14 Citizen Participation and Economic Development David R. Elkins Cleveland State University , Cleveland , Ohio Elaine B. Sharp ... The post - War interpretations of elite and pluralist theories stand in stark contrast to one another .
Author: Kuo-Tsai Liou
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Political Science
Featuring over 1900 references, drawings, and tables and drawing on disciplines as diverse as political economics, public management, and urban affairs, this versatile text offers comprehensive information on major policy and managerial issues important to local and national economic development. Pulling together the work of over 40 researchers, the book examines the role of government in economic advances and reform, provides a complete, up-to-date survey of the literature on local and national economic development, details local and regional economic progress in the US, adopts an innovative interdisciplinary approach to the study of economic expansion, and more.
Tom Bottomore taught at the London School of Economics 1952-64, was Head of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver 1965-67, and Professor of Sociology at the University of ...
Author: Tom Bottomore
Category: Social Science
In this substantially revised and enlarged second edition of a classic text that has been used throughout the world in numerous translations, Tom Bottomore reconsiders élite theory in the light of more recent studies. He examines the role and significance of élites in relation to classes and class structure in both advanced industrial and developing countries, and expounds the criticism of élites and élitism that have been formulated by democratic and socialist thinkers and movements. In a new concluding chapter, Professor Bottomore considers the prospect, as humanity approaches the millenium, for a renewed advance towards more egalitarian forms of society, in which all citizens would be able to participate more fully and effectively in the shaping of their social world. Tom Bottomore taught at the London School of Economics 1952-64, was Head of the Department of Political Science, Sociology and Anthropology at Simon Fraser University, Vancouver 1965-67, and Professor of Sociology at the University of Sussex 1968-85 where he is now Professor Emeritus. He is the author of numerous books, most recently: Theories of Modern Capitalism, Allen and Unwin (1985); Classes in Modern Society, Routledge (2nd edition, 1991) and Between Marginalism and Marxism: The Economic Sociology of J A Schumpter, Harvester Wheatsheaf (1992).
Author: the late Alice H. AmsdenPublish On: 2012-09-27
This is illustrated most clearly by the way in which efforts to embed development aid programmes into national poverty reduction strategies ... However, it was not until the late 1980s that there was an attempt to revive elite theory.
Author: the late Alice H. Amsden
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Elites have a disproportionate impact on development outcomes. While a country's endowments constitute the deep determinates of growth, the trajectory they follow is shaped by the actions of elites. But what factors affect whether elites use their influence for individual gain or national welfare? To what extent do they see poverty as a problem? And are their actions today constrained by institutions and norms established in the past? This volume looks at case studies from South Africa to China to seek a better understanding of the dynamics behind how elites decide to engage with economic development. Approaches include economic modelling, social surveys, theoretical analysis, and program evaluation. These different methods explore the relationship between elites and development outcomes from five angles: the participation and reaction of elites to institutional creation and change, how economic changes affect elite formation and circulation, elite perceptions of national welfare, the extent to which state capacity is part of elite self-identity, and how elites interact with non-elites.
Drawing on local growth machine theory (noted in the introduction of this chapter), it appears that Edmonton's promotion of ... A regional or local growth coalition is composed of economic interests and economic elites who benefit from ...
Author: Owen Temby
Publisher: State University of New York Press
Category: Political Science
Examines the challenges of environmental governance in contemporary North America. What are the most important transnational governance arrangements for environmental policy in North America? Has their proliferation facilitated a transition towards integrated continental environmental policy, and if so, to what degree is this integration irreversible? These governance arrangements are diverse and evolving, consisting of binational and trinational organizations created decades ago by treaties and groups of stakeholders—with varying degrees of formalization—who work together to address issues that no single country can alone. Together they provide leadership in numerous areas of environmental concern, including invasive species, energy efficiency, water, and terrestrial and aquatic wildlife. This book explores these arrangements, examining features such as stakeholder inclusion, organizational activities and functions, and issue comprehensiveness. Overall, the contributors report an underdeveloped policy architecture consisting of fragmented regional transnational networks of stakeholders and underfunded binational and trinational organizations. They also show evidence of substantial policy entrepreneurship and a vibrant informal underbelly to North American environmental governance, which will be vital in the challenging days ahead. Owen Temby is Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. Peter Stoett is Dean of Social Science and Humanities at the University of Ontario Institute of Technology. He has written several books, including Global Ecopolitics: Crisis, Governance, and Justice.
System Maintenance by Administrative and Elected Elites: An alternate explanation of policymaking is to be found in theories of elite behavior, which contest the proposition that policy choices are the result of group influences and ...
Author: Kuotsai Tom Liou
Category: Political Science
This was first published in 2000: Economic development has become one of the popular public policies in many developing and economic-transforming countries for the past few decades. Public policy makers and researchers have recognized that an effective administrative system is critical to the success of economic development and administrative reform is necessary to promote economic development. This book studies economic development policy by focusing on the relationship between administrative reform and economic development.
One of the earliest expositions of elite theory argued that any society, from underdeveloped to advanced, has two classes ... Through their economic power, Family X and a small group of business leaders called the shots in Middletown.
Author: Ann O'M. Bowman
Publisher: Cengage Learning
The 10th edition of STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT provides comprehensive and completely updated coverage of institutions, political behavior, and policy-making at the state and local level. This bestselling text's theme of increased capacity and responsiveness of state and local government conveys excitement about politics at the grassroots level and is pro public service. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Robert Cole (1971) drew on elite theory to hypothesize that the failure of economic development in Liberia was due to the impact of political aristocracy. Thus, I am left wondering that there may have been certain positive trends in ...
Author: Tarnue Johnson
Category: Social Science
Organization of the book The book has been organized into five chapters excluding these introductory sections. One important fact to mention here is that this book is a compilation of a series of microethnographic studies about adult learning and social change in Liberia. The idea of change through open systems of thought and democratic discourse runs through the book as an organizing theme. Chapter one maintains that through critical consciousness and dialectical thought processes as posited in the field of developmental psychology, human beings can become motivated and empowered, thereby enhancing a profound process of structural and institutional change. Thus, what weaves the different sections of this chapter together into a coherent whole is the suggestion that the main challenge of post-war development in Liberia is to modify the influence of existing historical and contemporary institutions by building upon and refining those aspects that appeal to our rational instincts and sense of modernity, such as the need to change and improve the way we interpret the meaning of our experiences, so that we may become co-creators of our historical destiny. Chapter two builds on the first chapter in very significant ways, including how the breakdown of reasoned discourse, due to selfishness can lead to innumerable consequences for human social systems and civilizations. This chapter is primarily an imaginary dialogue about the relationship between our various definitions of self and the emergence of tragedy in Liberian society. I attempted here to gauge the social anthropological question as to how best to maintain or restore a stable balance between the imperatives of selfhood and the ethics of collective social action. A major hypothesis emanating from this heuristic approach is that the Hobbesian dilemma posed by random disorder arising from the urge to self-preservation can be somewhat restrained by balancing communal interest with individual autonomy, within the context of a deliberative democracy. The dialogue in the chapter primarily reflects a variety of sources and methods across the social science disciplines. It is further viewed as an exercise in learning and criticism as David Bohm and Hans-Georg Gadamar would understand these terms (see chapter three). The dialogue also resembles a Socratic type dialogue in which the reasoning process that leads to the elimination of contradictions in thought is more important than the mere presentation of facts. The aim of this chapter, as with other chapters in this book, is to highlight the importance and means of facilitating personal and social transformation in a postconflict situation in Liberia. In the context of adult participants in learning and civil society, this transformation can come about by facilitating movements toward more developmentally advanced meaning schemes and perspectives (Mezirow, 1995). Chapter three is about the constitution of legitimate governance arrangements that embrace participatory models of development. One of the central theses of the chapter is that the process of change in Liberia should be undergirded by rationally based institutional rules and norms. This process of building legitimacy requires meaning construction within the framework of agreed upon procedures and modes of justifications to arrive at tentative best judgments and paradigms. Through this process of democratic discourse, we can internalize processes of legitimacy, change, and constitutional self-governance. Like chapter four, the chapter concludes that democratic elections in Liberia are only but the beginnings of a process of structural and institutional transf
Neoclassical Historical Marxian Elite economics school challenge theory Schumpeter's evolutionary vision and analysis Theory of Theory of Theory of stationary economic social systems evolution evolution Fig.
Author: Andreas Pyka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
The book gives an overview of important research topics recently addressed in evolutionary Neo-Schumpeterian Economics. The list of research questions and applications of Neo-Schumpeterian reasoning impressively demonstrates the rich possibilities ranging from theoretical issues addressing human behaviour to applied areas like the emergence of biotechnology in developing countries, the role of innovation on financial markets and the R&D strategies of multinational enterprises. The chapters in this book bring together a rich set of new analytical and empirical methodologies which allow for new relevant and rigorous insights in innovation processes which are responsible for economic development and structural change.
Power elite theoryurges youto payattention to howthe elite controls theentry of policy items onto the ... From there, a “growth machine thesis” evolved,with economic development actors driving the policy process as “boosters” in cities.
Author: R. Durant
Category: Political Science
Why Public Service Matters conveys the importance, purpose, and nobility of a career as a civil servant in the United States. It does so, however, with an unflinching eye on the realpolitik that drives public administration in America's "compensatory state" and on the pitfalls of reformers' focus on bureaucratic, rather than democratic, administration. The book links the nation's ability to handle contemporary policy problems with the strategic, tactical, and normative quality of public management. In doing so, it offers newcomers a rare, concise, and accessible overview of the field. Readers will gain an appreciation for the challenges, choices, and opportunities facing public managers as they help advance a sense of common purpose informed by democratic constitutional values in twenty-first century America.
Ideas germane to this concept have been advanced further , among others , by Mosca in his Ruling Class and C. Wright Mills in ... Pareto's second contribution to the elite theory relates to the THE ROLE OF ELITES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 57.