The Year Without Summer

1816 and the Volcano That Darkened the World and Changed History

Author: William K. Klingaman,Nicholas P. Klingaman

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1250012066

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 3579


Like Winchester's Krakatoa, The Year Without Summer reveals a year of dramatic global change long forgotten by history In the tradition of Krakatoa, The World Without Us, and Guns, Germs and Steel comes a sweeping history of the year that became known as 18-hundred-and-froze-to-death. 1816 was a remarkable year—mostly for the fact that there was no summer. As a result of a volcanic eruption in Indonesia, weather patterns were disrupted worldwide for months, allowing for excessive rain, frost, and snowfall through much of the Northeastern U.S. and Europe in the summer of 1816. In the U.S., the extraordinary weather produced food shortages, religious revivals, and extensive migration from New England to the Midwest. In Europe, the cold and wet summer led to famine, food riots, the transformation of stable communities into wandering beggars, and one of the worst typhus epidemics in history. 1816 was the year Frankenstein was written. It was also the year Turner painted his fiery sunsets. All of these things are linked to global climate change—something we are quite aware of now, but that was utterly mysterious to people in the nineteenth century, who concocted all sorts of reasons for such an ungenial season. Making use of a wealth of source material and employing a compelling narrative approach featuring peasants and royalty, politicians, writers, and scientists, The Year Without Summer by William K. Klingaman and Nicholas P. Klingaman examines not only the climate change engendered by this event, but also its effects on politics, the economy, the arts, and social structures.

Cultural Dynamics of Climate Change and the Environment in Northern America

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004300716

Category: Political Science

Page: 448

View: 5854


In Cultural Dynamics of Climate Change and the Environment in Northern America academics from various fields such as anthropology, art history, cultural studies, environmental science, history, political science, and sociology explore society–nature interactions in – culturally as well as ecologically – one of the most diverse regions of the world.

The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History

Author: Sam White,Christian Pfister,Franz Mauelshagen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137430206

Category: Science

Page: 656

View: 950


This handbook offers the first comprehensive, state-of-the-field guide to past weather and climate and their role in human societies. Bringing together dozens of international specialists from the sciences and humanities, this volume describes the methods, sources, and major findings of historical climate reconstruction and impact research. Its chapters take the reader through each key source of past climate and weather information and each technique of analysis; through each historical period and region of the world; through the major topics of climate and history and core case studies; and finally through the history of climate ideas and science. Using clear, non-technical language, The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History serves as a textbook for students, a reference guide for specialists and an introduction to climate history for scholars and interested readers.


The Eruption That Changed the World

Author: Gillen D’Arcy Wood

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400851408

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 9370


When Indonesia's Mount Tambora erupted in 1815, it unleashed the most destructive wave of extreme weather the world has witnessed in thousands of years. The volcano’s massive sulfate dust cloud enveloped the Earth, cooling temperatures and disrupting major weather systems for more than three years. Communities worldwide endured famine, disease, and civil unrest on a catastrophic scale. Here, Gillen D’Arcy Wood traces Tambora’s global and historical reach: how the volcano’s three-year climate change regime initiated the first worldwide cholera pandemic, expanded opium markets in China, and plunged the United States into its first economic depression. Bringing the history of this planetary emergency to life, Tambora sheds light on the fragile interdependence of climate and human societies to offer a cautionary tale about the potential tragic impacts of drastic climate change in our own century.

The Grand Food Bargain

and the Mindless Drive for More

Author: Kevin D. Walker

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 1610919475

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 2316


When it comes to food, Americans seem to have a pretty great deal. Our grocery stores are overflowing with countless varieties of convenient products. But like most bargains that are too good to be true, the modern food system relies on an illusion. It depends on endless abundance, but the planet has its limits. So too does a healthcare system that must absorb rising rates of diabetes and obesity. So too do the workers who must labor harder and faster for less pay. Through beautifully-told stories from around the world, Kevin Walker reveals the unintended consequences of our myopic focus on quantity over quality. A trip to a Costa Rica plantation shows how the Cavendish banana became the most common fruit in the world and also one of the most vulnerable to disease. Walker’s early career in agribusiness taught him how pressure to sell more and more fertilizer obscured what that growth did to waterways. His family farm illustrates how an unquestioning belief in “free markets” undercut opportunity in his hometown. By the end of the journey, we not only understand how the drive to produce ever more food became hardwired into the American psyche, but why shifting our mindset is essential. It starts, Walker argues, with remembering that what we eat affects the wider world. If each of us decides that bigger isn’t always better, we can renegotiate the grand food bargain, one individual decision at a time.

Essentials of Modern Geology

An Environmental Approach

Author: Graham R. Thompson,Jonathan Turk

Publisher: Saunders College Pub


Category: Science

Page: 407

View: 9609


A text for the one-term course in physical or combined physical/historical geology.

Contemporary Authors

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787646004

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 448

View: 6187


Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors® .


Past and Present : an Environmental Approach

Author: Graham R. Thompson,Jonathan Turk,Harold Leonard Levin

Publisher: Harcourt College Pub


Category: Science

Page: 723

View: 3381


This text combines physical geology topics with historical geology topics into a unified text appropriate for a one-semester course. This introductory level text includes exciting 'Geology and the Environment' boxes as well as interviews with important geologists.