New Theories of Discourse

New Theories of Discourse

This book provides a comprehensive and accessible account of the new theories of discourse developed by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, while in particular drawing on central insights provided by Slavoj Zizek.

Author: Jacob Torfing

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631195580

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 780

This book provides a comprehensive and accessible account of the new theories of discourse developed by Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe, while in particular drawing on central insights provided by Slavoj Zizek. The book accounts for intellectual development of the discourse theory of Laclau and Mouffe from a Gramsci-inspired critique of structural Marxism over a neo-Gramscian theory of discourse to a new type of postmodern theorizing of great relevance for social, cultural and political theory. The central concepts of discourse, hegemony and social antagonism are carefully explained and discussed and the theoretical framework is applied both on a variety of theoretical problems and in a sample of empirical studies. The book concludes with a discussion of the implications of discourse theory for our political understanding of democracy, citizenship and ethics. New Theories of Discourse is written out of the basic conviction that postmodernity provides a great challenge to social, cultural and political theory and makes thinkable a whole range of new political projects of which the development of a radical plural democracy is one of the most promising and exciting.
Categories: Social Science

Theories of Discourse

Theories of Discourse

This is the first critical introduction to the theories ofdiscourse advanced by Foucault, Althusser, PUcheux and Hindess andHirst.

Author: Diane Macdonell

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 0631148396

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 156

View: 460

This is the first critical introduction to the theories ofdiscourse advanced by Foucault, Althusser, PUcheux and Hindess andHirst. Discourse theory proposes that in our daily activities theway we speak and write is shaped by the structures of power in oursociety, and that because our society is defined by struggle andconflict our discourses reflect and create conflicts. The words,expressions and forms of knowledge in institutions (schools anduniversities, the church and the media) become political as theyare traversed and rearranged by the pressure of forces. DianeMacdonell reveals the various lines of thought in recent work ondiscourse, showing how the central conception of discourse as apolitical and social tool could diversify into several differentcritical theories and ideologies. This book is of particular interest as it calls for a reappraisalof Althusser whose work, Macdonell argues, has been wronglydebunked. This is the first overview and introduction to anotoriously complex area of critical theory, an area which is atthe heart of debates about form, meaning, ideology, literarycriticism and the humanities.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Theory and Method of Discourse Analysis

Theory and Method of Discourse Analysis

This book is mainly about the theory and method of discourse analysis.

Author: Jianming Dong

Publisher:

ISBN: 0999531719

Category:

Page:

View: 405

This book is mainly about the theory and method of discourse analysis. In it, the author views the discourse as a kind of social activity and put forward some analyzing tools based on the integrated methodology involving in language details, social and cultural context, cognitive and critical areas. This book could be divided into two parts: one is to discuss the method of discourse analysis, the other about the theories of the nature in discourse. Such topics are talked about in this book as the relationship between discourse and context of society and culture, context significance, culture mode, social language, etc. Besides, the connection among these concepts is also discussed in this book in order to evaluate the informationalstructure of discourse with some case analysis. This book could be very practical for readers to understand the theory and method of discourse analysis.
Categories:

Rhetorical Aspects of Discourses in Present Day Society

Rhetorical Aspects of Discourses in Present Day Society

The contributions of this book reflect this multi-faceted approach to rhetoric, discourse and genre through their focus upon and analysis of different institutionalised discourses.

Author: Lotte Dam

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443812290

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 425

View: 546

Since antiquity, the notion of rhetoric has been associated with Aristotle, Cicero and Quintilian. Their theories are central to the understanding that, on the one hand, rhetoric can be used for persuading and convincing an audience, and on the other, for becoming an eloquent speaker. Based on this understanding, the study of rhetoric was for many years regarded by scholars as a meaningless enterprise as it was perceived as a study of linguistic ornamentation. However, in the beginning of the twentieth century, scholars regained an interest in the study of rhetoric in recognition of rhetorical skills being important for communication in modern society. Like speakers in public life, e.g. politicians, who had always acknowledged the role of rhetoric, all sorts of communicators, mediators and scholars became interested in rhetoric as a practical tool for building up texts meant for the public sphere as well as an analytical tool for the critique of public argumentation. This led to the development of new theories from New Rhetoric over Rhetorical Criticism to theories of genre and discourse, reflecting the view that rhetoric must be understood and used against the social and cultural framework in which it is embedded. The contributions of this book reflect this multi-faceted approach to rhetoric, discourse and genre through their focus upon and analysis of different institutionalised discourses. Thus, within the three sections of political, journalistic and organisational discourse, the articles discuss various discourse types and their rhetorical features, contributing to the understanding of rhetoric and discourse having significant influence on human action and interaction in society.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lacanian Theory of Discourse

Lacanian Theory of Discourse

Discourse Structures and Subject Structures A second major advantage that Lacan's theory of discourse holds over other theories is its synthesis of categories of discourse with categories of psychological structure in a single model.

Author: Mark Bracher

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814712993

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 176

View: 793

This collection introduces and develops Lacanian thought concerning the relations among language, subjectivity, and society. Lacanian Theory of Discourse provides an account of how language both interacts with and constitutes structures of subjectivity, producing specific attitudes and behaviors as well as significant social effects.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Materialist Feminism and the Politics of Discourse RLE Feminist Theory

Materialist Feminism and the Politics of Discourse  RLE Feminist Theory

There are, however, other materialist theories of discourse which do not understand its materiality as ideology or frame it within a global social logic. In order to situate my argument for a postmodern marxist understanding of ...

Author: Rosemary Hennessy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136201363

Category: Reference

Page: 196

View: 729

Materialist Feminism and the Politics of Discourse confronts the impasses in materialist feminist work on rethinking ‘woman’ as a discursively constructed subject. The book looks at the problem of examining critically the social dimensions on which theories of discourse are premised: how such theories understand ‘materiality’; the relation between ‘women’s experience’ and feminist politics, and that between history and discourse. Rosemary Hennessy considers the work of Kristeva, Foucault, Laclau and Mouffe, and argues for a materialist feminist re-articulation of discourse as ideology. Concerns over identity and difference are incorporated into a rewriting of materialist feminism's analysis of women's oppression across capitalist and patriarchal structures. In adapting postmodernist theories in this way, Hennessy develops a project of social change, where feminism, while maintaining its specificity, is necessarily aligned with other emancipatory movements.
Categories: Reference

Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method

Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method

Discourse is best viewed not as an abstract system (the tendency in structuralist and poststructuralist theories of discourse) but as 'situated' language use in the contexts in which it takes place. • People use discourse rhetorically ...

Author: Marianne W Jørgensen

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446230633

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 230

View: 832

Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method is a systematic introduction to discourse analysis as a body of theories and methods for social research. It brings together three central approaches, Laclau and Mouffe′s discourse theory, critical discourse analysis and discursive psychology, in order to establish a dialogue between different forms of discourse analysis often kept apart by disciplinary boundaries. The book introduces the three approaches in a clear and easily comprehensible manner, explaining the distinctive philosophical premises and theoretical perspectives of each approach as well as the methodological guidelines and tools they provide for empirical discourse analysis. The authors also demonstrate the possibilities for combining different discourse analytical and non-discourse analytical approaches in empirical study. Finally, they contextualize discourse analysis within the social constructionist debate about critical social research, rejecting the view that a critical stance is incompatible with social constructionist premises and arguing that critique must be an inherent part of social research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis

Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis

This book is designed as an introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and gives an overview of the various theories and methods associated with this sociolinguistic approach.

Author: Ruth Wodak

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 0761961542

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 692

This book is designed as an introduction to Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and gives an overview of the various theories and methods associated with this sociolinguistic approach. It also introduces the reader to the leading figures in CDA and the methods to which they are most closely related. The text aims to provide a comprehensive description of the individual methods, an understanding of the theories to which methods refer and a comparative treatment of each of these methods so that students may be able to determine which is the most appropriate to select for their particular research question. Given the balance between theory and application, plus the intended audience - no previous knowledge of CDA is assumed - Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis should be useful reading for both students and researchers in the fields of linguistics, sociology, social psychology and the social sciences in general.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Design Discourse

Design Discourse

The collection begins with a discussion of the various expressions of opposition to the modernists' purist approach toward design.

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505145

Category: Art

Page: 291

View: 169

The editor has gathered together a body of writing in the emerging field of design studies. The contributors argue in different ways for a rethinking of design in the light of its cultural significance and its powerful position in today's society. The collection begins with a discussion of the various expressions of opposition to the modernists' purist approach toward design. Drawing on postmodernist theory and other critical strategies, the writers examine the relations among design, technology, and social organization to show how design has become a complex and multidisciplinary activity. The second section provides examples of new methods of interpreting and analysing design, ranging from rhetoric and semiotics to phenomenology, demonstrating how meaning is created visually. A final section related to design history shifts its emphasis to ideological frameworks such as capitalism and patriarchy that establish boundaries for the production and use of design.
Categories: Art

Discourse Theory and Political Analysis

Discourse Theory and Political Analysis

1 David Howarth and Yannis Stavrakakis Introducing discourse theory and political analysis This book responds to the explosion of interest in the concept of discourse and discourse analysis in the humanities and the social sciences .

Author: David J. Howarth

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 0719056640

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 816

How can recent developments in post-structuralist, post-Marxist, and psychoanalytical theory actually inform ongoing empirical research? What are the appropriate methods and research strategies for conducting research in discourse theory and analysis? How can concepts such as hegemony, identity, the imaginary, dislocation, and empty signifiers illuminate key aspects of contemporary society and politics? This pathbreaking and multi-focal book contains a clear introductory statement of the theoretical approach used, and concludes with an assessment of the future directions of discourse theory in the social sciences.
Categories: Social Science

Centering Theory in Discourse

Centering Theory in Discourse

... related to centering theory : discourse segmentation , multiple pronouns , and speaker - addressee coordination . 3.1 . Segmentation According to Grosz and Sidner ( 1986 ) , discourse has both local and global structure ; this idea ...

Author: Joshi Prince Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198236875

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 451

View: 798

This edited collection of previously unpublished papers focuses on Centering Theory, an account of local discourse structure. Developed in the context of computational linguistics and cognitive science, Centering theory has attracted the attention of an international interdisciplinary audience. As the authors focus on naturally occurring data, they join the general trend towards empiricism in research on computational models of discourse, providing a significant contribution to a fast-moving field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse Power and Ideology

Discourse  Power and Ideology

This thesis consists of an inquiry into the articulation between language, ideology, and power, which is approached from two different angles.

Author: Joanna Thornborrow

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:223306379

Category: Discourse analysis

Page: 734

View: 559

Categories: Discourse analysis

Discourse Theory and Cultural Analysis

Discourse Theory and Cultural Analysis

This book fills the gap between discourse theory and cultural approaches and provides an innovative and interdisciplinary contribution to areas such as cultural studies; political science; literary, art, communication, and media studies; ...

Author: Nico Carpentier

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN: UOM:39015082722763

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 391

View: 140

This book fills the gap between discourse theory and cultural approaches and provides an innovative and interdisciplinary contribution to areas such as cultural studies; political science; literary, art, communication, and media studies; the Internet; and film studies. By strictly focusing on the discourse theory of Laclau and Mouffe, the authors have distilled a coherent volume out of a diversity of perspectives that offer important contributions to a wide range of academic discussions, fields, and disciplines.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction to Discourse Analysis

An Introduction to Discourse Analysis

Presents a unique integrated approach to discourse analysis. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics Gee presents both a method of research and a theory of language in use.

Author: James Paul Gee

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415211859

Category: Education

Page: 176

View: 838

Presents a unique integrated approach to discourse analysis. Assuming no prior knowledge of linguistics Gee presents both a method of research and a theory of language in use.
Categories: Education

Transgressing Feminist Theory and Discourse

Transgressing Feminist Theory and Discourse

“Empty signifier,” Laclau's term, is one of the conceptual axes around which his deconstructive analyses of identity discourses revolved. I caution, however, that the reader not be misled by the idiom “empty” in “empty signifier.

Author: Jennifer C. Dunn

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351209779

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 981

Despite decades of activism, resistance, and education, both feminists and gender rebels continue to experience personal, political, institutional, and cultural resistance to rights, recognition, and respect. In the face of these inequalities and disparities, Transgressing Feminist Theory and Discourse seeks to engage with, and disrupt the long-standing debates, unquestioned conceptual formations, and taboo topics in contemporary feminist studies. The first half of the book challenges key concepts and theories related to feminist scholarship by advocating new approaches for theorizing interdisciplinarity, intersectionality, critical race theory, trans studies, and genetics. The second half of the book offers feminist critiques or explorations of timely topics such as the 2017 Women’s March and Donald Trump’s election as well as non-Western perspectives of family and the absence of women’s perspectives in healthcare. Contributors comprise of leading scholars and activists from disciplines including gender and sexuality studies, African American studies, communication studies, sociology, political science, and media. Transgressing Feminist Theory and Discourse is a compelling examination of some of the most high-profile feminist issues today. It hopes to infuse future and current debates and conversations around feminism and feminist theory with intersectional, imaginative, provocative, and evocative ideas, inspiring bold cross-fertilizations of concepts, principles, and practices.
Categories: Social Science

Discourse Intonation in L2

Discourse Intonation in L2

This book first presents the latest linguistic theories of intonation, in particular, how intonation functions in discourse not only to signal sentence types and attitudinal meanings but also to provide turn-taking and other conversational ...

Author: Dorothy M. Chun

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027216922

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 285

View: 210

Intonation, rhythm, and general “melody” of language are among the first aspects of speech that infants attend to and produce themselves. Yet, these same features are among the last to be mastered by adult L2 learners. Why is this, and how can L2 learners be helped? This book first presents the latest linguistic theories of intonation, in particular, how intonation functions in discourse not only to signal sentence types and attitudinal meanings but also to provide turn-taking and other conversational cues. The second part of the book examines the research in applied linguistics on the acquisition of L2 phonology and intonation. The third section offers practical applications of how to incorporate the teaching of intonation into L2 instruction, with a focus on using new speech technologies. The accompanying CD-ROM makes a unique addition in allowing for simultaneous audio playback and visual display of the pitch contours of utterances contained in the book. Users can start or stop the playback at any point in the utterance and can observe first-hand how such visual and audio representations could be useful for L2 learners.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse Theory in European Politics

Discourse Theory in European Politics

Some initial responses The initial response of discourse theory to the challenge of demonstrating its analytical value in empirical Studies is to admit that many discourse theorists have been more inclined towards theoretical and ...

Author: D. Howarth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230523364

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 110

This volume of essays employs discourse theory to analyze mainstream topics in contemporary European politics. Inspired by developments in post-structuralist, psychoanalytic and post-Marxist theory, each contributor problematizes a central issue in European governance, including European security, Third Way politics, constitutional and administrative reform, new forms of nationalism and populism, the shift from welfare to workfare, environmental politics and local government. Alongside these substantive issues, the book tackles questions raised by the difficulties of applying discourse theory to empirical cases.
Categories: Political Science