In this sense, the complexity of web structure in tropical systems is a promise of future to nature preservation on Earth. In the chemicals of tropical plant and animals, could be the cure to infinite number of diseases, new food sources, and who knows what more. Despite these facts tropical areas have been exploited in an irresponsible way for more than 500 years due the lack of an ecological conscience of men. Exactly in the same way we did with temperate areas and also tropical areas in the north of Equator line. Nowadays, is estimated that due human exploitation, nation conflicts and social problems, less than 8% of tropical nature inside continental areas is still now untouchable. The extension of damage in the tropical areas of oceans is unknown. Thus so, all knowledge we could accumulate about tropical systems will help us, as in the preservations of these important and threatened ecosystems as in a future recuperation, when it was possible. Only knowing the past and developing culture, mainly that directed to peace, to a better relationship among nations and responsible use and preservation of natural resources, human beings will have a long future on Earth. These volumes, Tropical Biology and Natural Resources was divided in sessions to provide the reader the better comprehension possible of issue and also to enable future complementation and improvements in the encyclopedia. Like we work with life, we intended to transform this encyclopedia also in a “life” volume, in what new information could be added in any time. As president of the encyclopedia and main editor I opened the theme with an article titled: “Tropical Biology and Natural resources: Historical Pathways and Perspectives”, providing the reader an initial view of the origins of human knowledge about the tropical life, and what we hope to the future. In the sequence we have more than 100 chapters distributed in tem sessions: Tropical Ecology (TE); Tropical Botany (TB); Tropical Zoology (TZ); Savannah Ecosystems (SE); Desert Ecosystems (DE); Tropical Agriculture (TA); Natural History of Tropical Plants (NH); Human Impact on Tropical Ecosystems (HI); Tropical Phytopathology and Entomology (TPE); Case Studies (CS). This 11-volume set contains several chapters, each of size 5000-30000 words, with perspectives, applications and extensive illustrations. It is the only publication of its kind carrying state-of-the-art knowledge in the fields of Tropical Biology and Conservation Management and is aimed, by virtue of the several applications, at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.
Reproductive asynchrony and population divergence between two tropical bird populations. Behav. Ecol. 16, 755–762. Morton, E.S., 1996. A comparison of vocal behavior among tropical and temperate passerine birds.
Author: Marc Naguib
Publisher: Academic Press
Advances in the Study of Behavior was initiated over 40 years ago to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This thematic volume, Vocal Communication in Birds and Mammals, makes another important "contribution to the development of the field" by presenting theoretical ideas and research to those studying animal behavior and to their colleagues in neighboring fields.
... temperate communities, (2) that tropical guilds may include species covering a broader range of sizes and, in particular, larger insectivores, and (3) that the niches of tropical birds are smaller than those of temperate birds.
Author: Martin L. Cody
The present book is divided into several parts. An introductory chapter serves to make the reader aware of the diversity of the subject of habitat selection in birds. Many if the various aspects of habitat selection introduced in the first chapter are developed in subsequent chapters, and thus it serves to some extent as an overview of the subject and as a "lead-in" to subsequent work.
Similarly, testosterone concentrations are lowest in tropical stonechats compared to birds from Austria or Kazakhstan (Rödl, Goymann, Schwabl, & Gwinner, in press). It is clear that the actions of testosterone are diverse and should be ...
Author: Randy J. Nelson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Unchecked aggression and violence take a significant toll on society. With recent advances in pharmacology and genetic manipulation techniques, new interest has developed in the biological mechanisms of aggression. The primary goal of this title is to summarise and synthesis recent advances in the subject.
This heat map depicts bird diversity with a color gradient: warm colors for high richness and cool colors for low (less than 10 ... This stability of tropical habitats might reduce the extinction rates of the birds in these areas.
Author: Irby J. Lovette
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Selected by Forbes.com as one of the 12 best books about birds and birding in 2016 This much-anticipated third edition of the Handbook of Bird Biology is an essential and comprehensive resource for everyone interested in learning more about birds, from casual bird watchers to formal students of ornithology. Wherever you study birds your enjoyment will be enhanced by a better understanding of the incredible diversity of avian lifestyles. Arising from the renowned Cornell Lab of Ornithology and authored by a team of experts from around the world, the Handbook covers all aspects of avian diversity, behaviour, ecology, evolution, physiology, and conservation. Using examples drawn from birds found in every corner of the globe, it explores and distills the many scientific discoveries that have made birds one of our best known - and best loved - parts of the natural world. This edition has been completely revised and is presented with more than 800 full color images. It provides readers with a tool for life-long learning about birds and is suitable for bird watchers and ornithology students, as well as for ecologists, conservationists, and resource managers who work with birds. The Handbook of Bird Biology is the companion volume to the Cornell Lab’s renowned distance learning course, Ornithology: Comprehensive Bird Biology.
Life histories of temperate and tropical birds differ remarkably. Compared to temperate species, tropical birds lay smaller clutches, grow slower as nestlings and live longer (Snow and Lill 1974; ...
Author: David Costantini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book discusses oxidative stress and hormesis from the perspective of an evolutionary ecologist or physiologist. In the first of ten chapters, general historical information, definitions, and background of research on oxidative stress physiology, hormesis, and life history are provided. Chapters 2-10 highlight the different solutions that organisms have evolved to cope with the oxidative threats posed by their environments and lifestyles. The author illustrates how oxidative stress and hormesis have shaped diversity in organism life-histories, behavioral profiles, morphological phenotypes, and aging mechanisms. The book offers fascinating insights into how organisms work and how they evolve to sustain their physiological functions under a vast array of environmental conditions.
Reviewing evidence that re-nesting rates and number of broods per season are higher in tropical birds than in birds elsewhere, Martin (1996) found little evidence for this claim. In equatorial Sarawak, for example, Fogden (1972) found ...
Author: David Whitacre
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Until recently, surprisingly little has been known about the biology and behavior of tropical forest raptors, including such basic aspects as diets, breeding biology, habitat requirements, and population ecology, information critical to the development of conservation efforts. The Peregrine Fund conducted a significant eight-year-long research program on the raptor species, including owls, in Tikal National Park in Guatemala to learn more about Neotropical birds of prey. Impressive and unprecedented in scale, this pioneering research also involved the development of new methods for detecting, enumerating, and studying these magnificent but often elusive birds in their forest home. Beautifully illustrated with photographs of previously little-known species, the resulting book is the most important single source for information on the lowland tropical forest raptor species found in Central America. Neotropical Birds of Prey covers twenty specific species in depth, including the Ornate Hawk-Eagle, the Barred Forest-Falcon, the Bat Falcon, and the Mexican Wood Owl, offering thorough synopses of all current knowledge regarding breeding biology and behavior, diet, habitat use, and spatial needs. Contributors to this landmark work also show how the populations fit together as a community with overlapping habitat and prey needs that can put them in competition with reptiles and mammalian carnivores as well, yet differ from one another in their nesting or feeding behaviors and population dynamics. The work’s substantive original data offer interesting comparisons between tropical and temperate zone species, and provide a basis for establishing conservation measures based on firsthand research. Making available for the first time new data on the biology, ecology, behavior, and conservation of the majestic owls and raptors of the New World tropics, this book will appeal to a wide ornithological readership, especially the many raptor enthusiasts around the world.
Author: Çagan H. SekerciogluPublish On: 2016-08-24
Consequences of fragmentation of tropical moist forest for birds and their role in predation of herbivorous insects. Biotropica 44:228–36. Schroth, G., Da Fonseca, G. A. B., Harvey, C. A., Gascon, C., Lasconcelos, H. L., and Izac, ...
Author: Çagan H. Sekercioglu
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
For over one hundred years, ornithologists and amateur birders have jointly campaigned for the conservation of bird species, documenting not only birds’ beauty and extraordinary diversity, but also their importance to ecosystems worldwide. But while these avian enthusiasts have noted that birds eat fruit, carrion, and pests; spread seed and fertilizer; and pollinate plants, among other services, they have rarely asked what birds are worth in economic terms. In Why Birds Matter, an international collection of ornithologists, botanists, ecologists, conservation biologists, and environmental economists seeks to quantify avian ecosystem services—the myriad benefits that birds provide to humans. The first book to approach ecosystem services from an ornithological perspective, Why Birds Matter asks what economic value we can ascribe to those services, if any, and how this value should inform conservation. Chapters explore the role of birds in such important ecological dynamics as scavenging, nutrient cycling, food chains, and plant-animal interactions—all seen through the lens of human well-being—to show that quantifying avian ecosystem services is crucial when formulating contemporary conservation strategies. Both elucidating challenges and providing examples of specific ecosystem valuations and guidance for calculation, the contributors propose that in order to advance avian conservation, we need to appeal not only to hearts and minds, but also to wallets.