The Virtual Prison

Community Custody and the Evolution of Imprisonment

Author: Julian V. Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107320526

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5183

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The last twenty-five years have seen dramatic rises in the prison populations of most industrialised nations. Unable to keep up with increased numbers of convicted offenders, governments and criminal justice systems have been seeking new ways to control and punish offenders. One sanction adopted in Canada and some parts of Europe and the US is community custody which attempts to recreate the punitive nature of prison but without incarceration. This book analyses the effectiveness of this approach and explores its implications for offenders and society as a whole. It demonstrates that if properly conceived and administered, community custody can reduce the number of prison admissions and at the same time promote multiple goals of sentencing. So that offenders given community custody orders are punished yet also given the opportunity to change their lives in ways that would be impossible if they were in prison.
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The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology

Author: Arjan Blokland,Victor van der Geest

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131760301X

Category: Social Science

Page: 474

View: 8968

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Since its introduction in the latter half of the 1980s, the meticulous study of distinct criminal career dimensions, like onset, frequency, and crime mix, has yielded a wealth of information on the way crime develops over the life-span. Policymakers in turn have used this information in their efforts to tailor criminal justice interventions to be both effective and efficient. Life-course criminology studies the ways in which the criminal career is embedded in the totality of the individual life-course and seeks to clarify the causal mechanisms governing this process. The Routledge International Handbook of Life-Course Criminology provides an authoritative collection of international theoretical and empirical research into the way that criminal behavior develops over the life-span, which causal mechanisms are involved in shaping this development, and to what degree criminal justice interventions are successful in redirecting offenders’ criminal trajectories. Drawing upon qualitative and quantitative research this handbook covers theory, describes and compares criminal career patterns across different countries, tests current explanations of criminal development, and using cutting-edge methods, assesses the intended and unintended effects of formal interventions. This book is the first of its kind to offer a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art developments in criminal career and life-course research, providing unique perspectives and exclusive local knowledge from over 50 international scholars. This book is an ideal companion for teachers and researchers engaged in the field of developmental and life-course criminology.
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The New Punitiveness

Author: John Pratt,David Brown,Mark Brown,Simon Hallsworth,Wayne Morrison

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134018622

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 7518

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Throughout much of the western world more and more people are being sent to prison, one of a number of changes inspired by a 'new punitiveness' in penal and political affairs. This book seeks to understand these developments, bringing together leading authorities in the field to provide a wide-ranging analysis of new penal trends, compare the development of differing patterns of punishment across different types of societies, and to provide a range of theoretical analyses and commentaries to help understand their significance. As well as increases in imprisonment this book is also concerned to address a number of other aspects of 'the new punitiveness': firstly, the return of a number of forms of punishment previously thought extinct or inappropriate, such as the return of shaming punishments and chain gangs (in parts of the USA); and secondly, the increasing public involvement in penal affairs and penal development, for example in relation to length of sentences and the California Three Strikes Law, and a growing accreditation of the rights of victims. The book will be essential reading for students seeking to understand trends and theories of punishment on law, criminology, penology and other courses.
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What Works in Offender Compliance

International Perspectives and Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Pamela Ugwudike

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137019522

Category: Social Science

Page: 365

View: 3363

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This comprehensive edited collection draws together the latest international literature on offender compliance during penal supervision and after court orders expire. Outlining emerging developments in compliance research, theory, policy and practice, this book considers a wide range of offenders including women and young people.
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Punishing Persistent Offenders

Exploring Community and Offender Perspectives

Author: Julian V. Roberts

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199283897

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 6593

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For many repeat offenders, previous convictions have more impact on their penalty than the seriousness of their current crime. Why do we punish reoffense more harshly? Should offenders be punished only for crimes they commit and not for crimes committed and paid for in the past? How does this practice affect the views of offenders and the public?
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Criminal Justice

Concepts and Issues

Author: Chris W. Eskridge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 515

View: 3880

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Eskridge (University of Nebraska) presents essays on concepts and issues in criminal justice, plus synopses of 100 Supreme Court cases and listings of criminal justice-related professional organizations and information sources. Each unit in the anthology begins with a chapter-length introduction, an
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