The Western Medical Tradition

The Western Medical Tradition

It provides a much-needed account of the very latest historical scholarship.

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521475643

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 637

This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.
Categories: Medical

The Western Medical Tradition

The Western Medical Tradition

An authoritative description of the important changes in Western medicine over the past two centuries.

Author: Professor Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine W F Bynum

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521475651

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 677

This book, first published in 2006, is a detailed and authoritative account of the last two centuries of the development of 'Western' medicine, a tradition now important everywhere in the world. It is written by leading experts who not only describe the most important people, events, and transformations, but give explanations for why medicine developed as it did, becoming as important as it has in the modern world. It contains one of the first historical summaries of the development of medicine after the Second World War. It is an authoritative source of new information as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge on this fascinating subject. The Western Medical Tradition, 1800-2000 is a companion volume to The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800.
Categories: History

Handbook of Medieval Culture

Handbook of Medieval Culture

Medical history in this new form may contribute to clarify historical events and
moments apparently unexplainable. On the basis ... Conrad, Larry I., “The Arab-
Islamic Medical Tradition,” The Western Medical Tradition 800 B.C. to A.D. 1800,
ed.

Author: Albrecht Classen

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110377637

Category: History

Page: 824

View: 680

A follow-up publication to the Handbook of Medieval Studies, this new reference work turns to a different focus: medieval culture. Medieval research has grown tremendously in depth and breadth over the last decades. Particularly our understanding of medieval culture, of the basic living conditions, and the specific value system prevalent at that time has considerably expanded, to a point where we are in danger of no longer seeing the proverbial forest for the trees. The present, innovative handbook offers compact articles on essential topics, ideals, specific knowledge, and concepts defining the medieval world as comprehensively as possible. The topics covered in this new handbook pertain to issues such as love and marriage, belief in God, hell, and the devil, education, lordship and servitude, Christianity versus Judaism and Islam, health, medicine, the rural world, the rise of the urban class, travel, roads and bridges, entertainment, games, and sport activities, numbers, measuring, the education system, the papacy, saints, the senses, death, and money.
Categories: History

Understanding Healthcare Information

Understanding Healthcare Information

Nutton, V. (1995a), Medicine in the Greek World, 800–50 BC. In Conrad, L. I.,
Neve, M., Nutton, V., Porter, R. and Wear, A. (eds), The Western Medical Tradition
: 800 BC to 1800 AD, Cambridge University Press, 11–38. Nutton, V. (1995b) ...

Author: Lyn Robinson

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 9781856046626

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 700

In an age of internet resource guides, which suffer from the malaise of being outdated before they are published, this much-needed publication addresses the information chain in its entirety, offering a timeless method of understanding healthcare information resources. The author takes a holistic approach in her consideration of healthcare information, with the aim of building an overall understanding of it within the information society. The text analyses the domain of healthcare information, its organizational structures and history, and the nature of its resources and the drivers for change affecting them. It looks at examples of healthcare information resources from the perspective of different user groups, including healthcare professionals and consumers, and goes on to highlight areas of research into healthcare information, including evaluation studies, user and impact studies, bibliometrics, metadata and Web 2.0. The key areas covered are: the healthcare information domain the history of healthcare and its information environment producers and users of healthcare information healthcare information organization healthcare information sources, services and retrieval healthcare information and knowledge management. Readership: This book is written primarily for students of library and information science (LIS), studying either at masters or advanced undergraduate level, and also for practising information professionals and specialists who want to develop their knowledge and bring their skills up to date. It will also be of interest to anyone working in the field of library and information science wishing to understand healthcare information, especially public librarians, who are increasingly called on to advise on health resources, as well as anyone interested in 'healthcare literacy'.
Categories: Medical

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

The Hermeneutics of Medicine and the Phenomenology of Health

Nutton, Vivian (1995a) “Medicine in the Greek World, 800-50 B.C.', in The
Western Medical Tradition 800 B.C. to A.D. 1800, eds. Conrad, Lawrence I., et al.,
Camridge University Press. Nutton, Vivian (1995b) 'Medicine in Late Antiquity
and the ...

Author: F. Svenaeus

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401594585

Category: Medical

Page: 203

View: 432

Fredrik Svenaeus' book is a delight to read. Not only does he exhibit keen understanding of a wide range of topics and figures in both medicine and philosophy, but he manages to bring them together in an innovative manner that convincingly demonstrates how deeply these two significant fields can be and, in the end, must be mutually enlightening. Medicine, Svenaeus suggests, reveals deep but rarely explicit themes whose proper comprehension invites a careful phenomenological and hermeneutical explication. Certain philosophical approaches, on the other hand - specifically, Heidegger's phenomenology and Gadamer's hermeneutics - are shown to have a hitherto unrealized potential for making sense of those themes long buried within Western medicine. Richard M. Zaner, Ann Geddes Stahlman Professor of Medical Ethics, Vanderbilt University
Categories: Medical

The Western Herbal Tradition E Book

The Western Herbal Tradition E Book

... et al (eds) The western medical tradition: 800 BC to AD 1800. Cambridge
University Press, Cambridge. Dictionary of scientific biography 1970–80 16 vols.
Charles Scribner, New York. Nasr SH 1976 Islamic science: an illustrated study.

Author: Graeme Tobyn

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702048456

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 837

The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors’ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine
Categories: Medical

The History of Science in the Netherlands

The History of Science in the Netherlands

MEDICINE AND HEALTH CARE IN THE NETHERLANDS, 1500-1800" Frank
Huisman The Dutch have made their own contribution to what has been ... L. I.
Conrad et al., eds, The western medical tradition 800 BC to AD 1800 (Cambridge
, etc.

Author: Klaas Van Berkel

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004100067

Category: Science

Page: 659

View: 204

The handbook A History of Science in The Netherlands aims to correct this situation by providing a chronological and thematic survey of the field from the 16th century to the present, essays on selected aspects of science in the Netherlands, and reference biographies of about 65 important Dutch scientists.
Categories: Science

Bodily Boundaries Sexualised Genders Medical Discourses

Bodily Boundaries  Sexualised Genders   Medical Discourses

Neve , M. ( 1995 ) , ' Conclusion ' , in Conrad , L. et al . , The Western Medical
Tradition 800BC to AD 1800 , Cambridge : Cambridge University Press . Nutton ,
V. ( 1995b ) , ' Roman Medicine , 250 BC to AD 200 ' , in Conrad , L. et al . , The ...

Author: Marion E. P. de Ras

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000031949569

Category: Body, Human

Page: 192

View: 884

Categories: Body, Human

The Culture of the Book in Tibet

The Culture of the Book in Tibet

Conrad, Lawrence I. “The Arab-Islamic Medical Tradition.” In The Western
Medical Tradition: 800 b.c. to a.d. 1800, ed. Lawrence I. Conrad et al., 93–138.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Conze, Edward. The Perfection
of ...

Author: Kurtis R. Schaeffer

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231519182

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

View: 328

The history of the book in Tibet involves more than literary trends and trade routes. Functioning as material, intellectual, and symbolic object, the book has been an instrumental tool in the construction of Tibetan power and authority, and its history opens a crucial window onto the cultural, intellectual, and economic life of an immensely influential Buddhist society. Spanning the fourteenth to the eighteenth centuries, Kurtis R. Schaeffer envisions the scholars and hermits, madmen and ministers, kings and queens who produced Tibet's massive canons. He describes how Tibetan scholars edited and printed works of religion, literature, art, and science and what this indicates about the interrelation of material and cultural practices. The Tibetan book is at once the embodiment of the Buddha's voice, a principal means of education, a source of tradition and authority, an economic product, a finely crafted aesthetic object, a medium of Buddhist written culture, and a symbol of the religion itself. Books stood at the center of debates on the role of libraries in religious institutions, the relative merits of oral and written teachings, and the economy of religion in Tibet. A meticulous study that draws on more than 150 understudied Tibetan sources, The Culture of the Book in Tibet is the first volume to trace this singular history. Through a single object, Schaeffer accesses a greater understanding of the Tibetan plateau.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Health and Healing from the Medieval Garden

Health and Healing from the Medieval Garden

139–169), and for the West, vivian nutton, “medicine in medieval Western europe
, 1000–1500,” in The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800, ed.
lawrence i. Conrad, michael neve, vivian nutton, roy Porter and andrew Wear ...

Author: Peter Dendle

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Ltd

ISBN: 9781843839767

Category: Science

Page: 270

View: 751

Fresh examinations of the role of medicinal plants in medieval thought and practice and how they contributed to broader ideas concerning the body, religion and identity.
Categories: Science

Religious Confessions and the Sciences in the Sixteenth Century

Religious Confessions and the Sciences in the Sixteenth Century

See A . Wear , ' Medicine in Early Modern Europe , 1500 - 1700 ' , in The Western
Medical Tradition . 800 BC to AD 1800 , eds . L . I . Conrad , M . Neve , V . Nutton ,
R . Porter , A . Wear ( Cambridge , 1995 ) , pp . 215 – 361 , on pp . 287 – 289 .

Author: Jürgen Helm

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004120459

Category: Religion

Page: 161

View: 148

Contrary to the view that relations between religion and the sciences in the sixteenth century were ridden with bitter conflict, the studies here indicate the ways in which religious conviction Jewish, Roman Catholic or Protestant and the development of the natural sciences and medicine influenced each other.
Categories: Religion

Food and Drink in Antiquity A Sourcebook

Food and Drink in Antiquity  A Sourcebook

Carney, E. D. 2007. “Symposia and the Macedonian elite: the unmixed life.”
Syllecta Classica 18: 129–80. Conrad, L.I., Neve, M., Nutton, V., Porter, R., and
Wear, A. 1995. The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800. Cambridge.
Dalby ...

Author: John F. Donahue

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441130983

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 970

Interest in food and drink as an academic discipline has been growing significantly in recent years. This sourcebook is a unique asset to many courses on food as it offers a thematic approach to eating and drinking in antiquity. For classics courses focusing on ancient social history to introductory courses on the history of food and drink, as well as those offerings with a strong sociological or anthropological approach this volume provides an unparalleled compilation of essential source material. The chronological scope of the excerpts extends from Homer in the Eighth Century BCE to the Roman emperor Constantine in the Fourth Century CE. Each thematic chapter consists of an introduction along with a bibliography of suggested readings. Translated excerpts are then presented accompanied by an explanatory background paragraph identifying the author and context of each passage. Most of the evidence is literary, but additional sources - inscriptional, legal and religious - are also included.
Categories: History

History in the Comic Mode

History in the Comic Mode

129–131; Vivian Nutton, “Medicine in Medieval Western Europe, 1100–1500,” in
The Western Medical Tradition, 800 b.c. to a.d. 1800, ed. Lawrence I. Conrad, M.
Neve, Vivian Nutton, et al. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), pp.

Author: Rachel Fulton Brown

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231508476

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 749

In this groundbreaking collection, twenty-one prominent medievalists discuss continuity and change in ideas of personhood and community and argue for the viability of the comic mode in the study and recovery of history. These scholars approach their sources not from a particular ideological viewpoint but with an understanding that all topics, questions, and explanations are viable. They draw on a variety of sources in Latin, Arabic, French, German, Middle English, and more, and employ a range of theories and methodologies, always keeping in mind that environments are inseparable from the making of the people who inhabit them and that these people are in part constituted by and understood in terms of their communities. Essays feature close readings of both familiar and lesser known materials, offering provocative interpretations of John of Rupescissa's alchemy; the relationship between the living and the saintly dead in Bernard of Clairvaux's sermons; the nomenclature of heresy in the early eleventh century; the apocalyptic visions of Robert of Uzès; Machiavelli's De principatibus; the role of "demotic religiosity" in economic development; and the visions of Elizabeth of Schönau. Contributors write as historians of religion, art, literature, culture, and society, approaching their subjects through the particular and the singular rather than through the thematic and the theoretical. Playing with the wild possibilities of the historical fragments at their disposal, the scholars in this collection advance a new and exciting approach to writing medieval history.
Categories: History

Medieval Science Technology and Medicine

Medieval Science  Technology  and Medicine

Idato.Siena:Universitàdeglistudi di Siena, 1991. Conrad, Lawrence. The Western
Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800. New York:Cambridge University Press,
1995. Crisciani, Chiara. History, Novelty, and Progress in Scholastic Medicine.

Author: Thomas F. Glick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135459390

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 953

Medieval Science, Technology, and Medicine details the whole scope of scientific knowledge in the medieval period in more than 300 A to Z entries. This resource discusses the research, application of knowledge, cultural and technology exchanges, experimentation, and achievements in the many disciplines related to science and technology. Coverage includes inventions, discoveries, concepts, places and fields of study, regions, and significant contributors to various fields of science. There are also entries on South-Central and East Asian science. This reference work provides an examination of medieval scientific tradition as well as an appreciation for the relationship between medieval science and the traditions it supplanted and those that replaced it. For a full list of entries, contributors, and more, visit the Routledge Encyclopedias of the Middle Ages website.
Categories: History

Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe

Hermaphrodites in Renaissance Europe

Jacques Duval on Hermaphrodites: Culture Wars in the Medical Profession The
early years of the seventeenth century ... Andrew Wear, “Medicine in Early
Modern Europe, 1500–1700,” in The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD
1800, ...

Author: Kathleen P. Long

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754656098

Category: History

Page: 268

View: 493

Kathleen Long analyzes works from a range of disciplines and domains, medical, alchemical, philosophical, poetic, and political, to explore the reasons for the centrality of the hermaphrodite in early modern European thought. She explores the significance of this figure for the elaboration of notions of gender, national, racial, and religious identity.
Categories: History

Shakespearean Sensations

Shakespearean Sensations

But traditional Western medicine lacked effective pain-killers; indeed, pain relief
was marginal to its rationale.” “The Enlightenment,” in The 'Western Medical
Tradition 800 BC to AD 1800, ed. Lawrence Conrad, Michael Neve, Vivian Nutton
, ...

Author: Katharine A. Craik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107311190

Category: Literary Criticism

Page:

View: 110

This strong and timely collection provides fresh insights into how Shakespeare's plays and poems were understood to affect bodies, minds and emotions. Contemporary criticism has had surprisingly little to say about the early modern period's investment in imagining literature's impact on feeling. Shakespearean Sensations brings together scholarship from a range of well-known and new voices to address this fundamental gap. The book includes a comprehensive introduction by Katharine A. Craik and Tanya Pollard and comprises three sections focusing on sensations aroused in the plays; sensations evoked in the playhouse; and sensations found in the imaginative space of the poems. With dedicated essays on Hamlet, Macbeth, Othello and Twelfth Night, the collection explores how seriously early modern writers took their relationship with their audiences and reveals new connections between early modern literary texts and the emotional and physiological experiences of theatregoers.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Emotional Power of Music

The Emotional Power of Music

Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine, pp. 281–91. New York:
Routledge. ... in early modern Europe 1500–1700. In L. Conrad, M. Neve, V.
Nutton, and R. Porter (eds), The Western Medical Tradition 800 BC to AD 1800,
vol. 1, pp ...

Author: Tom Cochrane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191504969

Category: Psychology

Page: 392

View: 535

How can an abstract sequence of sounds so intensely express emotional states? How does music elicit or arouse our emotions? What happens at the physiological and neural level when we listen to music? How do composers and performers practically manage the expressive powers of music? How have societies sought to harness the powers of music for social or therapeutic purposes? In the past ten years, research into the topic of music and emotion has flourished. In addition, the relationship between the two has become of interest to a broad range of disciplines in both the sciences and humanities. The Emotional Power of Music is a multidisciplinary volume exploring the relationship between music and emotion. Bringing together contributions from psychologists, neuroscientists, musicologists, musicians, and philosophers, the volume presents both theoretical perspectives and in-depth explorations of particular musical works, as well as first-hand reports from music performers and composers. In the first section of the book, the authors consider the expression of emotion within music, through both performance and composing. The second section explores how music can stimulate the emotions, considering the psychological and neurological mechanisms that underlie music listening. The third section explores how different societes have sought to manage and manipulate the power of music. The book is valuable for those in the fields of music psychology and music education, as well as philosophy and musicology
Categories: Psychology

Mental Health Nursing E Book

Mental Health Nursing E Book

Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Conrad L I, Neve M, Nutton V, Porter R
1995 The Western medical ... tradition 800 BC to AD 1800. ... HMSO, London
Digby A 1985 Madness, morality and medicine – a study of the York Retreat.

Author: Rob Newell

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780702040795

Category: Medical

Page: 432

View: 265

This new edition of Mental Health Nursing: an evidence-based approach has been fully updated to include the latest research-based guidance. A wide variety of client problems is covered with , so that students are assured that what they learn is underpinned by a sound evidence base for treatment, and qualified mental health nurses can be confident that their practice is informed by the most up-to-date research. Skills acquisition is emphasised and experiential exercises encourage connections between theory and practice. Based on up-to-date, evidence-based information Emphasises skills acquisition Puts the nurse's role central to mental health care Contributors and editors are national and international experts in their fields Uses experiential exercises to reinforce learning and encourage connections from theory to practice
Categories: Medical

Health Care and the Rise of Christianity

Health Care and the Rise of Christianity

Medicine in the Greek World , 800 – 50 BC . ” Pages 11 – 38 in The Western
Medical Tradition , 800 BC to AD 1800 . Ed . Lawrence Conrad et al . Cambridge
: Cambridge University Press , 1995 . “ Medicine in Late Antiquity and the Early ...

Author: Hector Avalos

Publisher: Hendrickson Pub

ISBN: STANFORD:36105110225120

Category: Bibles

Page: 166

View: 247

"In "Health Care and the Rise of Christianity" Avalos helpfully turns our attention to the care of bodies as fundamental to the growth and expansion of early Christianity. Response to basic issues" such as cost, access to care, and perceived efficacy" helped to fashion an early Christian system of health care that was distinct from contemporary approaches. Avalos raises eminently relevant questions about the role of ideas and practices of health care in the attractiveness of new religious movements, both historically and today." " Nancy L. Eiesland, Candler School of Theology, Emory University "Professor Avalos brings his considerable expertise in medical anthropology to the study of health care systems in the ancient cultures out of which Christianity arose. His analysis of the role played by health care in the advent of Christianity is carefully constructed through cross-cultural and interdisciplinary methodologies, and presented in a readable format which makes his results easily accessible to the specialist and layperson alike. This book is a must for anyone interested in the topic, or concerned about the ethical and long term implications of a modern health system care in crisis." " Carole R. Fontaine, Andover Newton Theological School
Categories: Bibles