Thermochemical Processes

Thermochemical Processes

For the first time, this book provides a quantitative description and examples of the application of physical chemical concepts to the processing and degradation of metallic and other inorganic materials, from the atomic scale to the ...

Author: C. B. Alcock

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080519173

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 726

Today the study of materials is concerned with the underlying thermodynamic and chemical processes involved in the manufacture and processing of a wide range of materials - metals, ceramics, semi-conductors, plastics and composites. For the first time, this book provides a quantitative description and examples of the application of physical chemical concepts to the processing and degradation of metallic and other inorganic materials, from the atomic scale to the analysis of industrial processes. Thermochemical Processes: Principles and Models deals with processes dominated in turn by the gas phase (such as chemical vapour deposition), the solid phase (such as powder metallurgy electroceramics and high-temperature corrosion) and the liquid phase (such as extraction metallurgy and glass-making). C. B. Alcock provides information which will prove invaluable to academics and workers involved in high temperature industries and in particular to those with an interest in the scientific analysis of processes - which will be most useful to those working in the field of modelling. First ever quantitative approach to the subject of Thermochemical processing Companion volume to Kubachewski et al
Categories: Science

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

Thermochemical Processing of Biomass

A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book ...

Author: Robert C. Brown

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9781119417576

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 762

A comprehensive examination of the large number of possible pathways for converting biomass into fuels and power through thermochemical processes Bringing together a widely scattered body of information into a single volume, this book provides complete coverage of the many ways that thermochemical processes are used to transform biomass into fuels, chemicals and power. Fully revised and updated, this new edition highlights the substantial progress and recent developments that have been made in this rapidly growing field since publication of the first edition and incorporates up-to-date information in each chapter. Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition incorporates two new chapters covering: condensed phased reactions of thermal deconstruction of biomass and life cycle analysis of thermochemical processing systems. It offers a new introductory chapter that provides a more comprehensive overview of thermochemical technologies. The book also features fresh perspectives from new authors covering such evolving areas as solvent liquefaction and hybrid processing. Other chapters cover combustion, gasification, fast pyrolysis, upgrading of syngas and bio-oil to liquid transportation fuels, and the economics of thermochemically producing fuels and power, and more. Features contributions by a distinguished group of European and American researchers offering a broad and unified description of thermochemical processing options for biomass Combines an overview of the current status of thermochemical biomass conversion as well as engineering aspects to appeal to the broadest audience Edited by one of Biofuels Digest’s "Top 100 People" in bioenergy for six consecutive years Thermochemical Processing of Biomass: Conversion into Fuels, Chemicals and Power, 2nd Edition will appeal to all academic researchers, process chemists, and engineers working in the field of biomass conversion to fuels and chemicals. It is also an excellent book for graduate and advanced undergraduate students studying biomass, biofuels, renewable resources, and energy and power generation.
Categories: Science

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update

Progress report , July 1 - December 31 , 1976 , 81 : 9203 ( DOE / ET / 20195 - -
13 ) THERMOCHEMICAL HEAT STORAGE / THERMOCHEMICAL PROCESSES
Screening reversible reactions for thernochanical energy transfer , 81 : 2326 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015024361308

Category: Solar energy

Page:

View: 910

Categories: Solar energy

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts

Final report, 6:18141 (EUR-6987-FR) Review of fusion/high-temperature
electrolysis process, 6:18133 (BNL–29049) Thermochemical processes for
hydrogen production. Progress report, October 1, 1979-September 30, 1980, 6:
18142 (LA— ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000006282770

Category: Power resources

Page:

View: 963

Categories: Power resources

Energy from Biological Processes

Energy from Biological Processes

Moreover , there are good theoretical reasons for believing that the flexibility ,
efficiency , and usefulness of thermochemical processes can be significantly
improved through basic and applied research into the thermochemistry of
biomass .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000085394T

Category: Biomass energy

Page:

View: 937

Categories: Biomass energy

Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production by Water Decomposition Final Report

Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production by Water Decomposition  Final Report

Models were derived for simulating the heat and mass transfer processes inside the reactor and tested by experiments. The effects of surface renewal of solids on the mass transfer phenomena were studied and related to the solid mixing.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1065662562

Category:

Page:

View: 609

The principal contributions of the research are in the area of gas-solid reactions, ranging from models and data interpretation for fundamental kinetics and mixing of solids to simulations of engineering scale reactors. Models were derived for simulating the heat and mass transfer processes inside the reactor and tested by experiments. The effects of surface renewal of solids on the mass transfer phenomena were studied and related to the solid mixing. Catalysis by selected additives were studied experimentally. The separate results were combined in a simulation study of industrial-scale rotary reactor performance. A study was made of the controlled decompositions of a series of inorganic sulfates and their common hydrates, carried out in a Thermogravimetric Analyzer (TGA), a Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), and a Differential Thermal Analyzer (DTA). Various sample sizes, heating rates, and ambient atmospheres were used to demonstrate their influence on the results. The purposes of this study were to: (i) reveal intermediate compounds, (ii) determine the stable temperature range of each compound, and (iii) measure reaction kinetics. In addition, several solid additives: carbon, metal oxides, and sodium chloride, were demonstrated to have catalytic effects to varying degrees for the different salts.
Categories:

Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Energy and Chemicals

Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass for the Production of Energy and Chemicals

This book highlights the processes of biomass thermochemical conversion, covering topics from combustion and gasification, to pyrolysis and liquefaction.

Author: Anthony Dufour

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781848218239

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 400

This book highlights the processes of biomass thermochemical conversion, covering topics from combustion and gasification, to pyrolysis and liquefaction. Heat, power, biofuels and green chemicals can all be produced by these thermochemical processes. The different scales of investigation are presented: from the bioenergy chains, to the reactors and molecular mechanisms. The author uses current research and data to present bioenergy chains from forest to final use, including the biomass supply chains, as well as the life cycle assessment of different process chains. Biomass conversion reactors are also presented, detailing their technologies for combustion, gasification and syngas up-grading systems, pyrolysis and bio-oil upgrading. The physical-chemical mechanisms occurring in all these reactors are presented highlighting the main pathways for gas, char and bio-oil formation from biomass. This book offers an overview of biomass valorization for students, engineers or developers in chemistry, chemical, environmental or mechanical engineering.
Categories: Science

Physics Briefs

Physics Briefs

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015027835332

Category: Physics

Page:

View: 285

Categories: Physics

Russian Chemical Reviews

Russian Chemical Reviews

Macroscopic kinetics of thermochemical processes on laser heating : current
state and prospects I . Introduction II . History of the problem III . Thermochemical
processes stimulated by laser radiation in homogeneous media IV .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015031197026

Category: Chemistry

Page:

View: 492

Categories: Chemistry

Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production by Water Decomposition Progress Report April 1 December 31 1975

Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production by Water Decomposition  Progress Report  April 1  December 31  1975

The interest in hydrogen as a chemical feedstock and as a possible non-polluting fuel has continued to be high, affected by recent estimates of 1980 prices for imported natural gas in the range of $3.00/MM Btu.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1065663030

Category:

Page:

View: 986

The interest in hydrogen as a chemical feedstock and as a possible non-polluting fuel has continued to be high, affected by recent estimates of 1980 prices for imported natural gas in the range of $3.00/MM Btu. Our exhaustive survey of multi-step thermochemical and hybrid cycles concluded that the most promising prospects to date are (1) a modification of Abraham's ANL-4 cycle, and (2) the Rohm and Haas multi-reaction, single reactor cycle. Both sequences utilize iodine-based oxidation-reduction chemistry and each ultimately produces hydrogen via an iodide vapor decomposition, in the first case from NH4I, in the second from HI. Process feasibility depends on demonstration of separation steps of relatively low energy requirements. Further research is proposed along four lines: (1) modeling and computation focusing on selectivity in gas-solid reactions, (2) experimental studies of solids flow and mixing, as well as mass transfer and chemical reaction in rotating and/or oscillating kiln reactors, (3) kinetics of the crucial reactions in the ANL-4 and Rohm and Haas cycles, and gas separations associated with these processes, and (4) flow sheet evaluations and preliminary economics.
Categories:

Energy Information Abstracts

Energy Information Abstracts

76-21774 Thermochemical Processes for Hydrogen Production : Part I , P. A.
Kittle , et al , Rohm & Haas Co , Pa ... 3 ( 93 ) survey report Research on various
processes for hydrogen production from thermochemical reactions is presented .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015047345122

Category: Power (Mechanics)

Page:

View: 620

Includes indexes.
Categories: Power (Mechanics)

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Recent Advances in Thermochemical Conversion of Biomass

Thermochemical methods of conversion have been in practice for ages and were
predominately used by man before the crudeoil era. Several of these processes
have seen advances in recent decades, and this book, which is the fourth in the ...

Author: Ashok Pandey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444632906

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 206

This book provides general information and data on one of the most promising renewable energy sources: biomass for its thermochemical conversion. During the last few years, there has been increasing focus on developing the processes and technologies for the conversion of biomass to liquid and gaseous fuels and chemicals, in particular to develop low-cost technologies. This book provides date-based scientific information on the most advanced and innovative processing of biomass as well as the process development elements on thermochemical processing of biomass for the production of biofuels and bio-products on (biomass-based biorefinery). The conversion of biomass to biofuels and other value-added products on the principle biorefinery offers potential from technological perspectives as alternate energy. The book covers intensive R&D and technological developments done during the last few years in the area of renewable energy utilizing biomass as feedstock and will be highly beneficial for the researchers, scientists and engineers working in the area of biomass-biofuels- biorefinery. Provides the most advanced and innovative thermochemical conversion technology for biomass Provides information on large scales such as thermochemical biorefinery Useful for researchers intending to study scale up Serves as both a textbook for graduate students and a reference book for researchers Provides information on integration of process and technology on thermochemical conversion of biomass
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings of the First National Topical Meeting on Nuclear Process Heat Applications Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory Los Alamos New Mexico October 1 3 1974

Proceedings of the First National Topical Meeting on Nuclear Process Heat Applications  Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory  Los Alamos  New Mexico  October 1 3  1974

The inherent higher efficiency, and potentially lower cost, for the thermochemical
production of hydrogen, versus the overall electrolysis path, is strong motivation
for research to identify and develop thermochemical processes for the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015095256684

Category: Industries

Page: 276

View: 839

Categories: Industries

Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Proceedings

Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference Proceedings

749013 Abstract A relationship among the efficiencies of the various steps of a
thermochemical process and the ... The status of a technique to evaluate and
optimize thermochemical processes is described and an example is shown . ai
TH ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924057749487

Category: Direct energy conversion

Page:

View: 345

Categories: Direct energy conversion

Borate Glasses

Borate Glasses

Author: L. I͡A. Mazelev

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015076083800

Category: Glass

Page: 159

View: 451

Categories: Glass

A Study of Reaction Kinetics for Thermochemical Conversion of Rice Straw

A Study of Reaction Kinetics for Thermochemical Conversion of Rice Straw

As soon as the drying is complete , the fuel temperature starts rising rapidly and
other volatile components of the fuel are released . Prior to ignition , this process
is termed devolatilization . With ignition , thermochemical processes involving a ...

Author: Avtar Singh Bining

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X55716

Category:

Page: 512

View: 635

Categories:

Solar hydrogen Energy Systems

Solar hydrogen Energy Systems

The thermochemical processes have been studied thus far , mostly considering
their connection with such nuclear reactors as can provide high temperature
process heat near 1000°C , and discussions about them have been made ...

Author: P. Gamon

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: UOM:39015002044280

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 264

View: 240

Categories: Technology & Engineering

Cryogenic Processes and Equipment 1982

Cryogenic Processes and Equipment  1982

While thermochemical processes possess theoretically high overall efficiencies (
70 to 75 % versus 40 % for electrolysis ) and therefore hold the promise of lower
hydrogen cost , several generic problems exist . These include efficient heat ...

Author: T. H. K. Frederking

Publisher: Amer Inst of Chemical Engineers

ISBN: UCSD:31822000126318

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 143

View: 679

Categories: Technology & Engineering