Toni Morrison

Toni Morrison

Fultz's holistic, thematic approach to her subject enables her to move deftly among the novels and stories, building a nuanced understanding of how markers of difference influence Morrison's narrative decisions.

Author: Lucille P. Fultz

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252028236

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 141

View: 945

In this innovative study, Lucille P. Fultz explores Toni Morrison's rich body of work, uncovering the interplay between differences--love and hate, masculinity and femininity, black and white, past and present, wealth and poverty--that lie at the heart of these vibrant and complex narratives. Much has already been made of Morrison's treatment of race, but Playing with Difference demonstrates that throughout her work Morrison creates a sophisticated matrix of difference, layering a multitude of other distinctions onto the racial one and observing how these "potencies of difference" play themselves out in her characters. Fultz's holistic, thematic approach to her subject enables her to move deftly among the novels and stories, building a nuanced understanding of how markers of difference influence Morrison's narrative decisions. She examines Morrison's facility with imagery and wordplay and discusses the ways in which Morrison contends with the expectations of gender and race that have stiffened into traditions--or worse, prejudices. Discussing the issues that unite and divide characters, Fultz views each novel, from The Bluest Eye (1970) to Paradise (1998), along with stories such as "Recitatif," as parts of an elaborate and dynamic whole.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Toni Morrison

Toni Morrison

Author: Lucille P. Fultz

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1151427114

Category: Difference (Psychology) in literature

Page: 141

View: 785

Categories: Difference (Psychology) in literature

Toni Morrison Explained

Toni Morrison Explained

Navigate the complex terrain of Toni Morrison's novels with the clear guidance and contagious enthusiasm of Ron David.

Author: Random House

Publisher: Random House Reference

ISBN: UOM:39015046381326

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 206

View: 822

Navigate the complex terrain of Toni Morrison's novels with the clear guidance and contagious enthusiasm of Ron David. Nobel Laureate Toni Morrison is a much-read and much-loved author -- but her books are often difficult to understand and frustrating for even her most ardent fans. Now Ron David has drawn a clear road map through Morrison's novels, outlining themes within and across books, clarifying plot lines, and opening Morrison's world to all readers. Conversational in tone, thoughtful, and chock-full of eurekas, Ron David's easy-to-follow guide to Toni Morrison's novels will be welcomed by reading groups, students, and Toni Morrison fans everywhere.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Toni Morrison and Womanist Discourse

Toni Morrison and Womanist Discourse

After setting out and elaborating the notion Alice Walker defined as a potential inclusive female autonomy that transcends the race, sex, and sexual preferences that feminism seems not to, Mori (English, Hiroshima Jogakuin U., Japan) ...

Author: Aoi Mori

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015043044067

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 165

View: 730

After setting out and elaborating the notion Alice Walker defined as a potential inclusive female autonomy that transcends the race, sex, and sexual preferences that feminism seems not to, Mori (English, Hiroshima Jogakuin U., Japan) discusses Morrison's work, especially as it relates to such categories and movement. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Categories: Literary Criticism

Playing in the Dark

Playing in the Dark

Toni Morrison. Scholar” indicates the deliberateness of the construction, the
conscious necessity for establishing difference. But the writers who responded to
this call, accepting or rejecting it, did not look solely to Europe to establish a ...

Author: Toni Morrison

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307388638

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 112

View: 713

The Nobel Prize-winning author now gives us a learned, stylish, and immensely persuasive work of literary criticism that promises to change the way we read American literature even as it opens a new chapter in the American dialogue on race. Toni Morrison's brilliant discussions of the "Africanist" presence in the fiction of Poe, Melville, Cather, and Hemingway leads to a dramatic reappraisal of the essential characteristics of our literary tradition. She shows how much the themes of freedom and individualism, manhood and innocence, depended on the existence of a black population that was manifestly unfree--and that came to serve white authors as embodiments of their own fears and desires. Written with the artistic vision that has earned Toni Morrison a pre-eminent place in modern letters, Playing in the Dark will be avidly read by Morrison admirers as well as by students, critics, and scholars of American literature. "By going for the American literary jugular...she places her arguments...at the very heart of contemporary public conversation about what it is to be authentically and originally American. [She] boldly...reimagines and remaps the possibility of America." --Chicago Tribune "Toni Morrison is the closest thing the country has to a national writer." The New York Times Book Review
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Cambridge Introduction to Toni Morrison

The Cambridge Introduction to Toni Morrison

by Marc C. Conner: The Aesthetics ofToni Morrison: Speaking the Unspeakable (
2000). ... A major poststructuralist study of Morrison's first six novels (and the story
“Recitatif”) is Toni Morrison: Playing with Difference by Lucille Fultz (2003).

Author: Tessa Roynon

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139851367

Category: Literary Criticism

Page:

View: 651

Toni Morrison has written some of the most significant and demanding fiction of the modern age. Her dazzling depictions of African-American experience are studied in high schools and colleges, debated in the media and analyzed by scholars at an astounding rate. This Introduction offers readers a guide to the world of Morrison in all its complexity, from her status as a key player on the global intellectual stage to her unique perspective on American history and her innovative narrative techniques. Covering every novel from The Bluest Eye to A Mercy, Tessa Roynon combines close readings with critical insights into Morrison's other creative work, such as short stories, libretto and song lyrics and unpublished pieces for performance. Lively and accessibly written, Roynon's insightful text is ideal for readers approaching Morrison for the first time as well as those familiar with her work.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Playing in the Dark

Playing in the Dark

Toni Morrison, Beloved (New York: Random House, 2014). Morrison's treatment
of race in her fiction is explored in Lucille P. Fultz, Playing with Difference (
Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003). 3. Middleton A. Harris, Morris Levitt,
Roger ...

Author: Karina Jakubowicz

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351352673

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 100

View: 713

Toni Morrison’s Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination is a seminal piece of literary criticism, and a masterclass in the critical thinking skill of interpretation. Interpretation plays a vital role in critical thinking: it focuses on interrogating accepted meanings and laying down clear definitions on which a strong argument can be built. Both history and literary history in the US have frequently revolved around understanding how Americans define themselves and each other, and Morrison’s work seeks to investigate, question, and redefine one of the central concepts in American history and American literary history: color.. Morrison turned to the classics of American literature to ask how authors had chosen to define the terms ‘black’ and ‘white.’ Instead of accepting traditional interpretations of these works, Morrison examined the way in which ‘whiteness’ defines itself through ‘blackness,’ and vice versa. Black bondage and the myths of black inferiority and savagery, she showed, allowed white America to indulge its own defining myths – viewing itself as free, civilized, and innocent. A classic of subtle and incisive interpretation, Playing in the Dark shows just how crucial and how complex simple-looking definitions can be.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Subversive Voices

Subversive Voices

In Subversive Voices, Evelyn Jaffe Schreiber investigates the intersection of identity and culture as manifested in the novels of William Faulkner and Toni Morrison.

Author: Evelyn Jaffe Schreiber

Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press

ISBN: 1572331518

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 183

View: 586

In Subversive Voices, Evelyn Jaffe Schreiber investigates the intersection of identity and culture as manifested in the novels of William Faulkner and Toni Morrison. Drawing on the psychoanalytic theory of Jacques Lacan as well as on various cultural studies theories, Schreiber offers provocative new insights into these two writers and what their work reveals about the possibilities of social change. Schreiber considers how blacks and women, through their "subversive voices" and articulation of difference, produce change despite the psychic and cultural structures that would determine identity. The author begins her examination of these marginalized voices by analyzing the patriarchal structure depicted in Faulkner's Go Down, Moses. She goes on to trace the subversive voices of women in the Snopes trilogy before considering the emergent voices of blacks in Faulkner's work generally, as well as specifically in Intruder in the Dust. In the second half of the book, Schreiber analyzes the articulation of difference that Morrison presents through the black and female characters of The Bluest Eye, Song of Solomon, Beloved, and Paradise. In Faulkner's work, Schreiber argues, nostalgia provides a screen that preserves the power of patriarchal structures and serves to "eroticize the other" for the dominant culture by using marginalized others to fulfill the desire for an imagined wholeness. Yet, in spite of this screen, agency--or empowerment--does emerge for these marginalized voices in Faulkner. In Morrison's novels, the absence of a nostalgic screen highlights these subversive voices: the dominant culture's eroticized, imagined other becomes a threatening entity and gains agency. Schreiber suggests that meaningful action and change can occur through encounters with what Lacan calls the "real," an awareness of the nothingness at the core of identity. Recognition of this "nothingness" allows the reality of the other to manifest itself and have agency in the social world. The works of both Faulkner and Morrison reveal--whether obliquely or directly--how subversive voices emerge to expose this lack. Such exposure then creates a form of self-awareness that can lead to cultural transformation. The Author: Evelyn Jaffe Schreiber is an assistant professor of English at George Washington University. Her articles have appeared in the Faulkner Journal, Style, Mississippi Quarterly, and other publications.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Difference Within

The Difference Within

The essays in this volume represent the most recent thinking collected on the problematics of feminism and critical theory, engaging the question of the relationship between these terms and the differences within each in terms of the other.

Author: Elizabeth A. Meese

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 1556190425

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 103

The essays in this volume represent the most recent thinking collected on the problematics of feminism and critical theory, engaging the question of the relationship between these terms and the differences within each in terms of the other. As a whole, this piece of an extended conversation within feminism suggests both the illusory comfort of generic demarcations and the discomforting power of the play of difference. The articles are theoretically wide-ranging and provocative, offering discussion of works by such authors as Nella Larsen, Frances Harper, William Faulkner, Toni Morrison, and Alice Walker.
Categories: Social Science

Literature and Racial Ambiguity

Literature and Racial Ambiguity

VISIBLE DIFFERENCES: VIEWING RACIAL IDENTITY IN TONI MORRISON'
SPARADISE AND "RECITATIF" Deep within ... (Morrison, Playing in the Dark 47)
This passage, from Toni Morrison's Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the
Literary ...

Author: Teresa Hubel

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042014288

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 448

From the contents: Peter Clandfield: What is in my blood?: contemporary black Scottishness and the work of Jackie Kay . - Neluka Silva: Everyone was vaguely related: hybridity and the politics of race in Sri Lankan literary discourses in English. - Teresa Zackodnik: Passing transgressions and authentic identity in Jessie Fauset's 'Plum Bun' and Nella Larsen's 'Passing'.
Categories: Social Science

Toni Morrison

Toni Morrison

As Morrison remarks in an interview: “In the first edition [of Jazz ] the plot was on
the cover, so that a person in a bookstore ... Lucille P. Fultz, Toni Morrison:
Playing with Difference (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 2003),
p. 93.

Author: Valerie Smith

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118326749

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 168

View: 366

This compelling study explores the inextricable links between the Nobel laureate’s aesthetic practice and her political vision, through an analysis of the key texts as well as her lesser-studied works, books for children, and most recent novels. Offers provocative new insights and a refreshingly original contribution to the scholarship of one of the most important contemporary American writers Analyzes the celebrated fiction of Morrison in relation to her critical writing about the process of reading and writing literature, the relationship between readers and writers, and the cultural contributions of African-American literature Features extended analyses of Morrison’s lesser-known works, most recent novels, and books for children as well as the key texts
Categories: Literary Criticism

Toni Morrison

Toni Morrison

She is the author of Toni Morrison: Playing with Difference (University of Illinois
Press, 2003), winner of the Toni Morrison Society Book Award in 2005;
cocontributing editor of Double Stitch: Black Women Write About Mothers and
Daughters ...

Author: Lucille P. Fultz

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441125392

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 208

View: 728

Toni Morrison features a collection of ten new essays by noted Morrison scholars, including recipients of the Toni Morrison Society Book Award. Focusing upon Morrison's most recently published novels (Paradise, Love, A Mercy) the contributors to this volume revisit issues that continue to engage Morrison and are part of the currency of contemporary American literary and cultural history. These selections examine Morrison's ongoing "romance" with African Americans as they continue to battle the demons of race, gender, class, and poverty, to name a few. Together, these essays offer comprehensive and nuanced discussions of Morrison's latest novels and provide new directions for Morrison scholarship in the 21st century. This volume provides students of literature, cultural studies, and history with an overview of Morrison's examination of African American progress and leadership at key moments in American history and culture from the Colonial Period to the present. Through their thematic interconnectedness, the essays reveal Morrison at her most brilliant in her ability to reach into the past to comment on contemporary issues.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Beloved Communities

Beloved Communities

Author: Elizabeth Kella

Publisher: Uppsala, Sweden : S. Academiae Ubsaliensis

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110454126

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 258

View: 254

Categories: Literary Criticism

Negotiating Difference

Negotiating Difference

In this book, Michael Awkward raids the borders of contemporary criticism to show how debilitating such "protectionist" stances can be and how much might be gained by crossing our cultural boundaries.

Author: Michael Awkward

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226033015

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 225

View: 407

Encamped within the limits of experience and "authenticity," critics today often stake out their positions according to race and ethnicity, sexuality and gender, and vigilantly guard the boundaries against any incursions into their privileged territory. In this book, Michael Awkward raids the borders of contemporary criticism to show how debilitating such "protectionist" stances can be and how much might be gained by crossing our cultural boundaries. From Spike Lee's She's Gotta Have It to Michael Jackson's physical transmutations, from Toni Morrison's Song of Solomon to August Wilson's Fences, from male scholars' investments in feminism to white scholars' in black texts—Awkward explores cultural moments that challenge the exclusive critical authority of race and gender. In each instance he confronts the question: What do artists, scholars, and others concerned with representations of Afro-American life make of the view that gender, race, and sexuality circumscribe their own and others' lives and narratives? Throughout he demonstrates the perils and merits of the sort of "boundary crossing" this book ultimately makes: a black male feminism. In pursuing a black male feminist criticism, Awkward's study acknowledges the complexities of interpretation in an age when a variety of powerful discourses have proliferated on the subject of racial, gendered, and sexual difference; at the same time, it identifies this proliferation as an opportunity to negotiate seemingly fixed cultural and critical positions.
Categories: Literary Criticism

African American Male Writing and Difference The

African American Male  Writing  and Difference  The

What is emerging is a polycentric reading of African American literature, allowing
us to talk about differences within that ... Henry Wonham's Criticism and the Color
Line, and Toni Morrison's Playing in the Dark—that bring to the forefront of ...

Author: W. Lawrence Hogue

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791487006

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 395

Argues that African American literature must take into account the rich diversity of African American life and culture.
Categories: Social Science

The Feminist Difference

The Feminist Difference

Employing surprising juxtapositions, THE FEMINIST DIFFERENCE looks at fiction by black writers from a feminist/psychoanalytic perspective, at poetry, and at feminism and law.

Author: Barbara Johnson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674001915

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 687

Embattled and belittled, demonized and deemed passé, feminism today seems becalmed without being calm. This is as true in literary criticism as elsewhere in the culture--yet it is in literary criticism that these essays locate the renewed promises, possibilities, and applications of feminist thought. In fresh readings of a wide array of texts--legal, literary, cinematic, philosophical, and psychoanalytical--renowned literary theorist Barbara Johnson demonstrates that the conflicts and uncertainties that beset feminism are signs not of a dead end, but of a creative turning-point. Employing surprising juxtapositions, The Feminist Difference looks at fiction by black writers from a feminist/psychoanalytic perspective; at poetry from Phillis Wheatley to Baudelaire and Marceline Desbordes-Valmore; and at feminism and law, particularly in the work of Patricia Williams and the late Mary Joe Frug. Toni Morrison and Sigmund Freud, John Keats and Jane Campion, Charlotte Perkins Gilman and Nathaniel Hawthorne, Nella Larson and Heinz Kohut are among the many occasions for Johnson's rich, stimulating, unfailingly close reading of moments at which feminism seems to founder in its own contradictions--moments that re-emerge here as sources of a revitalized critical awareness. In the final analysis, Johnson argues, literature is essential for feminism because it is the place where impasses can be kept and opened for examination, where questions can be guarded and not forced into a premature validation of the available paradigms. In her book literature appears not as a predetermined set of works but as a mode of cultural work, the work of making readable those impossible and necessary things that cannot yet be spoken.
Categories: Social Science

Risking Difference

Risking Difference

... like Carter's and Drabble's protagonists (chapter 5) the subject is arrested,
frozen in the moment of imaginary identification. Chapter 4 Race and Idealization
in Toni Morrison's Tar Baby 85 Part II: Structures of Identi.cation in the Visual
Field.

Author: Jean Wyatt

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791484883

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 841

Looks at the dynamics of identification, envy, and idealization in fictional narratives by Margaret Atwood, Angela Carter, Sandra Cisneros, Toni Morrison, and others, as well as in nonfictional accounts of cross-race relations by white feminists and feminists of color.
Categories: Social Science

The Utopian Aesthetics of Three African American Women Toni Morrison Gloria Naylor Julie Dash

The Utopian Aesthetics of Three African American Women  Toni Morrison  Gloria Naylor  Julie Dash

The New Cultural Politics of Difference . ” Keeping ... Secondary Source : Toni
Morrison Atwood , Margaret . " Haunted ... Fultz , Lucille P. “ Slips of Sorrow ' :
Narrating the pain of Difference and the Rhetoric of Healing . ” Toni Morrison .
Playing ...

Author: Heike Raphael-Hernandez

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000122502044

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 173

View: 592

This work offers a connection between the concrete utopian theory of hope by the Gennan Jewish philosopher Ernst Bloch and the literary productions of contemporary African American women writers. The study argues that these literary texts should be read as concrete utopias outlined in Bloch's major work The Principle ofHope. Bloch argues that when people become consciously aware of the dialectical tendencies in concrete utopias will they recognize the possibilities first for their own personal empowerment and then for their communities. As a result of their conscious awareness, readers will be able to perceive the visions of the texts and will begin to actively dream of becoming agents for change themselves. The study claims that most texts by contemporary African American women writers such as Alice Walker, Toni Cade Bambara, Gloria Naylor, Ntozake Shange, Toni Morrison, Gayl Jones, Paule Marshall, Sherley Anne Williams, Bebe Moore Campbell, and Terry McMillan provide concrete utopian visions. An application of Bloch's theory to these writers enriches a reading of their texts and demonstrates that art is the medium that will remind people of their constant, never-ending responsibility for personal agency.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Gender and Jewish Difference from Paul to Shakespeare

Gender and Jewish Difference from Paul to Shakespeare

—Jean-Paul Sartre2 IN PLAYING IN THE DARK.' Whiteness and the Literary
Imagination, Toni Morrison recounts her search to understand the role of the “
Africanist presence” as a shaping one in American literature. In a brilliant analogy
she ...

Author: Lisa Lampert

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812202557

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 973

Although representations of medieval Christians and Christianity are rarely subject to the same scholarly scrutiny as those of Jews and Judaism, "the Christian" is as constructed a term, category, and identity as "the Jew." Medieval Christian authors created complex notions of Christian identity through strategic use of representations of Others: idealized Jewish patriarchs or demonized contemporary Jews; Woman represented as either virgin or whore. In Western thought, the Christian was figured as spiritual and masculine, defined in opposition to the carnal, feminine, and Jewish. Women and Jews are not simply the Other for the Christian exegetical tradition, however; they also represent sources of origin, as one cannot conceive of men without women or of Christianity without Judaism. The bifurcated representations of Woman and Jew found in the literature of the Middle Ages and beyond reflect the uneasy figurations of women and Jews as both insiders and outsiders to Christian society. Gender and Jewish Difference from Paul to Shakespeare provides the first extended examination of the linkages of gender and Jewish difference in late medieval and early modern English literature. Focusing on representations of Jews and women in Chaucer's Canterbury Tales, selections from medieval drama, and Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, Lampert explores the ways in which medieval and early modern authors used strategies of opposition to—and identification with—figures of Jews and women to create individual and collective Christian identities. This book shows not only how these questions are interrelated in the texts of medieval and early modern England but how they reveal the distinct yet similarly paradoxical places held by Woman and Jew within a longer tradition of Western thought that extends to the present day.
Categories: History

Toni Morrison

Toni Morrison

Fultz , Lucille P. Toni Morrison : Playing with Difference . Urbana : University of
Illinois Press , 2003 . Furman , Jan. Toni Morrison's Fiction . Columbia : University
of South Carolina Press , 1996 . Gates , Henry Louis , Jr. Figures in Black : Words
 ...

Author: Solomon Ogbede Iyasẹre

Publisher: Salem PressInc

ISBN: PSU:000067188598

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 337

View: 601

Toni Morrison has pinpointed the 'trauma of racism' as 'the severe fragmentation of the self' (Morrison, Unspeakable 214), and her works are dedicated to envisioning for African Americans ways of defining and developing identity for themselves, their community, and their literary tradition. As towering and daunting as this tripartite purpose may be, Morrison has achieved even more.Writing within the African American vernacular tradition and creating literature about and for African Americans (for she writes Without the White Gaze; qtd. in Houston 4), Morrison gifts us with works (novels, essays, a play) that speak to and for all humankind, earning her a global audience as well as international accolades, awards, and ever-expanding critical study.
Categories: Literary Criticism