The War on Science

Who's Waging It, Why It Matters, What We Can Do About It

Author: Shawn Lawrence Otto

Publisher: Milkweed Editions

ISBN: 1571319522

Category: Science

Page: 514

View: 5394

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"Wherever the people are well informed," Thomas Jefferson wrote, "they can be trusted with their own government." But what happens when they are not? In every issue of modern society--from climate change to vaccinations, transportation to technology, health care to defense--we are in the midst of an unprecedented expansion of scientific progress and a simultaneous expansion of danger. At the very time we need them most, scientists and the idea of objective knowledge are being bombarded by a vast, well-funded, three-part war on science: the identity politics war on science, the ideological war on science, and the industrial war on science. The result is an unprecedented erosion of thought in Western democracies as voters, policymakers, and justices actively ignore the evidence from science, leaving major policy decisions to be based more on the demands of the most strident voices. Shawn Otto’s compelling new book investigates the historical, social, philosophical, political, and emotional reasons why evidence-based politics are in decline and authoritarian politics are once again on the rise on both left and right, and provides some compelling solutions to bring us to our collective senses, before it's too late.
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Feng Shui

Teaching about Science and Pseudoscience

Author: Michael R. Matthews

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3030188221

Category: Electronic books

Page: 347

View: 7876

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Animal Locomotion

Physical Principles and Adaptations

Author: Malcolm S. Gordon,Reinhard Blickhan,John O. Dabiri,John J. Videler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351966200

Category: Medical

Page: 267

View: 1011

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Animal Locomotion: Physical Principles and Adaptations is a professional-level, state of the art review and reference summarizing the current understanding of macroscopic metazoan animal movement. The comparative biophysics, biomechanics and bioengineering of swimming, flying and terrestrial locomotion are placed in contemporary frameworks of biodiversity, evolutionary process, and modern research methods, including mathematical analysis. The intended primary audience is advanced-level students and researchers primarily interested in and trained in mathematics, physical sciences and engineering. Although not encyclopedic in its coverage, anyone interested in organismal biology, functional morphology, organ systems and ecological physiology, physiological ecology, molecular biology, molecular genetics and systems biology should find this book useful.
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The Frank Belknap Long Science Fiction Novel MEGAPACK®: 4 Great Novels

Author: Frank Belknap Long

Publisher: Wildside Press LLC

ISBN: 1479420883

Category: Fiction

Page: 594

View: 8900

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Frank Belknap Long (1901-1994) -- one of the early masters of fantasy and science fiction, friend of (and collaborator with) H.P. Lovecraft -- produced hundreds of novels, short stories, and poems throughout his long and distinguished career. From fantasy and horror in Weird Tales to action-adventure science fiction in Planet Stories and Thrilling Wonder Stories to more "nuts and bolts" science fiction in Astounding Stories, and also work in the romance and mystery fields, his career spanned 7 decades and was filled with remarkable achievements. He received the World Fantasy Award for Life Achievement at the 1978 World Fantasy Convention, the Bram Stoker Award for Lifetime Achievement in 1987 from the Horror Writers of America, and the First Fandom Hall of Fame Award in 1977. This collection assembles 4 of his best science fiction novels: Space Station 1 Mars Is My Destination The Three Faces of Time Survival World If you enjoy this ebook, don't forget to search your favorite ebook store for "Wildside Press Megapack" to see more of the 290+ volumes in this series, covering adventure, historical fiction, mysteries, westerns, ghost stories, science fiction -- and much, much more!
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Why Society is a Complex Matter

Meeting Twenty-first Century Challenges with a New Kind of Science

Author: Philip Ball

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642290000

Category: Science

Page: 60

View: 5132

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Society is complicated. But this book argues that this does not place it beyond the reach of a science that can help to explain and perhaps even to predict social behaviour. As a system made up of many interacting agents – people, groups, institutions and governments, as well as physical and technological structures such as roads and computer networks – society can be regarded as a complex system. In recent years, scientists have made great progress in understanding how such complex systems operate, ranging from animal populations to earthquakes and weather. These systems show behaviours that cannot be predicted or intuited by focusing on the individual components, but which emerge spontaneously as a consequence of their interactions: they are said to be ‘self-organized’. Attempts to direct or manage such emergent properties generally reveal that ‘top-down’ approaches, which try to dictate a particular outcome, are ineffectual, and that what is needed instead is a ‘bottom-up’ approach that aims to guide self-organization towards desirable states. This book shows how some of these ideas from the science of complexity can be applied to the study and management of social phenomena, including traffic flow, economic markets, opinion formation and the growth and structure of cities. Building on these successes, the book argues that the complex-systems view of the social sciences has now matured sufficiently for it to be possible, desirable and perhaps essential to attempt a grander objective: to integrate these efforts into a unified scheme for studying, understanding and ultimately predicting what happens in the world we have made. Such a scheme would require the mobilization and collaboration of many different research communities, and would allow society and its interactions with the physical environment to be explored through realistic models and large-scale data collection and analysis. It should enable us to find new and effective solutions to major global problems such as conflict, disease, financial instability, environmental despoliation and poverty, while avoiding unintended policy consequences. It could give us the foresight to anticipate and ameliorate crises, and to begin tackling some of the most intractable problems of the twenty-first century.
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Evolution

What the Fossils Say and Why It Matters

Author: Donald R. Prothero

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231511426

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 9273

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Over the past twenty years, paleontologists have made tremendous fossil discoveries, including fossils that mark the growth of whales, manatees, and seals from land mammals and the origins of elephants, horses, and rhinos. Today there exists an amazing diversity of fossil humans, suggesting we walked upright long before we acquired large brains, and new evidence from molecules that enable scientists to decipher the tree of life as never before. The fossil record is now one of the strongest lines of evidence for evolution. In this engaging and richly illustrated book, Donald R. Prothero weaves an entertaining though intellectually rigorous history out of the transitional forms and series that dot the fossil record. Beginning with a brief discussion of the nature of science and the "monkey business of creationism," Prothero tackles subjects ranging from flood geology and rock dating to neo-Darwinism and macroevolution. He covers the ingredients of the primordial soup, the effects of communal living, invertebrate transitions, the development of the backbone, the reign of the dinosaurs, the mammalian explosion, and the leap from chimpanzee to human. Prothero pays particular attention to the recent discovery of "missing links" that complete the fossil timeline and details the debate between biologists over the mechanisms driving the evolutionary process. Evolution is an absorbing combination of firsthand observation, scientific discovery, and trenchant analysis. With the teaching of evolution still an issue, there couldn't be a better moment for a book clarifying the nature and value of fossil evidence. Widely recognized as a leading expert in his field, Prothero demonstrates that the transformation of life on this planet is far more awe inspiring than the narrow view of extremists.
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Victims in the War on Crime

The Use and Abuse of Victims' Rights

Author: Markus Dirk Dubber

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814771416

Category: Law

Page: 399

View: 9711

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Two phenomena have shaped American criminal law for the past thirty years: the war on crime and the victims' rights movement. As incapacitation has replaced rehabilitation as the dominant ideology of punishment, reflecting a shift from an identification with defendants to an identification with victims, the war on crime has victimized offenders and victims alike. What we need instead, Dubber argues, is a system which adequately recognizes both victims and defendants as persons. Victims in the War on Crime is the first book to provide a critical analysis of the role of victims in the criminal justice system as a whole. It also breaks new ground in focusing not only on the victims of crime, but also on those of the war on victimless crime. After first offering an original critique of the American penal system in the age of the crime war, Dubber undertakes an incisive comparative reading of American criminal law and the law of crime victim compensation, culminating in a wide-ranging revision that takes victims seriously, and offenders as well. Dubber here salvages the project of vindicating victims' rights for its own sake, rather than as a weapon in the war against criminals. Uncovering the legitimate core of the victims' rights movement from underneath existing layers of bellicose rhetoric, he demonstrates how victims' rights can help us build a system of American criminal justice after the frenzy of the war on crime has died down.
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Atoms and Eden

Conversations on Religion and Science

Author: Steve Paulson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199779635

Category: Religion

Page: 320

View: 1014

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Here is an unprecedented collection of twenty freewheeling and revealing interviews with major players in the ongoing--and increasingly heated--debate about the relationship between religion and science. These lively conversations cover the most important and interesting topics imaginable: the Big Bang, the origins of life, the nature of consciousness, the foundations of religion, the meaning of God, and much more. In Atoms and Eden, Peabody Award-winning journalist Steve Paulson explores these topics with some of the most prominent public intellectuals of our time, including Richard Dawkins, Karen Armstrong, E. O. Wilson, Sam Harris, Elaine Pagels, Francis Collins, Daniel Dennett, Jane Goodall, Paul Davies, and Steven Weinberg. The interviewees include Christians, Buddhists, Jews, and Muslims, as well as agnostics, atheists, and other scholars who hold perspectives that are hard to categorize. Paulson's interviews sweep across a broad range of scientific disciplines--evolutionary biology, quantum physics, cosmology, and neuroscience--and also explore key issues in theology, religious history, and what William James called ''the varieties of religious experience.'' Collectively, these engaging dialogues cover the major issues that have often pitted science against religion--from the origins of the universe to debates about God, Darwin, the nature of reality, and the limits of human reason. These are complex, intellectually rich discussions, presented in an accessible and engaging manner. Most of these interviews were originally published as individual cover stories for Salon.com, where they generated a huge reader response. Public Radio's "To the Best of Our Knowledge" will present a major companion series on related topics this fall. A feast of ideas and competing perspectives, this volume will appeal to scientists, spiritual seekers, and the intellectually curious.
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Delphi Complete Works of Aristotle (Illustrated)

Author: Aristotle

Publisher: Delphi Classics

ISBN: 1909496286

Category: Fiction

Page: 3491

View: 8961

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For the first time in digital publishing, Delphi Classics is proud to present the complete works of Aristotle. The Ancient Classics series provides eReaders with the wisdom of the Classical world, with both English translations and the original Latin and Greek texts. This comprehensive eBook presents rare works, beautiful illustrations, informative introductions and the usual Delphi bonus material. (Version 1) Features: * Beautifully illustrated with images relating to Aristotle's life and works * Features the complete works of Aristotle, in both English translation and the original Greek * Concise introductions to the treatises and other works * Provides all of the spurious works in English translation, many appearing for the first time * Includes translations previously appearing in Loeb Classical Library editions of Aristotle’s works * Excellent formatting of the texts * Easily locate the section or works you want to read with individual contents tables * Includes Bekker reference numbers to aid study * Features five bonus biographies, including Diogenes Laërtius’ famous biography – immerse yourself in Aristotle's ancient world! * Scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres CONTENTS: The Translations LOGIC Categories (1a) On Interpretation (16a) Prior Analytics (24a) Posterior Analytics (71a) Topics (100a) Sophistical Refutations (164a) PHYSICS Physics (184a) On the Heavens (268a) On Generation and Corruption (314a) Meteorology (338a) On the Universe (391a) On the Soul (402a) The Parva Naturalia Sense and Sensibilia (436a) On Memory (449b) On Sleep (453b) On Dreams (458a) On Divination in Sleep (462b) On Length and Shortness of Life (464b) On Youth, Old Age, Life and Death, and Respiration (467b) On Breath (481a) History of Animals (486a) Parts of Animals (639a) Movement of Animals (698a) Progression of Animals (704a) Generation of Animals (715a) On Colours (791a) On Things Heard (800a) Physiognomonics (805a) On Plants (815a) On Marvelous Things Heard (830a) Mechanics (847a) Problems (859a) On Indivisible Lines (968a) The Situations and Names of Winds (973a) On Melissus, Xenophanes, and Gorgias (974a) METAPHYSICS Metaphysics (980a) ETHICS AND POLITICS Nicomachean Ethics (1094a) Great Ethics (1181a) Eudemian Ethics (1214a) On Virtues and Vices (1249a) Politics (1252a) Economics (1343a) RHETORIC AND POETICS Rhetoric (1354a) Rhetoric to Alexander (1420a) Poetics (1447a) Constitution of the Athenians The Greek Texts PRONOUNCING ANCIENT GREEK LIST OF GREEK TEXTS The Biographies ARISTOTLE: LIVES OF THE EMINENT PHILOSOPHERS by Diogenes Laërtius ARISTOTLE by Elbert Hubbard ARISTOTLE by Charles McRae ARISTOTLE AND ANCIENT EDUCATIONAL IDEALS by Thomas Davidson ARISTOTLE by William MacGillivray
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The "Good Soldier" on Trial

A Sociological Study of Misconduct by the U.S. Military Pertaining to Operation Iron Triangle, Iraq

Author: Stjepan Gabriel Meštrović

Publisher: Algora Publishing

ISBN: 0875867413

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 4065

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An expert witness in legal cases involving rules of engagement and the US military murder of prisoners, Prof. Mestrovic exposes profound contradictions and systemic flaws that confuse criminal brutality and heroism, making victims of soldiers like Sergeant Michael Leahy who won a purple heart but also was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2009.
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