Travels in Portugal

Through the Provinces of Entre Douro E Minho, Beira, Estremadura, and Alem-tejo, in the Years 1789 and 1790, Consisting of Observations on the Manners, Customs, Trade, Public Buildings, Arts, Antiquities, &c. of that Kingdom

Author: James Cavanah Murphy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Portugal

Page: 311

View: 2617

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Release

The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance and the English Merchants in Portugal 1654–1810

Author: L.M.E. Shaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351894919

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 4827

DOWNLOAD NOW »

The alliance made between Cromwell and John IV in 1654, cemented by the Articles of Marriage between Charles II and Catherine of Braganza in 1661 lasted for 156 years. Together, they provided a guarantee of Portugal’s independence and formed a framework for an expansion of trade between England, Portugal and its overseas possessions. The Inquisition had ruined the ’New Christians’ (Sephardic Jews) who had been Portugal’s principal middlemen, enabling the English merchants to play a dominant role in that expansion once they had overcome their French and Dutch rivals. They held that position until Pombal succeeded by 1770 in breaking the hold which foreigners had established over Portuguese commerce. This book is the result of many years of research into Portuguese and British archival sources. It interweaves politics, economics, religion and commerce to portray what life was like for English merchants in Portugal in the period.
Release

Travels in Portugal

And Through France and Spain. With a Dissertation on the Literature of Portugal, and the Spanish and Portugueze Languages

Author: Heinrich Friedrich Link

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Portugal

Page: 504

View: 1150

DOWNLOAD NOW »

Release

The Efficiency of Education Expenditure in Portugal

Author: Mr. Benedict J. Clements

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1451904371

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 63

View: 4354

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This paper assesses the efficiency of education expenditure in Portugal and delineates a possible agenda for reform. Portugal’s low educational performance has coincided with the highest level of primary and secondary education expenditure to GDP in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), suggesting considerable inefficiency. Empirical results from the application of a nonparametric technique for production frontier estimation (Free Disposable Hull analysis) support this view. Among the reforms that could be considered to raise educational efficiency are the adoption of a goal-oriented management and incentive system; establishment of minimum student/teacher ratios; and an easing of employment and work rules governing public school teachers.
Release

Through Portugal

Author: Martin Andrew Sharp Hume

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780526670192

Category: History

Page: 410

View: 4769

DOWNLOAD NOW »

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Release