Towards a Philosophy of Photography

Author: Vilém Flusser

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1780232446

Category: Photography

Page: 94

View: 6621

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Media philosopher Vilém Flusser proposed a revolutionary new way of thinking about photography. An analysis of the medium in terms of aesthetics, science and politics provided him with new ways of understanding both the cultural crises of the past and the new social forms nascent within them. Flusser showed how the transformation of textual into visual culture (from the linearity of history into the two-dimensionality of magic) and of industrial into post-industrial society (from work into leisure) went hand in hand, and how photography allows us to read and interpret these changes with particular clarity.
Release

Photography: History and Theory

Author: Jae Emerling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136521151

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 6547

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Photography: History and Theory introduces students to both the history of photography and critical theory. From its inception in the nineteenth century, photography has instigated a series of theoretical debates. In this new text, Jae Emerling therefore argues that the most insightful way to approach the histories of photography is to address simultaneously the key events of photographic history alongside the theoretical discourse that accompanied them. While the nineteenth century is discussed, the central focus of the text is on modern and contemporary photographic theory. Particular attention is paid to key thinkers, such as Baudelaire, Barthes and Sontag. In addition, the centrality of photography to contemporary art practice is addressed through the theoretical work of Allan Sekula, John Tagg, Rosalind Krauss, and Vilém Flusser. The text also includes readings of many canonical photographers and exhibitions including: Atget, Brassai, August Sander, Walker Evans, The Family of Man, Diane Arbus, Lee Friedlander, Cindy Sherman, Bernd and Hilla Becher, Sebastaio Salgado, Jeff Wall, and others. In addition, Emerling provides close readings of key passages from some major theoretical texts. These glosses come between the chapters and serve as a conceptual line that connects them. Glosses include: Roland Barthes, "The Rhetoric of the Image" (1964) Susan Sontag, Regarding the Pain of Others (2002) Michel Foucault on the archive (1969) Walter Benjamin, "Little History of Photography" (1931) Vilém Flusser, Towards a Philosophy of Photography (1983) A substantial glossary of critical terms and names, as well as an extensive bibliography, make this the ideal book for courses on the history and theory of photography.
Release

Photography and Its Violations

Author: John Roberts

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231538243

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 4255

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Theorists critique photography for "objectifying" its subjects and manipulating appearances for the sake of art. In this bold counterargument, John Roberts recasts photography's violating powers of disclosure and aesthetic technique as part of a complex "social ontology" that exposes the hierarchies, divisions, and exclusions behind appearances. The photographer must "arrive unannounced" and "get in the way of the world," Roberts argues, committing photography to the truth-claims of the spectator over the self-interests and sensitivities of the subject. Yet even though the violating capacity of the photograph results from external power relations, the photographer is still faced with an ethical choice: whether to advance photography's truth-claims on the basis of these powers or to diminish or veil these powers to protect the integrity of the subject. Photography's acts of intrusion and destabilization, then, constantly test the photographer at the point of production, in the darkroom, and at the computer, especially in our 24-hour digital image culture. In this game-changing work, Roberts refunctions photography's place in the world, politically and theoretically restoring its reputation as a truth-producing medium.
Release

Into Immaterial Culture

Author: Vilem Flusser

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780993327209

Category:

Page: 46

View: 2094

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Is the alphabet about to disappear? How will we communicate without it? Are there any indications of new, emergent codes? Is human communication going through a mutation? These are only some of the provocative questions posed by Vilem Flusser in "Into Immaterial Culture." The four essays of this book were delivered as a series of lectures at the School of Communication and the Arts of the University of Sao Paulo in August of 1986, one year after the publication of the first Brazilian edition of "Towards a Philosophy of Photography," published as "A Filosofia da Caixa Preta." Through these four short essays, Flusser presents, in a nutshell, his communications theory. Their style is condensed, with a series of quick-fire sentences, which are best read in conjunction with his major works of the same period. However, for a fist time reader of his work, these four lectures are a good introduction to some of Flusser's polemic and provocative concepts regarding human communication, its future, and its ethical, aesthetic, and epistemological implications; a vision that is paradoxically utopian and dystopian."
Release

The Handbook of Visual Culture

Author: Ian Heywood,Barry Sandywell

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847885756

Category: Art

Page: 816

View: 2670

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Visual culture has become one of the most dynamic fields of scholarship, a reflection of how the study of human culture increasingly requires distinctively visual ways of thinking and methods of analysis. Bringing together leading international scholars to assess all aspects of visual culture, the Handbook aims to provide a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the subject. The Handbook embraces the extraordinary range of disciplines which now engage in the study of the visual - film and photography, television, fashion, visual arts, digital media, geography, philosophy, architecture, material culture, sociology, cultural studies and art history. Throughout, the Handbook is responsive to the cross-disciplinary nature of many of the key questions raised in visual culture around digitization, globalization, cyberculture, surveillance, spectacle, and the role of art. The Handbook guides readers new to the area, as well as experienced researchers, into the topics, issues and questions that have emerged in the study of visual culture since the start of the new millennium, conveying the boldness, excitement and vitality of the subject.
Release

Photo-texts

Contemporary French Writing of the Photographic Image

Author: Andy Stafford

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1846310520

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 9428

DOWNLOAD NOW »

In today’s image-saturated society, photograph and text live side-by-side, engaged in a complex collaboration. Andy Stafford critically examines this interplay in Photo-texts, taking nine case studies from the 1990s French-speaking world and looking at the interaction between non-fictional written texts (caption, essay, fragment, poem) and photographic images. The “photo-text,” as he defines it, is concerned as much with the oral as it is with visual and written culture. That text-image collaborations give space to the spoken, spectral traces of spoken human discourse suggests that the key element of the photo-text is its radical provisionality—that it is inherently unstable and ever-changing. This pathbreaking study offers a vital resource for scholars in contemporary French and francophone cultures.
Release