Transitions from Authoritarian Rule

Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies

Author: Guillermo O’Donnell,Philippe C. Schmitter,Laurence Whitehead

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421410141

Category: Political Science

Page: 120

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Political science scholars consider the four-volume work Transitions from Authoritarian Rule to be a foundational text for studying the process of democratization, specifically in those cases where an authoritarian regime is giving way to some form of democratic government. The most important of the four books is without a doubt the fourth volume, Tentative Conclusions about Uncertain Democracies, also known as "the little green book." Transitions from Authoritarian Rule was the first book in any language to systematically compare the process of transition from authoritarianism across a broad range of countries. Political democracy is not the only possible outcome. Guillermo O’Donnell, Philippe C. Schmitter, and Laurence Whitehead emphasize that it's not the revolution but the transition that is critical to the growth of a democratic state. This ground-breaking insight remains highly relevant as the ramifications of the Arab Spring continue to play out. This reissue features a new foreword by Cynthia J. Arnson, director of the Latin American Program at the Woodow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and Abraham F. Lowenthal, founding director of the Latin American Program, who wrote the original volume's foreword. -- Nancy Bermeo
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Transitions from Authoritarian Rule

Southern Europe

Author: Professor Emeritus of Government Guillermo O'Donnell,Guillermo O’Donnell

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801831904

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 218

View: 8420

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Why Wait to Feel Good Again? If you're in your thirties or forties, your body is changing, and so are your moods, sleep, health, and weight. Tired of being at the mercy of your hormones? Armed with the knowledge in this book, you don't have to be. Perimenopause can be enjoyable if you know what to do. I'm Too Young for This! details how you can get your body and mind back on track, safely and without drugs, including: - How our bodies transition hormonally--from puberty through perimenopause. - The common complaints of perimenopause--and hidden factors that may keep you symptomatic. - What are the minor and major hormones, and the important role they play in feeling good and staying vibrant and healthy. - What to eat--including Perimenopausal Power Foods--as well as other lifestyle shifts that are critical to your successful transition. - Cutting-edge research that proves the safety and efficacy of bioidentical hormone replacement (BHRT). - The Symptom Solver: a state-of-the-art guide to immediate relief for your hormonal complaints. Plus, how to find the right doctor as well as get your most frequently asked questions answered by expert hormone specialists. Your life is about to change for the better. You can feel great, be vibrant, healthy, thin, and sexy! This book shows you how.
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Democracy and the Public Space in Latin America

Author: Leonardo Avritzer

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400825011

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 2934

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This is a bold new study of the recent emergence of democracy in Latin America. Leonardo Avritzer shows that traditional theories of democratization fall short in explaining this phenomenon. Scholars have long held that the postwar stability of Western Europe reveals that restricted democracy, or "democratic elitism," is the only realistic way to guard against forces such as the mass mobilizations that toppled European democracies after World War I. Avritzer challenges this view. Drawing on the ideas of Jürgen Habermas, he argues that democracy can be far more inclusive and can rely on a sphere of autonomous association and argument by citizens. He makes this argument by showing that democratic collective action has opened up a new "public space" for popular participation in Latin American politics. Unlike many theorists, Avritzer builds his case empirically. He looks at human rights movements in Argentina and Brazil, neighborhood associations in Brazil and Mexico, and election-monitoring initiatives in Mexico. Contending that such participation has not gone far enough, he proposes a way to involve citizens even more directly in policy decisions. For example, he points to experiments in "participatory budgeting" in two Brazilian cities. Ultimately, the concept of such a space beyond the reach of state administration fosters a broader view of democratic possibility, of the cultural transformation that spurred it, and of the tensions that persist, in a region where democracy is both new and different from the Old World models.
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The Cambridge History of Latin America

Author: Leslie Bethell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521266529

Category: History

Page: 935

View: 7966

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Enth.: Bd. 1-2: Colonial Latin America ; Bd. 3: From Independence to c. 1870 ; Bd. 4-5: c. 1870 to 1930 ; Bd. 6-10: Latin America since 1930 ; Bd. 11: Bibliographical essays.
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Traditional Politics and Regime Change in Brazil

Author: Frances Hagopian

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521032889

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 7132

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This book is about politics in Brazil during the military regime of 1964-85 and the transition to democracy. Unlike most books about contemporary Brazilian politics that focus on promising signs of change, this book seeks to explain remarkable political continuity in the Brazilian political system. It attributes the persistence of traditional politics and the dominance of regionally-based, traditional political elites in particular to the manner in which the economic and political strategies of the military, together with the transition to democracy, reinforced the clientelistic, personalistic, and regional basis of state-society relations. The book focuses on the political competition and representation in the state of Minas Gerais.
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Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe: Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors

Author: Jan Zielonka,Alex Pravda

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191529192

Category: Political Science

Page: 568

View: 9248

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This is the second volume in a two-volume series of books on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. The first volume focused on the issue of institutional engineering. This second volume analyses the external parameters of democratic consolidation in thirteen Eastern European countries: how different international actors and various economic, cultural and security types of transnational pressures have shaped democratic politics in the region. The aim is to contrast a set of democracy theories with empirical evidence accumulated in Eastern Europe over the last ten years. The volume tries to avoid complex debates about definitions, methods and the uses and misuses of comparative research. Instead it seeks to establish what has really happened in the region, and which of the existing theories are helpful in explaining these developments. The volume is divided into two parts. The first part presents a conceptual and comparative frame of analysis, the second consists of detailed studies of individual countries undergoing democratic consolidation. Case study chapters deal with the following countries: Estonia and Latvia, Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania, Bulgaria and Macedonia, the states of former Yugoslavia, Belarus and Ukraine, and finally Russia. The concluding chapter identifies a set of variables responsible for the enormous impact of external factors on democratic consolidation in Eastern Europe. It conceptualises the interplay of internal and external factors impinging upon democracy, and shows the interplay of different positive and negative types of external pressures. It also evaluates the conscious Western effort to craft or engineer democracy in Eastern Europe.
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Creative Destruction?

Economic Crises and Democracy in Latin America

Author: Francisco E. González

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421405423

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 281

View: 4826

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Compares the political economy arising from the Great Depression and from the 1982 Debt Crisis.
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Constructing Democratic Governance

South America

Author: Jorge I. Domínguez,Abraham F. Lowenthal

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801854033

Category: History

Page: 265

View: 4631

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In Constructing Democratic Governance, Jorge I. Dominguez and Abraham F. Lowenthal bring together a distinguished group of scholars to assess how well democracy has been working in this volatile part of the world. The authors find that serious problems still plague these new democracies. Many of these problems are related to the political institutions, including political parties, the civil service, and the justice system. Part I introduces broad thematic surveys of such key issues as the role of the left, conservatism, inequality, and indigenous peoples. Part II reviews the South American nations. Part III focuses on Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean, including Cuba. In Part IV, the volume editors draw conclusions about the problems and prospects for stable democracies in Latin America. In addition to the complete hardcover edition, Constructing Democratic Governance is available in three paperback volumes, each containing the introduction and conclusion from the complete edition and organized for convenient course use.
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