The Vulnerability of Cities

Natural Disasters and Social Resilience

Author: Mark Pelling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136551476

Category: Architecture

Page: 224

View: 5840

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When disaster strikes in cities the effects can be catastrophic compared to other environments. But what factors actually determine the vulnerability or resilience of cities? The Vulnerability of Cities fills a vital gap in disaster studies by examining the too-often overlooked impact of disasters on cities, the conditions leading to high losses from urban disasters and why some households and communities withstand disaster more effectively than others. Mark Pelling takes a fresh look at the literature on disasters and urbanization in light of recent catastrophes. He presents three detailed studies of cities in the global South, drawn from countries with contrasting political and developmental contexts: Bridgetown, Barbados - a liberal democracy; Georgetown, Guyana - a post socialist-state; and Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic - an authoritarian state in democratic transition. This book demonstrates that strengthening local capacity - through appropriate housing, disaster-preparedness, infrastructure and livelihoods - is crucial to improving civic resilience to disasters. Equally important are strong partnerships between local community-based organizations, external non-governmental and governmental organizations, public and private sectors and between city and national government. The author highlights and discusses these best practices for handling urban disasters. With rapid urbanization across the globe, this book is a must-read for professionals, policy-makers, students and researchers in disaster management, urban development and planning, transport planning, architecture, social studies and earth sciences.
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Future Challenges of Cities in Asia

Author: Gregory Bracken,Paul Rabé,R. Parthasarathy,Neha Sami,Bing Zhang

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9048544912

Category: Architecture

Page: N.A

View: 7730

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Since 1978 China's urbanization has risen from 18 to 45 per cent, over 350 million farmers have moved to cities or transformed their villages into towns, and the number of cities rose from under 200 to more than 650. These numbers are unprecedented in the course of human history and underscore the need for our attempt to understand what is going on in China as it rapidly urbanizes. This book examines China's urban environment to try and understand what is going on, and suggests improvements for planning the future while simultaneously preserving the past. The research in this book was conducted as part of the Urban Knowledge Network Asia (UKNA), an international research staff exchange scheme funded by the European Union's Marie Curie Actions and a continuation of the series of UKNA publications that includes Ideas of the City in Asian Settings, Cities in Asia by and for the People, and Future Challenges of Cities in Asia.
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City and Trauma

Author: Bettina Fraisl,Monika Stromberger

Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann

ISBN: 9783826027567

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 332

View: 4202

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New York, Sarajevo, Hiroshima, Berlin, Pforzheim, Manchester, Kuta, Riga - Städte wie diese wurden im 20. Jahrhundert Schauplätze von durch Menschen verursachten Katastrophen. Einige dieser Städte gerinnen in der globalen Wahrnehmung gleichsam zu Synonymen von schrecklichen Ereignissen, deren Häufung sich im vergangenen Jahrhundert mit den Möglichkeiten der medialen und literarischen Verbreitung von Stadtbildern und visualisierten/literarisierten Leiderfahrungen verbindet. Die sich in diesem Kontext stellenden Fragen nach konkreten Ausprägungen von traumatischen Erfahrungen im urbanen Raum und der Veränderung von Stadtwahrnehmung durch ein (potentiell) traumatisierendes Ereignis bilden die Ausgangspunkte des Sammelbandes "Stadt und Trauma". Konkret untersucht werden sowohl Veränderungen im Stadtbild, Transformationen von urbanen Gedächtnisorten und Lesarten als auch künstlerische, vor allem literarische Reflexionen solcher Veränderungen.
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Disaster Risk Reduction

Cases from Urban Africa

Author: Mark Pelling,Ben Wisner

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 1849771014

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 322

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First published in 2008.
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Cities and Crises

Author: Dennis Day,Annette Grindsted,Brigitte Piquard,David Zammit

Publisher: Universidad de Deusto

ISBN: 8498309883

Category: Nature

Page: 210

View: 1105

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Humanitarian crises caused by conflict or natural disasters have become a growing focus of multi-disciplinary studies. Research on response mechanisms to humanitarian crises have likewise undergone rapid developments. This volume addresses in particular urban crises. It is based on conclusions and case studies discussed by scholars and practitioners who gathered together for HumanitarianNet’s Annual Forum 2008 in Odense, Denmark.
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Urban Areas and Global Climate Change

Author: William Holt

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178190037X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 6462

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Examining urban environmental issues at the macro, municipal level down to the micro community and individual level, this volume features cities and metropolitan regions across the global north and south with case studies from the United States, Canada, Eastern and Western Europe to India, Central America, South America and Africa.
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Vulnerability of Land Systems in Asia

Author: Ademola K. Braimoh,He Qing Huang

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118854918

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9155

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This book provides a comprehensive yet accessible overview of landsystems vulnerability assessment in Asia - fundamental to theunderstanding of the link between global change, environmentalsustainability and human wellbeing. The extent and intensity ofhuman interactions with the environment have increasedspectacularly since the Industrial Revolution. Thus, the globalchange research community and development practitionersincreasingly recognize the need to address the adverse consequencesof changes taking place in the structure and function of thebiosphere and the implications for society. With a focus onAsia, this book provides an overview of the vulnerability of landsystems and the subsequent multiple stressors in this region. Thebook offers a discussion surrounding the potential causal processesthat affect land systems vulnerability and our capacity to copewith different perturbations. It also identifies factors that helpto integrate vulnerability assessment into policy anddecision-making. • Addresses the complex issues arising fromhuman–environment interactions that cannot be satisfactorilydealt with by core disciplinary methods alone. • Key coverage of a variety of topics from thevulnerability of smallholder agriculture and urban systems to theimpact of socioeconomic processes at the sub-regional level. • Coverage of the causal processes that affect landsystems vulnerability and capacity to cope with differentperturbations are documented. • Focus on integrating vulnerability assessment intopolicies and decision-making • Includes contributions from leading academics in thefield.
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A Changing Environment for Human Security

Transformative Approaches to Research, Policy and Action

Author: Linda Sygna,Karen O'Brien,Johanna Wolf

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136272496

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 2387

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Environmental change presents a new context and new opportunities for transformational change. This timely book will inspire new ways of understanding the relationship between environmental change and human security. A Changing Environment for Human Security: Transformative Approaches to Research, Policy and Action both supports and informs a call for new, transformative approaches to research, policy and action. The chapters in this book include critical analyses, case studies and reflections on contemporary environmental and social challenges, with a strong emphasis on those related to climate change. Human thoughts and actions have contributed to an environment of insecurity, manifested as multiple interacting threats that now represent a serious challenge to humanity. Yet humans also have the capacity to collectively transform the economic, political, social and cultural systems and structures that perpetuate human insecurities. These fresh perspectives on global environmental change from an interdisciplinary group of international experts will inspire readers – whether students, researchers, policy makers, or practitioners – to think differently about environmental issues and sustainability. The contributions show that in a changing environment, human security is not only a possibility, but a choice.
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Resilience Thinking in Urban Planning

Author: Ayda Eraydin,Tuna Taşan-Kok

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400754760

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 9827

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There is consensus in literature that urban areas have become increasingly vulnerable to the outcomes of economic restructuring under the neoliberal political economic ideology. The increased frequency and widening diversity of problems offer evidence that the socio-economic and spatial policies, planning and practices introduced under the neoliberal agenda can no longer be sustained. As this shortfall was becoming more evident among urban policymakers, planners, and researchers in different parts of the world, a group of discontent researchers began searching for new approaches to addressing the increasing vulnerabilities of urban systems in the wake of growing socio-economic and ecological problems. This book is the joint effort of those who have long felt that contemporary planning systems and policies are inadequate in preparing cities for the future in an increasingly neoliberalising world. It argues that “resilience thinking” can form the basis of an alternative approach to planning. Drawing upon case studies from five cities in Europe, namely Lisbon, Porto, Istanbul, Stockholm, and Rotterdam, the book makes an exploration of the resilience perspective, raising a number of theoretical debates, and suggesting a new methodological approach based on empirical evidence. This book provides insights for intellectuals exploring alternative perspectives and principles of a new planning approach.
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