Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought

Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought

This book explores the theology and philosophy of the distinguished modern Muslim scholar and theologian Bediuzzaman Said Nursi [d.1960].

Author: Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351880008

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 102

This book explores the theology and philosophy of the distinguished modern Muslim scholar and theologian Bediuzzaman Said Nursi [d.1960]. Nursi wrote in both Ottoman Turkish and Arabic and his life and thought reflected the transition of modern Turkey from an empire to a secular republic. The contributors to this volume shed new light on two major dimensions of Nursi's thought: theodicy and justice. Classical Muslim theologians debated these two important issues; however, we must consider the modern debate of these issues in the context of the radical political and social transformations of modern Turkey. Nursi explored these matters as they related to the development of state and society and the crisis of Islam in the modern secular nation-state. Nursi is the founder of a 'faith movement' in contemporary Turkey with millions of followers worldwide. In this book, distinguished scholars in Islamic, Middle Eastern, and Turkish Studies explore Nursi's thought on theodicy and justice in comparison with a number of western philosophers, theologians, and men of letters, such as Dante, Merton, Kant, and Moltman. This book presents an invaluable resource for studies in comparative religion, philosophy, and Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies.
Categories: Religion

Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought

Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought

“Said Nursi's Project of Revitalizing Contemporary Islamic Thought,” In Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi', ed., Islam at the Crossroads (Albany: SUNY Press, ...

Author: Mr Ibrahim M Abu-Rabi

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409480952

Category: Religion

Page: 282

View: 924

This book explores the theology and philosophy of the distinguished modern Muslim scholar and theologian Bediuzzaman Said Nursi [d.1960]. Nursi wrote in both Ottoman Turkish and Arabic and his life and thought reflected the transition of modern Turkey from an empire to a secular republic. The contributors to this volume shed new light on two major dimensions of Nursi's thought: theodicy and justice. Classical Muslim theologians debated these two important issues; however, we must consider the modern debate of these issues in the context of the radical political and social transformations of modern Turkey. Nursi explored these matters as they related to the development of state and society and the crisis of Islam in the modern secular nation-state. Nursi is the founder of a 'faith movement' in contemporary Turkey with millions of followers worldwide. In this book, distinguished scholars in Islamic, Middle Eastern, and Turkish Studies explore Nursi's thought on theodicy and justice in comparison with a number of western philosophers, theologians, and men of letters, such as Dante, Merton, Kant, and Moltman. This book presents an invaluable resource for studies in comparative religion, philosophy, and Islamic and Middle Eastern Studies.
Categories: Religion

Muslim Women Domestic Violence and Psychotherapy

Muslim Women  Domestic Violence  and Psychotherapy

Barbara Freyer Stowasser, “Theodicy and the Many Meanings of Adam and Eve,” in Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought: The Case of Said Nursi, ...

Author: Nazila Isgandarova

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429891557

Category: Psychology

Page: 222

View: 201

Muslim Women, Domestic Violence, and Psychotherapy reconciles newly emerging Islamic practical theology with the findings and theories of contemporary social sciences. It is an inquiry about the lived experience of the Islamic tradition and its application in Islamic counseling with Muslim women subject to domestic violence. By incorporating a holistic examination of the worldview, personhood, and understanding of social and religious obligations of Muslim women in counseling, this book shows how practitioners can empower clients facing trauma and abuse to explore feasible solutions and decrease worry, anxiety, and other negative emotions.
Categories: Psychology

Sharia and Justice

Sharia and Justice

Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabiʿ, ed., Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought: The Case of Said Nursi (Edmonton: Ashgate, 2010).

Author: Abbas Poya

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110574593

Category: Religion

Page: 187

View: 844

Justice is considered the basic norm of human coexistence. Every legal order refers to the concept of justice, and Muslims also regard their religious norms (the Sharia) as offering just solutions to legal questions. But is the assumption that the Sharia is just merely an acceptance of a status quo correct? And is justice the necessary aim of the Sharia? In this volume, renowned scholars discuss these questions from different perspectives. In principle, the first normative source of Islam, the Qur'an, orders justice and fair conduct (Rohe). At the same time, an analysis of the concept of justice in the classical age of Islam (Ahmed and Poya) also shows that there existed ambivalent understandings of this concept. The relationship of the idea of justice in Islam to political questions (Ende), to war (Poya), and to modern reform (Mir-Hosseini) again confirms the importance of the concept for a critical reflection on traditional assumptions and existing circumstances. The discussion on the hijab in Western countries (Ladwig) shows paradigmatically how justice can regulate the relationship between the secular state and the Sharia. The essays in this volume endeavor to show that debates about justice, in Islam as well, express an underlying tension between the perception of an order as just on the one hand, and the feeling of injustice under the same order on the other. This discussion validates the idea that justice should be understood as a concept subject to a perpetual reexamination according to changing times and circumstances.
Categories: Religion

The Companion to Said Nursi Studies

The Companion to Said Nursi Studies

in Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought: The Case of Said Nursi, edited by İbrahim m. abu-rabi`, 99–110. Farnham, uK: ashgate, 2010. ———.

Author: Ian S. Markham

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781498292221

Category: Religion

Page: 454

View: 256

Contemporary Islamic theology remains a neglected area in studies on Islam. This work is dedicated to the thought and ideas of Said Nursi (1876–1960), one of the most prominent Muslim theologians of the twentieth century. Nursi inspired a faith movement—the Nur community—that originated in Turkey. It continues to play a key role in the revival of Islam and now numbers several millions of followers worldwide. His legacy and impact deserve therefore to be examined more closely. This volume is the most substantial overview in English of the inspiration of Said Nursi and his masterpiece the Risale-i Nur. In the beginning, the essays provide the reader with Nursi’s historical context and biography. Then Nursi’s theological views, his understanding of society, and ideas on politics are placed under the spotlight. Over the last twenty years, more and more comparative religion specialists in the West have become acquainted with Said Nursi. Nursi studies is now an established discipline, and this volume is a celebration of that reality. As it reveals, Muslims and Christians are grappling with the wisdom of this remarkable, rich thinker.
Categories: Religion

The Cambridge Companion to the Problem of Evil

The Cambridge Companion to the Problem of Evil

“God's Justice in Relation to Natural Disasters.” In Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought. Ed. Ibrahim M. Abu Rabi' Farnham: Ashgate, 2010, ...

Author: Chad Meister

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108339933

Category: Religion

Page:

View: 519

For many centuries philosophers have been discussing the problem of evil - one of the greatest problems of intellectual history. There are many facets to the problem, and for students and scholars unfamiliar with the vast literature on the subject, grasping the main issues can be a daunting task. This Companion provides a stimulating introduction to the problem of evil. More than an introduction to the subject, it is a state-of-the-art contribution to the field which provides critical analyses of and creative insights on this longstanding problem. Fresh themes in the book include evil and the meaning of life, beauty and evil, evil and cosmic evolution, and anti-theodicy. Evil is discussed from the perspectives of the major monotheistic religions, agnosticism, and atheism. Written by leading scholars in clear and accessible prose, this book is an ideal companion for undergraduate and graduate students, teachers, and scholars across the disciplines.
Categories: Religion

A Muslim Response to Evil

A Muslim Response to Evil

Said Nursi on the Theodicy Tubanur Yesilhark Ozkan ... and the Many Meanings of Adam and Eve' in Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought, ed.

Author: Tubanur Yesilhark Ozkan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317187547

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 137

While Christian approaches to the problem of evil have been much discussed, the issue of theodicy in Islam is relatively neglected. A Muslim Response to Evil explores new insights and viewpoints and discusses possible solutions to theodicy and the problem of evil through the early philosophy and theology ofIslam as well as through a semantic analysis of evil (sharr) in the Qur’Ä n. Reflecting on Said Nursi’s magnum opus, the Risale-i Nur Collection (Epistles of Light), Tubanur Yesilhark Ozkan puts Nursi’s theodicy into discourse with so called ’secular’ theodicy or ’anthropodicy’, supported by scholars such as Newton, Descartes, Leibniz, Spinoza, Hume, and Kant. Her study offers a fascinating new perspective on the problem of evil for scholars of comparative religion, philosophy of religion, and Islamic thought.
Categories: Social Science

Sociological Theory Beyond the Canon

Sociological Theory Beyond the Canon

... to reinvigorate the belief of Muslims whose faith he feared was under threat ... Theodicy and Justice in Modern Islamic Thought: The Case of Said Nursi ...

Author: Syed Farid Alatas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137411341

Category: Social Science

Page: 391

View: 113

This book expands the sociological canon by introducing non-Western and female voices, and subjects the existing canon itself to critique. Including chapters on both the ‘founding fathers’ of sociology and neglected thinkers it highlights the biases of Eurocentrism and androcentrism, while also offering much-needed correctives to them. The authors challenge a dominant account of the development of sociological theory which would have us believe that it was only Western European and later North American white males in the nineteenth and early twentieth century who thought in a creative and systematic manner about the origins and nature of the emerging modernity of their time. This integrated and contextualised account seeks to restructure the ways in which we theorise the emergence of the classical sociological canon. This book’s global scope fills a significant lacuna and provides a unique teaching resource to students of classical sociological theory.
Categories: Social Science

Islam and the Fate of Others The Salvation Question

Islam and the Fate of Others  The Salvation Question

This is an illuminating study of four of the most prominent figures in the history of Islam: Ghazali, Ibn 'Arabi, Ibn Taymiyya, and Rashid Rida.

Author: Mohammad Hassan Khalil

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199314003

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 134

Can non-Muslims be saved? And can those who are damned to Hell ever be redeemed? In Islam and the Fate of Others, Mohammad Hassan Khalil examines the writings of influential medieval and modern Muslim scholars on the controversial and consequential question of non-Muslim salvation. This is an illuminating study of four of the most prominent figures in the history of Islam: Ghazali, Ibn 'Arabi, Ibn Taymiyya, and Rashid Rida. Khalil demonstrates that though these paradigmatic figures tended to affirm the superiority of the Islamic message, they also envisioned a God of mercy and justice and a Paradise populated by Muslims and non-Muslims. Islam and the Fate of Others reveals that these theologians' interpretations of the Qur'an and hadith corpus-from optimistic depictions of Judgment Day to notions of a temporal Hell and salvation for all-challenge widespread assumptions about Islamic scripture and thought. Along the way, Khalil examines the writings of many other important writers, such as Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, Mulla Sadra, Shah Wali Allah of Delhi, Muhammad Ali of Lahore, James Robson, Sayyid Qutb, Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Farid Esack, Reza Shah-Kazemi, T. J. Winter, and Muhammad Legenhausen. Islam and the Fate of Others is both timely and overdue.
Categories: Religion

Towards a Just and Ecologically Sustainable Peace

Towards a Just and Ecologically Sustainable Peace

13 C ̈uneyt ̧Simsek, 'The Problem of Animal Pain: An Introduction to Nursi's Approach,' in Justice and Theodicy in Modern Islamic Thought, ed.

Author: Joseph Camilleri

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811550218

Category: Political Science

Page: 363

View: 748

This book addresses the need to develop a holistic approach to countering violence that integrates notions of peace, justice and care of the Earth. It is unique in that it does not stop with the move toward articulating ‘Just Peace’ as a human concern but probes the mindset needed for the shift to a ‘Just and Ecologically Sustainable Peace’. It explores the values and principles that can guide this shift, theoretically and in practice. International in scope and grounded in the reality of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australia and the wider Asia-Pacific context, the book brings together important insights drawn from the Indigenous relationship to land, ecological feminism, ecological philosophy, the social sciences more generally, and a range of religious and non-religious cosmologies. Drawn from diverse disciplinary backgrounds, the contributors in this book apply their combined professional expertise and active engagement to illuminate the difficult choices that lie ahead.
Categories: Political Science

The Muslim World Book Review

The Muslim World Book Review

University of Exeter , UK Sajjad Rizvi THEODICY AND JUSTICE IN MODERN ISLAMIC THOUGHT : THE CASE OF SAID NURSI . By Ibrahim M. Abu - Rabi ' ( Ed ) .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435083730804

Category: Islam

Page:

View: 400

Categories: Islam

Theodicy in Islamic Thought

Theodicy in Islamic Thought

It did not proceed from preconceived dogmatic axioms involving “justice” and ... Islamic philosophers, and especially Ibn Sīnā, a contemporary of al-Ma'arri ...

Author: Eric Linn Ormsby

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400856336

Category: Religion

Page: 328

View: 330

The first detailed study of Islamic theodicy, the book points out distinctively Islamic formulations and solutions of the problem of the best of all possible worlds" and shows where they coincide with Western versions, such as that of Leibniz. Originally published in 1984. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Categories: Religion

Islam and Disability

Islam and Disability

Although there is almostno mentionof the term 'theodicy'(ta'l l), ... rarityof theodicy texts and the noncentrality of this issue in Islamic thought should ...

Author: Mohammed Ghaly

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135229542

Category: Religion

Page: 272

View: 112

This book explores the position of Islamic theology and jurisprudence towards people with disabilities. It investigates how early and modern Muslim scholars tried to reconcile their existence with the concept of a merciful God, and also looks at how people with disabilities might live a dignified and productive life within an Islamic context. In his analysis of Islamic Theology, Ghaly pays attention to how theologians, philosophers and Sufis reflected on the purposes behind the existence of this phenomenon, and how to reconcile the existence of disability with specific divine attributes and an All-Merciful God. Simultaneously exploring the perspective of Muslim jurists, the book focuses on how people with disabilities can lead a dignified life in the financial and non-financial sense, in an extensive analysis of topics such as the human dignity of people with disabilities and the role of Greek physiognomy, their employability, medical treatment, social life with main focus on marriage-related issues, financial life and means of living. Investigating the topic of disability from early and modern Islamic perspectives, the author provides an analysis of Muslim discussions on various bioethical questions. As such, this book will be of great relevance to current heated debates on human rights of people with disabilities, as well as providing a valuable resource for courses on Multicultural bioethics, Islamic theology, Islamic law and medical anthropology.
Categories: Religion

Religions in the Making

Religions in the Making

... these doctrines in the light of contemporary discussions, islamic thought can ... in Encountering Evil: Live Options in Theodicy, edited by stephen t.

Author: John B. Cobb

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781610977821

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 576

Whitehead had a place for God in his comprehensive cosmological vision, and his theism has long attracted interest from some Christian theologians. But Whitehead's ideas have much wider use. Some Buddhists have found help in articulating their nontheistic vision and relating it to the current world of thought and action. In this book religious writers in seven different traditions articulate how they can benefit from Whitehead's work. So this volume demonstrates that various features of his thought can contribute to many communities. According to his followers, Whitehead shows that the deepest convictions and commitments of the major religious communities can be complementary rather than in conflict. Readers of this book will see how that plays out in some detail. A Whiteheadian Hindu can recognize the truth in a Whiteheadian Judaism, and both can appreciate the insights of Chinese Whiteheadians committed to their classical thinking. Perhaps a new day in interreligious understanding has come.
Categories: Religion

Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought

Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought

Guidi, M., La Lotta tra Islam e Manicheismo: un libro di Ibn al-Muqaffa' ... 'Abd al-Jabbār's Teaching on Pain and Divine Justice, Leiden: Brill, 2000.

Author: Marco Demichelis

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350070301

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 481

Salvation and Hell in Classical Islamic Thought uses classical Islamic sources to trace the development of Islamic eschatology during the formative centuries of Islamic intellectual history. Marco Demichelis draws on classical Islamic scholars, including Ibn Sina, al-Ghazali, Ibn Taymiyya, and Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, to bring together concepts from Islamic philosophy, theology and mysticism – including proto-Sufism – to examine the interplay of these concepts between these traditions. The doctrines of salvation from Hell are examined in depth, in particular the theory of the annihilation of Hell, which proposes the idea that there will be a time when Hell will be empty and no longer inhabited. This is the first book to examine Islamic eschatology in the classical period, and adds to the growing scholarship on Islamic views on salvation and the eternity of Hell. It will be essential reading for scholars of Islamic intellectual history, theology, and comparative religion.
Categories: Religion

Theodicy

Theodicy

Theodicy in Islamic Thought: Dispute over Al-Ghazali's “Best of All Possible Worlds”. ... Discovering the Qur'an: A Contemporary Approach to a Veiled Text.

Author: Jill Graper Hernandez

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038972280

Category: Religion

Page: 190

View: 588

The problem of evil has vexed for centuries: is pain and suffering in the world consistent with the existence of God? Theodicy attempts to demonstrate or explain why the answer could be ‘yes’. Some think that the problem of evil was solved a long time ago, but theodicy in the 21st-century has thus far produced novel approaches, uncovered new dilemmas, juxtaposed itself with other philosophical and religious fields, listened to new voices, and has even been explored through uncommon methodologies. This is a new era of, and for, theodicy. Though never removed from the logical problem of evil, theodicy at least in the near future will generate unique arguments related to the phenomenology of lived suffering, modal claims across worlds, the possibility of ameliorative analysis, narrative theodicy, and standpoint difficulties in generating theodical discourse. This special issue is dedicated to extending the platform for clear and interesting perspectives on new dimensions of theodicy, and in reclaiming perspectives on the problem of evil that have been largely ignored in philosophy of religion.
Categories: Religion

A Treasury of Ibn Taymiyyah

A Treasury of Ibn Taymiyyah

This collection of wisdoms from the works of Ibn Taymiyyah reflects the range of his penetrative insight and wisdom.

Author: Mustapha Sheikh

Publisher: Kube Publishing Ltd

ISBN: 9781847741066

Category: Religion

Page: 160

View: 119

This collection of wisdoms from the works of Ibn Taymiyyah reflects the range of his penetrative insight and wisdom. It aims to recast his work, which is often mistakenly associated with Islamic fundamentalism, for a new generation of Muslims who are seeking a path through the challenges of the modern age. With an emphasis upon literary concision each aphorism is pregnant with meaning, which is carefully explored in a commentary. About the Author Dr. Mustapha Sheikh is lecturer in Islamic Studies at Leeds University.
Categories: Religion

The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

The Oxford Handbook of World Philosophy

(2000) The History of Islamic Theology from Muhammad to the Present. Princeton, NJ: Markus Weiner. Ormsby, Eric. (1984) Theodicy in Islamic Thought: ...

Author: Jay L. Garfield

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195328998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 633

View: 347

This volume provides the advanced student or scholar a set of introductions to each of the world's major non-European philosophical traditions. Sections on Chinese philosophy, Indian philosophy, Buddhist philosophy, East Asian philosophy, African philosophy, and trends in global philosophy are all edited by an expert.
Categories: Philosophy

Islam at the Crossroads

Islam at the Crossroads

On the Life and Thought of Bediuzzaman Said Nursi Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi' ... established the term theodicy in modern philosophy and initiated detailed debate ...

Author: Ibrahim M. Abu-Rabi'

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791486917

Category: Religion

Page: 391

View: 237

Sheds light on one of the most important religious thinkers in the modern Muslim world.
Categories: Religion

The Decline of Mercy in Public Life

The Decline of Mercy in Public Life

Justice. in. Buddhist,. Islamic,. and. Eastern. Orthodox. Thought. An important part of mercy's modern decline stems from its perceived conflict with ...

Author: Alex Tuckness

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139868129

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 173

The virtue of mercy is widely admired, but is now marginalized in contemporary public life. Yet for centuries it held a secure place in western public discourse without implying a necessary contradiction with justice. Alex Tuckness and John M. Parrish ask how and why this changed. Examining Christian and non-Christian ancient traditions, along with Kantian and utilitarian strains of thought, they offer a persuasive account of how our perception of mercy has been transformed by Enlightenment conceptions of impartiality and equality that place justice and mercy in tension. Understanding the logic of this decline, they argue, will make it possible to promote and defend a more robust role for mercy in public life. Their study ranges from Homer to the late Enlightenment and from ancient tragedies to medieval theologies to contemporary philosophical texts, and will be valuable to readers in political philosophy, political theory, and the philosophy of law.
Categories: Philosophy