Trinitarian Theology in Medieval and Reformation Thought

Trinitarian Theology in Medieval and Reformation Thought

This book is an introduction to trinitarian theology as it developed from the late medieval period.

Author: John T. Slotemaker

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030477905

Category: Religion

Page: 131

View: 520

This book is an introduction to trinitarian theology as it developed from the late medieval period. John T. Slotemaker presents an overview of the central aspects of trinitarian theology by focusing on four themes: theological epistemology, the emanations in God, the divine relations, and the Trinity of persons. He does so by exploring a broad range of theological opinions on each subject and delineating the options that existed for medieval theologians from the early thirteenth century through the sixteenth. He argues that despite the diversity of opinion on a given subject, there is a normative theological center that grounds late medieval trinitarian theology. This center consists of theological developments involving the adoption of Peter Lombard’s Sentences as a theological textbook, the conciliar decisions of Lateran IV, and a shared Aristotelian philosophical background of Western trinitarian theology.
Categories: Religion

Life in the Spirit

Life in the Spirit

Trinitarian Grammar and Pneumatic Community in Hegel and Augustine Douglas Finn ... apocalyptic, and socially oriented strands of Reformation thought.

Author: Douglas Finn

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 9780268070625

Category: Religion

Page: 424

View: 881

Since the nineteenth century, many philosophical and theological commentators have sought to trace lines of continuity between the Trinitarian thought of Augustine of Hippo (354–430) and G. W. F. Hegel (1770–1831). Many contemporary Christian theologians have also criticized Augustine's Trinitarian theology generally and his doctrine of the Holy Spirit more specifically through this historical lens. At the same time, Hegelian Trinitarian conceptual dynamics have come to exert a strong influence over contemporary Trinitarian theology. In Life in the Spirit, Douglas Finn seeks to redress several imbalances with respect to Augustine, imbalances that have one of their hermeneutic causes in a Hegelian-influenced theological tradition. Finn argues that common readings of Augustine focus too much on his De Trinitate, books 8–15, betraying a modern—and to some extent Hegelian—prejudice against considering sermons and biblical commentaries serious theological work. This broadening of Augustinian texts allows Finn to critique readings of Augustine that, on the one hand, narrow his Trinitarian theology to the so-called psychological analogy and thus chart him on a path to Descartes and Hegel, or, on the other hand, suggest he sacrifices a theology of the Trinitarian persons on the altar of divine substance. Augustine's Trinitarian theology on Finn's reading is one fully engaged with God's work in history. With this renewed understanding of Augustine's Trinitarianism, Finn allows Augustine to interrogate Hegel with his concerns rather than only the other way around. In this ambitious study, Finn shows that Hegel's rendition of Christianity systematically obviates whole swaths of Christian prayer and practice. He does this nonpolemically, carefully, and with meticulous attention to the texts of both great thinkers.
Categories: Religion

Understanding Affections in the Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Understanding Affections in the Theology of Jonathan Edwards

... as those by John Sharp and Louis Ellies Du Pin.8 As for medieval figures, ... that pre-Reformation theologians directly influenced Edwards's ideas of ...

Author: Ryan J. Martin

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567682253

Category: Religion

Page: 296

View: 698

This volume argues that the notion of “affections” discussed by Jonathan Edwards (and Christian theologians before him) means something very different from what contemporary English speakers now call “emotions.” and that Edwards's notions of affections came almost entirely from traditional Christian theology in general and the Reformed tradition in particular. Ryan J. Martin demonstrates that Christian theologians for centuries emphasized affection for God, associated affections with the will, and distinguished affections from passions; generally explaining affections and passions to be inclinations and aversions of the soul. This was Edwards's own view, and he held it throughout his entire ministry. Martin further argues that Edwards's view came not as a result of his reading of John Locke, or the pressures of the Great Awakening (as many Edwardsean scholars argue), but from his own biblical interpretation and theological education. By analysing patristic, medieval and post-medieval thought and the journey of Edwards's psychology, Martin shows how, on their own terms, pre-modern Christians historically defined and described human psychology.
Categories: Religion

Reformation Thought

Reformation Thought

Just as Renaissance humanist writers jumped over the Middle Ages to revisit the classical period, so Reformers disregarded medieval theology in order to ...

Author: Alister E. McGrath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119756606

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 424

Reformation Thought Praise for previous editions: “Theologically informed, lucid, supremely accessible: no wonder McGrath’s introduction to the Reformation has staying power!” —Denis R. Janz, Loyola University “Vigorous, brisk, and highly stimulating. The reader will be thoroughly engaged from the outset, and considerably enlightened at the end.” —Dr. John Platt, Oxford University “[McGrath] is one of the best scholars and teachers of the Reformation... Teachers will rejoice in this wonderfully useful book.” —Teaching History Reformation Thought: An Introduction is a clear, engaging, and accessible introduction to the European Reformation of the sixteenth century. Written for readers with little to no knowledge of Christian theology or history, this indispensable guide surveys the ideas of the prominent thought leaders of the period, as well as its many movements, including Lutheranism, Calvinism, Anabaptism, and the Catholic and English Reformations. The text offers readers a framework to interpret the events of the Reformation in full view of the intellectual landscape and socio-political issues that fueled its development. Based on Alister McGrath’s acclaimed lecture course at Oxford University, the fully updated fifth edition incorporates the latest academic research in historical theology. Revised and expanded chapters describe the cultural backdrop of the Reformation, discuss the Reformation’s background in late Renaissance humanism and medieval scholasticism, and distill the findings of recent scholarship, including work on the history of the Christian doctrine of justification. A wealth of pedagogical features—including illustrations, updated bibliographies, a glossary, a chronology of political and historical ideas, and several appendices—supplement McGrath’s clear explanations. Written by a world-renowned theologian, Reformation Thought: An Introduction, Fifth Edition upholds its reputation as the ideal resource for university and seminary courses on Reformation thought and the widespread change it inspired in Christian belief and practice.
Categories: Religion

Perfect Will Theology

Perfect Will Theology

... medieval, and Reformation thought here.7 Rejecting this catholic doctrine of ... Trinitarian or Christological elements, but by its entire construction.

Author: J. Martin Bac

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004193444

Category: Religion

Page: 584

View: 661

This book revisits the four major early-modern debates concerning the will of God. It appears that Reformed scholasticism advocated a particular and consistent relationship between divine knowledge, will, and power, which was altered by Jesuits, Remonstrants, Descartes, and Spinoza.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of Christology

The Oxford Handbook of Christology

Emery, G. (2010), The Trinitarian Theology of St Thomas Aquinas (Oxford: ... and Via Moderna: Late Medieval Prolegomena to Early Reformation Thought', ...

Author: Francesca Aran Murphy

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191061684

Category: Religion

Page: 688

View: 272

The Oxford Handbook of Christology brings together 40 authoritative essays considering the theological study of the nature and role of Jesus Christ. This collection offers dynamic perspectives within the study of Christology and provides rigorous discussion of inter-confessional theology, which would not have been possible even 60 years ago. The first of the seven parts considers Jesus Christ in the Bible. Rather than focusing solely on the New Testament, this section begins with discussion of the modes of God's self-communication to us and suggests that Christ's most original incarnation is in the language of the Hebrew Bible. The second section considers Patristics Christology. These essays explore the formation of the doctrines of the person of Christ and the atonement between the First Council of Nicaea in 325 and the eve of the Second Council of Nicaea. The next section looks at Mediaeval theology and tackles the development of the understanding of who Christ was and of his atoning work. The section on 'Reformation and Christology' traces the path of the Reformation from Luther to Bultmann. The fifth section tackles the new developments in thinking about Christ which have emerged in the modern and the postmodern eras, and the sixth section explains how beliefs about Jesus have affected music, poetry, and the arts. The final part concludes by locating Christology within systematic theology, asking how it relates to Christian belief as a whole. This comprehensive volume provides an invaluable resource and reference for scholars, students, and general readers interested in the study of Christology.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of Calvin and Calvinism

The Oxford Handbook of Calvin and Calvinism

“ John Calvin and Late Medieval Thought : A Study in Late Medieval Influences upon Calvin's Theological Development Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 77 ...

Author: Bruce Gordon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198728818

Category: Religion

Page: 720

View: 143

John Calvin was a leader of the European Reformation of the sixteenth century and the influence of his thought remains crucial in our world. This collection explores the origins of Calvin's thought and the theological, historical, and cultural circumstances in which they have evolved from Geneva to our times.
Categories: Religion

Triadosis Union with the Triune God

Triadosis  Union with the Triune God

Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought 2. Leiden: Brill, 1966. Wisse, Maarten. Trinitarian Theology beyond Participation: Augustine's De Trinitate and ...

Author: Eduard Borysov

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781532646034

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 615

The complex nature of Christian communion with a personal God requires a nuanced expression. Since its inception, the early church affirmed God’s unknowable nature and also participation in God through Christ. The church fathers employed the language of theosis in talking about union with God and human transformation in the likeness of God. However, the term theosis or deification is a broad category and requires precise explanation to avoid human dissolution in the divine in the mystical union. This book addresses the conundrum of imparticipable divine nature and personal union between human and the Trinity. If God is Trinity, then we are created and restored in the image of tripersonal God.
Categories: Religion

Martin Luther on Reading the Bible as Christian Scripture

Martin Luther on Reading the Bible as Christian Scripture

The Messiah in Luther's Biblical Hermeneutic and Theology William M. Marsh ... Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought 12. Leiden: Brill, 1974.

Author: William M. Marsh

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498282123

Category: Religion

Page: 224

View: 494

Above all else that the sixteenth-century German Reformer was known for, Martin Luther was a Doctor of the Holy Scriptures. One of the most characteristic features of Luther's approach to Scripture was his resolved christological interpretation of the Bible. Many of the Reformer's interpreters have looked back upon Luther's "Christ-centered" exposition of the Scriptures with sentimentality but have often labeled it as "Christianization," particularly in regards to Luther's approach of the Old Testament, dismissing his relevance for today's faithful readers of God's Word. This study revisits this assessment of Luther's christological interpretation of Scripture by way of critical analysis of the Reformer's "prefaces to the Bible" that he wrote for his translation of the Scriptures into the German vernacular. This work contends that Luther foremost believes Jesus Christ to be the sensus literalis of Scripture on the basis of the Bible's messianic promise, not enforcing a dogmatic principle onto the scriptural text and its biblical authors that would be otherwise foreign to them. This study asserts that Luther's exegesis of the Bible's "letter" (i.e., his engagement with the biblical text) is primarily responsible for his conviction that Christ is Holy Scripture's literal sense.
Categories: Religion

Beyond Reformation

Beyond Reformation

For an enthusiastic introduction to this theological tradition, see Russell L. Friedman, Medieval Trinitarian Thought from Aquinas to Ockham (Cambridge: ...

Author: David Aers

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 9780268158002

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 280

View: 920

The essay form that Aers has chosen for his book contributes to the effectiveness of the argument he develops in tandem with the structure of Langland’s poem: he sustains and tests his argument in a series of steps or “passus,” a Langlandian mode of proceeding. His essay unfolds an argument about medieval and early modern forms of Constantinian Christianity and reformation, and the way in which Langland's own vision of a secularizing, de-Christianizing late medieval church draws him toward the idea of a church of “fools,” beyond papacy, priesthood, hierarchy, and institutions. For Aers, Langland opens up serious diachronic issues concerning Christianity and culture. His essay includes a brief summary of the poem and modern translations alongside the original medieval English. It will challenge specialists on Langland's poem and supply valuable resources of thought for anyone who continues to struggle with the church of today.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Conspiracy of Allusion

The Conspiracy of Allusion

GARSTEIN , O. Rome and the Counter - Reformation in Scandinavia . 1553-1622 . 1992 47. ... Divine Knowledge in Late Medieval Thought . 1993 51.

Author: Douglas Kelly

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004115609

Category: History

Page: 313

View: 990

A reference to Macrobius by Chretien de Troyes links his own writing and, by implication, medieval writing in general, to the larger late antique and medieval Latin conception of rewriting as original imitation.
Categories: History

Luther and the Gift

Luther and the Gift

7 manist movement was significant for the Reformation not merely because of ... Regarding Trinitarian theology , Valla likewise rejects many Aristotelian ...

Author: Risto Saarinen

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 3161549708

Category: Religion

Page: 333

View: 111

Dust jacket, back cover: In this book, Risto Saarinen studies Martin Luther's understanding of the gift and related issues such as favours and benefits, faith and justification, virtues and merits, ethics and doctrine, law and Christ. He shows that Luther both continues and criticizes the classical discusssions regarding the differences and parallels between gifts and sales.
Categories: Religion

Anselm of Havelberg

Anselm of Havelberg

... Medieval Thought . 1993 51. O'MALLEY , J. W. , IZBICKI , T. M. and CHRISTIANSON , G. ( eds . ) . Humanity and Divinity in Renaissance and Reformation .

Author: Jay Terry Lees

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004109064

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 295

This volume presents a life of the twelfth-century bishop and adviser of German rulers, Anselm of Havelberg, and an analysis of his writings concerning the decadence of monasticism, the meaning of history, and the debated that he held with a Greek archbishop.
Categories: History

A Trinitarian Theology of Religions

A Trinitarian Theology of Religions

130 Church creeds from the early Middle Ages through the Reformation and into ... was thought to be as basic to Christian belief as Trinity and incarnation.

Author: Gerald R. McDermott

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199930883

Category: Religion

Page: 352

View: 208

Named by the International Bulletin of Missionary Studies as an Outstanding Book of 2014 for Mission Studies Over the last four decades, evangelical scholars have shown growing interest in Christian debates over other religions, seeking answers to essential questions: How are we to think about and relate to other religions, be open to the Spirit, and at the same time remain evangelical and orthodox? Gerald R. McDermott and Harold A. Netland offer critiques of a variety of theologians and religious studies scholars, including evangelicals, but also challenge evangelicals to move beyond parochial positions. This volume is both a manifesto and a research program, critically evaluating the last forty years of Christian treatments of religious others and proposing a comprehensive direction for the future. It addresses issues relating to the religions in both systematic theology and missiology, taking up long-debated questions such as contextualization, salvation, revelation, the relationship between culture and religion, conversion, social action, and ecumenism. It concludes with responses from four leading thinkers of African, Asian, and European backgrounds: Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen, Vinoth Ramachandra, Lamin Sanneh, and Christine Schirrmacher.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of the Reception of Aquinas

The Oxford Handbook of the Reception of Aquinas

Dolezal, J. E. (2017), All That Is in God: Evangelical Theology and the Challenge ... Friedman, R. L. (2010), Medieval Trinitarian Thought from Aquinas to ...

Author: Matthew Levering

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192518941

Category: Religion

Page: 856

View: 648

The Oxford Handbook of the Reception of Aquinas provides a comprehensive survey of Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant philosophical and theological reception of Thomas Aquinas over the past 750 years.This Handbook will serve as a necessary primer for everyone who wishes to study Aquinas's thought and/or the history of theology and philosophy since Aquinas's day. Part I considers the late-medieval receptions of Aquinas among Catholics and Orthodox. Part II examines sixteenth-century Western receptions of Aquinas (Protestant and Catholic), followed by a chapter on sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Orthodox reception. Part III discusses seventeenth-century Protestant and Catholic receptions, and Part IV surveys eighteenth- and nineteenth-century receptions (Protestant, Orthodox, and Catholic). Part V focuses on the twentieth century and takes into account the diversity of theological movements in the past century as well as extensive philosophical treatment. The final section unpicks contemporary systematic approaches to Aquinas, covering the main philosophical and theological themes for which he is best known. With chapters written by a wide range of experts in their respective fields, this volume provides a valuable touchstone regarding the developments that have marked the past seven centuries of Christian theology.
Categories: Religion

The Covenant Theology of Jonathan Edwards

The Covenant Theology of Jonathan Edwards

Review of The Origins of the Federal Theology in Sixteenth-Century Reformation Thought, by David A. Weir. JR 72 (1992) 597–98. ———.

Author: Paul J. Hoehner

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781725281585

Category: Religion

Page: 362

View: 658

As a theologian in the Reformed tradition, covenant theology was for Jonathan Edwards the internal scaffolding that gave shape to the biblical story of redemption. The establishment of the eternal rule of righteousness as the basis of the believer's communion with God and eternal happiness is a central theme beginning with the Covenant of Works, grounded in the eternal Covenant of Redemption, and culminating in the Covenant of Grace. It is the basis for the law-gospel distinction in Edwards and the early architects of federal theology. For the "God intoxicated" New England Puritan preacher, this was no dry academic exercise. Rather, it was a joyous and affectionate discovery and embrace of what God had ordained in eternity, what Christ accomplished in history on the cross, and what the Holy Spirit is doing and will complete in the church. This study grew out of current discussions in Reformed scholarship questioning aspects of traditional covenant theology. As a key transitional figure in the history of Reformed theology, Edwards's thinking is still relevant. The richness and depth of Edwards's vision of redemptive history provides a clear and comprehensive understanding of his Reformed soteriology and the role of evangelical obedience in justification.
Categories: Religion

The Social God and the Relational Self

The Social God and the Relational Self

A Trinitarian Theology of the Imago Dei Stanley J. Grenz. vision of God , 127 which Aquinas ... 6 of Studies in Medieval and Reformation Thought , ed .

Author: Stanley J. Grenz

Publisher: Westminster John Knox Press

ISBN: 066422203X

Category: Religion

Page: 345

View: 706

In this, the first of a six-volume contribution to systematic theology, Grenz creatively extends the insights of contemporary Trinitarian thought to theological anthropology. "The Social God and the Relational Self" is an example of theological construction as an ongoing conversation involving biblical texts, the theological heritage of the Christian tradition, and the contemporary historical-social context.
Categories: Religion

A Companion to Reformed Orthodoxy

A Companion to Reformed Orthodoxy

... of monographs on Puritan theology that were wedded to the older paradigm.6 ... examining the reception of continental Reformation thought in the British ...

Author: Herman Selderhuis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004248915

Category: History

Page: 700

View: 819

An international team of renowned scholars give an oversight of the history and theology of Reformed Orthodoxy (± 1550-1750). The renewed interest in this fascinating period in intellectual history is documented in this Companion.
Categories: History

Christ at the Crux

Christ at the Crux

After Our Likeness: The Church as the Image ofthe Trinity. ... Extra Calvinisticum in Calvin's Theology. studies in Medieval and reformation Thought.

Author: Paul Cumin

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781620325957

Category: Religion

Page: 236

View: 822

How can Christian theology confess God as both other than the world and also related to it in a way that compromises neither of these? Most modern thought has offered a simple reply: it cannot. Christ at the Crux analyzes one element of the roots of this denial and charts a route toward rapprochement. The Christologies of eight theologians offer various attempts to relate the Creator and the creature in Christ: Irenaeus of Lyon, Cyril of Alexandria, John Philoponus, Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Zizioulas, Robert Jenson, and Colin Gunton. Within the patristic era the question is grounded in theology about the incarnation; with the Reformers the focus is on the mediation between creation and Creator; and with the three modern theologians the breadth of the issue is completed with theology proper. Together, these eight offer a grand-scale perspective on much of the christological possibilities for conceiving the relation between God and everything else. In the end Paul Cumin shows how the doctrine of the Trinity appears to open new possibilities for Christology and in particular for the way theology about the Spirit enables a reimagining of those items of Christian thought most likely at the roots of our modern rejection of God-as-other.
Categories: Religion

The Cambridge Companion to the Trinity

The Cambridge Companion to the Trinity

speculation: Christian. trinitarian. thinking. after. the. Reformation ... and consequential claims for Christian theology in the post-Reformation period.

Author: Peter C. Phan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521877398

Category: Religion

Page: 417

View: 500

This Companion explores how the Christian doctrine of the Trinity has been understood and articulated in the last two thousand years. The Trinitarian theologies of key theologians are carefully examined, and the doctrine of the Trinity is brought into dialogue with different religions as well as with other Christian beliefs.
Categories: Religion