Trauma Victim

Trauma Victim

At the riskofanobvious oxymoron,“normal deviant” reactions(asaresultof trauma) are distinctlydifferent dueto both the person and the specific trauma. If PTSD problems develop, the influence of the“person” of the victim has organized the ...

Author: Lee Hyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134935970

Category: Psychology

Page: 758

View: 344

Aiming to fulfill the need for a multifaceted approach to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this guide addresses the importance of the stressor, places paramount the person of the victim and provides treatment procedures. The 11 authors weave a care paradigm that begins with a position: the persona of the victim organises and preserves his or her reality and the trauma makes this more so. The book provides a formula for accepting, understanding and treating the individual and helps the therapist inspect and nurture the trauma victim's self and ego skills.
Categories: Psychology

Post Traumatic Therapy And Victims Of Violence

Post Traumatic Therapy And Victims Of Violence

Even when the trauma has not been physical, information about preexisting medical problems and their treatment is essential for prudent prescription of psychoactive medications. Especially with older victims, drug treatment should only ...

Author: Frank Ochberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134847211

Category: Psychology

Page: 370

View: 270

Categories: Psychology

Psychiatric Treatment of Victims and Survivors of Sexual Trauma

Psychiatric Treatment of Victims and Survivors of Sexual Trauma

Trauma victims have used alcohol to self-medicate anxiety and startle reactions and to quell nightmares and insomnia associated with PTSD. It has been utilized by victims of rape and incest to decrease fear and apprehension during ...

Author: Jamshid A. Marvasti

Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher

ISBN: 9780398074609

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 384

Psychological trauma is a multifaceted phenomenon with extensive involvement of biochemical and neurological changes. This book originated on the basis of clinical observations and the authors believe that trauma is the region in which psych and soma meet each other and integrate, becoming a single entity. In this text, the authors attempt to integrate the psychosocial and bio-neuro-endocrine aspects of human experience, including trauma. Chapter 1 provides a psychobiological perspective of incest, and sexual abuse, and considers the stages of and reactions to incest that trauma clients have experienced. Chapter 2 focuses on trauma-related syndromes associated with survivors of sexual abuse. Chapter 3 continues the theme of the second chapter, providing further discussion of the link between sexual trauma and somatic sensations of discomfort and pain. Chapter 4 describes the frustration in treating drug/alcohol addicts and the discovery that these individuals have a history of hidden trauma which haunts them and prevents recovery. Chapter 5 explores the victims response to trauma and examines the nontraditional treatment models for psychological trauma. Chapter 6 presents psychotherapy practices used with incest survivors, and details treatment principles and goals and explains new treatment options. Chapter 7 explores the practice of pharmacotherapy in treating trauma-related disorders and focuses on the use of a variety of psychiatric medications for the treatment of PTSD. Chapter 8 presents creative and rehabilitative practices for treating victimized children and adolescents, pointing to the importance of art therapy in the recovery process of traumatized individuals. Chapter 9 provides an overview of play therapy/cognitive-behavioral therapy for sexually abused children and adolescents. Readers will find in this text a diversity of research topics and a variety of clinical observations that are not only useful but timely.
Categories: Medical

Neither Victim Nor Survivor

Neither Victim Nor Survivor

TRAUMA AND THE NEOSLAVE NARRATIVE Naomi Morgenstern, a professor of literature, is explicit regarding the goal of her essay, ... 6 The trauma victim does not experience the return of the repressed because there has been no repression.

Author: Marilyn Nissim-Sabat

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739128221

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 763

In Neither Victim nor Survivor: Thinking toward a New Humanity, Marilyn Nissim-Sabat offers a comprehensive critique of the interrelated concepts of "victim" and "survivor" as they have been ideologically distorted in Western thought. Framed by the phenomenological perspective of Edmund Husserl, Nissim-Sabat carries out her argument through an intense engagement with current scholarly work on Toni Morrison's Beloved, Sophocles' Antigone, akrasia, psychoanalysis, critical race theory, feminist philosophy of science, and Marxism. Nissim-Sabat ultimately proposes that a new consciousness, enabled by the phenomenological attitude, of the way in which ideological distortion of the concepts of 'victim' and 'survivor' helps to perpetuate victimization will empower us to find ways to end victimization and its anti-human consequences. The book's interdisciplinary approach will make it appealing to a broad range of students and scholars alike.
Categories: Philosophy

Coping with Trauma

Coping with Trauma

Some of Australia's leading trauma specialists provide a unique and systematic analysis of trauma reactions in both victims and their helpers.

Author: David J. de L. Horne

Publisher: Australian Academic Press

ISBN: 9781875378852

Category: Psychology

Page: 173

View: 622

Some of Australia's leading trauma specialists provide a unique and systematic analysis of trauma reactions in both victims and their helpers.
Categories: Psychology

Homicide The Hidden Victims

Homicide  The Hidden Victims

The diagnosis of PTSD was initially applied to victims of crime on the basis of their witness status . This effectively dismissed most co - victims of homicide Concepts of trauma from consideration because they rarely witnessed the ...

Author: Deborah Spungen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0803957777

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 272

View: 759

Social scientist, victim advocate, and the mother of a murder victim - Deborah Spungen is well acquainted with all facets of what she defines as "the blackest hell accompanied by a pain so intense that even breathing becomes an unendurable labor." In Homicide: The Hidden Victims, Spungen illustrates just how and why family members become co-victims when a loved one is murdered, and she poignantly addresses the emotional, physical, spiritual, and psychological effects of such traumatic events. The timely information and innovative modalities discussed in this book make it ideal for mental health and criminal justice professionals, pastoral counselors, social workers, and victim advocates.
Categories: Family & Relationships

The Impact of Complex Trauma on Development

The Impact of Complex Trauma on Development

Therefore, it is unfortunately overlooked and omitted, not only from the victim's report of the trauma but also as an important component of treatment. Rather, the treatment focuses only on the traumatic induction or event, ...

Author: Cheryl Arnold

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780765708830

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 831

Normal human development progresses through a process of differentiation and integration, and it is distorted and impeded by the fusion and fragmentation resulting from traumatic experiences. The Impact of Complex Trauma on Development documents the pathological consequences of chronic interpersonal trauma on psychological development, behavior, and interpersonal relationships. It provides an integrative approach to therapy that is based on a rich psychoanalytically-oriented developmental psychology.
Categories: Psychology

Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics

Emergency and Trauma Care for Nurses and Paramedics

To ensure effective victim movement through diagnostic facilities and definitive care, there needs to be an agreed ... in a 'normal' working day, severely injured trauma victims are assigned immediate triage categories 1 or 2 using the ...

Author: Kate Curtis

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780729579827

Category: Medical

Page: 1494

View: 852

Emergency and Trauma Care is written for Australian emergency care providers including paramedics, emergency nurses, pre-hospital care providers, nurse practitioners, general practice nurses and allied health practitioners including occupational therapists and physiotherapists who are caring for trauma patients. This book follows the patient journey from pre-hospital to definitive care. Using a body systems approach, each chapter provides comprehensive coverage of all aspects of adult and paediatric emergencies. Implications for clinical practice is supported by chapters of professional practice, clinical skills, research, evidence-based practice, and legal, ethical and cultural issues. Clinical assessment, physiology, management and rationale for intervention of common and not so common emergency presentations are provided, with each chapter providing clear and relevant examples for both Paramedics and Nurses. Emergency and Trauma Care brings together a team of highly respected clinical practitioners and academics to deliver the most up-to-date text dealing with the practical procedures and evidence experienced by emergency and trauma care providers every day. Chapter 2 Pre-hospital care overview in Australia and NZ Chapter 10 Scene assessment, management and rescue Chapter 11 Pre-Hospital Clinical Reasoning, Triage and Communication Pre-hospital and emergency nursing considerations included in all relevant chapters Chapter 5 Cultural Considerations in Emergency Care addresses cultural diversity, beliefs and values and focuses on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health and Maori health Chapter 19 Resuscitation includes advanced life support, airway management and incorporates the 2010 Australian Resuscitation Council guidelines Chapter 37 People with disabilities provides assessment, examination and communication strategies for working with clients with intellectual and physical disabilities Section 5 focuses on examination and communication strategies for working with unique population groups, including the elderly, disabled, obstetric and paediatric patients Section 6 details major trauma assessment and management, blast injury, and trauma to specific body regions Essentials outline the main points addressed in each chapter Practice tips assist with communication skills, procedures and assessment Case studies supported by questions throughout Summaries and Key points, review questions, web links and references provide for consolidation and further research. Evolve resources include Power point slides, 30 additional Case studies, image bank, web links Three paramedic specific chapters (including scene assessment and management)
Categories: Medical

Victims of Crime

Victims of Crime

Victims inadvertently challenge this belief and make others aware of their own fallibility. Secondary traumatic stress, or posttraumatic stress in a helper exposed to a trauma victim, is a common problem in both informal and formal ...

Author: Robert C. Davis

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483307220

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 107

The Fourth Edition of this widely used and respected book has been thoroughly revised and updated to include newly contributed and updated articles utilizing the latest research and studies in the areas of violence, abuse, and victims' rights from experts in the field. It has a stronger focus on emerging issues and policies in the field of victimology than other comparable texts and offer the most current research, thinking, and best practices regarding crime victims and crime victim services. Using an engaging and comprehensible format, editors Robert C. Davis, Arthur J. Lurigio, and Susan Herman provide a synopsis of the contemporary literature and debates on significant topics in the field of criminal victimization.
Categories: Social Science

The Sexual Abuse Victim and Sexual Offender Treatment Planner

The Sexual Abuse Victim and Sexual Offender Treatment Planner

Identify coping strategies to deal with trauma memories and the associated emotional reaction. (17) 12. Cooperate with a medication evaluation by accurately reporting suicidal ideation, depression, anxiety, or 6. Assign the victim to ...

Author: Rita Budrionis

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118428771

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 469

Categories: Psychology

Victimology and Victim Assistance

Victimology and Victim Assistance

Stress 59 Trauma 60 Internet Resources The National Organization for Victim Assistance (http://www.trynova.org) NOVA is a private, nonprofit, 501(c)(3) charitable organization. Its mission is to champion dignity and compassion for those ...

Author: Yoshiko Takahashi

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781544350738

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 966

Victimology and Victim Assistance offers insights into the criminal justice system from the perspective of often overlooked participants—victims. Delving into victim involvement in the criminal justice system, the impact of crime on victims, and new directions in victimology and victim assistance, authors Yoshiko Takahashi and Chadley James provide crucial insights and practical applications into the field of victim assistance. With an emphasis on advocacy, intervention, and restoration, this book examines real issues and barriers in the criminal justice system for victims and offers a way forward for future criminal justice or other human service professionals.
Categories: Social Science

God and the Victim

God and the Victim

Traumatic Intrusions on Grace and Freedom Jennifer Erin Beste ... somehow provides the graced condition to enable our freedom to love God and others may also exacerbate incest and other trauma victims' feelings of abandonment by God.

Author: Jennifer Erin Beste

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198042507

Category: Religion

Page: 176

View: 540

Christian tradition holds that an individual's ability to respond to God's graceto love both God and neighboris not wholly vulnerable to earthly contingencies, such as victimization. Today, however, trauma theory insists that situations of overwhelming violence can permanently damage a person's capacity for responsive agency. For Christians, this theory raises the very troubling possibility that humans can inflict ultimate harm on each other, such that some individuals' eternal destiny can be determined not by themselves but by those who do great harm. Jennifer Beste addresses the challenges that contemporary trauma theory and feminist theory pose to deeply-held theological convictions about human freedom and divine grace. Do our longstanding, widespread beliefs regarding ones access to Gods grace remain credible in light of recent social scientific research on the effects of interpersonal injury? With an eye toward the concrete experiences of trauma survivors, Best carefully considers the possibility that one can be victimized in such a way that his or her receptiveness to Gods grace is severely diminished, or even destroyed. Drawing on insights present in feminist and trauma theory, Beste articulates a revised Rahnerian theology of freedom and grace responsive to trauma survivors in need of healing. Her thinking is characterized by two interconnected claims; that human freedom to respond to Gods grace can in fact be destroyed by severe interpersonal harm, and that Gods love can be mediated, at least in part, through loving interpersonal relations. Offering crucial insights that lead to a more adequate understanding of the relation between Gods grace and human freedom, Bestes important theory reconfigures our visions of God and humanity and alters our perceptions of what it means to truly love ones neighbor.
Categories: Religion

Victim Assistance

Victim Assistance

Originally, developed to work with delinquents and drug abusing adolescents and their families, the multisystemic therapy treatment package shows promise with victims and their families. • Group Therapy. While many trauma victims will ...

Author: Thomas L. Underwood, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826197744

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 383

Based on the acclaimed professional certificate program, Advanced Institute on Victim Studies: Critical Analysis of Victim Assistance, this book identifies core content areas essential for practitioners working with crime victims. Recognizing the multidisciplined, multisystem field that encompasses victim assistance, the contributors present a solid foundation of the varying concepts and theories on victims and victims services. The balance of the text addresses the skills and strategies needed to enhance services to victims at the individual, organizational, and societal levels. Each chapter concludes with an analysis and application section, including representative scenarios and key questions for review.
Categories: Social Science

Victim Empowerment

Victim Empowerment

Bridging the Systems : Mental Health and Victim Service Providers. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder , Rape Trauma Syndrome and Battering Traumatic events place enormous stress on basic human relationships . They can sever ties of family ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: PURD:32754067976856

Category: Government publications

Page: 128

View: 123

Categories: Government publications

Counseling Crime Victims

Counseling Crime Victims

While the process of empathizing with the trauma victim and family members helps to understand their experience, in the process, therapists may be traumatized themselves. Second, many trauma therapists have experienced some traumatic ...

Author: Laurence Miller, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826116523

Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 805

"Dr. Miller's Counseling Crime Victims is extremely effective...and it will occupy a central spot on my bookshelf...It is really a golden find." --Society for Police and Criminal Psychology "Here is the gold standard - the book for mental health clinicians helping crime victims sort through one of life's most difficult and traumatic experiences.--Richard L. Levenson, Jr., Psy.D., CTS Licensed Psychologist, New York State As more and more mental health professionals are becoming involved in the criminal justice system - as social service providers, victim advocates, court liaisons, expert witnesses, and clinical therapists - there has not been a commensurate improvement in the quality of text material to address this expanding and diverse field. Until now, students and practicing professionals have had to content themselves with either overly broad texts on criminology or trauma theory, or exceeding narrow tracts on one or another sub-area of victim services. Counseling Crime Victims provides a unique approach to helping victims of crime. By distilling and combining the best insights and lessons from the fields of criminology, victimology, trauma psychology, law enforcement, and psychotherapy, this book presents an integrated model of intervention for students and working mental health professionals in the criminal justice system. The book blends solid empirical research scholarship with practical, hit-the-ground-running recommendations that mental health professionals can begin using immediately in their daily work with victims. Counseling Crime Victims is a practical guide and reference book that working mental health clinicians will consult again and again in their daily practices. This book will also be of use to attorneys, judges, law enforcement officers, social service providers and others who work with crime victims in the criminal justice system. It can also serve as a college- and graduate-level text for courses in Psychology and Criminal Justice. Key Features of this Book: Victim assistance is becoming a full-fledged field for social workers and counselors A practical, hands-on guide which offers counselors techniques for dealing with victims of a wide variety of crimes Shows counselors how to guide their clients through the legal and judicial system
Categories: Psychology

The Victim s Voice in the Sexual Misconduct Crisis

The Victim s Voice in the Sexual Misconduct Crisis

Trauma-Centered Advocacy Again, many sexual misconduct victims are unable to tell initially their stories coherently as fabula or a cohesive account of the incident, because their stories vary or change as victims remember more or ...

Author: Mary Schuster

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781498598477

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 390

The Victim’s Voice in the Sexual Misconduct Crisis investigates how a victim’s voice, identity, credibility, and proof are challenged or established in the current sexual misconduct crisis. Using communication and rhetorical analysis, gender studies, and law and society perspectives, Mary Schuster examines concerns such as victim impact statements offered in sentencing hearings of convicted offenders, due process and Title IX requirements in campus sexual assault investigations, and laws and Title VII standards governing workplace sexual harassment complaints. Schuster also analyzes the testimony offered in the 1991 and 1998 U.S. Senate Judiciary Hearings regarding the Supreme Court nominations of Clarence Thomas and Brett Kavanaugh, social movements such as #Me Too, and global activists’ efforts to challenge gender stereotypes and hierarchies. This book argues that we cannot outlaw or legislate away sexual misconduct, but must instead focus on cultural, social, and systemic changes in order to change the current climate. Moreover, the author argues for zero tolerance for sexual misconduct, but recommends a gradation of punishment or sanctions for offenders, offering examples of successful educational and therapeutic efforts to alter misconceptions regarding sexual misconduct. Scholars of gender studies, communication, legal studies, and rhetoric will find this book particularly useful.
Categories: Social Science

Victims of Sexual Violence

Victims of Sexual Violence

in Sexual Assault Victims The profound impact of sexual abuse is best understood when the phenomenon is viewed as a traumatic life event which precipitates stress and mobilises strategic coping responses . As such , sexual assault is ...

Author: Colleen A. Ward

Publisher: NUS Press

ISBN: 9971691426

Category: Rape

Page: 201

View: 742

This handbook is an answer to the need for a text which incorporates factual, analytical and practical aspects of the topic to provide a comprehensive basis for understanding and assisting victims of sexual abuse. Its coverage includes information on the extent of the problem of sexual offences in Singapore, and on the relevant legal institutional provisions (Part I); analysis of the causes of sexual violence and the social and psychological effects of sexual assault (Part II); guidelines on how to help victims of sexual violence (Parts III and IV); and finally some suggestions on how existing services might be improved (Part V).
Categories: Rape

Trauma

Trauma

Bronchoscopy is an essential part of the evaluation of the victim of thoracic or neck trauma whenever there is a suspicion of airway disruption. When left heart air embolism is recognized, the team must prevent further entry of air into ...

Author: William C. Wilson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420016840

Category: Medical

Page: 1384

View: 99

Compiled by internationally recognized experts in trauma critical care,this sourcediscusses the entire gamut of critical care management of the trauma patient and covers several common complications and conditions treated in surgical intensive care units that are not specifically related to trauma. Utilizing evidence-based guidelines where they ex
Categories: Medical

Trauma Victim

Trauma Victim

Aiming to fulfill the need for a multifaceted approach to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this guide addresses the importance of the stressor, places paramount the person of the victim and provides treatment procedures.

Author: Lee Hyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134935901

Category: Psychology

Page: 758

View: 732

Aiming to fulfill the need for a multifaceted approach to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this guide addresses the importance of the stressor, places paramount the person of the victim and provides treatment procedures. The 11 authors weave a care paradigm that begins with a position: the persona of the victim organises and preserves his or her reality and the trauma makes this more so. The book provides a formula for accepting, understanding and treating the individual and helps the therapist inspect and nurture the trauma victim's self and ego skills.
Categories: Psychology

Second Victim

Second Victim

Drawing on his unique background as psychologist, airline pilot, and safety specialist, and his own experiences with helping second victims from a variety of backgrounds, Sidney Dekker has written a powerful, moving account of the ...

Author: Sidney Dekker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466583412

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 242

How do people cope with having "caused" a terrible accident? How do they cope when they survive and have to live with the consequences ever after? We tend to blame and forget professionals who cause incidents and accidents, but they are victims too. They are second victims whose experiences of an incident or adverse event can be as traumatic as that of the first victims’. Yet information on second victimhood and its relationship to safety, about what is known and what organizations might need to do, is difficult to find. Thoroughly exploring an emerging topic with great relevance to safety culture, Second Victim: Error, Guilt, Trauma, and Resilience examines the lived experience of second victims. It goes through what we know about trauma, guilt, forgiveness, and injustice and how these might be felt by the second victim. The author discusses how to conduct investigations of incidents that do not alienate second victims or make them feel even worse. It explores the importance support and resilience and where the responsibilities for creating it may lie. Drawing on his unique background as psychologist, airline pilot, and safety specialist, and his own experiences with helping second victims from a variety of backgrounds, Sidney Dekker has written a powerful, moving account of the experience of the second victim. It forms compelling reading for practitioners, risk managers, human resources managers, safety experts, mental health workers, regulators, the judiciary, and many other professionals. Dekker provides a strong theoretical background to promote understanding of the situation of the second victim and solid practical advice about how to deal with trauma that continues after an event leading to preventable harm or even avoidable death of a patient, consumer, or colleague. Listen to Sidney Dekker speak about his book
Categories: Medical